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National Survey of Family Growth, Cycle IV, 1988

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) Series
Publication Date
1991-05-03
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Office of Public Health and Science. Office of Population Affairs
Language
English
Free Keywords
adoption; AIDS; birth; birth control; birth expectations; families; family planning; family size; fertility; pregnancy; prenatal care; reproductive history; womens health care
Description
  • Abstract

    The National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) Cycle IV interviews covered respondents' pregnancy histories, past and current use of contraception, ability to bear children, use of medical services for family planning, infertility, and prenatal care, marital histories, and associated cohabiting unions. Data on occupation and labor force participation and on a wide range of social, economic, and demographic characteristics are also presented. Cycle IV added questions about AIDS and cohabitation and asked detailed questions on adoption and sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created variable labels and/or value labels.; Created online analysis version with question text.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Respondent File
    • DS2: Interval File
Temporal Coverage
  • 1988-01 / 1988-08
    Time period: 1988-01--1988-08
  • 1988-01 / 1988-08
    Collection date: 1988-01--1988-08
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Data have been weighted to be representative of the noninstitutionalized population of women in the United States, 15-44 years of age, regardless of marital status. Black women were oversampled in order to yield reliable estimates by race.
Sampling
The 8,450 women interviewed for the NSFG, Cycle IV, were drawn from households in which someone had been interviewed for the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), between October 1985 and March 1987.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview

    The original hierarchical data collection had two types of records. There was one respondent record for each of the 8,450 women in the survey. These records included most of the information from the interview and contain approximately 1,330 variables. Following each woman's respondent record were the interval records, one for each of her closed pregnancy intervals (completed pregnancies) yielding approximately 180 variables in each interval record cover information about the characteristics of each pregnancy and any contraceptive methods used during that interval. The hierarchical files have, however, been replaced by two rectangular ASCII files (respondent and interval).

    Data for CYCLE I, 1973 (ICPSR 7898), CYCLE II, 1976 (ICPSR 7902, 8181), CYCLE III, 1982 (ICPSR 8328), CYCLE IV, 1990 TELEPHONE REINTERVIEW (ICPSR 6643), and CYCLE V, 1995 (ICPSR 6960), and CYCLE VI, 2002 (ICPSR 4157) are also available from ICPSR.

    The following codes are undocumented for variable A_4 (State where R was born: 227, 318, 395, 407, 593, 775, 886).

    Due to certain Stata restrictions some value labels were omitted from the data collection. For variables CJAN84 thru CAUG88 and METHCAL, value labels for codes 170-1369 (simultaneous method use) and 8170-9369 (sequential method use) are not given. Please see appendix 4 "Simultaneous and Sequential Method Use" for further information on the coding of these variables.

    The following codes are undocumented for variable F_70 (Current/last occupation): 246, 460, 760, 761, 994.

    The following codes are undocumented for variable F_72 (Current/last business or industry): 8, 19, 83, 406, 407, 416, 668, 837.

    The following codes are undocumented for variable F_88 (Husbands/partners current/last occupation): 110, 431, 660, 800, 994.

    The following codes are undocumented for variable F_90 (Current/last business or industry): 407 and 633.

    The variable BOX45_46 is undocumented in the original codebook. BOX45 and BOX46 both appear in the original questionnaire (Does R intend to have [more] babies? 1 -- Yes, 2 -- No, 8 -- Don't know), however they are not present in the codebook frequencies or the file index.

    Part 1: The variable label for C31M3 and the value labels associated with missing data codes for several variables have been updated.

