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ANES Time Series Cumulative Data File (1948-2012)

Version
v6
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • American National Election Studies
  • Stanford University
Other Title
  • Version 6 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • American National Election Study (ANES) Series
Publication Date
1986-04-28
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Language
English
Free Keywords
Bush Administration (1989-1993); Bush Administration (George W., 2001-2009); candidates; Clinton Administration (1993-2001); congressional elections; domestic policy; economic conditions; Eisenhower Administration (1953-1961); Ford Administration (1974-1977); foreign policy; government performance; information sources; Johnson Administration (1963-1969); Kennedy Administration (1961-1963); media use; national elections; Nixon Administration (1969-1974); Obama Administration (2009- ); political affiliation; political attitudes; political campaigns; political efficacy; political history; political issues; political participation; presidential administrations; presidential elections; public approval; public opinion; public policy; Reagan Administration (1981-1989); social networks; social values; special interest groups; Truman Administration (1945-1953); trust in government; voter expectations; voter history; voting behavior
Description
  • Abstract

    This collection pools common variables from each of the biennial National Election Studies conducted since 1948 up until 2012. The election studies are designed to present data on Americans' social backgrounds, enduring political predispositions, social and political values, perceptions and evaluations of groups and candidates, opinions on questions of public policy, and participation in political life. The data provided in this cumulative file include a series of demographic variables and measures of social structure, partisanship, candidate evaluation, retrospective and incumbent presidential evaluation, public opinion, ideological support for the political system, mass media usage, and egalitarianism and post-materialism. Additional items provide measures of political activity, participation, and involvement, and voting behavior and registration, including results of voter validation efforts.
  • Abstract

    Variables throughout the Time Series Cumulative Data File incorporate data for the same question from each of the ANES surveys. This file is useful in service to three kinds of analysis: (1) analysis that focuses on over time change in citizens, in their individual characteristics, in the opinions they hold, and in their political behavior; (2) analysis that looks at subgroups of citizens that are represented by few cases in a single cross-section sample, but by many more cases when several samples are combined; and (3) analysis that is concerned with replicating results over several elections. For these types of analyses, the chief advantage of relying on the Time Series Cumulative Data File, as opposed to personally combining data from several National Election Studies, is that in constructing the Time Series Cumulative Data File, the ANES Project Staff have already gone through the trouble of recoding variables so that the same question has the same variable number and the same coding scheme for each of the Election Studies.
  • Methods

    The data are not weighted. This collection contains nine weight variables; VCF0009X, VCF0010X, VCF0011X, VCF0009Y, VCF0010Y, VCF0011Y, VCF0009Z, VCF0010Z, and VCF0011Z that must be used in any analysis. For more information on weights and sampling please see the Original P.I. Documentation within the ICPSR Codebook, as well as visit the American National Election Studies Web site for more information.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created online analysis version with question text.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: ANES Time Series Cumulative Data File (1948-2012)
Temporal Coverage
  • 1948 / 2012
    Time period: 1948--2012
  • 1948 / 2012
    Collection date: 1948--2012
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Cases from the AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION STUDIES (ANES) SERIES. Smallest Geographic Unit: congressional district
Sampling
Cross-section cases from the time-series election studies have been pooled to produce this dataset. For further information on sampling, please refer to the individual time series studies in the AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION STUDIES (ANES) SERIES housed at ICPSR, the Original P.I. Documentation found in the ICPSR Codebook, as well as visit the American National Election Studies Web site for more information.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview, web-based survey

    This file contains only a subset of the variables from the entire American National Election Studies (ANES) Series. Variables selected for inclusion were those most central to the research program of the election studies and which appeared in at least three of the surveys. Variables have been recoded to be consistent across the time span.

    Please refer to the Original P.I. Documentation in the ICPSR Codebook for further information pertaining to the labeling scheme for variables throughout this collection.

    Please refer to the American National Election Studies (ANES) Time Series Cumulative Data File Study Page, as well as the American National Election Studies Web site for more information concerning the American National Election (ANES) Studies Series.

