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European Communities Studies, 1970-1992: Cumulative File

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Inglehart, Ronald
  • Reif, Karlheinz
  • Melich, Anna
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Eurobarometer Survey Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Free Keywords
attitudes; economic integration; energy policy; European Economic Community; European Parliament; European unification; European Union; foreign aid; income distribution; life satisfaction; military strength; national interests; nuclear energy; political attitudes; political influence; political participation; political party preference; pollution; public opinion; quality of life; religious beliefs; social attitudes; social change; terrorism; voter preferences
  • Abstract

    This data collection contains 36 attitudinal, 21 demographic, and 10 analysis variables selected from the European Communities Studies, 1970-1973, and Euro-Barometers 3-38. Question items chosen from the individual surveys for inclusion in the cumulative file have appeared in at least four different surveys. Most items, however, were included in nearly all of the studies carried out during the 22-year period from 1970 to 1992. Attitudinal variables selected from the individual studies include respondent's overall life satisfaction, amount of social change desired, left/right political orientation, support of the Common Market, strength of religious attachment, and the political party for which the respondent would vote. Other variables record respondents' opinions on topics such as the unification of Europe, elections to the European Parliament, nuclear power, income equality, terrorism, military defense, public ownership vs. private industry, and pollution. Three indices constructed by the principal investigators--cognitive mobilization, materialist/post-materialist values, and left/center/right vote--also are included. Demographic information supplied includes age, sex, marital status, household composition, occupation, religion, family income, age at which the respondent left school, town size, region, union membership of household members, size and supervision of the workplace, subjective social class, work sector, and housing source.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Data File
    • DS2: SAS Data Definition Statements
    • DS10: Diskette D00170 (Codebook in ASCII and MSWord 5.0)
Temporal Coverage
  • 1970 / 1992
    Time period: 1970--1992
  • 1970 / 1992
    Collection date: 1970--1992
Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium
  • Denmark
  • France
  • Greece
  • Italy
  • Ireland
  • Luxembourg
  • Netherlands
  • Portugal
  • Spain
  • United Kingdom
  • West Germany
  • Global
Sampled Universe
Persons aged 15 and over residing in the 12 member nations of the European Community: Belgium, France, Italy, the Netherlands, West Germany (1970-1992), United Kingdom (1970, 1973-1992), Denmark (1973-1992), Ireland (1973-1992), Luxembourg (1973-1992), Greece (1980-1992), Spain (1981-1992), and Portugal (1982-1992).
Multistage probability samples and stratified quota samples.
Collection Mode
  • This data collection replaces EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES STUDIES, 1973-1984: CUMULATIVE FILE (ICPSR 8434).

Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (SES 91-22433).
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9361 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09361.v2
  • Blanchflower, David G., Oswald, Andrew J.. Well-being over time in Britain and the USA. Journal of Public Economics.88, (7-8), 1359-1386.2004.
  • Hino, Airo. Rise of New Politics and Value Change. Leviathan (The Japanese Journal of Political Science).31, 121-147.2002.
  • Bennett, Stephen E., Flickinger, Richard S., Rhine, Staci L.. Political Talk Over Here, Over There, Over Time. British Journal of Political Science.30, (1), 99-119.2000.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0007123400000053 (DOI)
  • Curry, Philip, O'Connell, Michael F.. Post-materialist values and political preference: Some unlikely findings from Northern Ireland. European Journal of Political Research.37, (1), 19-30.2000.
    • ID: 10.1111/1475-6765.00502 (DOI)
  • Hauser, Robert M., Pager, Devah I., Simmons, Solon J.. Race-Ethnicity, Social Background, and Grade Retention. CDE Working Paper 2000-08.Madison, WI: Center for Demography and Ecology. 2000.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Mahler, Vincent A., Taylor, Bruce J., Wozniak, Jennifer R.. Economics and Public Support for the European Union: An Analysis at the National, Regional, and Individual Levels. Polity.32, (3), 429-453.2000.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Barlucchi, M. Chiara, Dreier, Volker. Der Schlaf der Politik gebiert Ungeheuer Zu den Sezessionsbestrebungen der Lega Nord, ihren Ursachen und moglichen Erfolgsaussichten. Zeitschrift fur Politikwissenschaft.8, (2), 569-596.1998.
  • Knutsen, Oddbjorn. Europeans move towards the center: A comparative longitudinal study of left-right self-placement in Western Europe. International Journal of Public Opinion Research.10, (4), 292-316.1998.
    • ID: 10.1093/ijpor/10.4.292 (DOI)
  • Abramson, Paul R., Inglehart, Ronald. Value Change in Global Perspective. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press. 1995.
  • Inglehart, Ronald. Culture Shift in Advanced Industrial Society. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 1990.
  • Abramson, Paul R., Inglehart, Ronald. Generational Replacement and Value Change in Six West European Societies. American Journal of Political Science.30, (1), 1-25.1986.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Inglehart, Ronald. Post-Materialism in an Environment of Insecurity. American Political Science Review.75, (4), 880-900.1981.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Inglehart, Ronald. The Silent Revolution: Changing Values and Political Styles Among Western Publics. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 1977.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

Inglehart, Ronald; Reif, Karlheinz; Melich, Anna (1992): European Communities Studies, 1970-1992: Cumulative File. Version 1. Eurobarometer Survey Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.