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metadata language: English

ANES 1984 Time Series Study

Version
v2
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Miller, Warren E. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Center for Political Studies)
  • University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. American National Election Studies
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • American National Election Study (ANES) Series
Publication Date
1985-01-11
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Language
English
Free Keywords
candidates; congressional elections; domestic policy; economic conditions; foreign policy; government performance; information sources; national elections; political affiliation; political attitudes; political campaigns; political efficacy; political issues; political participation; presidential elections; public approval; public opinion; public policy; Reagan Administration (1981-1989); special interest groups; trust in government; voter expectations; voter history; voter preferences; voting behavior
Description
  • Abstract

    This study is part of a time-series collection of national surveys fielded continuously since 1952. The election studies are designed to present data on Americans' social backgrounds, enduring political predispositions, social and political values, perceptions and evaluations of groups and candidates, opinions on questions of public policy, and participation in political life. Part 1 of this collection contains the traditional Pre- and Post-Election Survey (ICPSR Version). Interviews were conducted in person prior to the 1984 election. In the post-election wave, half of the respondents were randomly assigned to be reinterviewed in person, and the other half to be reinterviewed by telephone using a shortened version of the questionnaire. In addition to the standard core questions, new topic areas (most of which had been piloted in 1983) included measures of "predispositions" such as economic individualism and egalitarianism, and group identification items. Vote validation data also are provided. Part 2, Continuous Monitoring: January 11, 1984, Through December 31, 1984, was designed to examine the impact of the election campaign on voters' perceptions, beliefs, and preferences. Respondents were questioned about their knowledge of the candidates' stands on the issues, about their own stand on the issues, and about their opinions and evaluations of the candidates. Interviews were conducted by telephone throughout the year, with a total of 46 separate cross-section samples selected by a random-digit dialing design, and an average of 76 respondents interviewed in each of the 46 sample weeks. Although the survey instrument was very much the same from one sample week to the next, some questions were deleted and others added during the course of the campaign, as issues became more or less relevant. Thirteen versions of the questionnaire were incorporated into this data file. For each telephone number selected in the Continuous Monitoring Study administrative information is included, such as number of calls, household composition, and final disposition.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed consistency checks.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Pre- and Post-Election Survey (ICPSR Version)
    • DS2: Continuous Monitoring: January 11, 1984, Through December 31, 1984
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1984
  • Collection date: 1984
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All United States households, including civilian households residing on military bases, in all 50 states.
Sampling
Multistage probability sample of geographically defined sampling units.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview, telephone interview

    The SAS transport files were created using the SAS CPORT procedure.

Note
2015-11-10 The study metadata was updated.2000-10-05 An errata sheet that describes minor changes in the data has been added to Part 1, Pre-and Post-Election Survey, and the SPSS portable file and SAS and SPSS data definition statements were replaced. For Part 2, Continuous Monitoring: January 11, 1984 through December 31, 1984, the SPSS portable file and SAS and SPSS data definition statements were also replaced. The codebooks are in ASCII text format, not Portable Document Format (PDF) as was previously announced. Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation.
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8298 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08298.v3
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08298.v1
Publications
  • Boatright, Robert G.. Who are the spatial voting violators?. Electoral Studies.27, (1), 116-125.2008.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.electstud.2007.11.008 (DOI)
  • Cook, Fay Lomax, Czaplewski, Meredith B.. Public Opinion on Social Security and Medicare: Continuity and Change in a Period of Dissensus. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • D'Ambrosio, Lisa Anne. An exploration of people's emotional reactions to presidential candidates during the campaign. Dissertation, University of Michigan. 2008.
  • Fischer, Elaine. A Gendered Calculus of Voter Turnout. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Fischer, Elaine. A Gendered Calculus of Voting. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Gilbert, Craig. Keys to the Oval Office. McClatchy - Tribune Business News.2008.
  • Kam, Cindy. Reaching out or pulling back: Macroeconomic conditions and public support for social welfare spending . Political Behavior.30, (2), 223-258.2008.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11109-007-9048-3 (DOI)
  • Killian, Mitchell, Wilcox, Clyde. Do Abortion Attidudes Lead to Party Switching?. Poltical Research Quarterly.61, (4), 561-573.2008.
