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American National Election Study: 1990-1991 Panel Study of the Political Consequences of War/1991 Pilot Study

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Miller, Warren E.
  • Kinder, Donald R.
  • Rosenstone, Steven J.
  • National Election Study
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • American National Election Study (ANES) Series
Publication Date
1991-10-23
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Language
English
Free Keywords
candidates; congressional elections; domestic policy; economic conditions; foreign policy; gender roles; government performance; Medicare; national elections; Persian Gulf War; philanthropy; political affiliation; political attitudes; political awareness; political campaigns; political efficacy; political issues; political participation; presidential elections; public approval; public opinion; Social Security; trust in government; voter expectations; voter history; voting behavior
Description
  • Abstract

    This study is part of a time-series collection of national surveys fielded continuously since 1952. The election studies are designed to present data on Americans' social backgrounds, enduring political predispositions, social and political values, perceptions and evaluations of groups and candidates, opinions on questions of public policy, and participation in political life. The panel portion of this collection focuses on the consequences of war, with the first wave consisting of the 1990 Post-Election Survey conducted prior to the outbreak of hostilities in the Persian Gulf. The respondents were reinterviewed several months after hostilities ended, and in this wave the survey content consisted of a repeat of a subset of questions from the Post-Election Survey, and additional items especially relevant to the Gulf War conflict. In addition, a full-fledged pilot study, designed to explore new areas of interest and develop new instrumentation, is embedded in this collection. Among the topics covered in the Pilot portion of the survey are ethnic politics, gender, Social Security, Medicaid/medical care for the elderly, social altruism, and political knowledge. A number of contextual variables also are provided, including summary variables that combine the respondent's recall of his or her senator's and representative's vote on the use of force with that congressperson's actual vote, and county-level 1980 Census data on race.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1990 / 1991
    Time period: 1990--1991
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Respondents to AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION STUDY, 1990: POST-ELECTION SURVEY (ICPSR 9548), for which the universe consisted of all United States citizens of voting age on or before November 6, 1990, residing in housing units other than on military reservations in the 48 coterminous states.
Sampling
A national multistage area probability sample was employed for the 1990 Post-Election Survey. For the Panel, 615 respondents were not reinterviewed either due to panel mortality (e.g., they had moved or died), or were effectively nonsample for telephone reinterview because they were extremely hard of hearing, could not be reached by telephone, or needed to be interviewed in a language other than English.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview, telephone interview

Note
1999-10-07 The data for this study are now available in SAS transport and SPSS export formats in addition to the ASCII data file. Variables in the dataset have been renumbered to the following format: 2-digit (or 2-character) year prefix + 4 digits + [optional] 1-character suffix. Dataset ID and version variables have also been added. In addition, SAS and SPSS data definition statements have been added to the collection and incorporate changes previously noted in the April 1994 errata. Also, Part 2, the CPS version of the study, is no longer being distributed. Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (SOC77-08885 and SOC77-8341310).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9673 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09673.v2
Publications
  • Fowler, James. Altruism and Turnout. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Joslyn, Mark R.. The Determinants and Consequences of Recall Error About Gulf War Preferences. American Journal of Political Science.47, (3), 440-452.2003.
    • ID: 10.1111/1540-5907.00032 (DOI)
  • Schwaner, Shawn L., Keil, Thomas. Internal colonization, folk justice, and murder in Appalachia: The case of Kentucky. Journal of Criminal Justice.31, (3), 279-286.2003.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0047-2352(03)00008-4 (DOI)
  • Baum, Matthew A.. Sex, Lies, and War: How Soft News Brings Foreign Policy to the Inattentive Public. American Political Science Review.96, (1), 91-109.2002.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0003055402004252 (DOI)
  • Graber, Doris, A.. Processing Politics : Learning from Television in the Internet Age. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 2001.
  • Sapiro, Virginia, Conover, Pamela Johnston. Gender equality in the public mind. Women and Politics.22, (1), 1-36.2001.
    • ID: 10.1300/J014v22n01_01 (DOI)
  • Oliver, J. Eric, Wolfinger, Raymond E.. Jury aversion and voter registration. American Political Science Review.93, (1), 147-152.1999.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2585766 (URL)
  • Tewksbury, David. Differences in how we watch the news: The impact of processing goals and expertise on evaluations of political actors. Communication Research.26, (1), 4-29.1999.
    • ID: 10.1177/009365099026001002 (DOI)
  • Pan, Zhongdang, Kosicki, Gerald M.. Priming and media impact on the evaluations of the president's performance. Communication Research.24, (1), 3-30.1997.
    • ID: 10.1177/009365097024001001 (DOI)
  • Timpone, Richard J., Neely, Francis K.. Generally Speaking...The Temporal Dimensions of Partry Identification. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 1997.
  • Alvarez, R. Michael, Gronke, Paul. Constituents and legislators: Learning about the Persian Gulf War Resolution. Legislative Studies Quarterly.21, (1), 105-127.1996.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/440161 (URL)
  • Alvarez, R. Michael, Gronke, Paul W.. Constituents and Knowledge of Senate Roll Call Votes. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.. 1996.
