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Monitoring the Future: A Continuing Study of the Lifestyles and Values of Youth, 1988

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Bachman, Jerald G. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center)
  • O'Malley, Patrick M. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center)
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Monitoring the Future (MTF) Series
Publication Date
1990-05-09
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse
Language
English
Free Keywords
attitudes; demographic characteristics; drug use; family life; high school students; life plans; lifestyles; social behavior; social change; values; youths
Description
  • Abstract

    This is the fourteenth annual survey in this series that explores changes in important values, behaviors, and lifestyle orientations of contemporary American youth. The students are randomly assigned one of five questionnaires, each with a different subset of topical questions, but all containing a set of "core" questions on demographics and drug use. There are about 1,300 variables across the questionnaires. Full details on the research design and procedures, sampling methodology, content areas, and questionnaire design, as well as percentage distributions by respondent's sex, race, region, college plans, and drug use, appear in the annual ISR volumes MONITORING THE FUTURE: QUESTIONNAIRE RESPONSES FROM THE NATION'S HIGH SCHOOL SENIORS.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created online analysis version with question text..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Form 1 Questionnaire
    • DS2: Form 2 Questionnaire
    • DS3: Form 3 Questionnaire
    • DS4: Form 4 Questionnaire
    • DS5: Form 5 Questionnaire
    • DS6: Core Variables
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1988
  • Collection date: 1988
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
High school seniors in the contiguous United States.
Sampling
Multistate area probability sample design involving three selection stages: (1) geographic areas or primary sampling units (PSUs), (2) schools (or linked groups of schools) within PSUs, and (3) students within sampled schools. Of the 69 PSUs, 16 were selected with certainty and 53 were selected with probability proportionate to size based on the size of the senior class. In schools with more than 400 seniors, a random sample of seniors or classes was drawn. In schools with less than 400 seniors, all seniors were asked to participate. Each school was asked to participate for two years, so that each year one-half of the sample is replaced. Schools refusing participation were replaced with similar schools in terms of geographic location, size, and type of school (e.g., public, private/Catholic, private/non-Catholic). The participation rate among schools has been between 66 and 80 percent since the inception of the study. The overall student response rate for 1988 was 83 percent.
Collection Mode
  • (1) Percentage distributions provided in the codebook were generated using full weights, which are not available on the public use files. Therefore, these results cannot be replicated using the public use files. The differences between results produced using the full weights and those produced using the sampling weights available on the public use files are estimated to be below 1 percent. (2) To protect the confidentiality of respondents, all variables that could be used to identify individuals have been collapsed or recoded on the public use files. These modifications should not affect analytic uses of the public use files. (3) The codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR and SAMHDA Web sites.

    MTF does not release detailed geography codes in its public use files because of the disclosure risk it would cause. The MTF sample is drawn to generate representative samples of the four Census Bureau regions of the country (Northeast, Midwest, South, and West), but it does not generate representative samples of smaller geographic areas such as states, counties, or cities. For additional information about data that is withheld from the public use files please contact MTF directly at mtfinformation@umich.edu.

Note
2006-03-30 File CB9259.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.2003-09-25 Value labels were added to the data definition statements.2002-02-25 SAS and SPSS data definition statements are now available for this collection. Value labels are documented in the codebook. OSIRIS data dictionaries, card-image data files, and data map files are no longer distributed with this collection.1997-12-19 The codebook is now available as a PDF file. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse.
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9259 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09259.v2
Publications
  • Terry-McElrath, Yvonne M., O'Malley, Patrick M.. Trends and timing of cigarette smoking uptake among U.S. young adults: survival analysis using annual national cohorts from 1976-2005. Addiction.2015.
    • ID: 10.1111/add.12926 (DOI)
  • Clarke, P., O'Malley, P.M., Schulenberg, J.E., Lee, H., Colabianchi, N., Johnston, L.D.. College expectations in high school mitigate weight gain over early adulthood: Findings from a national study of American youth. Obesity.2013.
    • ID: 10.1002/oby.20176 (DOI)
  • Tauras, John A., Huang, Jidong, Chaloupka, Frank J.. Differential impact of tobacco control policies on youth sub-populations. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.10, (9), 4306-4322.2013.