Note
2015-10-23 Data for 2012 have been added, and is available in ASCII with SAS, SPSS, and Stata data definition statements, as well as available in SAS transport, SPSS, R, and Stata data file formats.2011-12-05 Data for 2008 have been added, and the data are available in ASCII with SAS, SPSS, and Stata data definition statements, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata data file formats. The codebook is now available as a PDF file.2007-09-25 Data for 2004 have been added. The number of variables has increased from 750 to 950. The codebook is now available as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file.2004-12-08 Data for 2002 have been added, and the data are available in ASCII with SAS, SPSS, and Stata data definition statements, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata data file formats. The codebook is now available as a PDF file.2002-05-31 Data for 2000 have been added, and the data are available in ASCII, SAS transport, and SPSS portable file formats. The number of variables has increased from 635 to 752. The codebook is now available as a PDF file. Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (SBR-9707741, SBR-9317631, SES-9209410, SES-9009379, SES-8808361, SES-8341310, SES-8207580, and SOC77-08885).
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8475 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08475.v5
Publications
  • Charles, Kerwin Kofi, Stephens, Melvin. Employment, wages, and voter turnout. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics.5, (4), 111-143.2013.
    • ID: 10.1257/app.5.4.111 (DOI)
  • Fullerton, Andrew S., Stern, Michael J.. Racial differences in the gender gap in political participation in the American South, 1952-2004. Social Science History.37, (2), 145-176.2013.
    • ID: 10.1215/01455532-2074411 (DOI)
  • Brenner, Philip S.. Investigating the effect of bias in survey measures of church attendance. Sociology of Religion.73, (4), 361-383.2012.
    • ID: 10.1093/socrel/srs042 (DOI)
  • Caughey, Devin Michael. Congress, Public Opinion, and Representation in the One-Party South,1930s--1960s. Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley. 2012.
  • Harada, Masataka. The Voting Rights Act of 1965 and strategic policy making in the South. State Politics and Policy Quarterly.12, (4), 456-482.2012.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532440012451979 (DOI)
  • Monogan, Jamie. Immigration politics and partisan realignment. Twelfth Annual Conference on State Politics and Policy.Houston, TX. 2012.
    • ID: http://monogan.myweb.uga.edu/research/party94sppc.pdf (URL)
  • Abrajano, Marisa, Poole, Keith T.. Assessing the ethnic and racial diversity of American public opinion. Who Gets Represented?.New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation. 2011.
  • Brenner, Philip S.. Exceptional behavior or exceptional identity? Overreporting of church attendance in the U.S.. Public Opinion Quarterly.75, (1), 19-41.2011.
    • ID: 10.1093/poq/nfq068 (DOI)
  • Enns, Peter K., Wlezien, Christopher. Group opinion and the study of representation. Who Gets Represented?.New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation. 2011.
  • Deufel, Benjamin J., Kedar, Orit. Race and turnout in U.S. elections: Exposing hidden effects. Public Opinion Quarterly.74, (2), 286-318.2010.
    • ID: 10.1093/poq/nfq017 (DOI)
  • Fullerton, Andrew S., Stern, Michael J.. Explaining the persistence and eventual decline of the gender gap in voter registration and turnout in the American South, 1956-1980. Social Science History.34, (2), 129-170.2010.
    • ID: 10.1215/01455532-2009-023 (DOI)
  • Reingold, Beth, Harrell, Jessica. The impact of descriptive representation on women's political engagement: Does party matter?. Political Research Quarterly.63, (2), 280-294.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/1065912908330346 (DOI)
  • Reingold, Beth, Harrell, Jessica. The impact of descriptive representation on women’s political engagement: Does party matter?. Political Research Quarterly.63, (2), 280-294.2010.
    • ID: 10.2307/20721490 (DOI)
  • Winburn, Jonathan, Wagner, Michael W.. Carving voters out: Redistricting's influence on political information, turnout, and voting behavior. Political Research Quarterly.63, (2), 373-386.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/1065912908330728 (DOI)
  • Baron, Jonathan. Belief Overkill in Political Judgments. . 2009.
    • ID: 10.2139/ssrn.1427862 (DOI)
  • Shani, Danielle. On The Origins of Political Interest. Dissertation, Princeton University. 2009.