    • ID: 10.1177/1065912907312981 (DOI)
  • Leighley, Jan, Nagler, Jonathan. Measuring and Modeling Alienation, Indifference and Turnout in U.S. Presidential Elections. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Parker-Stephen, Evan. Updating Dynamics in Micro-Macro Perspective. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Shani, Danielle. Born in the USA: Doubts about the Role of Formative Events in Developing Political Interest. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Theriault, Sean, Hickey, Patrick, Myers, Adam. First-in-the-Nation in Proficiency or by Providence? Iowa, New Hampshire and the Presidential Primary Process. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Bittner, Amanda. Survey Structure, Measurement Effects, and the Evaluation of Party Leaders. Midwest Political Science Association Annual Meeting.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Blinder, Scott, Rolfe, Meredith. Partisan or Gendered? The Gender Gap and Public Opinion among African American Men. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Chapp, Christopher. Religious Campaign Rhetoric: The Consequences of Religious Language on Presidential Candidate Evaluations. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • D'Ambrosio, Lisa Anne. An exploration of people's emotional reactions to presidential candidates during the campaign. Dissertation, University of Michigan. 2007.
  • DeWitt, Jeff. Considering Congressional Candidates and Incumbency Advantage in U.S. House Elections, 1980-2000. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Enns, Peter. The Micro Foundations of Macro Politics. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Esaiasson, Peter. Electoral Losers Revisited? Is There Really A Winner-Loser Gap?. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Kershaw, David. Conditional Nature of Vote Recruitment. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Killian, Mitchell. Moments of doubt and reassessment: An examination of why individuals switch political parties. Dissertation, George Washington University. 2007.
  • Lacy, Dean, Christenson, Dino. The Effects of Information on Economic Voting. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Leighley, Jan, Nagler, Jonathan. Who Votes Now? And Does It Matter?. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • McAdams, John. The Rise of the New Class: 1956-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Reed, Daniel. Parties, Interest Groups, and the Effectiveness of Voter Contacting: 1956 to 2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Carmines, Edward, Ensley, Michael, Wagner, Michael. Issue Preferences and Political Participation in American Politics, 1972-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2006.
  • Gray, Mark M., Perl, Paul M., Bendyna, Mary E.. Camelot only comes but once? John F. Kerry and the Catholic vote. Presidential Studies Quarterly.36, (2), 203-222.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1741-5705.2006.00299.x (DOI)
  • Lau, Richard. Changing Patterns of the Presidential Vote Choice, 1980-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2006.
  • Valentino, Nicholas, Hutchings, Vincent, Gregorowicz, Krysha, Groenendyk, Eric W., Brader, Ted. Election Night's All Right for Fighting: The Role of Anger versus Anxiety in Political Participation. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2006.
  • Winter, Nicholas J. G.. Beyond Welfare: Framing and the Radicalization of White Opinion on Social Security. American Journal of Political Science.50, (2), 400-420.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1540-5907.2006.00191.x (DOI)
  • Bartels, Larry. What's the Matter with 'What's the Matter with Kansas?'. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Comstock, George. The Psychology of Media and Politics. San Diego, CA: Elsevier Academic Press. 2005.
  • Elder, Laurel, Greene, Steven. The Politics of Parenthood, 1972-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2005.
  • Fitzgerald, Mary. The Triggering Effects of Alternative Voting Methods on U.S. Political Campaigns and Elections. annual meeting of the American National Election Studies.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Gold, Howard, Baumer, Donald. Party Images and Partisan Resurgence. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Gray, Mark, Perl, Paul, Bendyna, Mary E.. Camelot Only Comes but Once? John F. Kerry and the Catholic Vote. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Griffin, John, Newman, Brian. Are Voters Better Represented?. Journal of Politics.67, (4), 12062005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1468-2508.2005.00357.x (DOI)
  • Griffin, Stephen. Trust in Government as a Constitutional Problem. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Harris-Lacewell, Melissa, Albertson, Bethany. Good Times? Understanding African American Misperceptions of Racial Economic Fortunes . Journal of Black Studies.35, (5), 650-683.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/0021934704266084 (DOI)
  • Hayes, Danny. Candidate Qualities through a Partisan Lens: A Theory of Trait Ownership. American Journal of Political Science.49, (4), 908-923.2005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1540-5907.2005.00163.x (DOI)
  • Keane, Michael, Griffin, John. Descriptive Representation and the Composition of African-American Turnout. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Kilburn, H. Whitt. Does the Candidate Really Matter?. American Politics Research.33, (3), 335-356.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X04269417 (DOI)
  • Lewis, Carol W., Gilman, Stuart C.. The Ethics Challenge in Public Service: A Problem-Solving Guide. SanFrancisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. 2005.
