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Penal Code Citations: Sentencing in 18 American Felony Courts, 1983

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Cunniff, Mark A.
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Free Keywords
courts; felony offenses; homicide; judicial decisions; rape; robbery; sentencing; sentencing guidelines
  • Abstract

    The purpose of this study was to describe sentencing outcomes in 18 jurisdictions across the United States based on sentences actually imposed on adjudicated felons. Such descriptive information provides an overview of how sentencing is operating in a jurisdiction as a whole and supplies a baseline against which the impact of changes in sentencing codes and practices can be assessed. The data focus on sentences handed down in courts of general jurisdiction for selected crimes of homicide, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, theft, and drug trafficking.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Jurisdiction 1
    • DS2: Jurisdiction 2
    • DS3: Jurisdiction 4
    • DS4: Jurisdiction 5
    • DS5: Jurisdiction 6
    • DS6: Jurisdiction 7
    • DS7: Jurisdiction 8
    • DS8: Jurisdiction 9
    • DS9: Jurisdiction 10
    • DS10: Jurisdiction 11
    • DS11: Jurisdiction 12
    • DS12: Jurisdiction 13
    • DS13: Jurisdiction 14
    • DS14: Jurisdiction 15
    • DS15: Jurisdiction 17
    • DS16: Jurisdiction 18
    • DS17: Jurisdiction 19
    • DS18: Jurisdiction 20
    • DS19: All Jurisdictions
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1983
  • Collection date: 1983
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All adjudicated felons in 18 United States jurisdictions.
Collection Mode
  • There are no data files for Jurisdictions 3 and 16.

2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.1997-04-14 SAS data definition statements are now available for this collection, and the SPSS data definition statements were updated. In addition, multiple copies of the codebook were consolidated into one volume, and an incorrect variable number was fixed in the codebook. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics (82-BJ-CX-KO46).
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8396 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08396.v3
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08396.v1
  • Cunniff, Mark A.. The Scales of Justice: Sentencing Out in 18 Felony Courts. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1984.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

Cunniff, Mark A. (1985): Penal Code Citations: Sentencing in 18 American Felony Courts, 1983. Version 2. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.