  • Bejarano, Christina Elizabeth. Latina's Diminishing Electoral Disadvantages. Dissertation, University of Iowa. 2008.
  • Berinsky, Adam. Education and Political Participation: Uncovering the Causal Link. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Buchler, Justin. The V Term: Unpacking the Dimensions of Valence and Their Policy Consequences. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Campbell, James. An Open-Seat Presidential Election in an Era of Polarized Partisan Parity: A Pre-election Perspective on the 2008 Presidential Election. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Cohen, Jeffrey. The Congressional Roots of Presidential Approval. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • De Luca, Tom. Inequality of Wealth and the Class Voting Gap. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Dolan, Kathleen. Gender Stereotypes, Gender Knowledge, and Evaluations of Women Candidates. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Fordham, B. O.. Economic interests and public support for American global activism. International Organization.62, (1), 163-182.2008.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0020818308080065 (DOI)
  • Gilbert, Craig. Keys to the Oval Office. McClatchy - Tribune Business News.2008.
  • O'Brian, Scott. It's All Relative: Party Polarization, Alienation, and Trust in Government. 2008 annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association.New Orleans, LA. 2008.
  • Palmer, Harvey D., Garner, Andrew D.. Accounting for Candidate Obfuscation and Electoral Context when Modeling Issue Voting under Uncertainty. 2008 annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association.New Orleans, LA. 2008.
  • Shafer, Byron. Social Structure and Policy Preference in the Transformation of the American Party System, 1952-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Stoker, Laura, Jennings, M. Kent. Of Time and the Development of Partisan Polarization. American Journal of Politics.52, (3), 619-635.2008.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1540-5907.2008.00333.x (DOI)
  • Wink, Kenneth, Bargen, Andrew. The Consolidation of the White Southern Congressional Vote: The Roles of Ideology and Party Identification. Politics and Policy.36, (3), 376-399.2008.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1747-1346.2007.00113.x (DOI)
  • Abramowitz, Alan I.. Constraint, Ideology, and Polarization in the American Electorate: Evidence from the 2006 Cooperative Congressional Election Study. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Blinder, Scott, Rolfe, Meredith. Partisan or Gendered? The Gender Gap and Public Opinion among African American Men. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Brewer, Mark. Party Images and Presidential Vote. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Childers, Matt. Information and the Strength of Partisanship in National and State Elections. Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Childers, Matthew, Popkin, Samuel L.. Has Media Circus Spoiled Our Bread. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Drake, Katherine. The Structure of Women's and Men's Attitudes: The Gender Gap between 1948 and 2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Garner, Andrew. Issue Clarity and Heterogeneity in the Issue-Basis of Party Identification. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Jacobson, Gary. The War, the President, and the 2006 Midterm Congressional Elections. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • McAdams, John. The Rise of the New Class: 1956-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Murakami, Michael. Left Out: How Party Polarization is Affecting Who Votes. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Parker-Stephen, Evan. When Perceptions Polarize: How Motives and Information Shape Partisan Inference. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Reed, Daniel. Why the Methods Matter: The Effectiveness of Party Contacting Since the 1950s. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Valentino, Nicholas, Groenendyk, Eric, Gregorowicz, Krysha. Emotion, Efficacy, and Political Participation. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Vandenbroek, Lance. Anti-Votes: Do Negative Candidate Evaluations Boost Youth Turnout?. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Wilk, Eric. Patterns of Party and Ideological Polarization in Presidential Elections. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Xezonakis, Georgios. The Impact of Leaders on Party Support: The Importance of Contextual Effects. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Abramowitz, Alan I., Saunders, Kyle. Exploring the Bases of Partisanship in the American Electorate: Social Identity vs. Ideology. Political Research Quarterly.59, (2), 1752006.
    • ID: 10.1177/106591290605900201 (DOI)
  • Block, Ray. Racial Cleavages in Political Interest. Dissertation, Ohio State University. 2006.
  • Brunell, Thomas. Rethinking Redistricting: How Drawing Uncompetitive Districts Eliminates Gerrymanders, Enhances Representation, and Improves Attitudes toward Congress. PS: Political Science & Politics.39, (1), 77-85.2006.