  • MacKuen, Michael, Parker-Stephen, Evan. Affect, Accuray, and the Left Shift in American Politics. annual meeting of the American Political Science Assocation.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Martinez, Michael D., Gill, Jeff. The Effects of Turnout on Partisan Outcomes in U.S. Presidential Elections 1960-2000. Journal of Politics.67, (4), 1468-2508.2005.
  • O'Regan, Valerie R., Stambough, Stephen J., Thorson, Gary R.. Understanding the Changing Dynamics of the Gender Gap in American Presidential Elections, 1952-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Assocation.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Ramakrishnan, S. Karthick. Democracy in Immigrant America. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press. 2005.
  • Shaw, Daron R., McKenzie, Mark J., Underwood, Jeffrey. Strategic Voting in the California Recall Election. American Politics Research.33, (2), 216-245.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X04272230 (DOI)
  • Stanley, Harold W., Niemi, Richard G.. Partisanship, Party Coalitions, and Group Support, 1952-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Wong, Cara, Cho, Grace E.. Two-Headed Coins or Kandinskys: White Racial Identification. Political Psychology.26, (5), 6992005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1467-9221.2005.00440.x (DOI)
  • Avery, James M.. Racial Differences in the Foundations of Political Trust . Dissertation, University of Kentucky. 2004.
  • Bafumi, Joseph. The Macro Micro Link in Vote Choice Models: A Bayesian Multilevel Approach. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Benoit, William L., Hansen, Glenn J.. Issue Ownership in Primary and General Presidential Debates. Argumentation and Advocacy.40, (3), 143-155.2004.
  • Brace, Paul, Arceneaux, Kevin, Johnson, Martin, Ulbig, Stacy G.. Does state political ideology change over time?. Political Research Quarterly.57, (4), 529-540.2004.
  • Endersby, James W., Bough, Brian, Gooch, Donald, Hall, Steven, Klimek, Monika. The Polarizing American Voter Issues, Partisanship, and Vote Choice in Presidential Elections, 1984-2000. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Gerrity, Jessica, Wagner, Michael, Carmines, Edward. The New Polarization in American Politics: Interest Groups, Mass Media and Contestation of the Abortion Issue. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Goolsby, Delia. Realignment of White Southerners: The Generational Replacement Hypothesis Revisited. annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association.New Orleans, LA. 2004.
  • Goolsby, Delia. Regional Realignments? Sub-national Trends in Partisan Identification in the Northeast. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Goren, Paul. Political Sophistication and Policy Reasoning: A Reconsideration. American Journal of Political Science.48, (3), 4622004.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.0092-5853.2004.00081.x (DOI)
  • Gwiasda, Gregory W.. Ambivalence, Abstention and Independent Candidate Support. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Hibbing, John R., Smith, James T.. It is the middle that is frustrated?: Americans' ideological positions and governmental trust. American Politics Research.32, (6), 652-678.2004.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X04264539 (DOI)
  • Koch, Jeffrey. The Changing Black and White Divide on Americans' Attitudes toward Gays. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Ladd, Jonathan, Lenz, Gabriel. Emotions and Voting Behavior: A Critique. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Lawless, Jennifer. Politics of Prescence? Congresswomen and Symbolic Representation. Political Research Quarterly.57, 81-89.2004.
  • Lefkowitz, Joel K.. Mobilization Matters: The Changing Impact of Mobilization on Vote Choice in Congressional Elections, 1978-2002. Congress and the Presidency .31, (2), 119-131.2004.
    • ID: 10.1080/07343460409507701 (DOI)
  • Mehrtens, F. John. Shared Values? Public Opinion and Social Policy among Advanced Capitalist Democracies. annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association.New Orleans, LA. 2004.
