My da|ra Login

Detailed view

metadata language: English

State Legislative Election Returns in the United States, 1968-1989

Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data
  • Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
Other Title
  • Version 4 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • State Legislative Election Returns in the United States Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Free Keywords
candidates; constituencies; counties; election returns; historical data; performance; political history; political parties; political power; primaries; special elections; state elections; state legislatures; state politics; vote count; voting patterns
  • Abstract

    The purpose of this collection is to extend detailed study of electoral and governmental processes in the United States to the state and local levels and to encourage comparative analyses of voting patterns, political party competition, and partisan control between different states or regions. The collection provides election data at the county, constituency, and candidate levels for state legislative races contested in the United States between 1968 and 1989. General election returns for all 50 states are included, as well as primary election returns for 16 southern and border states. Data include county-level returns for all major and minor political parties that contested elections for seats in state legislatures, individual candidate totals at both the county and constituency levels, incumbency status, total number of votes cast for all candidates in an election, each candidate's percentage of the vote, and several measures comparing a candidate's performance with those of his or her rivals.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed consistency checks.; Standardized missing values.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Candidate and Constituency Statistics Data
    • DS2: Base (or "Raw") Data
    • DS3: County-Level Data for 1968
    • DS4: County-Level Data for 1970
    • DS5: County-Level Data for 1972
    • DS6: County-Level Data for 1974
    • DS7: County-Level Data for 1976
    • DS8: County-Level Data for 1978
    • DS9: County-Level Data for 1980
    • DS10: County-Level Data for 1982
    • DS11: County-Level Data for 1984
    • DS12: County-Level Data for 1986
    • DS13: County-Level Data for 1988
Temporal Coverage
  • 1968 / 1989
    Time period: 1968--1989
  • 1968 / 1989
    Collection date: 1968--1989
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Members of the voting age population of the United States from 1968 through 1989.
Collection Mode
  • The fifth edition of this collection contains general and special election returns from 1968 through 1989 for all 50 states and primary election returns, where available, for the same period for 14 southern and border states. Odd-year general elections are recorded in the county-level data file of the previous even-numbered year.

