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Effects of Sentences on Subsequent Criminal Behavior in New Jersey, 1976-1977

Resource Type
Dataset : event/transaction data
  • McCarthy, Jack
  • Smith, D. Randall
  • Smith, William R.
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Free Keywords
career criminals; criminal histories; criminal justice system; criminality; intervention; offender profiles; recidivism; sentencing
  • Abstract

    This data collection examines the effects of sentencing on offenders' subsequent criminal behaviors. The data address the following questions: (1) At what point in the criminal career is the criminal career interrupted or halted by the criminal justice system because the offender is "taken off the streets?" (2) How long is the criminal career interrupted as a result of intervention from the criminal justice system? (3) How significant are the effects of past criminal behavior, as opposed to offender characteristics, such as education, employment history, or drug use, on criminal behavior subsequent to sentencing? (4) How do the effects of sentencing differ among offenders according to background, criminal history, and offense? Special characteristics of the collection include detailed information on the demographic and psychological background of defendants, a description of the offenses and the victims, and criminal recidivism information for adult defendants. More specifically, the sentence file contains data on the defendant's family, educational background, psychological condition, social activities, financial status, employment history, substance abuse, prior and follow-up criminal records, sentence and correctional histories, and other disposition information. The event file provides data on arrest and court appearances as well as data on incarcerations, escapes, transfers, releases, paroles, and furloughs.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Sentence File
    • DS2: Event File
Temporal Coverage
  • 1976-10 / 1977-09
    Time period: 1976-10--1977-09
  • 1985 / 1987
    Collection date: 1985--1987
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All court cases heard in the New Jersey State Court from October 1976 to September 1977.
Court cases involving robbery, burglary, or drug offenses were selected for the sample.
Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (85-IJ-CX-0005).
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8986 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR08986.v2
  • Silver, Eric, Chow-Martin, Lynette. A multiple models approach to assessing recidivism risk: Implications for judicial decision making. Criminal Justice and Behavior.29, (5), 538-568.2002.
    • ID: 10.1177/009385402236732 (DOI)
  • Silver, Eric, Smith, William R., Banks, Steven. Constructing actuarial devices for predicting recidivism: A comparison of methods. Criminal Justice and Behavior.27, (6), 733-764.2000.
    • ID: 10.1177/0093854800027006004 (DOI)
  • Smith, William R.. The effects of base rate and cutoff point choice on commonly used measures of association and accuracy in recidivism research. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.12, (1), 83-111.1996.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF02354472 (DOI)
  • Smith, D. Randall., Smith, William R.. Sentencing and Recidivism Volumes I, II, and III. NCJ 147058, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1992.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Whitehead, John T.. Effectiveness of felony probation: Results from an eastern state. Justice Quarterly.8, (4), 525-543.1991.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418829100091201 (DOI)
  • Smith, D.R., Smith, W.R.. Documentation Manual for the State of New Jersey Administrative Office of the Courts Sentencing Effectiveness Study Data Files. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University, Institute for Criminological Research. 1990.
  • Smith, D. Randall, Smith, William R., Zupko, Elizabeth. Specific Deterrent Effects of Sentences for Robbery: Does Type of Punishment Influence Recidivism?. Meeting of the American Society of Criminology.Atlanta, GA. 1986.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

McCarthy, Jack; Smith, D. Randall; Smith, William R. (1989): Effects of Sentences on Subsequent Criminal Behavior in New Jersey, 1976-1977. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.