Note
2009-08-26 The pages of the ICPSR Variable Description and Frequencies for Part 2 of this collection that were previously omitted in the last update of this study have been added to the ICPSR codebook.2009-08-12 The SPSS, SAS and Stata setup files, the SPSS and Stata system files, the SAS transport (CPORT) file, the codebook, and SDA for Part 1 of this collection have been updated.2008-11-24 This study has been updated to include the full product suite including SAS, SPSS, and Stata setup files as well as SAS transport (CPORT), SPSS system, and Stata system files. An SDA version of this study has also been prepared as part of the update.2000-05-17 The codebook and data collection instruments for this study have been converted to Portable Document Format (PDF). Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics. United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. United States Department of Health and Human Services. Office of Public Health and Science. Office of Population Affairs.
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9473 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09473.v2
Publications
  • Lang, K., Nuevo-Chiquero, A.. Trends in self-reported spontaneous abortions: 1970-2000. Demography.49, 989-1009.2012.
    • ID: 10.1007/s13524-012-0113-0 (DOI)
  • Reinhold, S.. Reassessing the link between premarital cohabitation and marital instability. Demography.47, (3), 719-733.2010.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.0.0122 (DOI)
  • Robert, A.C., Sonenstein, F.L.. Adolescents' reports of communication with their parents about sexually transmitted diseases and birth control: 1988, 1995, and 2002. Journal of Adolescent Health.46, (6), 532-537.2010.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2009.11.201 (DOI)
  • Hayford, Sarah R., Morgan, Philip S.. The quality of retrospective data on cohabitation. Demography.45, (1), 129-140.2008.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2008.0005 (DOI)
  • Kissin, Dmitry M., Anderson, John E., Kraft, Joan Marie, Warner, Lee, Jamieson, Denise J.. Is there a trend of increased unwanted childbearing among young women in the United States?. Journal of Adolescent Health.43, (4), 364-371.2008.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2008.02.013 (DOI)
  • Bitler, Marianne, Schmidt, Lucie. Health disparities and infertility: Impacts of state-level insurance mandates. Fertility and Sterility.85, (4), 858-865.2006.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2005.11.038 (DOI)
  • Stephen, Elizabeth Hervey, Chandra, Anjani. Declining estimates of infertility in the United States: 1982-2002. Fertility and Sterility.86, (3), 516-523.2006.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2006.02.129 (DOI)
  • Miller, Kate. Assisted reproduction may change birth intentions. Fertility and Sterility.81, (3), 572-581.2004.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2003.08.025 (DOI)
  • Santelli, John S., Abma, Joyce, Ventura, Stephanie, Lindberg, Laura, Morrow, Brian, Anderson, John E., Lyss, Sheryl, Hamilton, Brady E.. Can changes in sexual behaviors among high school students explain the decline in teen pregnancy rates in the 1990s?. Journal of Adolescent Health.35, (2), 80-90.2004.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2004.05.001 (DOI)
  • Levine, Phillip B.. Parental involvement laws and fertility behavior. Journal of Health Economics.22, (5), 861-878.2003.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0167-6296(03)00063-8 (DOI)
  • Pollard, Michael S., Morgan, S. Philip. Emerging parental gender indifference? Sex composition of children and the third birth. American Sociological Review.67, (4), 600-613.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088947 (URL)
  • Teachman, Jay D.. Stability across cohorts in divorce risk factors. Demography.39, (2), 331-351.2002.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2002.0019 (DOI)
  • Abma, J.C., Sonenstein, F.L.. Sexual Activity and Contraceptive Practices Among Teenagers in the United States, 1988 and 1995. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 23: Data from the National Survey of Family Growth.21, Hyattsville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Center for Health Statistics. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_23/sr23_021.pdf (URL)
  • Abma, Joyce C., Sonenstein, Freya L.. Sexual activity and contraceptive practices among teenagers in the United States. Vital and Health Statistics. Series 23, Data from the National Survey of Family Growth.23, (21), 1-79.2001.