    • ID: 10.1017/S1049096506060173 (DOI)
  • Glaeser, Edward L., Ward, Bryce A.. Myths and realities of American political geography. Journal of Economic Perspectives.20, (2), 119-144.2006.
    • ID: 10.1257/jep.20.2.119 (DOI)
  • Hill, David. Divided Government, Citizen Attitudes, and Turnout in Presidential Elections. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2006.
  • Hillygus, Sunshine. The Persuadable Voter: Strategic Candidates and Wedge Issues in Political Campaigns. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2006.
  • Lee, Courtney M.. No News Is Bad News: An Exploratory Study of Television News Media and Its Role in Youth Political Non-Participation. Thesis, College of Wooster. 2006.
  • Olson, Laura R., Green, John C.. The religion gap. PS, Political Science and Politics.39, (3), 455-459.2006.
  • Shea, Christopher. Who are You Calling Working Class? The scholarly food fight over how to define the lunch pail class and what democrats can do to win back their affections -- if, that is, they ever lost them. The Boston Globe.2006.
  • Abramowitz, Alan I., Stone, Walter J.. The Bush Effect: Polarization, Turnout, and Activism in the 2004 Presidential Election. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Allen, Neal, Brox, Brian J.. The Roots of Third Party Voting: The 2000 Nader Campaign in Historical Perspective. Party Politics.11, (5), 623-637.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/1354068805054983 (DOI)
  • Andersen, Ellen Ann. Out of the Closets and into the Courts. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press. 2005.
  • Brians, Craig Leonard. Women for Women? Gender and Party Bias in Voting for Female Candidates . American Politics Research.33, (3), 375-375.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X04269415 (DOI)
  • Brunell, Thomas. In Defense of Packed Congressional Districts: The Relationship Between Ideological Homogeneity and Satisfaction with Representation. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Donovan, Todd, Parry, Janine A., Bowler, Shaun. O Other, Where Art Thou? Support for Multiparty Politics in the United States. Social Science Quarterly.86, (1), 147-159.2005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.0038-4941.2005.00295.x (DOI)
  • Franklin, Mark. You Want to Vote Where Everybody Knows Your Name: Anonymity, Expressive Engagement, and Turnout Among Young Adults. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Glaeser, Edward L., Ponzetto, Giacomo A.M., Shapiro, Jesse M.. Strategic Extremism: Why Republicans and Democrats Divide on Religious Values. Quarterly Journal of Economics.120, 1283-1330.2005.
    • ID: 10.1162/003355305775097533 (DOI)
  • Hasecke, Edward. Diversity and the Changing Calculus of Voting. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Hoover, Michael, Orr, Susan. Youth Political Engagement: Why Rock the Vote Hits the Wrong Note. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Kanazawa, Satoshi. Who Lies on Surveys, and What Can We Do About It?. The Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies.30, (3), 361-371.2005.
  • Levendusky, Matt. America the Purple: A New Look at Mass Polarization. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Lewis, Carol W.. The Ethics Challenge in Public Service : A Problem-Solving Guide. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. 2005.
  • Lieske, Joel. Subcultural Effects on Voting Turnout in U. S. Presidential Elections. annual meeting of the American National Election Studies.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Luks, Samantha, Elms, Laurel. African-American Partisanship and the Legacy of the Civil Rights Movement: Generational, Regional, and Economic Influences on Democratic Identification, 1973-1994. Political Psychology.26, (5), 735-754.2005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1467-9221.2005.00442.x (DOI)
  • McDermott, Monika L.. Candidate Religious Affiliations and Voters` Stereotypes. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Mettler, Suzanne. When Government Withers. The Christian Science Monitor.2005.
  • Plutzer, Eric, Berkman, Michael. The Graying of America and Support for Funding the Nation's Schools . Public Opinion Quarterly.69, (1), 66-86.2005.
    • ID: 10.1093/poq/nfi010 (DOI)
  • Sparrow, Bartholomew. Limited Wars and the Attenuation of the State: A Reassessment. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Spiller, Marwin Jerome. The effects of race and class on patterns of political participation among African-American young adults. Dissertation, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. 2005.