  • Parker, Glenn R.. Self-Policing in Politics: The Political Economy of Reputational Controls on Politicians. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 2004.
  • Persily, Nathaniel, Lammie, Kelli. Symposium: The Law of Democracy: Campaign Finance After McCain-Feingold: Perceptions of Corruption and Campaign Finance: When Public Opinion Determines Constitutional Law. University of Pennsylvania Law Review.153, 1192004.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4150623 (URL)
  • Roeder, Mark A.. Explaining presidential approval: Persona versus 'real world' explanations. Dissertation, University of Cincinnati. 2004.
  • Sotirovic, Mira, McLeod, Jack M.. Knowledge as Understanding: The Information Processing Approach to Political Learning. Handbook of Political Communication Research.Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.. 2004.
  • Stimson, James A.. Tides of Consent: How Public Opinion Shapes American Politics. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 2004.
  • Abramowitz, Alan I., Alexander, Brad. The 2002 Midterm Election and the Future of American Politics. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2003.
  • Adams, James, Merrill, Samuel, III. Voter Turnout and Candidate Strategies in American Elections. Journal of Politics.65, (1), 1612003.
  • Anand, Sowmya, Krosnick, Jon A.. The Impact of Attitudes Toward Foreign Policy Goals on Public Preferences Among Presidential Candidates: A Study of Issue Publics and the Attentive Public in the 2000 U.S.. Presidential Studies Quarterly.33, (1), 312003.
    • ID: 10.1177/0360491802250541 (DOI)
  • Bennett, Stephen Earl. Is the Public's Ignorance of Politics Trivial?. Critical Review.15, (3-4), 307-372003.
    • ID: 10.1080/08913810308443585 (DOI)
  • Fiorina, Morris P.. Divided Government. New York, NY: Longman Classics in Politica Science. 2003.
  • Lawless, Jennifer. Political Ideology in the United States: Liberalism and Convervatism in the 19080s and 1990s. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2003.
  • Levy, Dena, Tien, Charles, Aved, Rachelle. Do Differences Matter? Women Members of Congress and the Hyde Amendment. Women and Congress: Running, Winning, and Ruling.New York, NY: Haworth Press. 2003.
  • Mebane, Walter R., Jr.. Imitative and Evolutionary Processes that Produce Coordination Among American Voters. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2003.
  • Miller, Joanne M., Krosnick, Jon A.. The Origins of Policy Issue Salience: Sociotropic Importance for the Nation or Personal Importance to the Citizen?. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2003.
  • Newman, Brian. Change and Stability in the Ingredients of Presidential Approval: Toward a General Model. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2003.
  • Newman, Brian Paul. Standards of judgment: The foundations of presidents' public support . Dissertation, Duke University. 2003.
  • Schreckhise, William D., Shields, Todd G.. Ideological realignment in the contemporary U.S. electorate revisited. Social Science Quarterly.84, (3), 596-612.2003.
    • ID: 10.1111/1540-6237.8403007 (DOI)
  • Stimson, James. Macro-Politics: The Dimensions and Dynamics of Public Opinion. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2003.
  • Tomz, Michael, Van Houweling, Robert P.. How Does Voting Equipment Affect the Racial Gap in Voided Ballots?. American Journal of Political Science.47, (1), 46-60.2003.
    • ID: 10.1111/1540-5907.00004 (DOI)
  • Winter, Nicholas J.G.. Beyond Welfare as We Know It: licit Associations between Race and Policy Opinion. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2003.
  • Abramowitz, Alan I., Allen, Susan H., Knotts, Gibbs, Saunders, Kyle L.. Racial Attitudes, Ideology, and the Rise of Republican Identification Among Southern Whites, 1982-2000. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2002.
  • Bartels, Larry M.. Question order and declining faith in elections. Public Opinion Quarterly.66, (1), 67-79.2002.
    • ID: 10.1086/338349 (DOI)
  • Bennett, Stephen Earl. Another lesson about public opinion during the Clinton-Lewinsky scandal. Presidential Studies Quarterly.32, (2), 276-292.2002.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.0360-4918.2002.00221.x (DOI)
  • Brooks, Clem. Religious influence and the politics of family decline concern: Trends, sources, and U.S. political behavior. American Sociological Review.67, (2), 191-211.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088892 (URL)
  • Campbell, David E.. The young and the realigning: A test of the socialization theory of realignment. Public Opinion Quarterly.66, (2), 209-234.2002.