  • Forste, R., Weiss, J., Lippincott, E.. The decision to breastfeed in the United States: Does race matter?. Pediatrics.108, (2), 291-296.2001.
    • ID: 10.1542/peds.108.2.291 (DOI)
  • Ranjit, Nalni, Bankole, Akinrinola, Darroch, Jacqueline E., Singh, Susheela. Contraceptive failure in the first two years of use: Differences across socioeconomic subgroups. Family Planning Perspectives.33, (103), 19-27.2001.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2673738 (URL)
  • Wu, Lawrence, L., Martin, Steven, P., Long, Daniel, A.. Comparing data quality of fertility and first sexual intercourse histories. Journal of Human Resources.36, (3), 520-555.2001.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3069629 (URL)
  • (author unknown). National and State-Specific Pregnancy Rates Among Adolescents--United States, 1995-1997. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.284, (8), 952-953.2000.
  • Campbell, A.A., Mosher, W.D.. A history of the measurement of unintended pregnancies and births. Maternal and Child Health Journal .4, (3), 163-169.2000.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1009519329226 (DOI)
  • Santelli, John S., Lindberg, Laura Duberstein, Abma, Joyce, Sucoff, Clea, Resnick, Michael. Adolescent sexual behavior: Estimates and trends from four nationally representative surveys. Family Planning Perspectives.32, (4), 156-165.2000.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2648232 (URL)
  • Ventura, S.J., Mosher, W.D., Curtin, S.C., Abma, J.C., Henshaw, S.. Trends in Pregnancies and Pregnancy Rates by Outcome: Estimates for the United States, 1976-96. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 21: Data on Natality, Marriage, and Divorce.56, Hyattsville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Center for Health Statistics. 2000.
    • ID: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_21/sr21_056.pdf (URL)
  • Williams, L., Abma, J.. Birth wantedness reports: A look forward and a look back. Social Biology.47, (3-4), 147-163.2000.
  • Armstrong, Kay, A., Kennedy, May, G., Kline, Anna, Tunstall, Crystal. Reproductive health needs: Comparing women at high, drug-related risk of HIV with a national sample. Journal of the American Medical Women's Association.52, (2), 65-71.1999.
  • Bankole, Akinrinola, Darroch, Jacqueline E., Singh, Susheela. Determinant of trends in condom use in the United States, 1988-1995. Family Planning Perspectives.31, (6), 264-264.1999.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2991536 (URL)
  • Bhalotra, Sarita M.. Factors influencing the wantedness of pregnancy in adolescent females. Brandeis University. 1999.
  • Chandra, A., Stephen, E.H.. Impaired fecundity in the United States: 1982-1995. Family Planning Perspectives.31, (3), 156-157.1999.
  • Finer, Lawrence B., Darroch, Jacqueline E., Singh, Susheela. Sexual partnership patterns as a behavioral risk factor for sexually transmitted diseases. Family Planning Perspectives.31, (5), 228-236.1999.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2991570 (URL)
  • Ventura, S.J., Mosher, W.D., Curtin, S.C., Abma, J.C., Henshaw, S.. Highlights of trends in pregnancies and pregnancy rates by oucome: Estimates for the United States, 1976-96. National Vital Statistics Reports.47, (29), 1-9.1999.
  • Williams, Lindy, Abma, Joyce, Piccinino, Linda J.. The correspondence between intention to avoid childbearing and subsequent fertility: A prospective analysis. Family Planning Perspectives.31, (5), 220-227.1999.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2991569 (URL)
  • Wu, Lawrence L., Martin, Steven P., Long, Daniel A.. Comparing Data Quality of Fertility and First Sexual Intercourse Histories. CDE Working Paper 99-08.Madison, WI: Center for Demography and Ecology. 1999.
    • ID: http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cde/cdewp/99-08.pdf (URL)
  • Brewster, Karin L., Cooksey, Elizabeth C., Guilkey, David K., Rindfuss, Ronald R.. The changing impact of religion on the sexual and contraceptive behavior of adolescent women in the United States. Journal of Marriage and Family.60, (2), 493-504.1998.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/353864 (URL)
  • Finer, L.B., Zabin, L.S.. Does the timing of the first family planning visit still matter?. Family Planning Perspectives.30, (1), 30-33.1998.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2991523 (URL)
  • Fiscella, Kevin, Franks, Peter, Kendrick, J.S., Bruce, F.C.. The risk of low birth weight associated with vaginal douching. Obstetrics and Gynecology.92, (6), 913-917.1998.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0029-7844(98)00325-1 (DOI)
