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metadata language: English

ANES 1988 Time Series Study

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Miller, Warren E. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Center for Political Studies)
  • University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. American National Election Studies
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • American National Election Study (ANES) Series
Publication Date
1989-04-25
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Language
English
Free Keywords
Bush, George H.W.; candidates; capital punishment; congressional elections; crime; domestic policy; drug abuse; Dukakis, Michael; economic conditions; environmental policy; federal budget deficit; foreign policy; government performance; health insurance; national elections; political affiliation; political attitudes; political campaigns; political efficacy; political issues; political participation; presidential elections; primaries; public approval; public opinion; public policy; Reagan Administration (1981-1989); social networks; trust in government; voter expectations; voter history; voting behavior; womens rights
Description
  • Abstract

    This study is part of a time-series collection of national surveys fielded continuously since 1952. The election studies are designed to present data on Americans' social backgrounds, enduring political predispositions, social and political values, perceptions and evaluations of groups and candidates, opinions on questions of public policy, and participation in political life. In addition to the standard or core content items, new topics include evaluations of the presidential primary candidates, respondent's primary vote, the budget deficit, health insurance, foreign policy, equal rights for women, the drug problem, the Reagan presidency, recall of the 1984 presidential vote, parental party identification, evaluation of Bush and Dukakis on the issues of environment and crime, the death penalty, and new system support and political efficacy items. The file also contains post-election vote validation and election administration survey data as well as data collected in 1991 to revalidate the 1988 respondents in order to assess the reliability of the vote validation process.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed consistency checks.; Standardized missing values.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: ANES 1988 Time Series Study
    • DS2: Auxiliary File: 1988 Time Series Nonresponse/Bias File
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1988
  • 1988 / 1989
    Collection date: 1988--1989
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All United States citizens of voting age on or before November 8, 1988, residing in housing units other than on military reservations in the 48 coterminous states.
Sampling
National multistage area probability sample.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview

    Two forms were used in both the pre- and post-election surveys so that a maximum amount of content could be included. For both the pre- and post-election surveys, half the sample was assigned to Form A, the other half to Form B. In particular, the lengthy section containing Reagan retrospective evaluation items was split between the two waves and the two forms in order not to make either the pre- or post-election instrument unacceptably long, and to study the effects of post-election media analysis of the presidency. The other major use of the two forms was to conduct an experiment in survey response.

Note
2015-11-10 The study metadata was updated.2000-02-01 The data for this study are now available in SAS transport and SPSS export formats in addition to the ASCII data file. Variables in the dataset have been renumbered to the following format: 2-digit (or 2-character) year prefix + 4 digits + [optional] 1-character suffix. Dataset ID and version variables have also been added. Additionally, the 1991 Vote Revalidation data have been merged with the main data file, and the codebook and SAS and SPSS data definition statements have been replaced. Also, the data collection instrument is now provided as a PDF file. Several files are no longer being released with this collection: the frequencies, the CPS Nonresponse "Bias" file, the CPS Pre-Election Call Record File, and the CPS Post-Election Call Record File. Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (SOC77-08885 and SES-8341310).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9196 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09196.v2
Publications
  • Muste, Christopher P.. The dynamics of immigration opinion in the United States, 1992-2012. Public Opinion Quarterly.77, (1), 398-416.2013.
    • ID: 10.1093/poq/nft001 (DOI)
  • Boatright, Robert G.. Who are the spatial voting violators?. Electoral Studies.27, (1), 116-125.2008.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.electstud.2007.11.008 (DOI)
  • D'Ambrosio, Lisa Anne. An exploration of people's emotional reactions to presidential candidates during the campaign. Dissertation, University of Michigan. 2008.
  • Fischer, Elaine. A Gendered Calculus of Voter Turnout. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Fischer, Elaine. A Gendered Calculus of Voting. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Gilbert, Craig. Keys to the Oval Office. McClatchy - Tribune Business News.2008.
  • Kam, Cindy. Reaching out or pulling back: Macroeconomic conditions and public support for social welfare spending . Political Behavior.30, (2), 223-258.2008.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11109-007-9048-3 (DOI)
  • Killian, Mitchell, Wilcox, Clyde. Do Abortion Attidudes Lead to Party Switching?. Poltical Research Quarterly.61, (4), 561-573.2008.