  • Abramowitz, Alan I., Saunders, Kyle. Racial Hearts and Minds: Social Identity, Ideology, and Party Identification in the American Electorate. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Ansolabehere, Stephen D., Snowberg, Erik, Snyder, James. Television and the Incumbency Advantage in US Elections. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Bafumi, Joseph. The Stubborn American Voter. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Barry-Goodman, Colleen. Contacting and Identification as an Independent Leaning Partisan. annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association.New Orleans, LA. 2004.
  • Belt, Todd. Public Support for the War on Terror. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Black, Merle. The Transformation of the Southern Democratic Party. Journal of Politics.66, (4), 1001-1017.2004.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1468-2508.2004.00287.x (DOI)
  • Bowler, Shaun, Donovan, Todd, Karp, Jeffrey A., Lanoue, David J.. Independent's Day: 'Critical citizens' among the US voting public. annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association.New Orleans, LA. 2004.
  • Claassen, Ryan L.. Campaign Activism and the Spatial Model: Getting Beyond Extremism to Explain Policy Motivated Participation. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Clagget, William, Shafter, Byron. Policy Substance in the Public Mind: The Issue Structure of Mass Politics. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Clark, John, Schaffner, Brian. MacroTrust: Partisanship and the Dynamics of Trust in Government. annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association.New Orleans, LA. 2004.
  • Cohen, Jeffrey E.. If the News Is So Bad, Why Are Presidential Polls So High? Presidents, the News Media, and the Mass Public in an Era of New Media. Presidential Studies Quarterly.34, (3), 4932004.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1741-5705.2004.00209.x (DOI)
  • Dalton, Russell J.. Democratic Challenges, Democratic Choices: The Erosion in Political Support in Advanced Industrial Democracies. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. 2004.
  • Dalton, Russell J.. The Partisan Dealignment Debate. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Ferrara, Joseph A.. A Government That Looks Like America?. Is This Any Way to Run a Democratic Government?.Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press. 2004.
  • Fordham, Benjamin. Economic Interests and Public Support for American Foreign Policy. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Fournier, Ron. Catholic voters fickle Bush, Kerry split bloc wary of liberals, also Iraq war. The Advocate (LA).2004.
  • Gershtenson, Joseph, Mangun, William, Smith, Brian. The Republican Revolution and the Dynamics of Environmental Policy Voting. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Grafstein, Robert. The Electoral Impact of Partisan Economic Policy: Auditing the Pocketbooks of Self-Interested Voters. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Greenberg, Stanley B.. The Two Americas : Our Current Political Deadlock and How to Break It. New York, NY: Thomas Dunne Books, St. Martin's Press. 2004.
  • Jacobson, Gary C.. Partisan and Ideological Polarization in the California Electorate. State Politics and Policy Quarterly.4, (2), 113-139.2004.
    • ID: 10.1177/153244000400400201 (DOI)
  • Jarvis, Matthew. Legislative Productivity and Presidential Approval. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Kim, Jinha. Class Politics Resurgent: Class-Based Voting, Turnout, and Party Identification. Dissertation, Northwestern University. 2004.
  • Kopacz, Maria, De la Peña, Pablo, Garcia, Olivia. Information-Based Predictors of Ambivalence in Political Decision-Making. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Ladewig, Jeffrey. PocketBook Voting Revisited: Partisanship, Economic Interests and Congressional Elections, 1980-1992. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Lowery, David. Organized Interests and American Government. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. 2004.
  • Luks, Samantha. African American Macropartisanship: Explaining the Decline in Democratic Party Identification, 1973-2003. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Martorano, Nancy, Ulbig, Stacy G.. Punishing the Statehouse for the Sins of Congress: Displaced Anger and State Government Performance Ratings. annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association.New Orleans, LA. 2004.
  • Mockabee, Stephen T.. Religion and Realignment: The 'Catholic Vote' in American Elections, 1952-2002. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Mockabee, Stephen T.. The Changing Catholic Voter. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Moore, Robert. Foot Soldiers in the Culture War: Evidence of Increasing Polarization. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Nadeau, Richard, Niemi, Richard G., Stanley, Harold W., Godbout, Jean-François. Class, Party, and South/Non-South Differences . American Politics Research.32, (1), 52-67.2004.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X03259193 (DOI)
  • Nelson, Michael. George W. Bush and Congress: The Electoral Connection. Considering the Bush Presidency.New York, NY: Oxford University Press. 2004.