  • Henshaw, S.K.. Unintended pregnancy in the United States. Family Planning Perspectives.30, (1), 24-29.1998.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2991522 (URL)
  • Kaufmann, Rachel B., Spitz, Alison M., Strauss, Lilo T., Morris, Leo, et al. The decline in U.S. teen pregnancy rates, 1990-1995. Pediatrics.102, (5), 1141-1147.1998.
    • ID: 10.1542/peds.102.5.1141 (DOI)
  • Kost, K., Landry, D.J., Darroch, J.E.. Predicting maternal behaviors during pregnancy: Does intention status matter?. Family Planning Perspectives.30, (2), 79-88.1998.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2991664 (URL)
  • Kost, K., Landry, D.J., Darroch, J.E.. The effects of pregnancy planning status on birth outcomes and infant care. Family Planning Perspectives.30, (5), 223-230.1998.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2991608 (URL)
  • Martin, Steven P.. Survey Estimates of the Contraceptive Effect of Breastfeeding in the United States. CDE Working Paper 98-13.Madison, WI: Center for Demography and Ecology. 1998.
    • ID: http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cde/cdewp/98-13.pdf (URL)
  • Moore, Amy Slugg. Fear of STDs causes women to switch birth control methods. RN.61, (5), 18 -1998.
  • Murry, Velma McBride. Variation in adolescent pregnancy status: A national tri-ethnic study. Resiliency in African-American Families.Thousand Oaks: Sage. 1998.
  • Piccinino, L.J., Mosher, W.D.. Trends in contraceptive use in the United States: 1982-1995. Family Planning Perspectives.30, (1), 4-10.1998.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2991517 (URL)
  • Wruck, Jan Marie. Women's Total Income and the Birth Rate in the United States. Thesis, Southern Connecticut State University. 1998.
  • Joesch, Jutta M.. Paid leave and timing of women's employment before and after birth. Journal of Marriage and Family.59, (4), 1008-1021.1997.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/353799 (URL)
  • Layne, Linda L.. Breaking the silence: An agenda for a feminist discourse of pregnancy loss. Feminist Studies.23, (2), 289-315.1997.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3178398 (URL)
  • Mauldon, Jane, Delbanco, Suzanne. Public perceptions about unplanned pregnancy. Family Planning Perspectives.29, (1), 25-29.1997.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2953350 (URL)
  • Murry, Velma McBride. The impact of sexual activity and fertility timing on African American high school graduates' later life experiences. Families in Society.78, (4), 383-392.1997.
  • Trussell, James, Koening, Jacqueline, Stewart, Felicia, Darroch, Jacqueline E.. Medical care cost savings from adolescent contraceptive use. Family Planning Perspectives.29, (6), 248-255.1997.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2953412 (URL)
  • Wu, Lawrence L., Cherlin, Andrew J., Bumpass, Larry L.. Family Structure, Early Sexual Behavior, and Premarital Births. CDE Working Paper 96-25.Madison, WI: Center for Demography and Ecology. 1997.
    • ID: http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cde/cdewp/96-25.pdf (URL)
  • Akerlof, George A., Yellen, Janet L., Katz, Michael L.. An Analysis of Out-of-Wedlock Childbearing in the United States. Quarterly Journal of Economics.111, (2), 277-317.1996.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2946680 (URL)
  • Anderson, John E., Brackbill, Robert, Mosher, William D.. Condom use for disease prevention among unmarried U.S. women. Family Planning Perspectives.28, (1-2), 25 -1996.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2135959 (URL)
  • Burr, Jeffrey A., Bean, Frank D.. Racial fertility differences: The role of female employment and education in wanted and unwanted childbearing. Social Biology.43, (3-4), 218-241.1996.
  • Cooksey, Elizabeth C., Rindfuss, Ronald R., Guilkey, David K.. The initiation of adolescent sexual and contraceptive behavior during changing times. Journal of Health and Social Behavior.37, (1), 59-74.1996.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2137231 (URL)
  • Elliott, Marta. Impact of work, family, and welfare receipt on women's self-esteem in young adulthood. Social Psychology Quarterly.59, (1), 80-95.1996.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2787120 (URL)
  • Forrest, Jacqueline Darroch, Samara, Renee. Impact of publicly funded contraceptive services on unintended pregnancies and implications for Medicaid expenditures. Family Planning Perspectives.28, (5), 188-195.1996.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2135837 (URL)