    • ID: 10.1177/1065912907312981 (DOI)
  • Leighley, Jan, Nagler, Jonathan. Measuring and Modeling Alienation, Indifference and Turnout in U.S. Presidential Elections. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Parker-Stephen, Evan. Updating Dynamics in Micro-Macro Perspective. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Shani, Danielle. Born in the USA: Doubts about the Role of Formative Events in Developing Political Interest. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Theriault, Sean, Hickey, Patrick, Myers, Adam. First-in-the-Nation in Proficiency or by Providence? Iowa, New Hampshire and the Presidential Primary Process. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Bittner, Amanda. Survey Structure, Measurement Effects, and the Evaluation of Party Leaders. Midwest Political Science Association Annual Meeting.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Chapp, Christopher. Religious Campaign Rhetoric: The Consequences of Religious Language on Presidential Candidate Evaluations. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • D'Ambrosio, Lisa Anne. An exploration of people's emotional reactions to presidential candidates during the campaign. Dissertation, University of Michigan. 2007.
  • DeWitt, Jeff. Considering Congressional Candidates and Incumbency Advantage in U.S. House Elections, 1980-2000. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Enns, Peter. The Micro Foundations of Macro Politics. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Kershaw, David. Conditional Nature of Vote Recruitment. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Killian, Mitchell. Moments of doubt and reassessment: An examination of why individuals switch political parties. Dissertation, George Washington University. 2007.
  • Lacy, Dean, Christenson, Dino. The Effects of Information on Economic Voting. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Leighley, Jan, Nagler, Jonathan. Who Votes Now? And Does It Matter?. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Lipsitz, Keena. The Consequences of Battleground and 'Spectator' State Residency for Political Participation. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • McAdams, John. The Rise of the New Class: 1956-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Reed, Daniel. Parties, Interest Groups, and the Effectiveness of Voter Contacting: 1956 to 2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Berinsky, Adam. Group Attachments and Public Support for War. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2006.
  • Carmines, Edward, Ensley, Michael, Wagner, Michael. Issue Preferences and Political Participation in American Politics, 1972-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2006.
  • Gray, Mark M., Perl, Paul M., Bendyna, Mary E.. Camelot only comes but once? John F. Kerry and the Catholic vote. Presidential Studies Quarterly.36, (2), 203-222.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1741-5705.2006.00299.x (DOI)
  • Lau, Richard. Changing Patterns of the Presidential Vote Choice, 1980-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2006.
  • Smidt, Corwin. Religion, Civic Engagement, and Political Participation. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2006.
  • Valentino, Nicholas, Hutchings, Vincent, Gregorowicz, Krysha, Groenendyk, Eric W., Brader, Ted. Election Night's All Right for Fighting: The Role of Anger versus Anxiety in Political Participation. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2006.
  • Van heerde, Jennifer, Johnson, Martin, Bowler, Shaun. Barriers to Participation, Voter Sophistication and Candidate Spending Choices in US Senate Elections. The British Journal of Political Science.36, (4), 745-758.2006.
  • Winter, Nicholas J. G.. Beyond Welfare: Framing and the Radicalization of White Opinion on Social Security. American Journal of Political Science.50, (2), 400-420.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1540-5907.2006.00191.x (DOI)
  • Adams, James, Merrill, Samuel, III. Candidates' policy platforms and election outcomes: The three faces of policy representation. European Journal of Political Research.44, (6), 8992005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1475-6765.2005.00252.x (DOI)
  • Bartels, Larry. What's the Matter with 'What's the Matter with Kansas?'. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Belanger, Eric, Godbout, Jean-François. Economic Voting and Political Sophistication in the U.S.A Reassessment. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Comstock, George. The Psychology of Media and Politics. San Diego, CA: Elsevier Academic Press. 2005.
  • Elder, Laurel, Greene, Steven. The Politics of Parenthood, 1972-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2005.
