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National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1990

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse
Other Title
  • Version 4 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Office of Public Health and Science
  • Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration
Free Keywords
alcohol abuse; alcohol consumption; amphetamines; barbiturates; cocaine; drug abuse; drug use; drugs; hallucinogens; heroin; households; inhalants; marijuana; methamphetamine; prescription drugs; sedatives; smoking; stimulants; substance abuse; substance abuse treatment; tobacco use; tranquilizers; youths
  • Abstract

    This series measures the prevalence and correlates of drug use in the United States. The surveys are designed to provide quarterly, as well as annual, estimates. Information is provided on the use of illicit drugs, alcohol, anabolic steroids, and tobacco among members of United States households aged 12 and older. Questions include age at first use, as well as lifetime, annual, and past-month usage for the following drug classes: marijuana, inhalants, cocaine, hallucinogens, heroin, alcohol, tobacco, and nonmedical use of psychotherapeutics. Respondents were also asked about problems resulting from their use of drugs, alcohol, and tobacco, their perceptions of the risks involved, insurance coverage, and personal and family income sources and amounts. Demographic data include gender, race, ethnicity, educational level, job status, income level, household composition, and population density.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed consistency checks.; Standardized missing values.; Created online analysis version with question text.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA), 1990
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1990
  • 1990-09 / 1991-02
    Collection date: 1990-09--1991-02
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
The population of the continuous United States, aged 12 and older, living in households.
Multistage area sample design with an oversampling of young people, minorities, and the Washington, DC, Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Collection Mode
  • Data were collected by Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, NC, and prepared for release by National Opinion Research Center, Chicago, IL.

    For selected variables, statistical imputation was performed following logical imputation to replace missing responses. Unique code values were assigned to the recency-of-use variable when such logical imputation occurred. These code values are readily identifiable by the phrase "... LOGICALLY IMPUTED" or "... LOGICALLY ASSIGNED" in the code value descriptions.

    Data were weighted based on the three stages of sampling that were used. The person-level sampling weight is the product of the three-stage sampling weights, each of which is equal to the inverse of the selection probability for that stage. Adjustments were made to compensate for nonresponse and sampling error. Adjustments also included trimming sample weights to reduce excessive weight variation and a post-stratification to Census population estimates.

    To protect the anonymity of respondents, all variables that could be used to identify individuals have been deleted from the public use file.

    For some drugs that have multiple names, questions regarding the use of that drug may be asked for each distinct name. For example, even though methamphetamine, methedrine and desoxyn are the same drug, their use was measured in three separate variables.

2013-05-06 Data collection instrument released.2008-07-25 New files were added. These files included one or more of the following: Stata setup, SAS transport (CPORT), SPSS system, Stata system, SAS supplemental syntax, and Stata supplemental syntax files, and tab-delimited ASCII data file. The variable CASEID was also added to the dataset.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.1999-03-18 The data file was reprocessed to recode missing values previously coded as "." to blanks. This will enable users to use the data in SPSS without modification. Also, SAS and SPSS data definition statements are now available for this study.1997-12-12 A machine-readable codebook in Portable Document Format (PDF) is now available. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. Office of Public Health and Science (271-88-8310 ). Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9833 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09833.v5
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09833.v3
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    • ID: 10.3109/10826080009148432 (DOI)
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    • ID: 10.1023/A:1007573411129 (DOI)
  • Johnson, R.A., Gerstein, Dean R.. Age, period, and cohort effects in marijuana and alcohol incidence: United States females and males, 1961-1990. Substance Use and Misuse.35, (6-8), 925-948.2000.
    • ID: 10.3109/10826080009148427 (DOI)
  • Males, Mike. 'Kids and Guns': How Politicians, Experts, and the Press Fabricate Fear of Youth. Monroe, MN: Common Courage Press. 2000.
  • Petronis, Kenneth R., Anthony, James C.. Perceived risk of cocaine use and experience with cocaine: Do they cluster within US neighborhoods and cities?. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.57, (3), 183-192.2000.
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  • Farrelly, Matthew C., Bray, Jeremy W., Zarkin, Gary A., Wendling, Brett W., Pacula, Rosalie Liccardo. The effects of prices and policies on the demand for marijuana: Evidence from the National Household Surveys on Drug Abuse. NBER Working Paper Series.W6940, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1999.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Hamilton, Jay Paul. Quantity Price Discounts in Illegal Drug Markets. Dissertation, University of California, Riverside. 1999.
  • Saffer, Henry, Chaloupka, Frank. The demand for illicit drugs. Economic Inquiry.37, (3), 401-411.1999.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1465-7295.1999.tb01439.x (DOI)
  • Van Etten, Michelle L., Anthony, James C.. Comparative epidemiology of initial drug opportunities and transitions to first use: Marijuana, cocaine, hallucinogens and heroin. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.54, (2), 117-125.1999.
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  • Rogers, Susan M., Miller, Heather G., Turner, Charles F.. Effects of interview mode on bias in survey measurements of drug use: Do respondent characteristics make a difference?. Substance Use and Misuse.33, (10), 2179-2200.1998.
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  • Saffer, Henry, Chaloupka, Frank. Demographic Differentials in the Demand for Alcohol and Illicit Drugs. NBER Working Paper Series.6432, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 1998.
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  • Gfroerer, Joseph C., Lessler, Judith, Parsley, Teresa. Studies of nonresponse and measurement error in the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse. NIDA Research Monograph.167, 273-295.1997.
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Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse (1993): National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1990. Version 4. National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) Series. Version: v4. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.