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Census of Population, 1860 [United States]: Urban Household Sample

Resource Type
Dataset : census/enumeration data
  • Moen, Jon
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • University of Chicago. Booth School of Business. Center for Population Economics
Free Keywords
census data; demographic characteristics; females; labor force; occupations; urban areas
  • Abstract

    The Urban Household Sample of the 1860 United States Census was designed to supplement the Bateman-Foust rural sample with observations from urban areas. The sample covers both northern and southern towns and cities and permits examination of female occupations and labor force participation rates. Information on individuals includes occupation, city of residence, age, sex, race, dollar value of real and personal property owned, whether American or foreign born, and literacy. The second release of this collection adds nine constructed variables, including several weight variables, collapsed occupation, ICPSR state code, region, and unique internal family and household identifier numbers.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created variable labels and/or value labels..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1860
  • Collection date: 1986
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All individuals living in towns with populations of 3,000 or more who were enumerated in the 1860 Census of Population Manuscript Schedules.
Stratified random sample.
Collection Mode
  • Nathanial T. Wilcox of the University of Chicago collaborated with Jon Moen for the second release of the data collection.

2009-07-24 SAS, SPSS, and Stata setups have been added to this data collection. Funding insitution(s): University of Chicago. Booth School of Business. Center for Population Economics.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8930 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08930.v2
  • Moen, Jon R.. Rural Nonfarm Households: Leaving the Farm and the Retirement of Older Men, 1860-1980. Social Science History.18, (1), 55-76.1994.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Fogel, Robert W.. Without Consent or Contract: The Rise and Fall of American Slavery. New York: Norton. 1989.
  • Moen, Jon R.. Essays on the Labor Force and Labor Force Participation Rates; The United States from 1860 through 1950. Dissertation, University of Chicago. 1987.
  • Berlin, Ira, Gutman, Herbert G.. Natives and immigrants, free men and slaves: Urban workingmen in the antebellum American South. American Historical Review.88, (5), 1175-1200.1983.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Kaestle, Carl F., Vinovskis, Maris A.. Education and Social Change in Nineteenth-Century Massachusetts. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 1980.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

Moen, Jon (1989): Census of Population, 1860 [United States]: Urban Household Sample. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.