    • ID: 10.1086/339849 (DOI)
  • Cassel, Carol A.. Hispanic turnout: Estimates from validated voting data. Political Research Quarterly.55, (2), 391 -2002.
  • Claggett, William, Shafer, Byron E.. The Pure Politics of Policy Choice. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2002.
  • Cook, Fay Lomax, Barabas, Jason, Page, Benjamin I.. Invoking public opinion: Policy elites and social security. Public Opinion Quarterly.66, (2), 235-264.2002.
    • ID: 10.1086/340025 (DOI)
  • De Boef, Suzanna, Nagler, Jonathan. Group Economic Performance, Economic Voting and Electoral Accountability. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2002.
  • Edlund, Lena, Pande, Rohini. Why Have Women Become Left-Wing? The Political Gender Gap and the Decline in Marriage. The Quarterly Journal of Economics.117, (3), 917-961.2002.
    • ID: 10.1162/003355302760193922 (DOI)
  • Engstrom, Richard N., Kenny, Christopher. The effects of independent expenditures in senate elections. Political Research Quarterly.55, (4), 885-905.2002.
  • Gay, Claudine. Spirals of trust? The effect of descriptive representation on the relationship between citizens and their government. American Journal of Political Science.46, (4), 717-732.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088429 (URL)
  • Glaser, James M.. White Voters, Black Schools: Structuring Racial Choices With a Checklist Ballot. American Journal of Political Science.46, (1), 35-46.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088413 (URL)
  • Goren, Paul. Character Weakness, Partisan Bias, and Presidential Evaluation. American Journal of Political Science.46, (3), 627-641.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088404 (URL)
  • Hall, Wynton C.. Reflections of Yesterday: George H.W. Bush's Instrumental Use of Public Opinion Research in Presidential Discourse. Presidential Studies Quarterly.32, (3), 531-558.2002.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1741-5705.2002.tb00005.x (DOI)
  • Layman, Geoffrey C., Carsey, Thomas M.. Party Polarization and 'Conflict Extension' in the American Electorate. American Journal of Political Science.46, (4), 786-802.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088434 (URL)
  • Manza, Jeff, Brooks, Clem. The Changing Political Fortunes of Mainline Protestants. The Quiet Hand of God: Faith-Based Activism and the Public Role of Mainline Protestantism.Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. 2002.
  • Mebane, Walter R., Jr., Sekhon, Jasjeet S.. Coordination and policy moderation at midterm. American Political Science Review.96, (1), 141-157.2002.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0003055402004288 (DOI)
  • Nicholson, Stephen P., Segura, Gary M., Woods, Nathan D.. Presidential Approval and the Mixed Blessing of Divided Government. Journal of Politics.64, (3), 701-720.2002.
  • Persily, Nathaniel. In Defense of Foxes Guarding Henhouses: The Case for Judicial Acquiescence to Incumbent-Protecting Gerrymanders. Harvard Law Review.116, 6492002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1342612 (URL)
  • Rohde, David W.. American Fears: Change and Continuity. Fears in Post-Communist Societies: A Comparative Perspective.New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan. 2002.
  • Rudolph, Thomas J., Grant, J.Tobin. An Attributional Model of Economic Voting: Evidence from the 2000 Presidential Election. Political Research Quarterly.55, (4), 805-823.2002.
  • Uggen, Christopher, Manza, Jeff. Democratic contraction? Political consequences of felon disfranchisement in the United States. American Sociological Review.67, (6), 777-803.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088970 (URL)
  • Wattenberg, Martin P.. Where Have All The Voters Gone?. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 2002.
  • Wright, Gerald C., Morehouse, Jeanette L.. Verifying the Common Widsom: Nonvoters Would Be More Democratic. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2002.
  • Bartels, Larry M., Zaller, John. Presidential Vote Models: A Recount. PS: Political Science and Politics.34, 9-20.2001.
  • Beasley, Ryan K., Joslyn, Mark R.. Cognitive dissonance and post-decision attitude change in six presidential elections. Political Psychology.22, (3), 521-540.2001.
