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ABC News/Washington Post Iraq War Polls, January-February 1991

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • ABC News
  • The Washington Post
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • ABC News/Washington Post Poll Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
anti-war movements; attitudes; bombings; Bush Administration (1989-1993); diplomacy; Hussein, Saddam; military intervention; negotiation; Persian Gulf War; terrorism; United Nations; war; war casualties
  • Abstract

    This data collection consists of telephone surveys concerning the Persian Gulf war between Iraq and the allied Coalition forces. Part 1, conducted just prior to the January 15th deadline set by the United Nations Security Council for Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait, asked respondents if the United States should take military action, what the likelihood was that the United States would go to war, how long the war would last, and how many casualties would result. Additional questions included whether the United States should hold further talks with Iraq, whether a diplomatic solution was possible, if the United States should agree to an Arab-Israeli conference, and if respondents approved of actions taken by George Bush and Congress. Parts 2-9 were conducted after the outbreak of war. Respondents were asked if they approved or disapproved of George Bush's and Israel's handling of the situation, of the United States' having gone to war, and of American anti-war protests. They were also asked how long they thought the war would last, how many casualties would result, who would win, if enough had been done to seek a diplomatic solution, and if the United States and her allies had been right to attack Iraq. In addition, respondents were asked how they rated the job the United States military was doing, if the air war would be enough or if a ground war would be necessary, if the government was releasing enough or too much information, if Israel should strike back at Iraq for the missile attacks, if the respondent was afraid to travel or afraid of increased terrorism, if the United States was heading toward another Viet Nam, and whether moral principle or economic reality had been the motive behind American troops' being sent to the Persian Gulf. Other topics covered include the final objective of the war (driving Iraq out of Kuwait or Saddam Hussein from power), allied bombing in Baghdad and issues surrounding hits on possible military targets that would result in civilian casualties, the presence of American reporters in Iraq, talks between Iraq and the Soviet Union seeking a diplomatic solution, and a set of questions addressing possible outcomes for Saddam Hussein and the respondent's personal feelings regarding him. Background information provided includes age, race, sex, political party identification, state/region of residence, and if the respondent had friends or relatives serving in the military in the Gulf region.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created variable labels and/or value labels..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Pre-Hostilities Poll, January 13
    • DS2: January 16 Poll
    • DS3: January 18 Poll
    • DS4: January 20 Poll
    • DS5: February 14 Poll
    • DS6: February 18 Poll
    • DS7: February 22 Poll
    • DS8: February 24 Poll
    • DS9: February 27 Poll
Temporal Coverage
  • 1991-01-13 / 1991-02-27
    Time period: 1991-01-13--1991-02-27
  • 1991-01-13 / 1991-02-27
    Collection date: 1991-01-13--1991-02-27
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Adults aged 18 and over living in households with telephones in the 48 contiguous United States.
Households were selected by random digit dialing. Within household, the respondent selected was the adult living in the household who last had a birthday and who was at home at the time of the interview.
Collection Mode
  • The data contain blanks and alphabetic characters. Parts 3, 6, and 9 were conducted solely by ABC News.

2009-01-20 SAS, SPSS, and Stata setups have been added to this data collection.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 10 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9563 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09563.v2
  • Norrander, Barbara, Wilcox, Clyde. Rallying Around the Flag and Partisan Change: The Case of the Persian Gulf War. Political Research Quarterly.46, (4), 759-770.1993.
  • Duffy, Brian, Walsh, Kenneth T.. The gulf war's final curtain. U.S. News and World Report.110, (8), 24 -1991.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

ABC News; The Washington Post (1991): ABC News/Washington Post Iraq War Polls, January-February 1991. Version 1. ABC News/Washington Post Poll Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.