  • Persily, Nathaniel, Lammie, Kelli. Perceptions of Corruption and Campaign Finance: When Public Opinion Determines Constitutional Law. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Pirch, Kevin A.. Serious Times, Serous Voters: An Examination of the Draft and Voting Behavior of Young Men. Journal of Political and Military Sociology.32, (1), 79-98.2004.
  • Powell, Lynda W., Green, John C., Herrnson, Paul S., Wilcox, Clyde, Francia, Peter L.. The Representative Relationship: Contributors' Contacts with Their U.S. Senators. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Primo, David M., Milyo, Jeffrey. State Campaign Finance Laws and the Turnout Decision. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Runyan, Anne Sisson, Wenning, Mary V.. Prospects for Renewed Feminist Activism in the Heartland: A Study of Daytonian Women's Politics. NWSA Journal.16, (3), 180-214.2004.
    • ID: 10.2979/NWS.2004.16.3.180 (DOI)
  • Samples, John. Setting the Record Straight Concerning Low Voter Turnout. USA Today.2004.
  • Saunders, Kyle L., Abramowitz, Alan I.. Ideological Realignment and Active Partisans in the American Electorate. American Politics Research.32, (3), 285-309.2004.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X03259195 (DOI)
  • Schaffner, Brian. Priming the Gender Gap: Campaigning on Women's Issues in U.S. Senate Elections. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Shafer, Byron, Johnston, Richard. Locals versus Cosmopolitans in the Partisan Reconstruction of the South. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Shogan, Colleen. Public Support for the Women's Movement: 1972-2000. annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association.New Orleans, LA. 2004.
  • Soss, Joe, LeClair, Danielle. Race, Sex, and the Implicit Politics of Welfare Reform. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Southwell, Priscilla L.. Economic Voting in Volatile Times. Journal of Political and Military Sociology.32, (2), 237-248.2004.
  • Stanley, J. Woody, Weare, Christopher. The effects of internet use on political participation: Evidence from an agency online discussion forum. Administration and Society.36, (5), 503-527.2004.
    • ID: 10.1177/0095399704268503 (DOI)
  • Tanner, Robert. Election 2004 / Political parties in 2004: irrelevant, yet vital. Houston Chronicle.2004.
  • Tate, Katherine. Political incorporation and critical transformations of Black public opinion. Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race.1, (2), 345-359.2004.
    • ID: 10.1017/S1742058X04042079 (DOI)
  • Ward, Mike. Young conservatives rise to power at state Capitol. Austin American Statesman.2004.
  • Wattenberg, Martin P.. Elections: Personal Popularity in U.S. Presidential Elections. Presidential Studies Quarterly.34, (1), 143-156.2004.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1741-5705.2004.00040.x (DOI)
  • Winter, Nicholas J.G.. Group Implication: How Implicit Cues Link Public Opinion with Race and Gender. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Zaller, John. Floating Voters in U.S. Presidential Elections, 1948-2000. Studies in Public Opinion : Attitudes, Nonattitudes, Measurement Error, and Change.Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 2004.
  • Altman, Micah, Gill, Jeff, McDonald, Michael P.. Numerical Issues in Statistical Computing for the Social Scientist. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.. 2003.
  • Apparala, Malathi L., Reifman, Alan, Munsch, Joyce. Cross-national comparison of attitudes toward fathers' and mothers' participation in household tasks and childcare. Sex Roles.48, (5-6), 189-203.2003.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1022865002992 (DOI)
  • Atkeson, Lonna Rae, Rapoport, Ronald B.. The More Things Change the More They Stay the Same: Examining Gender Differences in Political Attitude Expression, 1952-2000. Public Opinion Quarterly.67, (4), 495-521.2003.
    • ID: 10.1086/378961 (DOI)
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Update Metadata: 2015-10-23 | Issue Number: 4 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

American National Election Studies; Stanford University (1986): ANES Time Series Cumulative Data File (1948-2012). Version 6. American National Election Study (ANES) Series. Version: v6. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08475.v6