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Federal Justice Statistics Program Data, 1978-1994: [United States]

Version
v2
Resource Type
Dataset : event/transaction data
Creator
  • Abt Associates, Inc.
  • The Urban Institute
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Federal Justice Statistics Program Data Series
Publication Date
1990-03-02
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Language
English
Free Keywords
administration; case processing; case dismissal; court cases; courtroom proceedings; criminal justice system; defendants; disposition (legal); federal courts; federal offenses; federal prisoners; judicial decisions; legal systems; offenders; parole; pretrial procedures; pretrial settlement; prison inmates; probation; records; sentencing; statistical data; trial courts; trial procedures
Description
  • Abstract

    Data in this collection examine the processing of federal offenders. The Cases Terminated files (Parts 1-3 and 25-28) contain information about defendants in criminal cases filed in the United States Federal District Court and terminated in the calendar years indicated. Defendants in criminal cases may either be individuals or corporations, and there is one record for each defendant in each case terminated. Information on court proceedings, date the case was filed, date the case was terminated, most serious charge, and reason for termination is included. The Docket and Reporting System files (Parts 4-7, 31-34, and 42) include information on suspects in investigative matters that took an hour or more of a United States Attorney's time with one of the following outcomes: (1) the United States Attorney declined to prosecute, (2) the case was filed in Federal District Court, or (3) the matter was disposed by a United States magistrate. Codes for each disposition and change of status are also provided. The Pretrial Services data (Parts 8, 22, 43, and 47) present variables on the circuit, district, and office where the defendant was charged, type of action, year of birth and sex of the defendant, major offense charge, and results of initial and detention hearings. The Parole Decisions data (Part 9) contain information from various parole hearings such as court date, appeal action, reopening decision, sentence, severity of sentence, offense, and race and ethnicity of the defendant. The Offenders Under Supervision files (Parts 15-16 and 37-40) focus on convicted offenders sentenced to probation supervision and federal prisoners released to parole supervision. The Federal Prisoner files (Parts 18 and 20) supply data on when an offender entered and was released from confinement, as well as the amount of time served for any given offense. The Administrative Office of the United States Courts data files (Parts 44, 52, and 53) contain records of defendants in criminal cases filed in Federal District Court and terminated in the calendar years indicated. There is one record for each defendant in each case. Variables include the date the case was filed, offense level, AO (Administrative Office) codes, and disposition date. The Bureau of Prisons data (both the Master and Detail files, Parts 45, 46, and 54-57 -- formerly known as the Federal Prisoner files) contain records of sentenced prisoners admitted to or released from federal prison during 1992-1994. These files consist of separate records for each prisoner's commitment to federal prison, and for each sentence imposed on a prisoner for a given commitment to federal prison. The Central System (CS) and Central Charge (CC) files of the Executive Office for United States Attorneys (EOUSA) include information about suspects in criminal matters and defendants in criminal cases in 1993-1994. Each defendant in a criminal matter has a master Central System record (Parts 50 and 51) and may have one or more Central Charge records (Parts 48 and 49). The Federal Probation/Supervision Data files (Parts 58 and 59) provide information on supervision procedures and the sequence of events and proceedings in 1992-1994 from the time a case was opened for supervision until the case was terminated. These include reports of parole violations, transfers of supervision to other districts, and case removals due to, for example, rearrest or hospitalization. The Sentencing Commission data (Parts 60 and 61) contain information on federal criminal cases sentenced in 1992-1994 under the Sentencing Guidelines and Policy Statements of the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Federal Cases Terminated, 1984
    • DS2: Federal Cases Terminated, 1985
    • DS3: Federal Cases Terminated, 1986
    • DS4: Federal Docket and Reporting System Data, 1983
    • DS5: Federal Docket and Reporting System Data, 1984
    • DS6: Federal Docket and Reporting System Data, 1985, Part 1
    • DS7: Federal Docket and Reporting System Data, 1985, Part 2
