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Uniform Crime Reports: County Level Arrest and Offense Data, 1986

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data
Creator
  • United States Department of Justice. Federal Bureau of Investigation
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data Series
Publication Date
1989-03-03
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Language
English
Free Keywords
arrests; arson; assault; auto theft; burglary; counties; crime rates; crime reporting; crime statistics; drug abuse; fraud; illegal gambling; larceny; law enforcement; murder; offenses; rape; robbery; sex offenses; Uniform Crime Reports; vandalism; weapons offenses
Description
  • Abstract

    This data collection contains county-level counts of arrests and offenses for Part I offenses (murder, rape, robbery, assault, burglary, larceny, auto theft, and arson) and arrest counts for Part II offenses (forgery, fraud, embezzlement, vandalism, weapons violations, sex offenses, drug and alcohol abuse violations, gambling, vagrancy, curfew violations, and runaways). Two sets of county populations are reported: one for total county population and the other for counties reporting six months or more of data.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Arrests, All Ages
    • DS2: Arrests, Adults
    • DS3: Arrests, Juveniles
    • DS4: Crimes Reported
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1986
  • Collection date: 1986
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
County law enforcement agencies in the United States.
Collection Mode
  • Data have been aggregated to the county level. Within each county, data for agencies reporting 6 to 11 months of information were weighted to yield 12-month equivalents. Agencies reporting fewer than 6 months of data were excluded from the aggregation. Data from agencies reporting only statewide figures were allocated to counties in proportion to each county's share of the state population (which totaled the populations of those county agencies reporting 6 months or more of data).

Note
2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.1998-07-28 All four data files have been reprocessed. The case count has changed from 3,133 to 3,136 to accurately reflect the number of FIPS codes listed in the appendix of the codebook, and arrest data for Part II offenses have been added to Parts 1-3. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9119 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09119.v2
Publications
  • Aneja, Abhay, Donohue, John J., III, Zhang, Alexandria,. The Impact of Right to Carry Laws and the NRC Report: The Latest Lessons for the Empirical Evaluation of Law and Policy. Stanford Law and Economics Olin Working Paper No. 461.. 2014.
  • Durlauf, Steven N., Fu, Chao, Navarro, Salvador. Capital punishment and deterrence: Understanding disparate results. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.29, (1), 103-121.2013.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10940-012-9171-0 (DOI)
  • Grinols, Earl L., Mustard, David B., Staha, Melissa. How do visitors affect crime?. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.27, (3), 363-378.2011.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10940-010-9128-0 (DOI)
  • Schaefer, Shelly S.W.. Blurring the Lines: Blended Sentencing and the Juvenile Justice System. Dissertation, University of Minnesota. 2011.
  • Kovandzic, Tomislav V., Vieraitis, Lynne M.. The effect of county-level prison population growth on crime rates. Criminology and Public Policy.5, (2), 213-244.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9133.2006.00375.x (DOI)
  • Dezhbakhsh, Hashem, Rubin, Paul H., Shepherd, Joanna M.. Does Capital Punishment Have a Deterrent Effect? New Evidence from Post-moratorium Panel Data. American Law and Economics Review.5, (2), 344-376.2003.
    • ID: 10.1093/aler/ahg021 (DOI)
  • Rubin, Paul H., Dezhbakhsh, Hashem. The effect of concealed handgun laws on crime: Beyond the dummy variables. International Review of Law and Economics.23, (2), 199-216.2003.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0144-8188(03)00027-9 (DOI)
  • Shepherd, Joanna M.. Fear of the first strike: The full deterrent effect of California's two- and three-strikes legislation. Journal of Legal Studies.31, (1), 159-201.2002.
    • ID: 10.1086/324660 (DOI)
  • Kovandzic, Tomislav V.. The impact of Florida's habitual offender law on crime. Criminology.39, (1), 179-203.2001.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2001.tb00920.x (DOI)
  • Matthews, Rick A., Maume, Michael O., Miller, William J.. Deindustrialization, economic distress, and homicide rates in midsized rust belt cities. Homicide Studies.5, (2), 83-113.2001.
