My da|ra Login

Detailed view

metadata language: English

Changing Patterns of Drug Abuse and Criminality Among Crack Cocaine Users in New York City, 1988-1989

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Fagan, Jeffrey
  • Belenko, Steven
  • Johnson, Bruce D.
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1992-01-10
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
crack cocaine; criminality; criminal justice system; demographic characteristics; drug abuse; drug related crimes; drug traffic; drug treatment; drug use
Description
  • Abstract

    This collection examines the characteristics of users and sellers of crack cocaine and the impact of users and sellers on the criminal justice system and on drug treatment and community programs. Information was also collected concerning users of drugs other than crack cocaine and the attributes of those users. Topics covered include initiation into substance use and sales, expenses for drug use, involvement with crime, sources of income, and primary substance of abuse. Demographic information includes subject's race, educational level, living area, social setting, employment status, occupation, marital status, number of children, place of birth, and date of birth. Information was also collected about the subject's parents: education level, occupation, and place of birth.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1984-01 / 1989-12
    Time period: 1984-01--1989-12
  • 1988-06 / 1989-08
    Collection date: 1988-06--1989-08
Geographic Coverage
  • New York City
  • New York (state)
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Residents of two New York City neighborhoods, some of whom had been arrested for drug offenses, some of whom used drugs but had eluded arrest, and some of whom were participating in drug treatment programs.
Sampling
Respondents were selected through police records and snowball sampling methods.
Collection Mode
  • The codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

Note
2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.2002-04-25 The data file was converted from card image to logical record length data format. SAS and SPSS data definition statements were created, and the codebook was converted to PDF format. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (87-IJ-CX-0064).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9670 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09670.v2
Publications
  • Cross, John C., Johnson, Bruce D.. Expanding dual labor market theory: Crack dealers and the informal sector. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy.10, (4), 96-134.2000.
    • ID: 10.1108/01443330010789098 (DOI)
  • Maxwell, Sheila Royo, Maxwell, Christopher D.. Examining the 'criminal careers' of prostitutes within the nexus of drug use, drug selling, and other illicit activities. Criminology.38, (3), 787-809.2000.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2000.tb00906.x (DOI)
  • Johnson, Bruce D., Golub, Andrew, Fagan, Jeffrey. Careers in crack, drug use, drug distribution, and nondrug criminality. Crime and Delinquency.41, (3), 275-295.1995.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128795041003001 (DOI)
  • Fagan, Jeffrey. Women and drugs revisited: Female participation in the cocaine economy. Journal of Drug Issues.24, (2), 179-225.1994.
  • Golub, Andrew, Johnson, Bruce D.. Cohort differences in drug-use pathways to crack among current crack abusers in New York City. Criminal Justice and Behavior.21, (4), 403-422.1994.
    • ID: 10.1177/0093854894021004002 (DOI)
  • Golub, Andrew, Johnson, Bruce D.. The shifting importance of alcohol and marijuana as gateway substances among serious drug abusers. Journal of Studies on Alcohol.55, (5), 607-614.1994.
  • Johnson, Bruce D., Natarajan, Mangai, Dunlap, Eloise, Elmoghazy, Elsayed. Crack abusers and noncrack abusers: Profiles of drug use, drug sales and nondrug criminality. Journal of Drug Issues.24, (1-2), 117-141.1994.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1540-4560.1994.tb02401.x (DOI)
  • Golub, Andrew, Johnson, Bruce D., Hossain, Mokerrom. A Serious Drug Abuser Scale Based on Manhattan Arrestees (1987-1991). Report: Expanding Applications of Drug Use Forecasting Data in New York.NCJ 152213, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1993.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/152213NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Johnson, B.D., Golub, A., Hossain, M.. Using a Serious Drug Abuser Scale in the Criminal Justice System: Final Report, Expanding Applications of Drug Use Forecasting Data in New York. NCJ 152209, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1993.
  • Johnson, Bruce D., Golub, Andrew, Hossain, Mokerrom. Developing and Using a Serious Drug Abuser Scale in the Criminal Justice System, Executive Summary. NCJ 152212, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1993.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/152212NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Johnson, Bruce D., Golub, Andrew, Hossain, Mokerrom. Trends in Heroin Use Among Arrestees in the Drug Use Forecasting Program. NCJ 151210, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1992.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/151210NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Lewis, Carla, Johnson, Bruce, Golub, Andrew, Dunlap, Eloise. Studying crack abusers: Strategies for recruiting the right tail of an ill-defined population. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs.24, (4), 323-336.1992.
    • ID: 10.1080/02791072.1992.10471657 (DOI)
  • Belenko, Steven, Fagan, Jeffrey A., Chin, Ko Lin. Criminal Justice Responses to Crack. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.28, (1), 55-74.1991.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022427891028001004 (DOI)
  • Chin, K., Fagan, Jeffrey. Impact of Crack on Drug and Crime Involvement. NCJ 162269, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1991.
  • Fagan, Jeffrey, Chin, Ko-Lin. Social processes of initiation into crack. Journal of Drug Issues.21, 313-343.1991.
  • Dunlap, Eloise, Johnson, B., Sanabria, H., Holliday, E., Lipsey, V., Barnett, M., Hopkins, W., Sobel, I., Randolph, D., Chin, K.. Studying Crack Users and Their Criminal Careers: The Scientific and Artistic Aspects of Locating Hard-to-Reach Subjects and Interviewing Them About Sensitive Topics. Contemporary Drug Problems.17, (1), 121-144.1990.
  • Fagan, Jeffrey, Chin, Ko-lin. Violence as Regulation and Social Control in the Distribution of Crack. Drugs and Violence.Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 1990.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/128781-128794NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Johnson, B., Elmoghazy, E., Dunlap, E.. Crack Abusers and Noncrack Drug Abusers: A Comparison of Drug Use, Drug Sales, and Nondrug Criminality. New York, NY: Narcotic and Drug Research, Inc.. 1990.
  • Johnson, Bruce D., Elmoghazy, Elsayed, Dunlap, Eloise. Crack Abusers and Noncrack Drug Abusers: A Comparison of Drug Use, Drug Sales, and Nondrug Criminality. Meeting of the American Society of Criminology.Baltimore, MD. 1990.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/126720NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Belenko, Steven, Fagan, Jeffrey A., Chin, Ko Lin. Typologies of Criminal Careers Among Crack Arrestees. New York, NY: New York City Criminal Justice Agency. 1989.
  • Fagan, Jeffrey A., Chin, Ko-lin. Initiation into crack and cocaine: A tale of two epidemics. Contemporary Drug Problems.16, (4), 579-617.1989.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

Fagan, Jeffrey; Belenko, Steven; Johnson, Bruce D. (1992): Changing Patterns of Drug Abuse and Criminality Among Crack Cocaine Users in New York City, 1988-1989. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09670.v1