    • ID: 10.3390/ijerph10094306 (DOI)
  • Terry-McElrath, Y.M., O'Malley, P.M., Johnston, L.D.. Simultaneous alcohol and marijuana use among US high school seniors from 1976 to 2011: Trends, reasons, and situations. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.2013.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.05.031 (DOI)
  • Twenge, Jean M., Kasser, Tim. Generational changes in materialism and work centrality, 1976-2007: Associations with temporal changes in societal insecurity and materialistic role modeling. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.39, (7), 883-897.2013.
    • ID: 10.1177/0146167213484586 (DOI)
  • Dever, B.V., Schulenberg, J.E., Dworkin, J.B., O'Malley, P.M., Kloska, D.D., Bachman, J.G.. Predicting risk-taking with and without substance use: The effects of parental monitoring, school bonding, and sports participation. Prevention Science.13, (6), 605-615.2012.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11121-012-0288-z (DOI)
  • Jager, J., Schulenberg, J.E., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G.. Historical variation in drug use trajectories across the transition to adulthood: The trend toward lower intercepts and steeper, ascending slopes. 25, (2), 527-543.2012.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0954579412001228 (DOI)
  • Johnson, Monica Kirkpatrick, Monserud, Maria A.. Work value development from adolescence to adulthood. Advances in Life Course Research.17, (2), 45-48.2012.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.alcr.2012.02.002 (DOI)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2011: Volume II, College Students and Adults ages 19-50. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research . 2012.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/mtf-vol2_2011.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2011: Volume I, Secondary School Students. 2012.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/mtf-vol1_2011.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Illicit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2011. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 77.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2012.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/mtf-occ77.pdf (URL)
  • Keyes, K.M., Schulenberg, J.E., O'Malley, P.M., Johnston, L.D., Bachman, J.G., Li, G., Hasin, D.. Birth cohort effects on adolescent alcohol use: The influence of social norms from 1976 to 2007. Archives of General Psychiatry.69, (12), 1304-1313.2012.
    • ID: 10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2012.787 (DOI)
  • Garland, Eric L., Howard, Matthew O., Vaughn, Michael G., Perron, Brian E.. Volatile substance misuse in the United States. Substance Use and Misuse.46, (S1), 8-20.2011.
    • ID: 10.3109/10826084.2011.580172 (DOI)
  • Ilgen, M.A., Schulenberg, J., Kloska, D.D., Czyz, E., Johnston, L., O'Malley, P.. Prevalence and characteristics of substance abuse treatment utilization by US adolescents: National data from 1987 to 2008. Addictive Behaviors.36, (12), 1349-1352.2011.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2011.07.036 (DOI)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O’Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975–2010. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 74.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2011.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/mtf-occ74.pdf (URL)
  • Katel, Peter. Teen drug use: Do weaker drug laws encourage youths to try pot?. CQ Researcher.21, (21), 481-504.2011.
  • Keyes, Katherine M., Schulenberg, John E., O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Bachman, Jerald G., Li, Guohua, Hasin, Deborah. The social norms of birth cohorts and adolescent marijuana use in the United States, 1976-2007. Addiction.106, (10), 1790-1800.2011.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2011.03485.x (DOI)
  • Syvertsen, Amy K., Wray-Lake, Laura, Flanagan, Constance A., Osgood, D. Wayne, Briddell, Laine. Thirty-year trends in U.S. adolescents' civic engagement: A story of changing participation and educational differences. Journal of Research on Adolescence.21, (3), 586-594.2011.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1532-7795.2010.00706.x (DOI)
  • Wray-Lake, Laura, Syvertsen, Amy K., Briddell, Laine, Osgood, D. Wayne, Flanagan, Constance A.. Exploring the changing meaning of work for American high school seniors from 1976 to 2005. Youth and Society.43, (3), 1110-1135.2011.
    • ID: 10.1177/0044118X10381367 (DOI)
  • Clarke, Philippa J., O'Malley, Patrick M., Schulenberg, John E., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Midlife health and socioeconomic consequences of persistent overweight across early adulthood: Findings from a national survey of American adults (1986–2008). American Journal of Epidemiology.172, (5), 540-548.2010.