    • ID: 10.1177/1088767901005002001 (DOI)
  • Olson, David E., Maltz, Michael D.. Right-to-carry concealed weapon laws and homicide in large U.S. counties: The effect on weapon types, victim characteristics, and victim-offender relationships. Journal of Law and Economics.44, (S2), 747-770.2001.
    • ID: 10.1086/338345 (DOI)
  • Blumstein, Alfred, Rivara, Frederick P., Rosenfeld, Richard. The rise and decline of homicide - and why. Annual Review of Public Health.21, 505-541.2000.
    • ID: 10.1146/annurev.publhealth.21.1.505 (DOI)
  • Hagan, John, Foster, Holly. Making corporate and criminal America less violent: Public norms and structural reforms. Contemporary Sociology.29, (1), 44-53.2000.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2654930 (URL)
  • Holmes, Malcolm D.. Minority threat and police brutality: Determinants of civil rights criminal complaints in U.S. municipalities. Criminology.38, (2), 343-367.2000.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2000.tb00893.x (DOI)
  • Maume, Michael O., Miller, William J., Matthews, Rick. Explaining homicide rates in small and mid-sized U.S. cities, 1980-1990. Southern Sociological Society. 2000.
  • Palmiotto, Michael J., Janeksela, Galan M.. A comparative study of index crimes in five peer cities. Journal of Crime and Justice.23, (1), 111-123.2000.
    • ID: 10.1080/0735648X.2000.9721112 (DOI)
  • Pellegrini, Robert J., Roundtree, Terry, Camagna, Tina F., Queirolo, Sergio S.. On the epidemiology of violent juvenile crime in America: A total arrest-referenced approach. Psychological Reports.86, 1171-1186.2000.
    • ID: 10.2466/PR0.86.3.1171-1186 (DOI)
  • Witt, Robert, Witte, Ann. Crime, prison, and female labor supply. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.16, (1), 69-85.2000.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1007525527967 (DOI)
  • Zimring, Franklin E., Fagan, Jefferey. The search for causes in an era of crime declines: Some lessons from the study of New York City homicide. Crime and Delinquency.46, (4), 446-456.2000.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128700046004002 (DOI)
  • Becsi, Zsolt. Economics and crime in the states. Economic Review - Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta.84, (1), 38-56.1999.
  • Brooks, Randall. Crime strike. American Rifleman.147, (6), 42-43.1999.
  • Doyle, Joanne M., Ahmed, Ehsan, Horn, Robert N.. The effects of labor markets and income inequality on crime: Evidence from panel data. Southern Economic Journal.65, (4), 717-738.1999.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1061272 (URL)
  • Rephann, Terance J.. Links between rural development and crime. Papers in Regional Science.78, (4), 365-386.1999.
    • ID: 10.1007/s101100050032 (DOI)
  • Black, Dan A., Nagin, Daniel S.. Do right-to-carry laws deter violent crime?. Journal of Legal Studies.27, 209-219.1998.
  • Bronars, Stephen G., Lott, John R., Jr.. Criminal deterrence, geographic spillovers, and the right to carry concealed handguns. American Economic Review.88, (2), 475-479.1998.
  • Dezhbakhsh, Hashem, Rubin, Paul H.. Lives saved or lives lost? The effects of concealed-handgun laws on crime. American Economic Review.88, (2), 468-474.1998.
  • Lieb, Roxanne, Quinsey, Vernon, Berliner, Lucy. Sexual predators and social policy. Crime and Justice: A Review of Research.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1998.
  • Lott, John R., Jr.. The concealed-handgun debate. Journal of Legal Studies.27, (1), 221-243.1998.
  • Wordes, Madeline, Jones, Sharon M.. Trends in juvenile detention and steps toward reform. Crime and Delinquency.44, (4), 544-560.1998.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128798044004005 (DOI)
  • Boggess, Scott, Bound, John. Did Criminal Activity Increase during the 1980s? Comparisons across Data Sources. Social Science Quarterly.78, (3), 725-739.1997.