  • Fitzgerald, Mary. The Triggering Effects of Alternative Voting Methods on U.S. Political Campaigns and Elections. annual meeting of the American National Election Studies.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Gold, Howard, Baumer, Donald. Party Images and Partisan Resurgence. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Gray, Mark, Perl, Paul, Bendyna, Mary E.. Camelot Only Comes but Once? John F. Kerry and the Catholic Vote. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Griffin, John, Newman, Brian. Are Voters Better Represented?. Journal of Politics.67, (4), 12062005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1468-2508.2005.00357.x (DOI)
  • Harris-Lacewell, Melissa, Albertson, Bethany. Good Times? Understanding African American Misperceptions of Racial Economic Fortunes . Journal of Black Studies.35, (5), 650-683.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/0021934704266084 (DOI)
  • Hayes, Danny. Candidate Qualities through a Partisan Lens: A Theory of Trait Ownership. American Journal of Political Science.49, (4), 908-923.2005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1540-5907.2005.00163.x (DOI)
  • Keane, Michael, Griffin, John. Descriptive Representation and the Composition of African-American Turnout. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Kilburn, H. Whitt. Does the Candidate Really Matter?. American Politics Research.33, (3), 335-356.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X04269417 (DOI)
  • Knuckey, Jonathan. A New Front in the Culture War?: Moral Traditionalism and Voting Behavior in U.S. House Elections. American Politics Research.33, (5), 645-671.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X04270517 (DOI)
  • Lewis, Carol W., Gilman, Stuart C.. The Ethics Challenge in Public Service: A Problem-Solving Guide. SanFrancisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. 2005.
  • MacKuen, Michael, Parker-Stephen, Evan. Affect, Accuray, and the Left Shift in American Politics. annual meeting of the American Political Science Assocation.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • O'Regan, Valerie R., Stambough, Stephen J., Thorson, Gary R.. Understanding the Changing Dynamics of the Gender Gap in American Presidential Elections, 1952-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Assocation.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Ramakrishnan, S. Karthick. Democracy in Immigrant America. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press. 2005.
  • Shaw, Daron R., McKenzie, Mark J., Underwood, Jeffrey. Strategic Voting in the California Recall Election. American Politics Research.33, (2), 216-245.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X04272230 (DOI)
  • Stanley, Harold W., Niemi, Richard G.. Partisanship, Party Coalitions, and Group Support, 1952-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Wong, Cara, Cho, Grace E.. Two-Headed Coins or Kandinskys: White Racial Identification. Political Psychology.26, (5), 6992005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1467-9221.2005.00440.x (DOI)
  • Bafumi, Joseph. The Macro Micro Link in Vote Choice Models: A Bayesian Multilevel Approach. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Benoit, William L., Hansen, Glenn J.. Issue Ownership in Primary and General Presidential Debates. Argumentation and Advocacy.40, (3), 143-155.2004.
  • Brace, Paul, Arceneaux, Kevin, Johnson, Martin, Ulbig, Stacy G.. Does state political ideology change over time?. Political Research Quarterly.57, (4), 529-540.2004.
  • Cassel, Carol A.. Voting Records and Validated Voting Studies. Public Opinion Quarterly.68, (1), 102-108.2004.
    • ID: 10.1093/poq/nfh007 (DOI)
  • Claassen, Ryan L.. Political Opinion and Distinctiveness: The Case of Hispanic Ethnicity. Political Research Quarterly.57, (4), 609-620.2004.
  • Endersby, James W., Bough, Brian, Gooch, Donald, Hall, Steven, Klimek, Monika. The Polarizing American Voter Issues, Partisanship, and Vote Choice in Presidential Elections, 1984-2000. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Gerrity, Jessica, Wagner, Michael, Carmines, Edward. The New Polarization in American Politics: Interest Groups, Mass Media and Contestation of the Abortion Issue. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Goolsby, Delia. Realignment of White Southerners: The Generational Replacement Hypothesis Revisited. annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association.New Orleans, LA. 2004.