  • Lindberg, Laura Duberstein. Women's decisions about breastfeeding and maternal employment. Journal of Marriage and Family.58, (1), 239-251.1996.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/353392 (URL)
  • Mauldon, J., Luker, K.. The effects of contraceptive education on method use at first intercourse. Family Planning Perspectives.28, (1), 19-24.1996.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2135958 (URL)
  • Mosher, William D., Bachrach, Christine A.. Understanding U.S. fertility: Continuity and change in the national survey of family growth, 1988-1995. Family Planning Perspectives.28, (1), 4 -1996.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2135956 (URL)
  • Murry, Velma McBride. An ecological analysis of coital timing among middle-class African American adolescent females. Journal of Adolescent Research.11, (2), 261-279.1996.
    • ID: 10.1177/0743554896112006 (DOI)
  • Spain, Daphne, Bianchi, Suzanne M.. Balancing Act: Motherhood, Marriage, and Employment Among American Women. New York: Russell Sage. 1996.
  • Stephen, E.H.. Projections of impaired fecundity among women in the United States: 1995 to 2020. Fertility and Sterility.66, (2), 202-204.1996.
  • Brown, Sarah S., Eisenberg, Leon. The Best Intentions: Unintended Pregnancy and the Well-Being of Children and Families. Washington, DC: Institute of Medicine and National Academy Press. 1995.
  • Chandra, A.. His or Hers: the Choice of Contraceptive Sterilization Among Married Couples in the U.S.. Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.San Francisco. 1995.
  • Cook, Fay Lorrain. Application of Predisposing, Reinforcing, and Enabling Factors in the Planning of Prenatal Care Programs for Middle and Older Pregnant Adolescent Women. Dissertation, Pennsylvania State University. 1995.
  • Hollander, Dore. Young, minority and disadvantaged women exhibit least favorable pregnancy-related health behavior. Family Planning Perspectives.27, (6), 259 -1995.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2136179 (URL)
  • Klein, Audrey Nicole Aydt. Correlates of Female Adolescent Initiation of Sexual Intercourse, Contraceptive Use, and Pregnancy. Dissertation, University of Texas at Austin. 1995.
  • McGrew, Kevin. Disability Summary Analyses of Select National Data Collection Programs. Technical Report 11.Minneapolis, MN: National Center on Educational Outcomes. 1995.
  • Murry, Velma McBride. An ecological analysis of pregnancy resolution decisions among African American and Hispanic adolescent females. Youth and Society.26, (3), 325-350.1995.
    • ID: 10.1177/0044118X95026003003 (DOI)
  • Peterson, Linda S.. Birth expectations of women in the United States, 1973-88. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 23: Data from the National Survey of Family Growth.17, Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1995.
    • ID: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_23/sr23_17.pdf (URL)
  • Vaidya, Kanhaiya Lal. Unintended Pregnancy and Abortion in the United States: Evidence from the National Survey of Family Growth, cycle IV, 1988. Dissertation, Bowling Green State University. 1995.
  • Ventura, Stephanie J., Martin, Joyce A., Taffel, Selma M., Mathews, T.J., Clarke, Sally C.. Advance Report of Final Natality Statistics, 1993. Monthly Vital Statistics Report.44, (3(S)), 1-887.1995.
  • Ventura, Stephanie J., Taffel, Selma M., Mosher, William D., Wilson, Jacqueline B., Henshaw, Stanley. Trends in Pregnancy Rates: Estimates for the United States, 1980-92. Monthly Vital Statistics Report.43, (11-S), 1-24.1995.
  • (author unknown). Sex and America's Teenagers. New York, NY: Alan Guttmacher Institute. 1994.
  • Abma, Joyce C., Piccinino, Linda J.. Unintended Births: Women's Attitudes vis-a-vis Their Male Partners' Attitudes, 1982-1990. American Sociological Association. 1994.
  • Abma, Joyce C., Piccinino, Linda J.. Unintended births: Women's attitudes vis-a-vis their male partners' attitudes, 1982-1990. Los Angeles. 1994.
  • Anderson, J.E., McCormick, L., Fichtner, R.. Factors associated with self-reported STDs: Data from a national survey. Sexually Transmitted Diseases.21, (6), 303-308.1994.
    • ID: 10.1097/00007435-199411000-00002 (DOI)
  • Chandra, Anjani, Mosher, William D.. The demography of infertility and te use of medical care for infertility. Infertility and Reproductive Medicine Clinics of North America.52, (2), 283-296.1994.
  • Day, Jennifer Cheeseman. Age at First Birth and the Pacing of Subsequent Birth Intervals: A Cohort Analysis. Dissertation, American University. 1994.
