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Time Use Longitudinal Panel Study, 1975-1981

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Juster, F. Thomas
  • Hill, Martha S.
  • Stafford, Frank P.
  • Unknown
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Americans' Use of Time Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
family life; family work relationship; housework; leisure; lifestyles; quality of life; recreation; social interaction; social life; time utilization; work
  • Abstract

    The 1975-1981 TIME USE LONGITUDINAL PANEL STUDY dataset combines a round of data collected in 1981 with the principal investigators' earlier TIME USE IN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL ACCOUNTS, 1975-1976 (ICPSR 7580), collected by F. Thomas Juster, Paul Courant, et al. This combined data collection consists of data from 620 respondents, their spouses if they were married at the time of first contact, and up to three children between the ages of three and seventeen living in the household. The key features which characterized the 1975 time use study were repeated in 1981. In both of the data collection years, adult individuals provided four time diaries as well as extensive information related to their time use in the four waves of data collection. Information pertaining to the household was collected, as well as identical measures from respondents and spouses for all person-specific information. Selected children provided two time diary reports (one for a school day and one non-school day), an academic achievement measure, and survey measures pertaining to school and family life. In addition, teacher ratings were obtained. For each adult individual who remained in the sample through the 1981 study, a time budget was constructed from his or her time diaries containing the number of minutes per week spent in each of some 223 mutually exclusive and exhaustive activities. These measures provide a description of how the sample individuals were currently allocating their time and are comparable to the 87 activity measures created from their 1975 diaries. In addition, respondent and spouse time aggregates were converted to parent time aggregates for mothers and fathers of children in the sample. To facilitate analyses on spouses, a merged data file was created for 868 couples in which both husband and wife had complete Wave I data in either 1975-1976 or 1981.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Household and Spouse File, 1981
    • DS2: Household and Respondent File, 1981
    • DS3: Household and Child File, 1981
    • DS4: Adult Activity Records, 1975
    • DS5: Adult/Child Activity Records, 1981
    • DS6: Husband/Wife Merged File, 1975 and 1981
    • DS8: 1981 Questionnaires
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Housing units in the coterminous United States exclusive of those on military reservations, and typical activities of the household residents
Multistage area probability sample of households in 1975-1976, with systematic sampling of time periods during one-year intervals in both 1975-1976 (for respondents aged 18+ and spouses in those households) and 1981 (for respondents, spouses, and children). Those respondents eligible for interview in 1981 were the 920 respondents from whom three or four waves of data had been obtained in the 1975-76 study, and who were heads of households or the spouses of household heads in 1975.
Collection Mode
  • 1) The 1975 household data, respondent data (N=1519), and spouse data (N=887) for the panel are contained in ICPSR 7580. The 1975-1976 time use data are also available in combination with AMERICANS' USE OF TIME, 1965-1966 (Philip E. Converse and John F. Robinson) in ICPSR 7796. 2) The codebook, user guide, and data collection instrument are provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 9 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 7 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 9 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 7 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.1992-02-16 Three new parts have been added: 1975 adult activity records, 1981 adult/child activity records, and a merged file of husband/wife data for 1975 and 1981. Additional and revised documentation includes a User's Guide, 1975 subject index, occupation and industry codes, and codebooks for the new data files as well as for the 1981 household, respondent, spouse, and child data.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9054 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09054.v2
  • Knutson, Kristen L., Lauderdale, Diane S.. Sociodemographic and behavioral predictors of bed time and wake time among US adolescents aged 15 to 17 years. Journal of Pediatrics.154, (3), 426-430.2009.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2008.08.035 (DOI)
  • Sandberg, John F., Hofferth, Sandra L.. Changes in Children's Time with Parents: United States, 1981-1997. Demography.38, (3), 423-436.2001.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2001.0031 (DOI)
  • Parkman, Allen M.. Why Are Married Women Working So Hard?. International Review of Law and Economics.18, (1), 41-49.1998.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0144-8188(97)00056-2 (DOI)
  • Chakravorty, Sanjoy. Urban Inequality Revisited: The Determinants of Income Distribution in U.S. Metropolitan Areas. Urban Affairs Review.31, (6), 759-777.1996.
    • ID: 10.1177/107808749603100604 (DOI)
  • Zick, Cathleen D.. Assessing the past and future of research on household work: A comment on Bryant's article. Family and Consumer Sciences Research Journal.24, (4), 393-400.1996.
    • ID: 10.1177/1077727X960244004 (DOI)
  • Leete, Laura, Schor, Juliet B.. Assessing the time-squeeze hypothesis: Hours worked in the United States, 1969-89. Industrial Relations.33, (1), 25-43.1994.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1468-232X.1994.tb00325.x (DOI)
  • Katz, Jerome A.. Secondary analysis in entrepreneurship: An introduction to databases and data management. Journal of Small Business Management.30, (2), 74 -1992.
  • Shelton, Beth Anne. Women, men, and time gender differences in paid work, housework, and leisure. Contributions in Women's Studies.Greenwood Press. 1992.
  • Bird, Chloe E., Fremont, Allen M.. Gender, Time Use, and Health. Journal of Health and Social Behavior.32, (2), 114-129.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Schor, Juliet B.. The Overworked American: The Unexpected Decline of Leisure. New York: Basic Books. 1991.
  • Benin, Mary Holland, Edwards, Debra A.. Adolescents' Chores: The Difference between Dual- and Single-Earner Families. Journal of Marriage and Family.52, (2), 361-373.1990.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Shelton, Beth Anne. The Distribution of Household Tasks: Does Wife's Employment Status Make a Difference?. Journal of Family Issues.11, (2), 115-135.1990.
    • ID: 10.1177/019251390011002001 (DOI)
  • Nock, Steven L., Kingston, Paul William. The Division of Leisure and Work. Social Science Quarterly.70, (1), 24-39.1989.
  • Firestone, Juanita, Shelton, Beth Anne. An Estimation of the Effects of Women's Work on Available Leisure Time. Journal of Family Issues.9, (4), 478-495.1988.
    • ID: 10.1177/019251388009004004 (DOI)
  • Hill, Martha S.. Marital Stability and Spouses' Shared Time: A Multi-Disciplinary Hypothesis. Journal of Family Issues.9, (4), 427-451.1988.
    • ID: 10.1177/019251388009004001 (DOI)
  • Nock, Steven L., Kingston, Paul William. Time With Children: The Impact of Couples' Work-Time Commitments. Social Forces.67, (1), 59-85.1988.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Kingston, Paul William, Nock, Steven L.. Time together among dual-earner couples. American Sociological Review.52, (3), 391-400.1987.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Stafford, Frank P.. Women's Work, Sibling Competition and Children's School Performance. Working Paper.8036, Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 1987.
  • Juster, F. Thomas. Response errors in the measurement of time use. Journal of the American Statistical Association.81, 390-402.1986.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Juster, F. Thomas, Stafford, Frank P.. Time, Goods, and Well-Being. Ann Arbor: Survey Research Center, Instititute for Social Research, University of Michigan. 1985.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

Juster, F. Thomas; Hill, Martha S.; Stafford, Frank P.; Unknown (1984): Time Use Longitudinal Panel Study, 1975-1981. Version 1. Americans' Use of Time Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.