  • MacManus, Susan A.. Young vs. Old: Generational Combat in the 21st Century. Boulder, CO: Westview. 1996.
  • Nadeau, Richard, Niemi, Richard G.. Educated guesses: the process of answering factual knowledge questions in surveys. Public Opinion Quarterly.59, (3), 323 -1995.
    • ID: 10.1086/269480 (DOI)
  • Tatalovich, Raymond. Nativism Reborn: The Official English Language Movement and the American States. Lexington, KY: The University of Kentucky Press. 1995.
  • Bennett, Stephen Earl. The Persian Gulf War's impact on Americans' political information. Political Behavior.16, (2), 179-201.1994.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF01498876 (DOI)
  • Brandes, Lisa Catherine Olga. Public Opinion, International Security Policy, and Gender: The United States and Great Britain Since 1945. Dissertation, Yale University. 1994.
  • Brandes, Lisa Catherine Olga. Public Opinion, International Security Policy, and Gender: The United States and Great Britain Since 1945. Dissertation, Yale University. 1994.
  • Brehm, John. Stubbing Our Toes for a Foot in the Door? Prior Contact, Incentives and Survey Response. International Journal of Public Opinion Research.6, (1), 45-63.1994.
    • ID: 10.1093/ijpor/6.1.45 (DOI)
  • Green, Donald Philip, Citrin, Jack. Measurement Error and the Structure of Attitudes: Are Positive and Negative Judgments Opposites?. American Journal of Political Science.38, (1), 256-281.1994.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2111344 (URL)
  • Iyengar, Shanto, Simon, Adam. News Coverage of the Gulf Crisis and Public Opinion: A Study of Agenda Setting, Priming and Framing. Taken by Storm: The Media, Public Opinion, and U.S Foreign Policy in the Gulf War.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1994.
  • Jelen, Ted G.. Religion and Foreign Policy Attitudes: Exploring the Effects of Denomination and Doctrine. American Politics Quarterly.22, (3), 382-400.1994.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X9402200307 (DOI)
  • Pan, Zhongdang, Kosicki, Gerald M.. Voters' reasoning processes and media influences during the Persian Gulf War. Political Behavior.16, (1), 117-156.1994.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF01541645 (DOI)
  • Sapiro, Virginia. Women in American Society: An Introduction to Women's Studies. Mountain View, CA: Mayfield Publishing Co.. 1994.
  • Zaller, John. Elite leadership of Mass Opinion: New evidence from the Gulf War. Taken by Storm: The Media, Public Opinion, and U.S. Foreign Policy in the Gulf War.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1994.
  • Carpini, Michael X. Delli, Keeter, Scott. Measuring Political Knowledge: Putting First Things First. American Journal of Political Science.37, (4), 1179-1206.1993.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2111549 (URL)
  • Conover, Pamela Johnston, Sapiro, Virginia. Gender, feminist consciousness, and war. American Journal of Political Science.37, (4), 1079-1099.1993.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2111544 (URL)
  • Day, Christine L.. Public opinion toward costs and benefits of Social Security and Medicare. Research on Aging.15, (3), 279 -1993.
    • ID: 10.1177/0164027593153002 (DOI)
  • Delli Carpini, Michael X., Keeter, Scott. Measuring Political Knowledge: Putting First Things First. American Journal of Political Science.37, (4), 1179-1206.1993.
  • Fetzer, Joel S.. Religiosity and Opposition to War. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 1993.
  • Huddy, Leonie, Bracciodieta, John. Symbolic Politics Reconsidered: Examining the Backlash Against Feminists. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 1993.
  • Krosnick, Jon A., Berent, Matthew K.. Comparisons of Party Identification and Policy Preferences: The Impact of Survey Question Format. American Journal of Political Science.37, (3), 941-964.1993.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2111580 (URL)
  • Krosnick, Jon A., Brannon, Laura A.. The Media and the Foundations of Presidential Support: George Bush and the Persian Gulf Conflict. Journal of Social Issues.49, 167-182.1993.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1540-4560.1993.tb01186.x (DOI)
  • Krosnick, Jon A., Brannon, Laura A.. The impact of the Gulf war on the ingredients of presidential evaluations: Multidimensional effects of political involvement. American Political Science Review.87, (4), 963-975.1993.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2938828 (URL)
  • Nadeau, Richard, Niemi, Richard G., Levine, Jeffrey. Innumeracy About Minority Populations. Public Opinion Quarterly.57, (3), 332-347.1993.
    • ID: 10.1086/269379 (DOI)
  • Norrander, Barbara, Wilcox, Clyde. Rallying Around the Flag and Partisan Change: The Case of the Persian Gulf War. Political Research Quarterly.46, (4), 759-770.1993.
  • Zaller, John. The Converse-McGuire Model of Attitude Change and the Gulf War Opinion Rally. Political Communication.10, 369-388.1993.
