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National Health Interview Survey, 1984

Resource Type
Dataset : clinical data, survey data
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Health Interview Survey Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics
Free Keywords
adult care services; chronic disabilities; chronic illnesses; disabilities; doctor visits; family relationships; health; health care; health care services; health policy; health problems; hospitalization; households; illness; nursing homes; older adults; retirement; supportive services
  • Abstract

    The basic purpose of the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) is to obtain information about the amount and distribution of illness, its effects in terms of disability and chronic impairments, and the kinds of health services people receive. There are five types of records in this core survey, each in a separate data file. The variables in the Household File (Part 1) include type of living quarters, size of family, region, and type of sampling area. The Person File (Part 2) includes sex, age, race, marital status, veteran status, and education. These variables are found in the Condition, Doctor Visit, and Hospital Episode Files as well. The Person File also supplies data on height, weight, bed days, doctor visits, hospital stays, years at residence, and region variables. The Condition (Part 3), Doctor Visit (Part 4), and Hospital Episode (Part 5) Files contain information on each reported acute or chronic condition, doctor visit, or hospitalization, respectively. A sixth, seventh, and eighth file have been provided. The Health Insurance Supplement File (Part6) contains information on the type of health insurance held by each respondent from the Person file. Parts 7-8 comprise the Supplement on Aging (SOA) Files divided into Condition and Person Public Use Files respectively, and contain data on a subset of the NHIS population, those aged 55 and over. These files contain the same Condition and Person variables as Parts 2-3 but are supplemented by questions pertaining specifically to the subpopulation of older respondents. These additional variables cover family relationships and support, community and social support, occupation and retirement, nursing home stays, help with care, health opinions, and other health-related and social information about middle-aged and older people.
  • Methods

    Detailed information regarding the use of weights is located within the documentation.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created online analysis version with question text..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Household
    • DS2: Person
    • DS3: Condition
    • DS4: Doctor Visit
    • DS5: Hospital Episode
    • DS6: Health Insurance
    • DS7: Supplement on Aging -- Condition
    • DS8: Supplement on Aging -- Person
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1984
  • Collection date: 1984
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
The civilian noninstitutionalized population of the United States and the District of Columbia from 1,900 geographically defined Primary Sampling Units (PSUs).
A multistage probability sample is used for the HIS. Respondents to the Supplement on Aging are all the members of households included in the 1984 HIS who were 65 years of age or older at the time of the interview, and a one-half sample of those between the ages of 55 and 64.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview

    Per agreement with NCHS, ICPSR distributes the data files and text of the technical documentation for this collection as prepared by NCHS.

    The data contain dashes (-).

    Sample age distribution for Part 2, the Person file, is: 45-54 (10,561), 55-64 (9,852), 64-74 (7,344), and 75+ (4,550). For Part 6, the Supplement on Aging--Person file, sample age distribution is: 55-64 (4,651), 65-74 (7,093), and 75+ (4,404).

2011-04-19 SAS, SPSS, and Stata setup files have been added. Some corresponding documentation has been updated.2000-02-21 The codebook has been converted to a PDF file. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8659 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08659.v2
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  • Currie, Janet, Gruber, Jonathan. Health Insurance Eligibility, Utilization of Medical Care, and Child Health. Quarterly Journal of Economics.111, (2), 431-466.1996.
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    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.86.2.195 (DOI)
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  • Currie, Janet, Gruber, Jonathan. Health Insurance Eligibility, Utilization of Medical Care, and Child Health. NBER Working Paper Series.5052, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1995.
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  • Hibbard, Judith H.. Women's employment history and their post-retirement health and resources. Journal of Women and Aging.7, (3), 43-54.1995.
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  • Mentnech, Renee, Ross, William, Park, Young, Benner, Suzanne. An analysis of utilization and access from the NHIS: 1984-92. Health Care Financing Review.17, (2), 51 -1995.
  • Miner, Sonia. Racial differences in family support and formal service utilization among older persons: A nonrecursive model. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.50, (Bn3), S143 -1995.
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  • Yelin, Edward H., Katz, Patricia P.. Labor force trends of persons with and without disabilities. Monthly Labor Review.117, (10), 36-42.1994.
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  • Ferraro, Kenneth F.. Are black older adults health-pessimistic?. Journal of Health and Social Behavior.34, (3), 201-213.1993.
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  • Gornick, Marian. Physician payment reform under Medicare: Monitoring utilization and access. Health Care Financing Review.14, (3), 77 -1993.
  • Liu, Korbin, Perozek, Maria, Manton, Kenneth G.. Catastrophic Acute and Long-term Care Costs: Risks Faced by Disabled Elderly Persons. Gerontologist.33, (3), 299-307.1993.
    • ID: 10.1093/geront/33.3.299 (DOI)
  • Mayer, Susan, Jencks, Christopher. Recent trends in economic inequality in the United States: Income versus expenditure versus material wellbeing. Poverty and Prosperity in the U.S.A. the late twentieth century.New York: St. Martin's. 1993.
  • Miner, Sonia, Logan, John R., Spitze, Glenna. Predicting the Frequency of Senior Center Attendance. Gerontologist.33, (5), 650-657.1993.
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  • Stoller, Eleanor Palo, Cutler, Stephen J.. Predictors of Use of Paid Help Among Older People Living in the Community. Gerontologist.33, (1), 311-403.1993.
    • ID: 10.1093/geront/33.1.31 (DOI)
  • Fredman, Lisa, Droge, Janet A., Rabin, David L.. Functional Limitations among Health Care Users in the National Health Interview Survey's Supplement on Aging. Gerontologist.32, (5), 641-646.1992.
    • ID: 10.1093/geront/32.5.641 (DOI)
  • Spitze, Glenna, Miner, Sonia. Gender Differences in Adult Child Contact Among Black Elderly Parents. Gerontologist.32, (2), 213-218.1992.
    • ID: 10.1093/geront/32.2.213 (DOI)
  • Wetterhall, S.F., Olson, D.R., DeStefano, F., Stevenson, J.M., Ford, E.S., German, R.R., Will, J.C., Newman, J.M., Sepe, S.J., Vinicor, F.. Trends in diabetes and diabetic complications, 1980-1987. Diabetes Care.15, (8), 960-967.1992.
    • ID: 10.2337/diacare.15.8.960 (DOI)
  • LaPlante, Mitchell P.. Medical conditions associated with disability. Disability in the United States: A Portrait from National Data.New York: Springer. 1991.
  • Anonymous. Comorbidity of Chronic Conditions and Disability Among Older Persons--United States, 1984. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.263, (2), 209 -1990.
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  • Johanson, John F., Sonnenberg, Amnon. The prevalence of hemorrhoids and chronic consipation. An epidemiologic study. Gastroenterology.98, (2), 380-386.1990.
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Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

United States Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics (1987): National Health Interview Survey, 1984. Version 1. National Health Interview Survey Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.