    • DS8: Federal Pretrial Services Data, 1983-1986
    • DS9: Federal Parole Decisions Data, 1978-1986
    • DS10: Match Index File
    • DS12: SAS Data Definition Statements for Federal Docket and Reporting System Data
    • DS13: SAS Data Definition Statements for Federal Pretrial Services Data, 1983-1986
    • DS15: Offenders on Supervision for Calendar Years 1984 Through 1986
    • DS16: Offenders Who Terminated Supervision During Calendar Years 1984 Through 1986
    • DS17: SAS Data Definition Statements for Offenders on Supervision Data (Parts 15 and 16)
    • DS18: Federal Prisoner Data, 1984-1991, Part 1
    • DS19: SAS Data Definition Statements for Federal Prisoner Data, 1984-1991, Part 1
    • DS20: Federal Prisoner Data, 1984-1991, Part 2
    • DS21: SAS Data Definition Statements for Federal Prisoner Data, 1984-1991, Part 2
    • DS22: Federal Pretrial Services Data, 1987-1990
    • DS23: SAS Data Definition Statements for Federal Pretrial Services Data, 1987-1990, Part 1
    • DS24: SAS Data Definition Statements for Federal Pretrial Services Data, 1987-1990, Part 2
    • DS25: Federal Cases Terminated, Calendar Year 1987
    • DS26: Federal Cases Terminated, Calendar Year 1988
    • DS27: Federal Cases Terminated, Calendar Year 1989
    • DS28: Federal Cases Terminated, Calendar Year 1990
    • DS31: Federal Docket and Reporting System Data, Fiscal Year 1986-1987
    • DS32: Federal Docket and Reporting System Data, Fiscal Year 1988
    • DS33: Federal Docket and Reporting System Data, Fiscal Year 1989
    • DS34: Federal Docket and Reporting System Data, Fiscal Year 1990
    • DS35: SAS Data Definition Statements for Federal Docket and Reporting System Data, Fiscal Years 1986-1990
    • DS37: Offenders Under Supervision Data, Fiscal Year 1987
    • DS38: Offenders Under Supervision Data, Fiscal Year 1988
    • DS39: Offenders Under Supervision Data, Fiscal Year 1989
    • DS40: Offenders Under Supervision Data, Fiscal Year 1990
    • DS41: SAS Data Definition Statements for Offenders Under Supervision Data, Fiscal Years 1987-1990
    • DS42: Federal Docket and Reporting System Data, Fiscal Year 1992
    • DS43: Federal Pretrial Services Agency Data, 1992
    • DS44: Administrative Office of the United States Courts Data, Calendar Year 1992
    • DS45: Bureau of Prisons Data: Inmate Master File, 1992
    • DS46: Bureau of Prisons Data: Inmate Detail File, 1992
    • DS47: Federal Pretrial Services Agency Data, 1993
    • DS48: Central Charge Data, 1993
    • DS49: Central Charge Data, 1994
    • DS50: Central System Data, 1993
    • DS51: Central System Data, 1994
    • DS52: Administrative Office of the United States Courts Data, Calendar Year 1993
    • DS53: Administrative Office of the United States Courts Data, Calendar Year 1994
    • DS54: Bureau of Prisons Data: Inmate Detail File, 1993
    • DS55: Bureau of Prisons Data: Inmate Detail File, 1994
    • DS56: Bureau of Prisons Data: Inmate Master File, 1993
    • DS57: Bureau of Prisons Data: Inmate Master File, 1994
    • DS58: Federal Probation/Supervision Data, 1993
    • DS59: Federal Probation/Supervision Data, 1994
    • DS60: Sentencing Commission Data, 1993
    • DS61: Sentencing Commission Data, 1994
Temporal Coverage
  • 1978 / 1994
    Time period: 1978--1994
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
For the Docket and Reporting System data files, the universe is all suspects in federal offenses on whose case the United States Attorney spent one hour or more. For the Pretrial Services data, the universe is all federal arrestees interviewed for or granted pretrial release. For the Parole Decisions data, the universe is all offenders convicted, sentenced to prison, and eligible for parole. For the Offenders Under Supervision files, the universe is all offenders convicted and sentenced to probation and those released from prison to parole supervision. For the Bureau of Prisons data, the universe is all federal prisoners entering the federal prison system. For the Administrative Office data, the universe is all defendants in criminal cases filed in the United States Federal District Court and terminated in the calendar years indicated. For the Central System and Central Charge data files, the universe is suspects in criminal matters and defendants in criminal cases. Suspects in criminal matters are limited to those suspects whose matters were not declined immediately by United States attorneys. Defendants in criminal cases are limited to those handled by United States attorneys. For the Federal Probation/Supervision data, the universe consists of the offenders who are entering, leaving, or on federal supervision, including probation, parole, or supervised release. For the Sentencing Commission data, the universe is all federal criminal court cases entering the court system between 1987 and 1994.
