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Mental Disorder and Violent Crime: A 20-Year Cohort Study in New York State, 1968-1988

Version
v2
Resource Type
Dataset : clinical data, and administrative records data
Creator
  • Steadman, Henry J.
  • Robbins, Pamela Clark
  • Cirincione, Carmen
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1993-10-11
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
assault; kidnapping; manslaughter; mental disorders; mental hospitals; mental patients; murder; prison inmates; rape; schizophrenia; violent crime
Description
  • Abstract

    The objectives of this study were (1) to compare long-term patterns of violent crime for mentally disordered patients and for prison inmates, and (2) to evaluate the predictive validity of a diagnosis of schizophrenia for subsequent arrests for violent crimes. For purposes of this data collection, violent crimes were defined as including murder, manslaughter, rape, assault, kidnapping, and sodomy. The study analyzed individual state mental hospital patients and inmates of state prisons in New York State over a 20-year span. In the process of obtaining information regarding the individuals, three different areas were focused on: hospital, incarceration, and arrest histories. Variables for hospital histories include inpatient hospitalizations, admission and discharge dates, legal status for all state hospitals through 1988, primary diagnosis for target and most recent admissions, and placements in New York State Department of Correctional Services mental hospitals. Incarceration history variables include time spent in adult state prisons, incarcerations through 1988, and dates of release (including re-entry to community on parole, outright release, or escape). Arrest histories include information on the subject's first adult arrest through 1988 (only the most serious charge for each incident is recorded) and out-of-state arrests, when available. Demographic variables include age, race, and date of birth.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Main Data File
    • DS2: SAS Data Definition Statements
Temporal Coverage
  • 1968 / 1988
    Time period: 1968--1988
  • 1979 / 1989
    Collection date: 1979--1989
Geographic Coverage
  • New York City
  • New York (state)
  • United States
Sampled Universe
(1) Male offenders 18 to 65 years old admitted to New York state prisons in 1968 and 1978, except for within-state transfers, those returning from mental hospitals, and those in city or county jails, and (2) male patients 18 to 65 years old admitted to New York state psychiatric centers in 1968 and 1978, exempting those transferred from other state hospitals and those admitted to special facilities for the mentally retarded or for alcoholics, to the Department of Correctional Services-operated mental health facility, or to special secure facilities.
Sampling
Random sample.
Note
Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (88-IJ-CX-0039).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9978 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09978.v3
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09978.v1
Publications
  • Cirincione, Carmen, Steadman, Henry J., Robbins, Pamela Clark, Monahan, John. Mental Illness As a Factor in Criminality A Study of Prisoners and Mental Patients. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health.4, (1), 33-47.1994.
  • Cirincione, Carmen, Steadman, Henry J., Robbins, Pamela C., Monahan, John. Schizophrenia as a contingent risk factor for criminal violence. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry.15, (4), 347-358.1992.
    • ID: 10.1016/0160-2527(92)90016-T (DOI)
  • Cirincione, Carmen, Steadman, Henry J., Robbins, Pamela Clark, Monahan, John. Mental Illness As a Factor in Criminality A Study of Prisoners and Mental Patients. NCJ 141673, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1992.
  • Robbins, Pamela C.. Mental Disorder and Violent Crime: A 20-Year Cohort Study, Final Report. NCJ 136199, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1991.
  • Steadman, Henry J., Felson, Richard B.. Self-Reports of Violence. Criminology.22, (3), 321-342.1984.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1984.tb00303.x (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

Steadman, Henry J.; Robbins, Pamela Clark; Cirincione, Carmen (1993): Mental Disorder and Violent Crime: A 20-Year Cohort Study in New York State, 1968-1988. Version 2. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09978.v2