  • Britt, Chester L.. Reconsidering the unemployment and crime relationship: Variation by age group and historical period. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.13, (4), 405-428.1997.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF02221048 (DOI)
  • Donziger, Steven R.. Fear, crime, and punishment in the United States. Tikkun.12, (6), 24-27.1997.
  • Feinberg, Gary. Does it Pay to Invest in Crime Control? A Multiple Regression Analysis of the Relationship between Expenditure for Crime Control Services and Crime Rates. Dissertation, Union Institute. 1997.
  • Hochstetler, Andrew L., Shover, Neal. Street crime, labor surplus, and criminal punishment, 1980-1990. Social Problems.44, (2), 358-368.1997.
  • LaFree, Gary, Drass, Kriss A.. African American Collective Action and Crime, 1955-1991. Social Forces.75, (3), 835-853.1997.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2580521 (URL)
  • Levitt, Steven D.. Using electoral cycles in police hiring to estimate the effect of police on crime. American Economic Review.87, (3), 270-290.1997.
  • Lott, John R., Jr., Mustard, David B.. Crime, deterrence, and right-to-carry concealed handguns. Journal of Legal Studies.26, (1), 1-68.1997.
    • ID: 10.1086/467988 (DOI)
  • Stolzenberg, Lisa, D'Alessio, Stewart J.. 'Three strikes and you're out': The impact of California's new mandatory sentencing law on serious crime rates. Crime and Delinquency.43, (4), 457-469.1997.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128797043004004 (DOI)
  • Episcopo, Peter F., Moor, Darrin L.. The violent gang and terrorist organizations file. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin.65, (10), 21-23.1996.
  • Faggiani, Donald, Dover, Thomas J., Sturgis, Jennifer. Juvenile Murder in Virgina: A Study of Arrests and Convictions. Richmond, VA: Virginia Department of Criminal Justice Services. 1996.
  • Glaeser, Edward L., Sacerdote, Bruce, Scheinkman, Jose. Crime and Social Interactions. Quarterly Journal of Economics.111, (2), 507-548.1996.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2946686 (URL)
  • Goldberg, Bruce W., Whitlock, Evelyn, Greenlick, Merwyn. Firearm ownership and health care workers. Public Health Reports.111, (3), 256 -1996.
  • Kingery, Paul M., Pruitt, B.E., Heuberger, Greg. A profile of rural Texas adolescents who carry handguns to school. Journal of School Health.66, (1), 18 -1996.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1746-1561.1996.tb06252.x (DOI)
  • Kunz, Jenifer, Bahr, Stephen J.. A profile of parental homicide against children. Journal of Family Violence.11, (4), 347-362.1996.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF02333422 (DOI)
  • Marvell, Thomas B., Moody, Carlisle E.. Determinate sentencing and abolishing parole: The long-term impacts on prisons and crime. Criminology.34, (1), 107-128.1996.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1996.tb01197.x (DOI)
  • O'Brien, Robert M.. Police productivity and crime rates: 1973-1992. Criminology.34, (2), 183-207.1996.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1996.tb01202.x (DOI)
  • Steffensmeier, Darrell, Allan, Emilie. Gender and crime: Toward a gendered theory of female offending. Annual Review of Sociology.22, 459-487.1996.
    • ID: 10.1146/annurev.soc.22.1.459 (DOI)
  • Boyd, David G.. On the cutting edge. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin.64, (7), 1 -1995.
  • Garoogian, Rhoda, Garoogian, Andrew, Fromm, Joy. Crime in America's Top-Rated Cities: A Statistical Profile, 1995-1996. Boca Raton, FL: University Reference Publications. 1995.
  • Levitt, Steven D.. Using Electoral Cycles in Police Hiring to Estimate the Effect of Police on Crime. NBER Working Paper Series.4991, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1995.
    • ID: http://papers.nber.org/papers/w4991.pdf (URL)
  • Marvell, Thomas B., Moody, Carlisle E.. The impact of enhanced prison terms for felonies committed with guns. Criminology.33, (2), 247-281.1995.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1995.tb01178.x (DOI)
  • Smith, M. Dwayne, Feiler, Stephen M.. Absolute and relative involvement in homicide offending: Contemporary youth and the baby boom cohorts. Violence and Victims.10, (4), 327-333.1995.
