My da|ra Login

Detailed view

metadata language: English

United States Supreme Court Judicial Database, 1953-1997 Terms

Resource Type
Dataset : event/transaction data
  • Spaeth, Harold J.
Other Title
  • Version 6 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • United States Supreme Court Judicial Database Terms Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Free Keywords
case processing; court cases; disposition (legal); judicial decisions; judicial review; legal history; Supreme Court decisions; Supreme Court justices; twentieth century; United States Supreme Court
  • Abstract

    This data collection encompasses all aspects of United States Supreme Court decision-making from the beginning of the Warren Court in 1953 to the completion of the most recent term of the Rehnquist Court. In this collection, distinct aspects of the Court's decisions are covered by six types of variables: (1) identification variables including citations and docket numbers, (2) background variables offering information on how the Court took jurisdiction, origin and source of case, and the reason the Court granted cert, (3) chronological variables covering date of decision, Court term, and natural court, (4) substantive variables including legal provisions, issues, and direction of decision, (5) outcome variables supplying information on disposition of case, winning party, formal alteration of precedent, and declaration of unconstitutionality, and (6) voting and opinion variables pertaining to how individual justices voted, their opinions and interagreements, and the direction of their votes.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1953 / 1997
    Time period: 1953--1997
  • 1984 / 1998
    Collection date: 1984--1998
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
United States Supreme Court decisions from the beginning of the Warren Court in 1953 through the completion of the most recent term of the Rehnquist Court.
Collection Mode
  • (1) The data collection contains undocumented codes. (2) The codebook is provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided through the ICPSR Website on the Internet.