    • ID: 10.1111/0162-895X.00252 (DOI)
  • Belli, Robert F., Traugott, Michael W., Beckmann, Matthew N.. What Leads to Voting Overreports? Contrasts of Overreporters to Validated Voters and Admitted Nonvoters in the American National Election Studies. Journal of Official Statistics.17, (4), 479-498.2001.
  • Bond, Jon R., Fleisher, Richard. The polls: Partisanship and presidential performance evaluations. Presidential Studies Quarterly.31, (3), 529-540.2001.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.0360-4918.2001.00186.x (DOI)
  • Campbell, David E.. And A Little Child Shall Lead Them: A Test of the Socialization Theory of Realignment. Political Psychology and Behavior Workshop.Cambridge, MA. 2001.
  • Campbell, James E.. Presidential Election Campaigns and Partisanship. American Political Parties: Decline or Resurgence?.Washington, D.C.: CQ Press. 2001.
  • Campbell, James E.. When have presidential campaigns decided election outcomes?. American Politics Research.29, (5), 437-460.2001.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X01029005002 (DOI)
  • Cassel, Carol A., Sigelman, Lee. Misreporters in candidate choice models. Political Research Quarterly.54, (3), 643-655.2001.
  • Chang, Tracy F.. The Labour vote in U.S. national elections, 1948-2000. Political Quarterly.72, (3), 375-385.2001.
    • ID: 10.1111/1467-923X.00397 (DOI)
  • Citrin, Jack, Luks, Samantha. Revisiting Political Trust in an Angry Age. What is it about Government that Americans Dislike?.New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 2001.
  • Dolan, Kathleen A., Holbrook, Thomas M.. Knowing versus caring: The role of affect and cognition in political perceptions. Political Psychology.22, (1), 27-44.2001.
    • ID: 10.1111/0162-895X.00224 (DOI)
  • Gaddie, Ronald Keith, Hoffman, Donna R.. Critical Events in Contemporary Southern Politics: Dynamic Growth and Partisan Percolations. Eye of the Storm: The South and Congress in and Era of Change.Westport, CT: Praeger. 2001.
  • Hajnal, Zoltan L.. White residents, black incumbents, and a declining racial divide. American Political Science Review.95, (3), 603-617.2001.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0003055401003033 (DOI)
  • Harvey, Anna L.. Partisanship as a social convention. Rationality and Society.13, (4), 462-504.2001.
    • ID: 10.1177/104346301013004003 (DOI)
  • Hoffman, Donna Riddle. Realignment Theory in Social Perspective. Dissertation, University of Oklahoma. 2001.
  • Holbrook, Allyson L., Krosnick, Jon A., Visser, Penny S., Gardner, Wendi L., Cacioppo, John T.. Attitudes Towards Presidential Candidates and Political Parties: Initial Optimism, Inertial First Impressions, and a Focus on Flaws. American Journal of Political Science.45, (4), 930-950.2001.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2669333 (URL)
  • Howell, Susan E., McLean, William P.. Performance and race in evaluating minority mayors. Public Opinion Quarterly.65, (3), 321-343.2001.
    • ID: 10.1086/322847 (DOI)
  • Huddy, Leonie, Jones, Jeffrey M., Chard, Richard E.. Compassionate politics: Support for old-age programs among the non-elderly. Political Psychology.22, (3), 443-471.2001.
    • ID: 10.1111/0162-895X.00249 (DOI)
  • Jagemann, Jason F.. Feature: Bush v. Gore: An Exchange: Partisanship, Legitimacy, and the Law: A Response to Seth Steinzor's 'J'Accuse'. The Vermont Bar Journal & Law Digest.27, 512001.
  • Jankowski, Thomas B.. A Comprehensive Model of Aging and Voting Participation. Dissertation, Wayne State University. 2001.
  • Lavine, Howard. The electoral consequences of ambivalence toward presidential candidates. American Journal of Political Science.45, (4), 915-929.2001.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2669332 (URL)
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Update Metadata: 2015-11-10 | Issue Number: 4 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

Miller, Warren E.; University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. American National Election Studies (1985): ANES 1984 Time Series Study. Version 2. American National Election Study (ANES) Series. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08298.v2