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Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) 1985 Panel

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
child care; child support; demographic characteristics; economic conditions; energy assistance; families; financial assets; government programs; health services utilization; health status; household composition; households; income; income distribution; investments; labor force; participation; poverty programs; public assistance programs; unearned income; wages and salaries; wealth; welfare services
  • Abstract

    This data collection is part of a longitudinal survey designed to provide detailed information on the economic situation of households and persons in the United States. These data examine the distribution of income, wealth, and poverty in American society and gauge the effects of federal and state programs on the well-being of families and individuals. There are three basic elements contained in the survey. The first is a control card that records basic social and demographic characteristics for each person in a household, as well as changes in such characteristics over the course of the interviewing period. The second element is the core portion of the questionnaire, with questions repeated at each interview on labor force activity, types and amounts of income, participation in various cash and noncash benefit programs, attendance in postsecondary schools, private health insurance coverage, public or subsidized rental housing, low-income energy assistance, and school breakfast and lunch participation. The third element consists of topical modules, which are series of supplemental questions asked during selected household visits. Topical modules were not created for the first or second waves of the 1985 panel. The topical module for Wave III contains information on assets and liabilities. Included are questions on loans, IRAs, medical bills, other debts, checking accounts, and savings bonds, as well as questions related to mortgages, royalties, and other investments, real estate property and vehicles, rental income, self-employment, and stocks and mutual fund shares. The Wave IV topical module contains information on fertility history, household relationships, marital history, migration history, support for non-household members, and work-related expenses. The topical module for Wave VI includes data on child care arrangements, child support agreements, support for non-household members, job offers, health status and utilization of health care services, long-term care, and disability status of children. Wave VII topical module contains information on assets and liabilities. Included are questions on pension plan coverage, lump sum distributions from pension plans, characteristics of job from which retired, and characteristics of home financing arrangements. Frequencies for each wave are also provided. Parts 27 and 28 of this study are the unedited research files for Wave V and Wave VIII Topical Modules, obtained from the Census Bureau. These files include data on annual income, retirement accounts, taxes, school enrollment, and financing. These two topical module files have not been edited nor imputed, although they have been topcoded or bottomcoded and recoded if necessary by the Census Bureau to avoid disclosure of individual respondents' identities.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Wave I Rectangular File
    • DS2: Data Dictionary for Wave I Rectangular File
    • DS3: Wave II Rectangular File
    • DS4: Data Dictionary for Wave II Rectangular File
    • DS5: Wave III Rectangular Core and Topical Module File
    • DS6: Data Dictionary for Wave III Rectangular Core and Topical Module File
    • DS7: Wave IV Rectangular Core and Topical Module File
    • DS8: Data Dictionary for Wave IV Rectangular Core and Topical Module File
    • DS9: Wave V Rectangular File
    • DS10: Data Dictionary for Wave V Rectangular File
    • DS11: Wave VI Rectangular Core and Topical Module File
    • DS12: Data Dictionary for Wave VI Rectangular Core and Topical Module File
    • DS13: Wave VII Rectangular Core and Topical Module File
    • DS14: Data Dictionary for Wave VII Rectangular Core and Topical Module File
    • DS15: Wave VIII Rectangular File
    • DS16: Data Dictionary for Wave VIII Rectangular File
    • DS17: Frequencies, Wave I
    • DS18: Frequencies, Wave II
    • DS19: Frequencies, Wave III
    • DS20: Frequencies, Wave IV
    • DS21: Frequencies, Wave V
    • DS22: Frequencies, Wave VI
    • DS23: Frequencies, Wave VII
    • DS24: Frequencies, Wave VIII
    • DS25: User Guide
    • DS26: User Notes
    • DS27: Wave V Topical Module Research File
    • DS28: Wave VIII Topical Module Research File
Temporal Coverage
  • 1984-10 / 1987-07
    Time period: 1984-10--1987-07
  • 1985-02 / 1987-08
    Collection date: 1985-02--1987-08
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Resident population of the United States, excluding persons living in institutions and military barracks.
A multistage stratified sampling design was used. The 1985 panel consisted of 13,349 households. One-fourth of these households were interviewed each month, and households were re-interviewed at four-month intervals. All persons at least 15 years old who were present as household members at the time of the first interview were included for the entire study, except for those who joined the military, were institutionalized for the entire study period, or moved from the United States. Original household members who moved within the United States during the study period were followed to their new residences and interviewed there. New persons moving into households of members of the original sample also were included in the survey, but were not followed if they left the household of an original sample person.
2002-09-19 Parts 27 and 28, Waves V and VIII Topical Module Research Files, have been added to this collection along with corresponding PDF codebooks. These research files have not been edited nor imputed but have been topcoded or bottomcoded and recoded if necessary by the Census Bureau to avoid disclosure of individual respondents' identities. Data in the two files cover annual income, retirement accounts, taxes, school enrollment, and financing. Codebooks for other data files in the collection have been converted to PDF as well.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9176 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09176.v2