    • ID: 10.1080/10584609.1993.9963000 (DOI)
  • Alvarez, R. Michael, Gronke, Paul W.. Learning and Forgetting: Political Information and the Persian Gulf War. Conference on the Political Consequences of War.Washington, D.C.. 1992.
  • Alvarez, R. Michael, Gronke, Paul W.. Perception and Misperception: Constituent Knowledge of Their Representative's Persian Gulf War Vote. NES Conference on the Political Consequences of War.. 1992.
  • Bardes, Barbara A.. Women and the Persian Gulf War: Patriotism and Emotion. Conference on Political Consequences of War.Washington, D.C.. 1992.
  • Bennett, Stephen Earl. The Persian Gulf War's Impact on Americans' Political Information. Conference on the Political Consequences of War.Washington, D.C.. 1992.
  • Brady, Henry E.. Report on Feeling Thermometer for 'Moderates'. ANES Pilot Study Reports.Ann Arbor, MI: American National Election Studies. 1992.
  • Brody, Richard A., Rivers, R. Douglas. Sources and Political Consequences of Public Opinion Responses to Crisis and War in the Persian Gulf. Conference on the Political Consequences of War.Washington, D.C.. 1992.
  • Burris, Val. Race, Gender, and the Response to War. Conference on the Political Consequences of War.Washington, D.C.. 1992.
  • Carpini, Michael X. Delli, Keeter, Scott. An Analysis of Information Items on the 1990 and 1991 NES Surveys: A Report to the Board of Overseers for the National Election Studies. ANES Pilot Study Reports.Ann Arbor, MI: American National Election Studies. 1992.
  • Citrin, Jack, Green, Donald P., Reingold, Beth, Sears, David O.. A Report on Measures of American Identity and New 'Ethnic' Issues in the 1991 NES Pilot Study. ANES Pilot Study Reports.Ann Arbor, MI: American National Election Studies. 1992.
  • Conover, Pamela Johnston, Sapiro, Virginia. Gender Equality in the Public Mind. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.San Francisco, CA. 1992.
  • Conover, Pamela Johnston, Sapiro, Virginia. Gender Consciousness and Gender Politics in the 1991 Pilot Study: A Report to the ANES Board of Overseers. ANES Pilot Study Reports.Ann Arbor, MI: American National Election Studies. 1992.
  • Franklin, Charles H.. Learning the Consequences of Actions: Public Opinion and the Gulf War. Conference on the Political Consequences of War.Washington, D.C.. 1992.
  • Hill, Kevin A.. Isolationism in a Globalizing Polity: Rational Response to War, Indicator of Political Alienation, or Correlate of Ethnocentricity?. Conference on the Political Consequences of War.Washington, D.C.. 1992.
  • Jelen, Ted G.. Religion and Foreign Policy Attitudes. Conference on the Political Consequences of War.Washington, D.C.. 1992.
  • Knack, Stephen. Deterring Voter Registration Through Juror Source Practices: Evidence from the 1991 NES Pilot Study. ANES Pilot Study Reports.Ann Arbor, MI: American National Election Studies. 1992.
  • Knack, Stephen. Performance and Recommendations Summary for 1991 NES Pilot Variables #2828-2847. ANES Pilot Study Reports.Ann Arbor, MI: American National Election Studies. 1992.
  • Knack, Stephen. Social Altruism and Voter Turnout: Evidence from the 1991 NES Pilot Study. ANES Pilot Study Reports.Ann Arbor, MI: American National Election Studies. 1992.
  • Knack, Stephen. Social Connectedness and Voter Participation: Evidence from the 1991 NES Pilot Study. ANES Pilot Study Reports.Ann Arbor, MI: American National Election Studies. 1992.
  • Koch, Jeffrey W.. Support for the Persian Gulf War and Attitude Change. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 1992.
  • Krosnick, Jon A.. The Impact of War on the Ingredients of Presidential Elections: George Bush and the Gulf Conflict. Conference on the Political Consequences of War.Washington, D.C.. 1992.
  • Meernik, James, Martinez, Valerie Jane. American Foreign Policy Attitudes and the Persian Gulf War: Public Support for a New World Order?. Conference on the Political Consequences of War.Washington, D.C.. 1992.
  • Oliver, Eric J., Wolfinger, Raymond E.. Jury Duty as a Deterrent to Voter Registration. ANES Pilot Study Reports.Ann Arbor, MI: American National Election Studies. 1992.
  • Wilcox, Clyde, Gunn, Rol, Ferrara, Joseph A., Allsop, Dee. Media Exposure and Public Attitudes Toward the Gulf War. Conference on the Political Consequences of War.Washington, D.C.. 1992.
  • Zaller, John. Report on 1991 Pilot Items on Environment. ANES Pilot Study Reports.Ann Arbor, MI: American National Election Studies. 1992.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

Miller, Warren E.; Kinder, Donald R.; Rosenstone, Steven J.; National Election Study (1991): American National Election Study: 1990-1991 Panel Study of the Political Consequences of War/1991 Pilot Study. Version 1. American National Election Study (ANES) Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09673.v1