  • Goolsby, Delia. Regional Realignments? Sub-national Trends in Partisan Identification in the Northeast. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Goren, Paul. Political Sophistication and Policy Reasoning: A Reconsideration. American Journal of Political Science.48, (3), 4622004.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.0092-5853.2004.00081.x (DOI)
  • Gwiasda, Gregory W.. Ambivalence, Abstention and Independent Candidate Support. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Hero, Rodney E., Tolbert, Caroline J.. Minority Voices and Citizen Attitudes about Government Responsiveness in the American States: Do Social and Institutional Context Matter?. British Journal of Political Science.34, (1), 109-121.2004.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0007123403000371 (DOI)
  • Howell, Susan E., Perry, Huey L.. Black Mayors/White Mayors: Explaining Their Approval . Public Opinion Quarterly.68, (1), 32-56.2004.
    • ID: 10.1093/poq/nfh003 (DOI)
  • Kaufmann, Karen M.. The Partisan Paradox: Religious Commitment and the Gender Gap in Party Identification . Public Opinion Quarterly.68, (4), 491-511.2004.
    • ID: 10.1093/poq/nfh037 (DOI)
  • Knuckey, Jonathan. Moral Traditionalism and Recent Partisan Change in the American Electorate. annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association .New Orleans, LA. 2004.
  • Knuckey, Jonathan. The Culture War and Voting Behavior in U.S. House Elections. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Koch, Jeffrey. The Changing Black and White Divide on Americans' Attitudes toward Gays. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Ladd, Jonathan, Lenz, Gabriel. Emotions and Voting Behavior: A Critique. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Lawless, Jennifer. Politics of Prescence? Congresswomen and Symbolic Representation. Political Research Quarterly.57, 81-89.2004.
  • Lefkowitz, Joel K.. Mobilization Matters: The Changing Impact of Mobilization on Vote Choice in Congressional Elections, 1978-2002. Congress and the Presidency .31, (2), 119-131.2004.
    • ID: 10.1080/07343460409507701 (DOI)
  • Moffett, Ken, Manning, Eric. Information Effects in Collective Preferences: A Methodological Artifact?. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Parker, Glenn R.. Self-Policing in Politics: The Political Economy of Reputational Controls on Politicians. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 2004.
  • Persily, Nathaniel, Lammie, Kelli. Symposium: The Law of Democracy: Campaign Finance After McCain-Feingold: Perceptions of Corruption and Campaign Finance: When Public Opinion Determines Constitutional Law. University of Pennsylvania Law Review.153, 1192004.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4150623 (URL)
  • Roeder, Mark A.. Explaining presidential approval: Persona versus 'real world' explanations. Dissertation, University of Cincinnati. 2004.
  • Sotirovic, Mira, McLeod, Jack M.. Knowledge as Understanding: The Information Processing Approach to Political Learning. Handbook of Political Communication Research.Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.. 2004.
  • Stimson, James A.. Tides of Consent: How Public Opinion Shapes American Politics. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 2004.
  • Abramowitz, Alan I., Alexander, Brad. The 2002 Midterm Election and the Future of American Politics. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2003.
  • Adams, James, Merrill, Samuel, III. Policy-seeking Motivations when One Candidate Has a Valence Advantage: Strategic Implications and Empirical Applications to Presidential Elections. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2003.
  • Adams, James, Merrill, Samuel, III. Voter Turnout and Candidate Strategies in American Elections. Journal of Politics.65, (1), 1612003.
  • Althaus, Scott L.. Collective Preferences in Democratic Politics: Opinion Surveys and the will of the people. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 2003.
  • Bafumi, Joseph. The Regress of Ideological Sophisticates. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association .Philadelphia, PA. 2003.
  • Bennett, Stephen Earl. Is the Public's Ignorance of Politics Trivial?. Critical Review.15, (3-4), 307-372003.
    • ID: 10.1080/08913810308443585 (DOI)
  • Chang, LinChiat, Krosnick, Jon A.. Measuring the Frequency of Regular Behaviors: Comparing the 'Typical Week' to the 'Past Week'. Sociological Methodology.33, (1), 552003.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.0081-1750.2003.t01-1-00127.x (DOI)
  • Fower, James Henry, III. Emergence in electoral politics. Dissertation, Harvard University. 2003.
  • Gross, Kimberly, Goldman, Seth. Framing Hate: A Comparison of Media Coverage of Anti-Gay Hate Crime in the Washington Post and Washington Blade. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2003.
  • Lawless, Jennifer. Political Ideology in the United States: Liberalism and Convervatism in the 19080s and 1990s. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2003.