    • ID: 10.1093/aje/kwq156 (DOI)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O’Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975–2009. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 73.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2010.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ73.pdf (URL)
  • Nelson, Jon P.. What is learned from longitudinal studies of advertising and youth drinking and smoking? A critical assessment. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.7, (3), 870-926.2010.
    • ID: 10.3390/ijerph7030870 (DOI)
  • Trzesniewski, Kali H., Donnellan, M. Brent. Rethinking 'Generation Me': A study of cohort effects from 1976-2006. Perspectives on Psychological Science.5, (1), 58-75.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/1745691609356789 (DOI)
  • Twenge, Jean M., Campbell, W. Keith. Birth cohort differences in the Monitoring the Future dataset and elsewhere: Further evidence for Generation Me—Commentary on Trzesniewski & Donnellan (2010). Perspectives on Psychological Science.5, (1), 81-88.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/1745691609357015 (DOI)
  • Wray-Lake, Laura, Flanagan, Constance A., Osgood, D. Wayne. Examining trends in adolescent environmental attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors across three decades. Environment and Behavior.42, (1), 61-85.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/0013916509335163 (DOI)
  • Anonymous. Study findings from University of Michigan provide new insights into behavior. Women's Health Weekly.1082009.
  • Clarke , Philippa, O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Schulenberg, John E.. Social disparities in BMI trajectories across adulthood by gender, race/ethnicity and lifetime socio-economic position: 1986-2004. International Journal of Epidemiology.38, (2), 499-509.2009.
    • ID: 10.1093/ije/dyn214 (DOI)
  • Clarke, Philippa, O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Schulenberg, John E., Lantz, Paula. Differential trends in weight-related health behaviors among American young adults by gender, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status: 1984-2006. American Journal of Public Health.99, (10), 18932009.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2008.141317 (DOI)
  • Goodkind, Sara, Wallace, John M., Shook, Jeffrey J., Bachman, Jerald, O'Malley, Patrick. Are girls really becoming more delinquent? Testing the gender convergence hypothesis by race and ethnicity, 1976–2005. Children and Youth Services Review.31, (8), 885-895.2009.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2009.04.002 (DOI)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2008. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 71.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2009.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ71.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Monitoring the Future. National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2008. Volume I: Secondary School Students. NIH-PUB-09-7402, Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2009.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol1_2008.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Monitoring the Future: National Survey on Drug Use, 1975-2008: Volume II: College Students and Adults Ages 19-50. No. 09-7403, Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2009.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Us, 1975-2008: Volume II, College Students and Adults Ages 19-50. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2009.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2008: Volume II, College Students and Adults Ages 19-50. NIH Pub. No. 09-7403, Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse . 2009.
  • Terry-McElrath, Y.M., O'Malley, P.M., Johnston, L.D.. Reasons for drug use among American youth by consumption level, gender, and race/ethnicity: 1976-2005. Journal of Drug Issues.39, (3), 677-714.2009.
    • ID: 10.1177/002204260903900310 (DOI)
  • Anonymous. Tobacco hits lowest rate since survey began 33 years ago. Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Weekly.1-3.2008.
  • Bachman, J.G., O'Malley, P.M., Schulenberg, J.E., Johnston, L.D.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2007. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 69.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2008.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ69.pdf (URL)
  • Bachman, J.G., O'Malley, P.M., Schulenberg, J.E., Johnston, L.D.. Monitoring the Future. National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2007. Volume I: Secondary School Students. NIH-PUB-08-6418A, Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2008.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol1_2007.pdf (URL)
  • Bachman, J.G., O'Malley, P.M., Schulenberg, J.E., Johnston, L.D.. Monitoring the Future. National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2007. Volume II: College Students and Adults Ages 19-45. NIH-PUB-08-6418B, Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2008.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol2_2007.pdf (URL)
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Freedman-Doan, P., O'Malley, Patrick M., Schulenberg, John E., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Revisiting Marriage Effects on Substance Use among Young Adults. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 68.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2008.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ68.pdf (URL)
  • Little, Michelle, Weaver, Scott R., King, Kevin M., Liu, Freda, Chassin, Laurie. Historical change in the link between adolescent deviance proneness and marijuana use, 1979-2004. Prevention Science.9, (1), 4-16.2008.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11121-008-0084-y (DOI)
  • Messersmith, Emily E., Schulenberg, John E.. When can we expect the unexpected? Predicting educational attainment when it differs from previous expectations. Journal of Social Issues.64, (1), 195-212.2008.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1540-4560.2008.00555.x (DOI)
  • Pampel, Fred C.. Differences in the influence of family background and social activities on smoking of minority and white high school seniors, 1976-2004. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health.10, (6), 507-515.2008.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10903-008-9139-1 (DOI)
  • Russell, Jen. Research of Note. Youth Today.17, (7), 312008.
