National Maternal and Infant Health Survey, 1988

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data, and administrative records data
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
birth; birth control; child care; child health; immunization; infants; infant feeding; infant mortality; pregnancy; prenatal care; reproductive history; working mothers
  • Abstract

    This survey was designed to explore factors that cause negative pregnancy outcomes. Questions were asked of pregnant women concerning prenatal care, weight gain or loss during pregnancy, alcohol, cigarette, or drug use during pregnancy, and whether vitamin or mineral supplements were taken before or during pregnancy. In addition, questions were asked about the use of home pregnancy tests, exercise before and during pregnancy, medical care before, during, and after delivery, previous pregnancies and their outcomes, birth control use, and how the mother felt and behaved. Demographic information about the mother such as marital status, marital history, date of birth, state of birth, mother's weight at birth, weight changes before, during, and after pregnancy, height, race, education, work history, and place of residence was obtained. Information about the father includes items such as age, height, weight, education, and job status. In addition, family income questions were asked, as were questions about the health, care, and feeding of the baby. Information was also taken from birth certificates and fetal and infant death certificates.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values..
  • Abstract


    • DS1: Public-use National Data File
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Women between the ages of 15 and 49 who had a pregnancy in 1988.
Stratified, systematic sampling from the 48 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City in 1988. For Part 2, the Texas--Hispanic Sample, all Texans from the national file were combined with an oversample of Texas Hispanics.
2008-08-19 The data producer provided a revised dataset, data dictionaries, data documentation, ICD 9 codes, and data collection instruments.2006-01-18 File CB9730.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9730 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09730.v3
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09730.v1
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    • ID: 10.1016/S1083-3188(97)70038-X (DOI)
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    • ID: (URL)
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    • ID: 10.1023/A:1026269328695 (DOI)
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    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.87.12.1977 (DOI)
  • Visness, Cynthia M., Kennedy, Kathy I.. Maternal employment and breast-feeding: Findings from the 1988 National Maternal and Infant Health Survey. American Journal of Public Health.87, (6), 945-950.1997.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.87.6.945 (DOI)
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  • Warner, Geoffrey. Racial differences in the hurdling of prenatal care barriers. Review of Black Political Economy.25, (3), 95-118.1997.
    • ID: 10.1007/s12114-997-1005-1 (DOI)
  • Miller, Michael K., Clarke, Leslie L., Albrecht, Stan L., Farmer, Frank L.. The interactive effects of race and ethnicity and mother's residence on the adequacy of parental care. Journal of Rural Health.12, (1), 6-18.1996.
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  • Singh, Gopal K., Yu, Stella M.. Adverse pregnancy outcomes: Differences between US- and foreign-born women in major US racial and ethnic groups. American Journal of Public Health.86, (6), 837-843.1996.
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  • Taffel, Selma M., Keppel, Kenneth G., Jones, Gretchen K.. Medical advice on maternal weight gain and actual weight gain. Results from the 1988 National Maternal and Infant Health Survey. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.678, 293-305.1993.
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Update Metadata: 2019-09-04 | Issue Number: 5 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30