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    • ID: 10.1016/S1053-5357(00)00075-5 (DOI)
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  • Mayfield, Jennifer A., Deb, partha, Whitecotton, Lisa. Work disability and diabetes. Diabetes Care.22, (7), 1105 -1999.
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  • Iams, Howard M., Sandell, Steven H.. Projecting Social Security earnings: Past is prologue. Social Security Bulletin.60, (2), 3-16.1997.
  • Jacobsen, Joyce P., Levin, Laurence M.. Marriage and migration: Comparing gains and losses from migration for couples and singles. Social Science Quarterly.78, (3), 688-709.1997.
  • Jacobson, Joyce P., Levin, Laurence M.. Marriage and Migration: Comparing Gains and Losses from Migration for Couples and Singles. Social Science Quarterly.78, (3), 688-709.1997.
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  • Eisner, James Roman. Substitutability Between 401(K) Wealth and Pension Wealth. Dissertation, University of Wisconsin-Madison. 1996.
  • Land, Kenneth C., Russell, Stephen T.. Wealth accumulation across the adult life course: Stability and change in sociodemographic covariate structures of net worth data in the Survey of Income and Program Participation, 1984-1991. Social Science Research.25, (4), 423-462.1996.
    • ID: 10.1006/ssre.1996.0019 (DOI)
  • Marquis, M. Susan, Long, Stephen H.. Reconsidering the effect of Medicaid on health care services use. Health Services Research.30, (6), 791-808.1996.
  • Spain, Daphne, Bianchi, Suzanne M.. Balancing Act: Motherhood, Marriage, and Employment Among American Women. New York: Russell Sage. 1996.
  • Venti, Steven, Wise, David. The Wealth of Cohorts: Retirement Saving and the Changing Assets of Older Americans. NBER Working Paper Series.5609, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1996.
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  • Brandon, Peter D.. Jobs Taken by Mothers Moving from Welfare to Work and the Effects of Minimum Wages on This Transition. . 1995.
  • Fitzgerald, J.M.. Local-labor markets and local-area effects on welfare duration. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management.14, (1), 43-67.1995.
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  • Gustman, Alan L., Steinmeier, Thomas L.. Pension Incentives and Job Mobility. Kalamazoo, Michigan: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research. 1995.
  • Haber, Sheldon E., Goldfarb, Robert S.. Does salaried status affect human capital accumulation?. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.48, (2), 322 -1995.
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  • Ribar, David C.. A structural model of child care and the labor supply of married women. Journal of Labor Economics.13, (3), 558-597.1995.
    • ID: 10.1086/298385 (DOI)
  • Dortch, Shannon. The gold in Grandma's house. American Demographics.16, (4), 9 -1994.
  • Gruber, Jonathan, Madrian, Brigitte C.. Health insurance and job mobility: The effects of public policy on job-lock. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.48, (1), 86 -1994.
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  • Long, Stephen H., Marquis, M. Susan. The uninsured 'access gap' and the cost of universal coverage. Health Affairs.13, (2), 211 -1994.
    • ID: 10.1377/hlthaff.13.2.211 (DOI)
  • Spalter-Roth, Roberta M., Hartmann, Heidi I.. The Clinton Round: An Analysis of the Impact of Current Proposals to 'Free' Single Mothers from Welfare Dependence. American Sociological Association. 1994.
  • Gruber, Jonathan, Madrian, Brigitte. Health Insurance and Early Retirement: Evidence from the Availability of Continuation Coverage. NBER Working Paper Series.4594, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1993.
  • Madrian, Brigitte. Post-Retirement Health Insurance and the Decision to Retire. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Unpublished paper. 1993.
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    • ID: 10.1525/sp.1993.40.4.03x0096r (DOI)
  • Meyer, Daniel R., Garasky, Steven. Custodial Fathers: Myths, Realities, and Child Support Policy. Journal of Marriage and Family.55, (1), 73-892.1993.
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  • Ozawa, Martha N., Wang, Yeong Tsyr. Can AFDC families be economically self-sufficient?. New England Journal of Human Services.12, (1), 19-26.1993.
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  • Speare, A., Jr., Avery, R.. Who helps whom in older parent-child families. Journal of Gerontology.48, (2), S64-S73.1993.
  • Connelly, Rachel. The future of SIPP for analyzing child care and child support. Journal of Economic and Social Measurement.18, (1-4), 213-230.1992.
  • Jensen, G.A.. The dynamics of health insurance among the near elderly. Medical Care.30, (7), 598-614.1992.
    • ID: 10.1097/00005650-199207000-00003 (DOI)
  • Ribar, David C.. Child care and the labor supply of married women: Reduced form evidence. Journal of Human Resources.27, (1), 134-165.1992.
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  • Smith, Ralph E., Vavrichek, Bruce. The Wage Mobility of Minimum Wage Workers. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.46, (1), 82-88.1992.
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  • Trippe, Carole, Doyle, Pat, Asher, Andrew. Trends in Food Stamp Program Participation Rates: 1976-1990. Washington, DC: United States Department of Agriculture, Food, and Nutrition Service. 1992.
  • Rodrigues, Aida. Child Care and Labor Force Participation Among Low and Middle-Income Urban Mothers. Dissertation, University of Massachusetts. 1990.
  • Kasprzyk, Daniel, et al. Survey of Income and Program Participation: Users' Guide. Washington, DC: United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. 1987.
  • (author unknown). Interviewers' Manual (1985): Survey of Income and Program Participation. Washington, DC: United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. .

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census (1989): Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) 1985 Panel. Version 1. Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.