  • Trzesniewski K. H., Donnellan M. B., Robins R. W.. Do today's young people really think they are so extraordinary? An examination of secular trends in narcissism and self-enhancement. Psychological Science.19, (2), 181-188.2008.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2008.02065.x (DOI)
  • Carpenter, Christopher S., Kloska, Deborah D., O'Malley, Patrick, Johnston, Lloyd. Alcohol control policies and youth alcohol consumption: Evidence from 28 years of Monitoring the Future. B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy.7, (1), 2007.
    • ID: http://www.bepress.com/bejeap/vol7/iss1/art25 (URL)
  • Corrigall, Elizabeth A., Konrad, Alison M.. Gender role attitudes and careers: A longitudinal study. Sex Roles.56, (11/12), 847-855.2007.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11199-007-9242-0 (DOI)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2006. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 67.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 2007.
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2006. Volume I: Secondary School Students. NIH Publication No. 07-6205.Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2007.
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2006. Volume II: College Students and Adults Ages 19-45. NIH Publication No. 07-6206.Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2007.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future: National Results on Adolescent Drug Use. Overview of Key Findings, 2006. NIH Publication No. 07-6202.Bethesda, MD: United States Department of of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2007.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/overview2006.pdf (URL)
  • Arria, Amelia M., Wish, Eric D.. Nonmedical use of prescription stimulants among students. Pediatric Annals.35, (8), 565-571.2006.
  • Chung, Hwan, Flaherty, Brian P., Schafer, Joseph L.. Latent class logistic regression: Application to marijuana use and attitudes among high school seniors. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A: Statistics in Society.169, (4), 723-743.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1467-985X.2006.00419.x (DOI)
  • Delva, Jorge, O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Racial/ethnic and socioeconomic status differences in overweight and health-related behaviors among American students: National trends 1986-2003. Journal of Adolescent Health.39, (4), 536-545.2006.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2006.02.013 (DOI)
  • Faden, Vivian B.. Trends in initiation of alcohol use in the United States 1975 to 2003 . Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research.30, (6), 1011-1022.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2006.00115.x (DOI)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. Demographic subgroup trends for various licit and illicit drugs, 1975-2005 . Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper 63.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2006.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ63.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2005. Volume I: Secondary School Students. NCJ 291001, Bethesda, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2006.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol1_2005.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2005. Volume II: College Students and Adults Ages 19-45. NCJ 219002, Bethesda, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute of Drug Abuse. 2006.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol2_2005.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use: Overview of Key Findings, 2005. Bethesda, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2006.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/overview2005.pdf (URL)
  • Nelson, David E., Mowery, Paul, Tomar, Scott, Marcus, Stephen, Giovino, Gary, Zhao, Luhua. Trends in smokeless tobacco use among adults and adolescents in the United States. American Journal of Public Health.96, (5), 897-905.2006.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2004.061580 (DOI)
  • Wish, Eric D., Fitzelle, Dawn Bonanno, O'Grady, Kevin E., Hsu, Margaret H., Arria, Amelia M.. Evidence for significant polydrug use among ecstasy-using college students. Journal of American College Health.55, (2), 99-104.2006.
    • ID: 10.3200/JACH.55.2.99-104 (DOI)
  • Deibert, Gini Rene. Teens, Drugs, and Delinquency: A Partial Test of American Institutional Explanations of Crime. Dissertation, University of Texas at Austin. 2005.