  • Levy, Dena, Tien, Charles, Aved, Rachelle. Do Differences Matter? Women Members of Congress and the Hyde Amendment. Women and Congress: Running, Winning, and Ruling.New York, NY: Haworth Press. 2003.
  • Mayer, William G., Busch, Andrew E.. The Front Loading Problem in Presidential Nominations. Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution. 2003.
  • Mebane, Walter R., Jr.. Imitative and Evolutionary Processes that Produce Coordination Among American Voters. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2003.
  • Newman, Brian. Change and Stability in the Ingredients of Presidential Approval: Toward a General Model. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2003.
  • Newman, Brian Paul. Standards of judgment: The foundations of presidents' public support . Dissertation, Duke University. 2003.
  • Schreckhise, William D., Shields, Todd G.. Ideological realignment in the contemporary U.S. electorate revisited. Social Science Quarterly.84, (3), 596-612.2003.
    • ID: 10.1111/1540-6237.8403007 (DOI)
  • Soong, Samson C.. Issue Voting in Presidential Elections . Dissertation, Rutgers State University. 2003.
  • Stimson, James. Macro-Politics: The Dimensions and Dynamics of Public Opinion. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2003.
  • Tomz, Michael, Van Houweling, Robert P.. How Does Voting Equipment Affect the Racial Gap in Voided Ballots?. American Journal of Political Science.47, (1), 46-60.2003.
    • ID: 10.1111/1540-5907.00004 (DOI)
  • Winter, Nicholas J.G.. Beyond Welfare as We Know It: licit Associations between Race and Policy Opinion. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2003.
  • Abramowitz, Alan I., Allen, Susan H., Knotts, Gibbs, Saunders, Kyle L.. Racial Attitudes, Ideology, and the Rise of Republican Identification Among Southern Whites, 1982-2000. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2002.
  • Bartels, Larry M.. Question order and declining faith in elections. Public Opinion Quarterly.66, (1), 67-79.2002.
    • ID: 10.1086/338349 (DOI)
  • Bennett, Stephen Earl. Another lesson about public opinion during the Clinton-Lewinsky scandal. Presidential Studies Quarterly.32, (2), 276-292.2002.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.0360-4918.2002.00221.x (DOI)
  • Brooks, Clem. Religious influence and the politics of family decline concern: Trends, sources, and U.S. political behavior. American Sociological Review.67, (2), 191-211.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088892 (URL)
  • Campbell, David E.. The young and the realigning: A test of the socialization theory of realignment. Public Opinion Quarterly.66, (2), 209-234.2002.
    • ID: 10.1086/339849 (DOI)
  • Cassel, Carol A.. Hispanic turnout: Estimates from validated voting data. Political Research Quarterly.55, (2), 391 -2002.
  • Claggett, William, Shafer, Byron E.. The Pure Politics of Policy Choice. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2002.
  • Edlund, Lena, Pande, Rohini. Why Have Women Become Left-Wing? The Political Gender Gap and the Decline in Marriage. The Quarterly Journal of Economics.117, (3), 917-961.2002.
    • ID: 10.1162/003355302760193922 (DOI)
  • Frederico, Christopher M.. Effects of Ideology, Education, and Sophistication on the Organization of Whites' Racial-Policy Attitudes. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2002.
  • Gay, Claudine. Spirals of trust? The effect of descriptive representation on the relationship between citizens and their government. American Journal of Political Science.46, (4), 717-732.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088429 (URL)
  • Glaser, James M.. White Voters, Black Schools: Structuring Racial Choices With a Checklist Ballot. American Journal of Political Science.46, (1), 35-46.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088413 (URL)
  • Goren, Paul. Character Weakness, Partisan Bias, and Presidential Evaluation. American Journal of Political Science.46, (3), 627-641.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088404 (URL)
  • Hall, Wynton C.. Reflections of Yesterday: George H.W. Bush's Instrumental Use of Public Opinion Research in Presidential Discourse. Presidential Studies Quarterly.32, (3), 531-558.2002.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1741-5705.2002.tb00005.x (DOI)
  • Krosnick, Jon A., Holbrook, Allyson L., Berent, Matthew K., Carson, Richard T, et. al.. The impact of 'no opinion' response options on data quality: Non-attitude reduction or an invitation to satisfice?. Public Opinion Quarterly.66, (3), 371-403.2002.