2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 14 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 14 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads. Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (SES-8618482).
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8907 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08907.v5
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08907.v3
  • Charles, Kerwin Kofi, Stephens, Melvin. Employment, wages, and voter turnout. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics.5, (4), 111-143.2013.
    • ID: 10.1257/app.5.4.111 (DOI)
  • Stucky, Thomas D., Heimer, Karen, Lang, Joseph B.. Partisan politics, electoral competition and imprisonment: An analysis of states over time. Criminology.43, (1), 211-248.2005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.0011-1348.2005.00007.x (DOI)
  • Arceneaux, Kevin. The gender gap in state legislative representation: New data to tackle an old question. Political Research Quarterly.54, (1), 143-160.2001.
  • Carey, John M., Niemi, Richard G., Powell, Lynda W.. Incumbency and the probability of reelection in state legislative elections. Journal of Politics.62, (3), 671-700.2000.
  • Weber, Ronald E.. Race-based districting: does it help or hinder legislative representation?. Political Geography.19, (2), 213-247.2000.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0962-6298(99)00037-2 (DOI)
  • King, Gary, Palmquist, Bradley. The record of American democracy, 1984-1990. Sociological Methods and Research.26, (3), 424-427.1998.
    • ID: 10.1177/0049124198026003006 (DOI)
  • Lowry, Robert C., Alt, James E., Ferree, Karen E.. Fiscal policy outcomes and electoral accountability in American states. American Political Science Review.92, (4), 759-774.1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Jones, Mark P.. Racial Heterogeneity and the Effective Number of Candidates in Majority Runoff Elections: Evidence from Louisiana. Electoral Studies.16, (3), 349-358.1997.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0261-3794(97)00018-8 (DOI)
  • King, Gary, Palmquist, Bradley. The record of American democracy, 1984-1990. PS, Political Science and Politics.30, (4), 746-747.1997.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Van Dunk, Emily, Weber, Ronald E.. Constituency-level competition in the U.S. states, 1968-1988: A pooled analysis. Legislative Studies Quarterly.22, (2), 141-159.1997.
  • Jewell, Malcolm E.. State Legislative Elections: What We Know and Don't Know. American Politics Quarterly.22, (4), 483-509.1994.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X9402200405 (DOI)
  • Aistrup, Joseph A.. State Legislative Party Competition: A County-Level Measure. Political Research Quarterly.46, (2), 433-446.1993.
  • Cox, Gary W., Morgenstern, Scott. The increasing advantage of incumbency in the U.S. states. Legislative Studies Quarterly.18, (4), 495-514.1993.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Francis, Wayne L.. House to Senate career movement in the U.S. states: The significance of selectivity. Legislative Studies Quarterly.18, (3), 309-320.1993.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Holbrook, Thomas M., Tidmarch, Charles M.. The Effects of Leadership Positions on Votes for Incumbents in State Legislative Elections. Political Research Quarterly.46, (4), 897-909.1993.
  • Holbrook, Thomas M., Van Dunk, Emily. Electoral competiton in the American states. American Political Science Review.87, (4), 955-962.1993.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Hedlund, Ronald D., Patterson, Samuel C.. The electoral antecedents of state legislatve committee assignments. Legislative Studies Quarterly.17, (4), 539-559.1992.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Luttbeg, Norman R.. Legislative careers in six states: Are some legislatures more likely to be responsive?. Legislative Studies Quarterly.17, (1), 49-68.1992.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Austin, Erik W., Clubb, Jerome M., Granda, Peter A., Flanigan, William H., Zingale, Nancy. Electoral participation in the United States, 1968-1986. Legislative Studies Quarterly.16, (1), 145-164.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Basehart, Harry, Comer, John. Partisan and incumbent effects in state legislative redistricting. Legislative Studies Quarterly.16, (1), 65-79.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Breaux, David A., Gierzynski, Anthony. 'Its money that matters': Campaign expenditures and state legislative primaries. Legislative Studies Quarterly.16, (3), 429-443.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Campagna, Janet C.. Bias and responsiveness in the seat-vote relationships. Legislative Studies Quarterly.16, (1), 81-89.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Garand, James C.. Electoral marginality in state legislative elections, 1968-86. Legislative Studies Quarterly.16, (1), 7-28.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Gierzynski, Anthony, Breaux, David. Money and votes in state legislative elections. Legislative Studies Quarterly.16, (2), 203-217.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Holbrook, Thomas M., Tidmarch, Charles M.. Sophomore surge in state legislative elections, 1968-86. Legislative Studies Quarterly.16, (1), 49-63.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Jewell, Malcolm E., Breaux, David. Southern primary and electoral competition and incumbent success. Legislative Studies Quarterly.16, (1), 129-143.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Niemi, Richard G., Jackman, Simon. Bias and responsiveness in state legislative districting. Legislative Studies Quarterly.16, (2), 183-202.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Niemi, Richard G., Jackman, Simon, Winsky, Laura R.. Candidacies and competitiveness in multimember districts. Legislative Studies Quarterly.16, (1), 91-109.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Weber, Ronald E., Tucker, Harvey J., Brace, Paul. Vanishing marginals in state legislative elections. Legislative Studies Quarterly.16, (1), 29-47.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Breaux, David. Specifying the Impact of Incumbency on State Legislative Elections: A District-Level Analysis. American Politics Quarterly.18, (3), 270-286.1990.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X9001800302 (DOI)
  • Jewell, Malcolm E., Breaux, David. The effect of incumbency on state legislative elections. Legislative Studies Quarterly.13, (4), 495-514.1988.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Campbell, James E.. Presidential coattails and midterm losses in state legislative elections. American Political Science Review.80, (1), 45-63.1986.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (1988): State Legislative Election Returns in the United States, 1968-1989. Version 4. State Legislative Election Returns in the United States Series. Version: v4. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.