My da|ra Login

Detailed view

metadata language: English

Crime Commission Rates Among Incarcerated Felons in Nebraska, 1986-1990

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Horney, Julie (University of Nebraska at Omaha)
  • Marshall, Ineke Haen (University of Nebraska at Omaha)
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1993-10-02
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
crime prediction; crime rates; crime reporting; criminal histories; felons; prison inmates; race; recidivism
Description
  • Abstract

    These data focus on rates of criminal offending obtained through the use of self-report surveys. Specifically, the study investigates whether two different types of self-report surveys produce different estimates of lambda, an individual's frequency of criminal offending. The surveys, which were administered during personal interviews with inmates in Nebraska prisons, differed in how respondents were asked about their frequency of criminal offending. The more detailed survey asked respondents to indicate their offenses on a month-by-month basis for the reporting period. The less detailed survey only asked respondents to indicate their offending for the entire reporting period. These data also provide information on the relationship between race and offending frequencies, the rates of offending over time and by crime category, and the individual's subjective probability of punishment and offending frequency. The specific crimes targeted in this collection include burglary, business robbery, personal robbery, assault, theft, forgery, fraud, drug dealing, and rape. All respondents were asked questions on criminal history, substance abuse, attitudes about crime and the judicial system, predictions of future criminal behavior, and demographic information, including age, race, education, and marital status.
  • Abstract

    In the late 1970s the RAND Corporation conducted a survey of inmates, which became known as the RAND Second Inmate Survey (SURVEY OF JAIL AND PRISON INMATES, 1978: CALIFORNIA, MICHIGAN, TEXAS [ICPSR 8169]), to estimate lambda, an individual's frequency of offending. The current study is essentially a replication of the RAND study, with certain modifications, and was designed to address criticisms of the original work and to provide more detailed information on rates of criminal offending. The principal investigators gathered data to address a number of issues. First, they wanted to determine if lambda, calculated from responses to a modified survey, differs from lambda determined by the RAND method. The modified survey differs from the RAND survey in that it contains more detailed calendars for reporting periods of criminal activity. The more detailed calendars are believed to provide better cues for recalling past criminal activity. Also, the RAND data were collected through self-administered questionnaires. The current data were collected through personal interviews with prisoners. Personal interviews were conducted to reduce the amount of missing and ambiguous responses found in self-administered surveys. A criticism of the RAND study is that missing and ambiguous responses may have led to inflated values of lambda. Next, the investigators explored whether the RAND study's results regarding race and individual offending frequencies could be replicated. Whether rates of criminal activity vary over time and by crime category were also studied. In addition, the investigators gathered data to investigate the relationship between an individual's subjective probability of punishment and the frequency of offending. The results of the research should be useful in developing crime intervention strategies.
  • Abstract

    A central purpose of the study was to compare lambda determined by the RAND study with lambda determined by the investigators' method. Seven hundred male prisoners in Nebraska were randomly assigned to either a control group or an experimental group. The control group was interviewed using the RAND method. The experimental group was interviewed using the investigators' more detailed month-by-month reporting method. Each interviewing method required determining the respondent's "street months." Under the RAND method, respondents were shown a 24-month calendar. Only the time period prior to their arrest for their current conviction was relevant. The interviewer crossed off any months during which the respondent had been incarcerated in that time period. The remaining months were the street months, the time available to commit crimes. The same procedure was used for the experimental group, except that a 36-month calendar was used. This was done so that a longer period of time was available to study variability in offending rates. For comparison of lambda based on the two methods, lambda of the experimental group was based on the 24-month calendar. Under each interviewing method, respondents were asked if they had committed any of certain target offenses (burglary, business robbery, personal robbery, assault, theft, auto theft, forgery, fraud, drug dealing, and rape) during their street months. With the RAND method, respondents were asked how often they had committed each target crime during the total street months. Under the experimental method, respondents indicated the specific months during which they committed the target offenses and their frequency of offending by month. In order to have a larger sample with detailed information, those in the control group were also given a supplemental survey after completing their original survey. The supplement asked the frequency of offense questions using the month-by-month method of the experimental group. The monthly data are available for 658 of the 700 inmates interviewed.
  • Abstract