  • McCabe, S.E., Schulenberg, J.E., Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Kloska, D.D.. Selection and socialization effects of fraternities and sororities on US college student substance use: A multi-cohort national longitudinal study. Addiction.100, (4), 512 -2005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2005.01038.x (DOI)
  • Office of National Drug Control Policy. The National Drug Control Strategy: Data Supplement. NCJ 213692, Washington, DC: Executive Office of the President of the United States. 2005.
    • ID: http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/publications/policy/ndcs06_data_supl/ (URL)
  • Schulenberg, J.E., Merline, A.C., Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Laetz, V.B.. Trajectories of marijuana use during the transition to adulthood: The big picture based on national panel data. Journal of Drug Issues.35, (2), 255-279.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/002204260503500203 (DOI)
  • Tauras, John A.. Can public policy deter smoking escalation among young adults?. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management.24, (4), 771-784.2005.
    • ID: 10.1002/pam.20137 (DOI)
  • Beauvais, Fred, Jumper-Thurman, Pamela, Helm, Heather, Plested, Barbara, Burnside, Martha. Surveillance of drug use among American Indian adolescents: Patterns over 25 years. Journal of Adolescent Health.34, (6), 493-500.2004.
  • O'Malley, Patrick M., Wagenaar, A.C.. Effects of safety belt laws on safety belt use by American high school seniors, 1986-2000. Journal of Safety Research.35, 125-130.2004.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jsr.2003.07.005 (DOI)
  • Schulenberg, J.E., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Johnston, L.D., Laetz, V.B.. How Social Role Transitions from Adolescence to Adulthood Relate to Trajectories of Well-being and Substance Use. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 56.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 2004.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ56.pdf (URL)
  • Wakefield, Melanie, Kloska, Deborah D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Chaloupka, Frank, Pierce, John, Giovino, Gary, Ruel, Erin, Flay, Brian R.. The role of smoking intentions in predicting future smoking among youth: Findings from Monitoring the Future data. Addiction.99, (7), 914-922.2004.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2004.00742.x (DOI)
  • Dee, Thomas S., Evans, William N.. Teen drinking and educational attainment: Evidence from two-sample instrumental variables estimates. Journal of Labor Economics.21, (1), 178-209.2003.
    • ID: 10.1086/344127 (DOI)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2003. Volume I: Secondary School Students. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2003.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol1_2003.pdf (URL)
  • O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Unsafe driving by high school seniors: National trends from 1976 to 2001 in ticket and accidents after use of alcohol, marijuana and other illegal drugs. Journal of Studies on Alcohol.64, (3), 305-312.2003.
  • Wallace, J.M., Jr., Bachman, Jerald G., O'Malley, Patrick M., Schulenberg, John E., Cooper, S.M., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Gender and ethnic differences in smoking, drinking, and illicit drug use among American 8th, 10th and 12th grade students, 1976-2000. Addiction.98, 225-234.2003.
    • ID: 10.1046/j.1360-0443.2003.00282.x (DOI)
  • Du, Yunling, Akritas, Michael G., Arnold, Steven F.. Nonparametric analysis of adolescent deviant behavior. Sociological Methods and Research.30, (3), 309-340.2002.
    • ID: 10.1177/0049124102030003002 (DOI)
  • Hallfors, Denise, Vevea, Jack L., Iritani, Bonita, Cho, HyunSan, et al. Truancy, grade point average, and sexual activity: A meta-analysis of risk indicators for youth substance use. Journal of School Health.72, (5), 205-211.2002.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1746-1561.2002.tb06548.x (DOI)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. Demographic subgroup trends for various licit and illicit drugs, 1975-2001. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper 57.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2002.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ57.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2001. Volume II: College Students and Adults Ages 19-40. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2002.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol2_2001.pdf (URL)
  • O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Epidemiology of alcohol and other drug use among American college students. Journal of Studies on Alcohol.63, (2), 23-39.2002.
  • Osgood, D. Wayne, Finken, Laura L., McMorris, Barbara J.. Analyzing multiple-item measures of crime and deviance II: Analysis of transformed scores. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.18, (4), 319-347.2002.