2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.1999-04-26 Data for the 1997 terms have been added to the data file, data definition statements, and codebook, and the codebook is now available as a PDF file.1998-05-20 Data for the 1996 terms have been added, and the codebook is now available as a PDF file. Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (SES-8313773). United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9422 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09422.v7
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09422.v5
  • Donner, Christopher M., Jennings, Wesley G.. Low self-control and police deviance: Applying Gottfredson and Hirschi's general theory to officer misconduct. Police Quarterly.17, (3), 203-225.2014.
    • ID: 10.1177/1098611114535217 (DOI)
  • Donner, Christopher M.. Presidential influence on police practices: The U.S. president's indirect impact on fourth amendment case outcome through supreme court appointments. American Journal of Criminal Justice.38, (3), 422-438.2013.
    • ID: 10.1007/s12103-012-9180-4 (DOI)
  • Yates, Jeff, Cann, Damon M., Boye, Brent D.. Judicial ideology and the selection of disputes for U.S. Supreme Court adjudication. Journal of Empirical Legal Studies.10, (4), 847-865.2013.
    • ID: 10.1111/jels.12030 (DOI)
  • Baird, Vanessa, Jacobi, Tonja. How the dissent becomes the majority: Using federalism to transform coalitions in the U.S. Supreme Court. Duke Law Journal.59, (2), 1832009.
  • Fowler, James H., Jeon, Sangick. The authority of Supreme Court precedent. Social Networks.30, (1), 16-30.2008.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.socnet.2007.05.001 (DOI)
  • Bonneau, Chris W., Hammond, Thomas H., Maltzman, Forrest, Wahlbeck, Paul J.. Agenda control, the median justice, and the majority opinion on the U.S. Supreme Court. American Journal of Political Science.51, (4), 890-905.2007.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1540-5907.2007.00287.x (DOI)
  • Hurwitz, Mark S.. Institutional arrangements and the dynamics of agenda formation in the U.S. Supreme Court and Courts of Appeals. Law and Policy.28, (3), 321-344.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1467-9930.2006.00229.x (DOI)
  • Unah, Isaac, Hancock, Ange-Marie. U.S. Supreme Court decision making, case salience, and the attitudinal model. Law and Policy.28, (3), 296-320.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1467-9930.2006.00228.x (DOI)
  • Collins, Paul M., Jr.. Friends of the Court: Examining the Influence of Amicus Curiae Participation in U.S. Supreme Court Litigation. Law and Society Review.38, (4), 807-832.2004.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.0023-9216.2004.00067.x (DOI)
  • Hoekstra, Valerie, Johnson, Timothy. Delaying Justice: The Supreme Court's Decision to Hear Rearguments. Political Research Quarterly.56, (3), 351-360.2003.
  • Lanier, Drew Noble. Of Time and Judicial Behavior: United States Supreme Court Agenda-Setting and Decision-Making, 1888-1997. Cranbury, NJ: Associated University Presses. 2003.
  • Martin, Andrew D., Quinn, Kevin M.. Dynamic ideal point estimation via Markov Chain Monte Carlo for the U.S. Supreme Court, 1953-1999. Political Analysis.10, (2), 134-153.2002.
    • ID: 10.1093/pan/10.2.134 (DOI)
  • Richards, Mark J., Kritzer, Herbert M.. Jurisprudential Regimes in Supreme Court Decision Making. American Political Science Review.96, (2), 305-320.2002.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0003055402000187 (DOI)
  • Spriggs, James F., II, Hansford, Thomas G.. The U.S. Supreme Court's Incorporation and Interpretation of Precedent. Law and Society Review.36, (1), 139-159.2002.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Cross, Frank B., Nelson, Blake J.. Strategic institutional effects on Supreme Court decisionmaking. Northwestern University Law Review.95, (4), 1437-1493.2001.
  • Lindquist, Stefanie A., Yalof, David A.. Congressional Responses to Federal Circuit Court Decisions. Judicature.85, (2), 60-68.2001.
  • Baybeck, Brady, Lowry, William. Federalism outcomes and ideological preferences: The U.S. Supreme Court and preemption cases. Publius.30, (3), 73-97.2000.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Cauthen, James N.G.. Expanding rights under state constitutions: a quantitative appraisal. Albany Law Review.63, (4), 1183 -2000.
  • Gruenfeld, Deborah H., Preston, Jared. Upending the status quo: Cognitive complexity in U.S. Supreme Court Justices who overturn legal precedent. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.26, (8), 1013-1022.2000.
    • ID: 10.1177/01461672002610010 (DOI)
  • Hansford, Thomas G., Damore, David F.. Congressional preferences, perceptions of threat, and Supreme Court decision making. American Politics Quarterly.28, (4), 490-510.2000.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X00028004003 (DOI)
  • Lindquist, Stefanie A., Yalof, David A., Clark, John A.. The impact of presidential appointments to the U.S. Supreme Court: Cohesive and divisive voting within presidential blocs. Political Research Quarterly.53, (4), 795-814.2000.
  • Spaeth, Harold J., Segal, Jeffrey A.. The U.S. Supreme Court Judicial Data Base Providing New Insights into the Court. Judicature.83, (5), 228-235.2000.
  • Farole, Donald J., Jr.. Reexamining litigant success in state Supreme Courts. Law and Society Review.33, (4), 1043-1058.1999.
    • ID: 10.1016/B978-012083170-8/50020-1 (DOI)
  • Hausegger, Lori, Baum, Lawrence. Inviting Congressional Action: A Study of Supreme Court Motivations in Statutory Interpretation. American Journal of Political Science.43, (1), 162-185.1999.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Palmer, Barbara. Issue fluidity and agenda setting on the Warren court. Political Research Quarterly.52, (1), 39-65.1999.