    Topics covered in the interviews include criminal history, substance abuse, attitudes about crime and the judicial system, predictions of future criminal behavior, and demographic information.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed consistency checks.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables..
  • Methods

    Presence of Common Scales: None
  • Methods

    Response Rates: Interviews were conducted with 700 inmates admitted to the Diagnostic and Evaluation Unit of the Nebraska Department of Corrections. This represents 90 percent of the prisoners admitted to the unit during a nine-month period. A total of 746 inmates were asked to be interviewed, and 700 (94 percent) agreed to participate.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Raw Data File
    • DS2: SPSS Export File
    • DS3: SAS Data Definition Statements for Logical Record Length Data
    • DS4: SAS Data Definition Statements for Card Image Data
Temporal Coverage
  • 1986 / 1990
    Time period: 1986--1990
  • 1989 / 1990
    Collection date: 1989--1990
Geographic Coverage
  • Nebraska
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Criminal offenders in Nebraska.
Sampling
Cohort sample consisting of 700 inmates admitted to the Diagnostic and Evaluation Unit of the Nebraska Department of Corrections during a nine-month period.
Collection Mode
  • The column positions indicated on the data collection instruments are not the column positions in the raw data file.

Note
Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (89-IJ-CX-0030).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9916 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09916.v2
Publications
  • Crank, Beverly R., Brezina, Timothy. 'Prison will either make ya or break ya': Punishment, deterrence, and the criminal lifestyle. Deviant Behavior.34, (10), 782-802.2013.
    • ID: 10.1080/01639625.2013.781439 (DOI)
  • Nguyen, Holly, McGloin, Jean Marie. Does economic adversity breed criminal cooperation? Considering the motivation behind group crime. Criminology.51, (4), 833-870.2013.
    • ID: 10.1111/1745-9125.12021 (DOI)
  • Scott, Alyssa. Caged Lives and Caged Minds? The Role of Agency in the Desistance Process: A Secondary Analysis of the Nebraska Inmate Survey. Dissertation, Northeastern University. 2008.
  • McGloin, Jean Marie, Sullivan, Christopher J., Piquero, Alex R., Pratt, Travis C.. Local life circumstances and offending specialization/versatility: Comparing opportunity and propensity models. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.44, (3), 321-346.2007.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022427807302664 (DOI)
  • McCarthy, Bill, Hagan, John. When Crime Pays: Capital, Competence, and Criminal Success. Social Forces.79, (3), 1035-1059.2001.
    • ID: 10.1353/sof.2001.0027 (DOI)
  • Junger-Tas, Josine, Marshall, Ineka Haen. The self-report methodology in crime research. Crime and Justice: A Review of Research.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1999.
  • Horney, Julie, Marshall, Ineke Haen. An Experimental Comparison of Two Self-Report Methods for Measuring Lambda. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.29, (1), 102-121.1992.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022427892029001006 (DOI)
  • Horney, Julie, Marshall, Ineke Haen. Risk Perceptions among Serious Offenders: The Role of Crime and Punishment. Criminology.30, (4), 575-594.1992.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1992.tb01117.x (DOI)
  • Horney, Julie, Marshall, Ineke Haen. Measuring Lambda Through Self-Reports. Criminology.29, (3), 471-495.1991.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1991.tb01075.x (DOI)
  • Horney, Julie, Marshall, Ineke H.. Experimental Comparison of Two Self-Report Methods for Measuring Lambda. NCJ 139315, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. .
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/139315NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Horney, Julie, Marshall, Ineke H.. Report to the National Institute of Justice. NCJ 139316, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. .
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/139316NCJRS.pdf (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

Horney, Julie; Marshall, Ineke Haen (1993): Crime Commission Rates Among Incarcerated Felons in Nebraska, 1986-1990. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09916.v1