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  • Osgood, D. Wayne, McMorris, Barbara J., Potenza, Maria T.. Analyzing multiple-item measures of crime and deviance I: Item response theory scaling. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.18, (3), 267-296.2002.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1016008004010 (DOI)
  • Wallace, J.M., Bachman, Jerald G., O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Schulenberg, John E., Cooper, S.M.. Tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drug use: Racial and ethnic differences among U.S. high school seniors, 1976-2000. Public Health Reports.117, (Supplement 1), S67-S75.2002.
  • Wallace, John M., Jr., Muroff, Jordana R.. Preventing substance abuse among African American children and youth: Race differences in risk factor exposure and vulnerability. Journal of Primary Prevention.22, (3), 235-261.2002.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1013617721016 (DOI)
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Freedman-Doan, Peter, O'Malley, Patrick M.. Should U.S. military recruiters write off the college-bound?. Armed Forces and Society.27, (3), 461-476.2001.
    • ID: 10.1177/0095327X0102700307 (DOI)
  • Brown, Tony N., Schulenberg, John, Bachman, Jerald G., O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Are risk and protective factors for substance use consistent across historical time? National data from the high school classes of 1976 through 1997. Prevention Science.2, (1), 29-43.2001.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1010034912070 (DOI)
  • DiNardo, J., Lemieux, T.. Alcohol, marijuana, and American youth: The unintended consequences of government regulation. Journal of Health Economics.20, (6), 991-1010.2001.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0167-6296(01)00102-3 (DOI)
  • Donnermeyer, J. F., Scheer, S. D.. An Analysis of Substance Use Among Adolescents From Smaller Places. Journal of Rural Health.17, (2), 105-113.2001.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1748-0361.2001.tb00266.x (DOI)
  • Forman, Tyrone Anthony. Social Change, Social Context and White Youths' Racial Attitudes. Dissertation, University of Michigan. 2001.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2000. Volume II: College Students & Adults Ages 19-40. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2001.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol2_2000.pdf (URL)
  • Safron, Deborah J., Schulenberg, John, Bachman, Jerald G.. Part-time and hurried adolescence: The links among work intensity, social activities, health behaviors, and substance use. Journal of Health and Social Behavior.42, (4), 425-449.2001.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3090188 (URL)
  • Wagenaar, Alexander C., O'Malley, Patrick M., LaFond, Colette. Lowered legal blood alcohol limits for young drivers: Effects on drinking, driving, and driving-after-drinking behaviors in 30 states. American Journal of Public Health.91, (5), 801-804.2001.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.91.5.801 (DOI)
  • Yanovitzky, Itzhak, Stryker, Jo. Mass media, social norms, and health promotion efforts: A longitudinal study of media effects on youth binge drinking. Communication Research.28, (2), 208-239.2001.
    • ID: 10.1177/009365001028002004 (DOI)
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Freedman-Doan, Peter, Segal, David R., O'Malley, Patrick M.. Distinctive military attitudes among U.S. enlistees, 1976-1997: Self-selection versus socialization. Armed Forces and Society.26, (4), 561-585.2000.
    • ID: 10.1177/0095327X0002600404 (DOI)
  • Bjarnason, Thoroddur, Adalbjarnardottir, Sigrun. Anonymity and confidentiality in school surveys on alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis use. Journal of Drug Issues.30, (2), 335-344.2000.
  • Campbell, David E.. Social capital and service learning. PS, Political Science and Politics.33, (3), 641-645.2000.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/420872 (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-1999. Volume I: Secondary School Students. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2000.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-1999. Volume II: College Students and Adults Ages 19-40. Washington, DC: United States Department of Health and Human Services. 2000.
  • Lo, Celia C.. Timing of drinking initiation: A trend study predicting drug use among high school seniors. Journal of Drug Issues.30, (3), 525-554.2000.
  • Pacula, Rosalie, Liccardo, Grossman, Michael, Chaloupka, Frank J., O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Farrelly, Matthew C.. Marijuana and Youth. Risky Behavior Among Youths: An Economic Analysis.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 2000.