  • (author unknown). Crime rate squeezes judges. USA Today.(A), 2 -1994.
  • Baumann, Marty. Prisons and the crime rate. USA Today.(A), 4 -1994.
  • Bebber, Charles C.. Increases in U.S. violent crime during the 1980s following four American military actions. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.9, (1), 109-116.1994.
    • ID: 10.1177/088626094009001007 (DOI)
  • Conley, Stephen. Children living under the gun. USA Today.(A), 3 -1994.
  • Foster, Burk, Forsyth, Craig J.. The youth crime index: Toward a more complete measure of juvenile crime. International Review of Modern Sociology.24, (2), 127-137.1994.
  • Guarino-Ghezzi, Susan. Reintegrative police surveillance of juvenile offenders: Forging an urban model. Crime and Delinquency.40, (2), 131 -1994.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128794040002001 (DOI)
  • Guarino-Ghezzi, Susan. Reintegrative policing: A model for urban juvenile offenders. Corrections Today.56, (4), 141 -1994.
  • Staimer, Marcia. Crime soaring in California. USA Today.(A), 3 -1994.
  • (author unknown). Deaths due to guns. USA Today.(A), 1 -1993.
  • (author unknown). Piracy: Vehicle theft takes a deadly turn. USA Today.37 -1993.
  • (author unknown). Surge in child slaying. USA Today.(A), 8 -1993.
  • Bursik, Robert J., Jr., Grasmick, Harold G.. The use of multiple indicators to estimate crime trends in American cities. Journal of Criminal Justice.21, (5), 509-516.1993.
    • ID: 10.1016/0047-2352(93)90035-L (DOI)
  • Petee, Thomas A., Kowalski, Gregory S.. Modeling rural violent crime rates: A test of social disorganization theory. Sociological Focus.26, (1), 87-89.1993.
  • Steffensmeier, Darrell J.. National trends in female arrests, 1960-1990: Assessment and recommendations for research. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.9, (4), 411-441.1993.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF01064111 (DOI)
  • Austin, Roy L.. Race, female headship, and delinquency: A longitudinal analysis. Justice Quarterly.9, (4), 585-607.1992.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418829200091561 (DOI)
  • Cloninger, Dale O.. Capital punishment and deterrence: A portfolio approach. Applied Economics.24, 635-645.1992.
    • ID: 10.1080/00036849200000032 (DOI)
  • Farrington, David P., Langan, Patrick A.. Changes in crime and punishment in England and America in the 1980's. Justice Quarterly.9, (1), 5-46.1992.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418829200091241 (DOI)
  • LaFree, Gary, Drass, Kriss A., O'Day, Patrick. Race and crime in postwar America: Determinants of African-American and white rates, 1957-1988. Criminology.30, (2), 157-188.1992.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1992.tb01101.x (DOI)
  • Long, Lydia M.. A study of arrests of older offenders: Trends and patterns. Journal of Crime and Justice.15, (2), 157-175.1992.
    • ID: 10.1080/0735648X.1992.9721469 (DOI)
  • McDowall, David, Loftin, Colin. Comparing the UCR and NCS Over Time. Criminology.30, (1), 125-132.1992.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1992.tb01097.x (DOI)
  • Palermo, George B., Smith, Maurice B., DiMotto, John J., Christopher, Thomas P.. Victimization revisited: A national statistical analysis. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology.36, (3), 187-201.1992.
    • ID: 10.1177/0306624X9203600303 (DOI)
  • Steffensmeier, Darrell, Streifel, Cathy, Shihadeh, Edward S.. Cohort size and arrest rates over the life course: The Easterlin hypothesis reconsidered. American Sociological Review.57, (3), 306-314.1992.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2096237 (URL)
  • Buck, Andrew J., Deutsch, Joseph, Hakim, Simon, et al. A Von Thunen model of crime, casinos and property values in New Jersey. Urban Studies.28, (5), 673-686.1991.
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Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

United States Department of Justice. Federal Bureau of Investigation (1989): Uniform Crime Reports: County Level Arrest and Offense Data, 1986. Version 1. Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09119.v1