My da|ra Login

Detailed view

metadata language: English

Arab Barometer: Public Opinion Survey Conducted in Algeria, Morocco, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Yemen, and Bahrain 2006-2009

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Tessler, Mark (University of Michigan)
  • Jamal, Amaney (Princeton University)
  • Bedaida, Abdallah (University of Algiers)
  • Abderebbi, Mhammed (Hassan II-Mohammedia University (Morocco))
  • Shikaki, Khalil (Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research)
  • Braizat, Fares (University of Jordan. Center for Strategic Studies)
  • Gengler, Justin (University of Michigan)
  • Robbins, Michael (University of Michigan)
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Arab Barometer Public Opinion Survey Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • Middle East Partnership Initiative
  • University of Michigan
  • Princeton University
Free Keywords
Arab Israeli conflict; Arab League; attitudes; citizen attitudes; community involvement; conflict resolution; democracy; economic trends; elections; gender roles; government; government performance; household income; Iraq War; Islam; Islamic law; Israeli Palestinian conflict; national identity; nations; political attitudes; political change; political ideologies; political interest; political participation; political systems; public opinion; religion; religious attitudes; religious behavior; security; social attitudes; social conflict; social indicators; terrorism; voting behavior
  • Abstract

    The Arab Barometer is a multicountry social survey designed to assess citizen attitudes about public affairs, governance, and social policy in the Arab World, and to identify factors that shape these attitudes and values. In this first round of the Arab Barometer, respondents in the countries of Jordan, Algeria, Lebanon, Morocco, Yemen, Bahrain and Palestine were queried regarding (1) economic questions, (2) evaluation of political institutions, political participation, and political attitudes, (3) identity and nationalism, (4) politics and religion, (5) religiosity, and (6) the Arab world and international affairs. In regards to economic questions, respondents were asked to give their opinion on the current overall and future economic condition of their countries, and the current economic situation of their families. On the topic of evaluation of political institutions, political participation, and political attitudes, respondents gave their opinions on how much trust they had in political institutions such as political parties, police, parliament, the courts, and the prime minister, their involvement in organizations, whether people can be trusted, city safety, election participation, and the fairness of elections. Further, participants were asked about the ease of obtaining services from the government, the present political situation, their political interest and main source of political information, and their support of the government. Other questions asked their opinions on political competition and reform, participation in political dissent, their opinions on the characteristics of democracy, the degree to which, on a given list of countries, each is a democracy, and how suitable democracy is for the respondents' respective countries. The remaining questions asked respondents for their opinions of various political systems, the performance of their country's current government, problems facing their country, citizen freedoms, corruption, and qualifications for national leadership. Concerning identity and nationalism, respondents were asked how they view themselves, what affiliations were most important, which groups they wished to have as neighbors, what they thought of emigration, and pride in their country. On the subject of politics and religion, queries included the degree to which religion should influence voting in elections, government decisions, and legislation. Regarding religiosity, respondents gave their views on the lottery, choosing a spouse, the interpretation of Islam in present-day issues, the behavior and situation of women in Muslim society, and a person's qualifications for a government job. The final topic, the Arab world and international affairs, questions were asked about the Arab world lagging behind other regions, the effectiveness of the Arab League, whether certain events were part of terrorist operations, the United States' role in the Middle East, and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Additional topics include internet use, time spent in Western countries, and citizen disputes and the use of "wasta" (personal influence or connections). Demographic variables include age, gender, education, employment status, occupation, marital status, religious preference and practices, individual and family income, and country of origin.
  • Methods

    The data are not weighted
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created online analysis version with question text.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: Estimated greater than 75%
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Arab Barometer: Public Opinion Survey Conducted in Algeria, Morocco, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Yemen, and Bahrain 2006-2009
Temporal Coverage
  • 2006 / 2009
    Time period: 2006--2009
  • 2006 / 2009
    Collection date: 2006--2009
Geographic Coverage
  • Algeria
  • Bahrain
  • Global
  • Jordan
  • Lebanon
  • Middle East
  • Morocco
  • Palestine
  • Yemen
Sampled Universe
Citizens of Algeria, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, Bahrain, and Yemen aged 18 years and older. Smallest Geographic Unit: country
Please refer to the "Field Reports" section under Original P.I. Documentation in the ICPSR Codebook for sampling information. Additional sampling information about the Arab Barometer project can also be found at the Arab Barometer Web site.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview

    The Arab Barometer survey was carried out within the framework of the Global Democracy Barometer Project.