  • Ericksen, Karen Paige, Trocki, Karen E.. Sex, alcohol and sexually transmitted diseases: A national survey. Family Planning Perspectives.26, (6), 257 -1994.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2135891 (URL)
  • Gu, Quanzhong. Contraceptive Switching Among American Women: A Dynamic Analysis of Event History. Dissertation, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. 1994.
  • Heaton, Tim B.. Familial, socioeconomic, and religious behavior: A comparison of LDS and non-LDS women. Dialogue.27, (2), 169-183.1994.
  • Heaton, Tim B., Jacobson, Cardell K.. Race Differences in Changing Family Demographics in the 1980s. Journal of Family Issues.15, (2), 290-308.1994.
    • ID: 10.1177/0192513X94015002008 (DOI)
  • McGrew, Kevin S., Spiegel, Amy N., Thurlow, Martha L., Kim, Dong-Il. Matching Information in National Data Collection Programs to a Model of School Completion Outcomes and Indicators. Technical Report.7, Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota, National Center on Educational Outcomes. 1994.
  • Murry, Velma McBride. Black adolescent females: A comparison of early versus late coital initiators. Family Relations.43, (3), 342 -1994.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/585427 (URL)
  • Parnell, Allan M., Swicegood, Gray, Stevens, Gillian. Nonmarital Pregnancies and Marriage in the United States. Social Forces.73, (1), 263-287.1994.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2579926 (URL)
  • Saunders, Michelle Julie. Factors that Influence the Transition to Sexual Intercourse for White Adolescent Females. Thesis, University of Nevada, Reno. 1994.
  • Wilcox, L.S., Mosher, W.D.. Characteristics Associated with Impaired Fecundity in the United States. Family Planning Perspectives.26, 218-221.1994.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2135942 (URL)
  • Williams, Linda B., London, Kathryn A.. Changes in the planning status of births to ever-married U.S. women, 1982-1988. Family Planning Perspectives.26, (3), 121 -1994.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2136037 (URL)
  • Williams, Lindy B.. Determinants of couple agreement in U.S. fertility decisions. Family Planning Perspectives.26, (4), 169-173.1994.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2136242 (URL)
  • Wilson, Jacqueline B., Ventura, Stephanie J., Koonin, Lisa M., Spitz, Alison M.. Pregnancy in adolescents. From Data to Action: CDC's Public Health Surveillance for Women, Infants and Children.Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1994.
  • Forrest, J.D.. Timing of reproductive life stages. Obstetrics and Gynecology.82, (1), 105-111.1993.
  • Kallan, J.E.. Race, intervening variables, and two components of low birth weight. Demography.30, (3), 489-506.1993.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2061653 (URL)
  • Levine, Ruth E., Tsoflias, Lynn. Publicly Supported Family Planning in the United States: Use in the 1980s. Washington, DC: Urban Institute; Child Trends. 1993.
  • Mosher, W.D., Pratt W.F.. The Demography of Infertility in the United States. Annual Progress in Reproductive Medicine.Pearl River, NY: Parthenon Pub. Group. 1993.
  • Mosher, William D., Pratt, William F.. AIDS-Related Behavior Among Women 15-44 Years of Age: United States, 1988 and 1990. Advance Data from Vital and Health Statistics.239, Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 1993.
    • ID: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/ad/ad239.pdf (URL)
  • Peterson, James L., Card, Josefina J.. Items and scales measuring adolescent pregnancy and its antecedents and consequences. Handbook of Adolescent Sexuality and Pregnancy: Research and Evaluation Instruments.Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. 1993.
  • Potter, L.B., Anderson, J.E.. Patterns of condom use and sexual behavior among never-married women. Sexually Transmitted Diseases.20, (4), 201-208.1993.
    • ID: 10.1097/00007435-199307000-00005 (DOI)
  • Remez, Lisa. Consistent condom use is rare among never-married American women, 1988 survey shows. Family Planning Perspectives.25, (6), 283 -1993.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2136151 (URL)
  • Stolley, Kathy S.. Statistics on Adoption in the United States. Adoption.Los Altos, CA: The David and Lucille Packard Foundation. 1993.
    • ID: http://www.futureofchildren.org/ (URL)
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Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

United States Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics (1991): National Survey of Family Growth, Cycle IV, 1988. Version 1. National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09473.v1