  • An, Lawrence C., O'Malley, Patrick M., Schulenberg, John E., Bachman, Jerald G., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Changes at the High End of Risk in Cigarette Smoking Among US High School Seniors, 1976-1995. American Journal of Public Health.89, (5), 699-705.1999.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.89.5.699 (DOI)
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Freedman-Doan, Peter, O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Segal, David R.. Changing patterns of drug use among U.S. military recruits before and after enlistment. American Journal of Public Health.89, (5), 372-377.1999.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.89.5.672 (DOI)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. National Survey Results on Drug Use from the Monitoring the Future Study, 1975-1998: Volume II. College Students and Young Adults. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 1999.
  • O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Drinking and driving among U.S. high school seniors, 1984-1997. American Journal of Public Health.89, (5), 678-684.1999.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.89.5.678 (DOI)
  • Redmond, William H.. Effects of Sales Promotion on Smoking Among US Ninth Graders. Preventive Medicine.28, (3), 243-250.1999.
    • ID: 10.1006/pmed.1998.0410 (DOI)
  • Redmond, William H.. Trends in Adolescent Cigarette Use: The Diffusion of Daily Smoking. Journal of Behavioral Medicine.22, (4), 379-395.1999.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1018778120140 (DOI)
  • Tauras, John A., Chaloupka, Frank J.. Price, Clean Indoor Air Laws, and Cigarette Smoking: Evidence from Longitudinal Data for Young Adults. Working Paper 6937.Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1999.
    • ID: http://www.nber.org/papers/w6937.pdf (URL)
  • Witt, G. Evans. In the eye of the beholder. American Demographics.21, (10), 24 -1999.
  • Youniss, James, McLellan, Jeffrey A., Su, Yang, Yates, Miranda. The role of community service in identity development: Normative, unconditional, and deviant orientations. Journal of Adolescent Research.14, (2), 248-261.1999.
    • ID: 10.1177/0743558499142006 (DOI)
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M.. Explaining recent increases in students' marijuana use: Impacts of perceived risks and disapproval, 1976 through 1996. American Journal of Public Health.88, (6), 887-892.1998.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.88.6.887 (DOI)
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Segal, D.R., Freedman-Doan, P., O'Malley, Patrick M.. Does Enlistment Propensity Predict Accession? High School Seniors' Plans and Subsequent Behavior. Armed Forces and Society.25, (1), 59 -1998.
    • ID: 10.1177/0095327X9802500104 (DOI)
  • Jenson, Jeffrey M., Howard, Matthew O.. Youth crime, public policy, and practice in the juvenile justice system: Recent trends and needed reforms. Social Work.43, (4), 324-334.1998.
    • ID: 10.1093/sw/43.4.324 (DOI)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. National Survey Results on Drug Use from the Monitoring the Future Study, 1975-1997. Volume II: College Students and Young Adults. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 1998.
  • Segal, Mady W., Segal, David R., Bachman, Jerald G., Freedman-Doan, Peter, O'Malley, Patrick M.. Gender and the propensity to enlist in the U.S. military. Gender Issues.16, (3), 65-87.1998.
    • ID: 10.1007/s12147-998-0022-0 (DOI)
  • Woodard, Emory H., IV. By All Means, Consume! A Multi-Method Investigation of the Relationship Between Television, Consumerism, and Criminal Behavior. Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania. 1998.
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Wadsworth, Katherine M., O'Malley, Patrick M., Schulenberg, John, et al. Marriage, divorce, and parenthood during the transition to young adulthood: Impacts on drug use and abuse. Health Risks and Developmental Transitions During Adolescence.New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 1997.
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Wadsworth, Katherine N., O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., et al. Smoking, Drinking, and Drug Use in Young Adulthood: The Impacts of New Freedoms and New Responsibilities. Research Monographs in Adolescence.Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. 1997.
  • Cronk, Christine E., Sarvela, Paul D.. Alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use Among rural/small town and urban youth: A secondary analysis of the Monitoring the Future data set. American Journal of Public Health.87, (5), 760-764.1997.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.87.5.760 (DOI)
  • Dee, Thomas Sean. The Policy Determinants of Educational Attainment: An Instrumental Variables Approach. Dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park. 1997.