Collection Mode
  • (1) For users who wish to follow particular defendants as they progress through various federal agencies, a Match Index File (Part 10) is included. To track particular defendants, one must match records from two or more data files. The Match Index File contains the sequential record numbers and case identification numbers for all individual cases. The codebook provides further information on using the Match Index File with SAS and SPSS commercial software packages. (2) The part numbers are not in consecutive order. (3) There are undocumented codes in each data file. (4) The Bureau of Prison files (Parts 45, 46, and 54-57) comprise two types of records, Inmate Master records and Inmate Detail records. Each prisoner has one or more Inmate Master records, containing summary information about the individual's term of incarceration. A prisoner with more than one commitment to prison (e.g., a returned parole violator) will have more than one Inmate Master record. One or more Inmate Detail records, containing detailed information about individual sentence counts, is associated with each Inmate Master record. (5) Parts 45 and 46 (Inmate Master and Detail files) cover 1992 and a portion of 1993, thus overlapping with the data covered in Part 54, Bureau of Prisons Data: Inmate Detail File, 1993, and Part 56, Bureau of Prisons Data: Inmate Master File, 1993. (6) The data in Parts 60 and 61, Sentencing Commission Data for 1993 and 1994, can also be found in MONITORING OF FEDERAL CRIMINAL SENTENCES, 1987-1995 (ICPSR 9317). (7) The codebook for the 1993 and 1994 data is provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Website. There is also a hardcopy codebook for the 1978-1992 data. For some of the data files, there is no documentation other than the data definition statements.

Note
2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.2000-08-04 Data for Part 18 have been edited and replaced. Binary characters and blanks were removed and/or replaced with 9's to indicate missing data. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics (87-BJ-CX-K063, and 91-BJ-CX-K025).
Availability
Not available
This study is currently unavailable.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9296 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09296.v3
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09296.v1
Publications
  • Legault, Richard L., Hendrickson, James C.. Weapon choice and American political violence: A comparison of terrorists and other felons in federal custody. Criminology and Public Policy.8, (3), 531-559.2009.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9133.2009.00573.x (DOI)
  • Sullivan, Christopher J., McGloin, Jean Marie, Piquero, Alex R.. Modeling the deviant Y in in criminology: An examination of the assumptions of censored normal regression and potential alternatives. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.24, (4), 399-421.2008.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10940-008-9051-9 (DOI)
  • Dorsey, Tina L., Zawitz, Marianne W., Middleton, Priscilla. Drugs and Crime Facts. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2004.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/dcf.pdf (URL)
  • Urban Institute. Federal Criminal Case Processing, 2001: With Trends 1982-2001. Federal Justice Statistics: Reconciled Data.NCJ 197104, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2003.
    • ID: http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/content/pub/pdf/fccp01.pdf (URL)
  • Scalia, John. Federal Criminal Appeals, 1999 with Trends 1985-99. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2001.
  • Scalia, John. Federal Drug Offenders, 1999 with Trends 1984-99. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2001.
  • Harlow, Caroline Wolf. Defense Counsel in Criminal Cases. Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report.NCJ 179023, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2000.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/dccc.pdf (URL)
  • Litras, Marika F.X.. Civil Rights Complaints in U.S. District Courts, 1990-98, Special Report. NCJ 173427, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2000.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/crcusdc.pdf (URL)
  • Anderson, James M.,  Kling, Jeffrey R.,  Stith, Kate. Measuring interjudge sentencing disparity: Before and after the Federal Sentencing Guidelines. Journal of Law and Economics.42, (S1), 271-308.1999.
    • ID: 10.1086/467426 (DOI)
  • Chaiken, Jan. Compendium of Federal Justice Statistics, 1996. NCJ 172849, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1999.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/cfjs96.pdf (URL)
  • Chaiken, Jan. Federal Criminal Case Processing, 1998: With Trends 1982-98, Reconciled Data. NCJ 169277, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1999.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/fccp98.pdf (URL)
  • Greenfeld, Lawrence A., Smith, Steven K.. American Indians and Crime. NCJ 173386, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1999.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/aic.pdf (URL)
  • Scalia, John. Federal Pretrial Release and Detention, 1996, Special Report. NCJ 168635, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1999.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/fprd96.pdf (URL)
  • Adams, William P., Roth, Jeffrey A.. Federal Offenders under Community Supervision, 1987-96, Special Report. NCJ 168636, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1998.