  • Spriggs, James F., II, Maltzman, Forrest, Wahlbeck, Paul J.. Bargaining on the U.S. Supreme Court: Justices' Responses to Majority Opinion Drafts. Journal of Politics.61, (2), 485-506.1999.
  • Wahlbeck, Paul J., Spriggs, James F., II, Maltzman, Forrest. The politics of dissents and concurrences on the U.S. Supreme Court. American Politics Quarterly.27, (4), 488-514.1999.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X99027004006 (DOI)
  • Waltenburg, Eric N., Swinford, Bill. The Supreme Court as a Policy Arena: The Strategies and Tactics of State Attorneys General. Policy Studies Journal.27, (2), 242-259.1999.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1541-0072.1999.tb01966.x (DOI)
  • Caporale, Tony, Winter, Harold. Political influence over Supreme Court criminal procedure cases. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization.35, (4), 465-475.1998.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0167-2681(98)00046-8 (DOI)
  • Djupe, Paul A., Epstein, Lee. From Schubert's The Judicial Mind to Spaeth's U.S. Supreme Court Judical Data Base: A crossvalidation. American Journal of Political Science.42, (3), 1012-1019.1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Hurwitz, Mark S.. The Nature of Agenda in the United States Supreme Court and Courts of Appeals. Dissertation, Michigan State University. 1998.
  • Ignagni, Joseph, Meernik, James, King, Kimi Lynn. Statutory construction and congressional response. American Politics Quarterly.26, (4), 459-484.1998.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X9802600404 (DOI)
  • King, Kimi Lynn, Meernik, James. The 'Sole Organ' before the Court: Presidential Power in Foreign Policy Cases, 1790-1996. Presidential Studies Quarterly.28, (3), 666-686.1998.
  • McGuire, Kevin T.. Explaining executive success in the U.S. Supreme Court. Political Research Quarterly.51, (2), 505-526.1998.
  • Meinhold, Stephen S., Shull, Steven A.. Policy congruence between the president and the solicitor general. Political Research Quarterly.51, (2), 527-537.1998.
  • Wahlbeck, Paul J.. The development of a legal rule: The federal common law of public nuisance. Law and Society Review.32, (3), 613 -1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Wahlbeck, Paul J., Spriggs, James F., II, Maltzman, Forrest. Marshalling the Court: Bargaining and accommodation on the United States Supreme Court. American Journal of Political Science.42, (1), 294-315.1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Wood, Sandra L., Keith, Linda Camp, Lanier, Drew Noble, Ogundele, Ayo. 'Acclimation effects' for Supreme Court justices: A cross-validation, 1888-1940. American Journal of Political Science.42, (2), 690-697.1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Wood, Sandra L., Keith, Linda Camp, Lanier, Drew Noble, Ogundele, Ayo. The Supreme Court, 1888-1940: An Empirical Overview. Social Science History.22, (2), 201-224.1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Yates, Jeff, Whitford, Andrew. Presidential power and the United States Supreme Court. Political Research Quarterly.51, (2), 539-550.1998.
  • Zorn, Christopher J.W.. An analytic and empirical examination of zero-inflated and hurdle poisson specifications. Sociological Methods and Research.26, (3), 368-400.1998.
    • ID: 10.1177/0049124198026003004 (DOI)
  • Flemming, Roy B., Bohte, John, Wood, B. Dan. One voice among many: The Supreme Court's influence on attentiveness to issues in the United States, 1947-92. American Journal of Political Science.41, (4), 1224-1250.1997.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Flemming, Roy B., Wood, B. Dan. The Public and the Supreme Court: Individual justice responsiveness to American policy moods. American Journal of Political Science.41, (2), 468-498.1997.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Gerber, Scott D., Park, Keeok. The quixotic search for consensus on the U.S. Supreme Court: a cross-judicial empirical analysis of the Rehnquist court justices. American Political Science Review.91, (2), 390-408.1997.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Kilwein, John C., Brisbin, Richard A., Jr.. Policy convergence in a federal judicial system: The application of intensified scrutiny doctrines by state Supreme Courts. American Journal of Political Science.41, (1), 122-148.1997.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Lanier, Drew Noble. Of Time and Judicial Behavior: Time Series Analyses of United States Supreme Court Agenda Setting and Decision-Making, 1888-1989. Dissertation, University of North Texas. 1997.
  • Segal, Jeffrey A.. Separation-of-powers games in the positive theory of congress and courts. American Political Science Review.91, (1), 28-44.1997.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Spriggs, James F., II. Explaining federal bureaucratic compliance with Supreme Court opinions. Political Research Quarterly.50, (3), 567 -1997.
  • Spriggs, James F., II, Wahlbeck, Paul J.. Amicus curiae and the role of information at the Supreme Court. Political Research Quarterly.50, (2), 365-386.1997.
  • Wahlbeck, Paul J.. The life of the law: Judicial politics and legal change. Journal of Politics.59, (3), 778-802.1997.
  • Brenner, Saul, Stier, Marc. Retesting Segal and Spaeth's stare decisis model. American Journal of Political Science.40, (4), 1036-1048.1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Epstein, Lee, Mershon, Carol. Measuring Political Preferences. American Journal of Political Science.40, (1), 261-294.1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Epstein, Lee, Segal, Jeffrey A., Spaeth, Harold J., Walker, Thomas G.. The Supreme Court Compendium: Data, Decisions, and Developments, 2nd Edition. Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly Press. 1996.
  • Gates, John B., Phelps, Glenn A.. Intentionalism in Constitutional Opinions. Political Research Quarterly.49, (2), 245-261.1996.