  • Huang, Xiaolan. Three Essays on the Economic Analysis of Smoking. Dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park. 1997.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. National Survey Results on Drug Use From the Monitoring the Future Study, 1975-1995. Volume II: College Students and Young Adults. Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute on Drug Abuse. 1997.
  • Sarvela, Paul D., Cronk, Christine E., Isberner, Fred R.. A Secondary Analysis of Smoking Among Rural and Urban Youth Using the Mtf Data Set. Journal of School Health.67, (9), 372-375.1997.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1746-1561.1997.tb07178.x (DOI)
  • Hanke, Penelope J.. Putting school crime into perspective: Self-reported school victimizations of high school seniors. Journal of Criminal Justice.24, (3), 207-226.1996.
    • ID: 10.1016/0047-2352(96)00006-2 (DOI)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. National Survey Results on Drug Use From the Monitoring the Future Study, 1975-1995. Volume 1: Secondary School Students. Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute on Drug Abuse. 1996.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. National Survey Results on Drug Use from the Monitoring the Future Study, 1975-1994: Volume II, College Students and Young Adults. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 1996.
  • Maguin, Eugine, Loeber, Rolf. Academic performance and delinquency. Crime and Justice: A Review of Research.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1996.
  • Sirtalan, Ismail. An Empirical Analysis of Alcohol Addiction. Dissertation, City University of New York. 1996.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. National Survey Results on Drug Use from the Monitoring the Future Study, 1975-1994. Volume I: Secondary School Students. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 1995.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. National Survey Results on Drug Use from the Monitoring the Future Study, 1975-1993. Volume I: Secondary School Students. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 1994.
  • Schulenberg, John, Bachman, Jerald G., Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M.. American adolescents' views on family and work: Historical trends from 1976-1992. Psychological Responses to Social Change: Human Development in Changing Environments.Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. 1994.
  • Steigerwald, Elizabeth Seton. Personality variables that predict concurrent drug use. Dissertation, Wayne State University. 1994.
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John. How Part-Time Work Intensity Relates to Drug Use, Problem Behavior, Time Use, and Satisfaction Among High School Seniors: Are These Consequences or Merely Correlates?. Developmental Psychology.29, (2), 220-235.1993.
    • ID: 10.1037/0012-1649.29.2.220 (DOI)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. National Survey Results on Drug Use from the Monitoring the Future Study, 1975-1992. Volume 1: Secondary School Students. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 1993.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. National Survey Results on Drug Use from the Monitoring the Future Study, 1975-1992. Volume I: Secondary School Students. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 1993.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. National Survey Results on Drug Use from the Monitoring the Future Study, 1975-1992. Volume II: College Students and Young Adults. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 1993.
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Part-time Work by High School Seniors: Sorting Out Correlates and Possible Consequences (rev. ed.). Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 32..Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 1992.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ32.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. Smoking, Drinking, and Illicit Drug Use Among American Secondary School Students, College Students, and Young Adults, 1975-1991. Volume I: Secondary school students. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 1992.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. Smoking, Drinking, and Illicit Drug Use Among American Secondary School Students, College Students, and Young Adults, 1975-1991. Volume II: College Students and Young Adults. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 1992.
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Wallace, J.M.Jr., Kurth, C.L., Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M.. Drug Use among Black, White, Hispanic, Native American, and Asian American High School Seniors (1976-1989): Prevalence, Trends, and Correlates (rev. ed.). Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 30..Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 1991.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ30.pdf (URL)
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M.. Explaining the recent decline in cocaine use among young adults: Further evidence that perceived risks and disapproval lead to reduced drug use. Journal of Health and Social Behavior.31, (2), 173-184.1990.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2137171 (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. Illicit Drug Use, Smoking, and Drinking by America's High School Students, College Students, and Young Adults, 1975-87. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 1988.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

Bachman, Jerald G.; Johnston, Lloyd D.; O'Malley, Patrick M. (1990): Monitoring the Future: A Continuing Study of the Lifestyles and Values of Youth, 1988. Version 1. Monitoring the Future (MTF) Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09259.v1