  • Chaiken, Jan. Compendium of Federal Justice Statistics, 1994. NCJ 163063, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1998.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/cfjs94.pdf (URL)
  • Chaiken, Jan. Compendium of Federal Justice Statistics, 1995. NCJ 164259, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1998.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/cfjs95.pdf (URL)
  • Langan, Patrick A., Farrington, David P.. Crime and Justice in the United States and England and Wales, 1981-96. NCJ 169284, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1998.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/cjusew96.pdf (URL)
  • Scalia, John. Juvenile Delinquents in the Federal Criminal Justice System, Special Report. NCJ 163066, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1997.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/jdfcjs.pdf (URL)
  • Chaiken, Jan. Compendium of Federal Justice Statistics, 1992. NCJ 148949, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1996.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/cfjs92.pdf (URL)
  • Chaiken, Jan. Compendium of Federal Justice Statistics, 1993. NCJ 160089, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1996.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/cfjs93.pdf (URL)
  • Chaiken, Jan. Federal Criminal Case Processing, 1982-93, with Preliminary Data for 1994. Annual Report.NCJ 160088, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1996.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/fccp93.pdf (URL)
  • Langan, Patrick A., Graziadei, Helen A.. Felony Sentences in the U.S., 1992. NCJ 153257, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1996.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/fsus92.pdf (URL)
  • Scalia, John. Noncitizens in the Federal Criminal Justice System, 1984-94, Special Report. NCJ 160934, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1996.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/nifcjs.pdf (URL)
  • Langan, Patrick A., Perkins, Craig A., Chaiken, Jan M.. Felony Sentences in the United States, 1990. Bureau of Justice Statistics Bulletin.NCJ 149077, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1995.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/fsus90.pdf (URL)
  • Taxman, Faye S., Cherkos, Robert. Intermediate sanctions: Dealing with technical violators. Corrections Today.57, (1), 46 -1995.
  • (author unknown). Federal Drug Case Processing, 1985-91, with Preliminary Data for 1992. NCJ 144392, United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1994.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/fdcp8591pd92.pdf (URL)
  • (author unknown). Pretrial Release of Federal Felony Defendants: Federal Justice Statistics Program, 1990, Special Report. NCJ 145322, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1994.
  • Reaves, Brian A.. Pretrial Release of Federal Felony Defendants. NCJ 145322, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1994.
  • Reaves, Brian A.. Pretrial Release of Federal Felony Defendants, Special Report. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1994.
  • Carlson, Kenneth, Finn, Peter. Prosecuting Criminal Enterprises: Federal Offenses and Offenders. Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report.NCJ 142524, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1993.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/pce.pdf (URL)
  • Chaiken, Jan. Compendium of Federal Justice Statistics, 1990. NCJ 143499, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1993.
  • Chaiken, Jan. Federal Criminal Case Processing, 1982-91, with Preliminary Data for 1992. Annual Report.NCJ 144526, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1993.
  • (author unknown). Compendium of Federal Justice Statistics, 1985: Federal Criminal Case Processing, 1985. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1990.
  • (author unknown). Federal Offenses and Offenders: Immigration Offenses, Special Report. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1990.
  • Hester, Thomas, Kaplan, Carol. Federal Criminal Case Processing, 1980-87. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1990.
  • Kaplan, Carol. Federal Offenses and Offenders: Immigration Offenses. NCJ 124546, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1990.
  • (author unknown). Compendium of federal justice statistics, 1984. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1989.
  • Cohen, Mark A.. Corporate crime and punishment: A study of social harm and sentencing practice in the federal courts, 1984-1987. American Criminal Law Review.26, (3), 605-660.1989.
  • Hester, Thomas. Federal criminal cases, 1980-87: Federal offenses and offenders, Special Report. NCJ 118311, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1989.
  • (author unknown). Drug law violators, 1980-86: Federal offenses and offenders. United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1988.
  • (author unknown). Pretrial release and detention: The Bail Reform Act of 1984, Special Report. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1988.
  • Cohen, Mark A., Ho, Chin-Chin, Jones, Edward D., III, Schleich, Laura M.. Organizations as defendants in federal court: A preliminary analysis of prosecutions, convictions, and sanctions, 1984-1987. Whittier Law Review.10, (1), 103-124.1988.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

Abt Associates, Inc.; The Urban Institute (1990): Federal Justice Statistics Program Data, 1978-1994: [United States]. Version 2. Federal Justice Statistics Program Data Series. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09296.v2