    • ID: 10.1086/341394 (DOI)
  • Lau, Richard R., Pomper, Gerald M.. Effectiveness of negative campaigning in U.S. Senate elections. American Journal of Political Science.46, (1), 47-66.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088414 (URL)
  • Layman, Geoffrey C., Carsey, Thomas M.. Party Polarization and 'Conflict Extension' in the American Electorate. American Journal of Political Science.46, (4), 786-802.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088434 (URL)
  • Manza, Jeff, Brooks, Clem. The Changing Political Fortunes of Mainline Protestants. The Quiet Hand of God: Faith-Based Activism and the Public Role of Mainline Protestantism.Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. 2002.
  • Mebane, Walter R., Jr., Sekhon, Jasjeet S.. Coordination and policy moderation at midterm. American Political Science Review.96, (1), 141-157.2002.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0003055402004288 (DOI)
  • Nicholson, Stephen P., Segura, Gary M., Woods, Nathan D.. Presidential Approval and the Mixed Blessing of Divided Government. Journal of Politics.64, (3), 701-720.2002.
  • Persily, Nathaniel. In Defense of Foxes Guarding Henhouses: The Case for Judicial Acquiescence to Incumbent-Protecting Gerrymanders. Harvard Law Review.116, 6492002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1342612 (URL)
  • Rohde, David W.. American Fears: Change and Continuity. Fears in Post-Communist Societies: A Comparative Perspective.New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan. 2002.
  • Rudolph, Thomas J., Grant, J.Tobin. An Attributional Model of Economic Voting: Evidence from the 2000 Presidential Election. Political Research Quarterly.55, (4), 805-823.2002.
  • Uggen, Christopher, Manza, Jeff. Democratic contraction? Political consequences of felon disfranchisement in the United States. American Sociological Review.67, (6), 777-803.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088970 (URL)
  • Wattenberg, Martin P.. Where Have All The Voters Gone?. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 2002.
  • Weisberg, Herbert F.. Looking Backward: Retrospective Evaluations of Retiring Administrations. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2002.
  • Wright, Gerald C., Morehouse, Jeanette L.. Verifying the Common Widsom: Nonvoters Would Be More Democratic. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2002.
  • Atkeson, Lonna Rae, Carrillo, Nancy. More is Better: The Impact of Female Descriptive Representation on Citizen Attitudes toward Government Responsiveness. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.San Francisco, CA. 2001.
  • Bartels, Larry M., Zaller, John. Presidential Vote Models: A Recount. PS: Political Science and Politics.34, 9-20.2001.
  • Beasley, Ryan K., Joslyn, Mark R.. Cognitive dissonance and post-decision attitude change in six presidential elections. Political Psychology.22, (3), 521-540.2001.
    • ID: 10.1111/0162-895X.00252 (DOI)
  • Belli, Robert F., Traugott, Michael W., Beckmann, Matthew N.. What Leads to Voting Overreports? Contrasts of Overreporters to Validated Voters and Admitted Nonvoters in the American National Election Studies. Journal of Official Statistics.17, (4), 479-498.2001.
  • Bond, Jon R., Fleisher, Richard. The polls: Partisanship and presidential performance evaluations. Presidential Studies Quarterly.31, (3), 529-540.2001.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.0360-4918.2001.00186.x (DOI)
  • Campbell, David E.. And A Little Child Shall Lead Them: A Test of the Socialization Theory of Realignment. Political Psychology and Behavior Workshop.Cambridge, MA. 2001.
  • Campbell, James E.. Presidential Election Campaigns and Partisanship. American Political Parties: Decline or Resurgence?.Washington, D.C.: CQ Press. 2001.
  • Campbell, James E.. When have presidential campaigns decided election outcomes?. American Politics Research.29, (5), 437-460.2001.
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Update Metadata: 2015-11-10 | Issue Number: 4 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

Miller, Warren E.; University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. American National Election Studies (1989): ANES 1988 Time Series Study. Version 1. American National Election Study (ANES) Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09196.v1