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The 1974-1979-1980 Canadian National Elections and Quebec Referendum Panel Study

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Clarke, Harold
  • Jenson, Jane
  • LeDuc, Lawrence
  • Pammett, Jon
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Canadian National Elections Study (CNES) Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • Canada Council
  • Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (Canada)
Free Keywords
bilingualism; campaign issues; demographic characteristics; elections; energy policy; ethnicity; family history; government performance; national elections; national identity; national unity; occupational status; political affiliation; political attitudes; political campaigns; political leaders; political participation; political parties; public opinion; separatism; Trudeau, Pierre; union membership; voter attitudes; voting behavior; voter interest; voters
  • Abstract

    This study is a continuation of the 1974 Canadian Election Study, which consisted of extensive personal interviews with a national sample of 2,562 respondents following the federal election of July 8, 1974. Immediately following the federal election of May 22, 1979, 1,295 of the original respondents were successfully contacted and interviewed, thereby creating a 1974-1979 panel study. In addition, a new national sample of the l979 electorate and a supplementary sample of young voters (aged 18-23) were drawn and personal interviews utilizing the same questionnaire were conducted with respondents in these samples. After the federal election of February 18, 1980, 1,748 respondents in both the panel and cross-section samples were contacted by telephone and reinterviewed. No new respondents were added to the 1980 sample. When the Quebec referendum was called for May 20, 1980, a decision was made to contact by telephone Quebec respondents originally sampled in l974 or 1979 and interviewed in 1980. Of these respondents, 325 were successfully contacted and reinterviewed. Approximately half of the interviews were conducted immediately prior to the referendum, and the remaining half immediately afterward. The 1974 post-election survey covered a wide range of topics related to citizen participation in politics. The 1979 survey continued the theme of citizen interest and involvement in politics and probed respondents' attitudes about regions, provinces, and national unity. The 1980 telephone interview asked about vote choice in 1980, party identification, and the issue of energy. Questions on the Quebec referendum centered around the respondents' views on constitutional options for Quebec.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Geographic Coverage
  • Canada
  • Global
Sampled Universe
Canadian electorate in 1974.
1974: Stratified, multistage cluster sample. 1979: Sample was drawn from reconstructed 1974 sample frame with allowances for population changes. 1980: Sample was drawn from 1974 and 1979 respondents.
Collection Mode
  • The complete set of filters and weights for all sections of the study is contained in variables 4001-4038.

This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8079 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08079.v2
  • Brenner, Philip S.. Exceptional behavior or exceptional identity? Overreporting of church attendance in the U.S.. Public Opinion Quarterly.75, (1), 19-41.2011.
    • ID: 10.1093/poq/nfq068 (DOI)
  • Stewart, Marianne C., Clarke, Harold D.. The dynamics of party identification in federal systems: The Canadian case. American Journal of Political Science.42, (18), 97-116.1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Brians, Craig Leonard. Residential mobility, voter registration, and electoral participation in Canada. Political Research Quarterly.50, (1), 215-227.1997.
  • Schickler, Eric, Green, Donald Philip. The stability of party identification in western democracies: results from eight panel surveys. Comparative Political Studies.30, (4), 450-483.1997.
    • ID: 10.1177/0010414097030004003 (DOI)
  • Clarke, Harold D., Kornberg, Allan. Risky Business: Partisan Volatility and Electoral Choice in Canada, 1988. Electoral Studies.11, (2), 138-156.1992.
    • ID: 10.1016/0261-3794(92)90035-5 (DOI)
  • Clarke, Harold D., Kornberg. Allan. Do national elections affect perceptions of MP responsiveness? A note on the Canadian case. Legislative Studies Quarterly.17, (2), 183-204.1992.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Johnston, Richard. Political Generations and Electoral Change in Canada. British Journal of Political Science.22, (1), 93-115.1992.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0007123400000363 (DOI)
  • Martinez, Michael D.. Partisan Reinforcement in Context and Cognition: Canadian Federal Partisanships, 1974-79. American Journal of Political Science.34, (3), 822-845.1990.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Uslaner, Eric M.. Splitting Image: Partisan Affiliations in Canada's 'Two Political Worlds'. American Journal of Political Science.34, (4), 961-981.1990.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Uslaner, Eric M.. Multiple party identifiers in Canada: Participation and affect. Journal of Politics.51, (4), 993-1003.1989.
  • Clarke, Harold D., Stewart, Marianne C.. Partisan Inconsistency and Partisan Change in Federal States: The Case of Canada. American Journal of Political Science.31, (2), 383-407.1987.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Monroe, Kristin, Erickson, Lynda. The economy and political support: The Canadian case. Journal of Politics.48, (3), 616-647.1986.
  • Clarke, Harold D., Stewart, Marianne C.. Short-Term Forces and Partisan Change in Canada: 1974-1980. Electoral Studies.43, (1), 15-35.1985.
    • ID: 10.1016/0261-3794(85)90029-0 (DOI)
  • Clarke, Harold D., Kornberg, Allan, Stewart, Marianne C.. Parliament and political support in Canada. American Political Science Review.78, (2), 452-469.1984.
    • ID: (URL)
  • LeDuc, Lawrence, Clarke, Harold D., Jenson, Jane, Pammett, Jon H.. Partisan instability in Canada: Evidence from a new panel study. American Political Science Review.78, (2), 470-484.1984.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Clarke, Harold D.. The Parti Quebecois and sources of partisan realignment in contemporary Quebec. Journal of Politics.45, (1), 64-85.1983.
  • Clarke, Harold D., Jenson, Jane, LeDuc, Lawrence, Pammett, Jon H.. Political Choice in Canada. Toronto: McGraw-HIll Ryerson. 1979.
  • LeDuc, Lawrence. Canadian Attitudes Towards Quebec Independence. Public Opinion Quarterly.41, (3), 347-355.1977.
    • ID: 10.1086/268392 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

Clarke, Harold; Jenson, Jane; LeDuc, Lawrence; Pammett, Jon (1984): The 1974-1979-1980 Canadian National Elections and Quebec Referendum Panel Study. Version 1. Canadian National Elections Study (CNES) Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.