  • Knight, Jack, Epstein, Lee. The Norm of Stare Decisis. American Journal of Political Science.40, (4), 1018-1035.1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Maltzman, Forrest, Wahlbeck, Paul J.. May it please the chief? Opinion assignments in the Rehnquist court. American Journal of Political Science.40, (2), 421-443.1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Maltzman, Forrest, Wahlbeck, Paul J.. Strategic policy considerations and voting fluidity on the burger court. American Political Science Review.90, (3), 581 -1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Malzman, Forrest, Wahlbeck, Paul J.. Inside the U.S. Supreme Court: The reliability of the justices' conference records. Journal of Politics.58, (2), 528-539.1996.
  • Mishler, William, Sheehan, Reginald S.. Public opinion, the attitudinal model, and Supreme Court decision making: A micro-analytic perspective. Journal of Politics.58, (1), 169-200.1996.
  • Segal, Jeffrey A., Spaeth, Harold J.. The influence of stare decisis on the votes of United States Supreme Court justices. American Journal of Political Science.40, (4), 971-1003.1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Spriggs, James F., II. The Supreme Court and Federal Administrative Agencies: A Resource-Based Theory and Analysis of Judicial Impact. American Journal of Political Science.40, (4), 1122-1151.1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Gruenfeld, Deborah H.. Status, Ideology, and Integrative Complexity on the U.S. Supreme Court: Rethinking the Politics of Political Decision Making. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.68, (1), 5-20.1995.
    • ID: 10.1037/0022-3514.68.1.5 (DOI)
  • Hansen, Wendy L., Johnson, Renee J., Unah, Isaac. Specialized Courts, Bureaucratic Agencies, and the Politics of U.S. Trade Policy. American Journal of Political Science.39, (3), 529-557.1995.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Lloyd, Randall D.. Separating partisanship from party in judicial research: Reapportionment in the U.S. district courts. American Political Science Review.89, (2), 413 -1995.
    • ID: (URL)
  • McGuire, Kevin T.. Repeat players in the Supreme Court: The role of experienced lawyers in litigation success. Journal of Politics.57, (10), 187-196.1995.
  • Brisbin, Richard A., Jr., Kilwein, John C.. U.S. Supreme Court review of state high court decisions. Judicature.78, (1), 33-46.1994.
  • Hagle, Timothy M.. 'Freshman Effects' for Supreme Court Justices. American Journal of Political Science.37, (4), 1142-1157.1993.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Hagle, Timothy M., Spaeth, Harold J.. Ideological patterns in the justices' voting in the Burger Court's business cases. Journal of Politics.55, (2), 492-505.1993.
  • Mishler, William, Sheehan, Reginald S.. The Supreme Court as countermajoritarian institution? The impact of public opinion on Supreme Court decisions. American Political Science Review.87, (1), 87-1019.1993.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Richardson, Lilliard E., Jr., Scheb, John M., II. Divided Government and the Supreme Court: Judicial Behavior in Civil Rights and Liberties Cases, 1954-1989. American Politics Quarterly.21, (4), 458-472.1993.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X9302100404 (DOI)
  • Hagle, Timothy M., Spaeth, Harold J.. The emergence of a new ideology: The business decisions of the Burger Court. Journal of Politics.54, (1), 120-134.1992.
  • Kearney, Richard C., Sheehan, Reginald S.. Supreme Court decision making: The impact of court composition on state and local government litigation. Journal of Politics.54, (4), 1008-1025.1992.
  • Sheehan, Reginald S.. Governmental Litigants, Underdogs, and Civil Liberties: A Reassessment of a Trend in Supreme Court Decisionmaking. Western Political Quarterly.45, (1), 27-39.1992.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Hagle, Timothy M.. But Do They Have to See It to Know It? The Supreme Court's Obscenity and Pornography Decisions. Western Political Quarterly.44, (4), 1039-1054.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Hagle, Timothy M., Spaeth, Harold J.. Voting Fluidity and the Attitudinal Model of Supreme Court Decision Making. Western Political Quarterly.44, (1), 119-128.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Segal, Jeffrey A.. Supreme Court Support for Solicitor General: The Effect of Presidential Appointments. Western Political Quarterly.43, (1), 137-152.1990.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Segal, Jeffrey A.. Amicus Curiae Briefs by the Solicitor General During the Warren and Burger Courts: A Research Note. Western Political Quarterly.41, (1), 135-144.1988.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Brenner, Saul, Spaeth, Harold J.. Issue Specialization in Majority Opinion Assignment on the Burger Court. Western Political Quarterly.39, (3), 520-527.1986.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Spaeth, Harold J., Altfeld, Michael F.. Influence Relationships within the Supreme Court: A Comparison of the Warren and Burger Courts. Western Political Quarterly.38, (1), 70-83.1985.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Segal, Jeffrey A.. Predicting Supreme Court cases probabilistically: The search and seizure cases, 1962-1981. American Political Science Review.78, (4), 891-900.1984.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Spaeth, Harold J.. An analysis of judicial attitudes in the labor relations decisions of the Warren Court. Journal of Politics.25, (2), 290-311.1963.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

Spaeth, Harold J. (1990): United States Supreme Court Judicial Database, 1953-1997 Terms. Version 6. United States Supreme Court Judicial Database Terms Series. Version: v6. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.