    Although representatives from the participating country teams met regularly both in the Arab world and in the United States for the purpose of making decisions about the content and methodology of the Arab Barometer surveys, please note that there are nonetheless a few instances in which data collection procedures led to differences in one or more countries in question wording or response codes.

    Not all questions in the survey instrument were asked in each country. Please refer to the "P.I. Processing Notes" section of the ICPSR Codebook under Original P.I. Documentation for further information.

    Additional information about the Arab Barometer project can be found at the Arab Barometer Web site.

2016-02-26 The Bahrain data collection instrument and data have been added to the collection.2013-07-01 Cases for the country Morocco have been set to missing for the variable Q701EXACTAGEWITHOUTMOROCCO.2012-10-25 Problems with a significant number of interviews in the 2006 Arab Barometer survey in Kuwait were discovered subsequent to the posting of these data on the Barometer's website and to depositing them with the Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research. Accordingly, the 2006 Kuwait survey has been removed from the first wave of the Arab Barometer. Additional queries about the Kuwait 2006 data should be made to Amaney Jamal: Funding insitution(s): Middle East Partnership Initiative. University of Michigan. Princeton University.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 26581 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR26581.v3
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR26581.v1
  • de Miguel, Carolina, Jamal, Amaney, Tessler, Mark. Elections in the Arab World: Why Do Citizens Turn Out?. Comparative Political Studies.2015.
  • Abdel-Samad, Mounah. Why reform not revolution: A political opportunity analysis of Morocco 2011 protests movement. Journal of North African Studies.2014.
    • ID: 10.1080/13629387.2014.974034 (DOI)
  • Batniji, Rajaie, Khatib, Lina, Cammett, Melani, Sweet, Jeffrey, Basu, Sanjay, Jamal, Amaney, Wise, Paul, Giacaman, Rita. Governance and health in the Arab world. Lancet.383, (9914), 343-355.2014.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0140-6736(13)62185-6 (DOI)
  • Kong, Dejun Tony. Perceived competence and benevolence of political institutions as culturally universal facilitators of political trust: Evidence from Arab countries. Cross-Cultural Research.48, (4), 385-399.2014.
    • ID: 10.1177/1069397114523929 (DOI)
  • Hoffman, Michael, Jamal, Amaney. The youth and the Arab spring: Cohort differences and similarities. Middle East Law and Governance.4, 168-188.2012.
    • ID: 10.1163/187633712X632399 (DOI)
  • Tessler, Mark, Jamal, Amaney, Robbins, Michael. New findings on Arabs and democracy. Journal of Democracy.23, (4), 89-103.2012.
    • ID: 10.1353/jod.2012.0066 (DOI)
  • Sarkissian, Ani. The determinants of tolerance in Arab societies. APSA 2011 Annual Meeting .Seattle, WA. 2011.
  • Tessler, Mark. Popular views about Islam and politics in the Arab world. International Institute Journal.1, (1), 2011.
  • Tessler, Mark. Religion, religiosity and the place of Islam in political life: Insights from the Arab barometer surveys. Middle East Law and Governance.221-252.2010.
    • ID: 10.1163/187633710X500748 (DOI)
  • Pintak, Lawrence. Border guards of the 'imagined' Watan: Arab journalists and the new Arab consciousness. Middle East Journal.63, (2), 191-212.2009.
    • ID: 10.3751.63.2.11 (DOI)
  • Robbins, Michael D.H.. What accounts for popular support for islamist parties in the Arab world? Evidence from the Arab Barometer. 104th American Political Science Association Annual Meeting.Toronto, Canada. 2009.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Chu, Yun-han, Bratton, Michael, Lagos, Marta, Shastri, Sandeep, Tessler, Mark. Public opinion and democratic legitimacy. Journal of Democracy.19, (2), 74-87.2008.
    • ID: 10.1353/jod.2008.0032 (DOI)
  • Jamal, Amaney A., Tessler, Mark A.. Attitudes in the Arab world. Journal of Democracy.19, (1), 97-110.2008.
    • ID: 10.1353/jod.2008.0004 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2016-02-26 | Issue Number: 4 | Registration Date: 2015-06-30

Tessler, Mark; Jamal, Amaney; Bedaida, Abdallah; Abderebbi, Mhammed; Shikaki, Khalil et. al. (2010): Arab Barometer: Public Opinion Survey Conducted in Algeria, Morocco, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Yemen, and Bahrain 2006-2009. Version 2. Arab Barometer Public Opinion Survey Series. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.