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Oregon Health Insurance Experiment, 2007-2010

Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data, experimental data, medical records, survey data
  • Finkelstein, Amy (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and National Bureau of Economic Research)
  • Baicker, Katherine (Harvard University and National Bureau of Economic Research)
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
  • United States Social Security Administration
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Aging
  • Smith Richardson Foundation
  • Alfred P. Sloan Foundation
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation
  • California HealthCare Foundation
  • John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
Free Keywords
emergency departments; evaluation; health; health care access; health insurance; hospitals; lotteries; Medicaid; poverty programs
  • Abstract

    In 2008, a group of uninsured low-income adults in Oregon was selected by lottery to be given the chance to apply for Medicaid. This lottery provides an opportunity to gauge the effects of expanding access to public health insurance on the health care use, financial strain, and health of low-income adults using a randomized controlled design. The Oregon Health Insurance Experiment follows and compares those selected in the lottery (treatment group) with those not selected (control group). The data collected and provided here include data from in-person interviews, three mail surveys, emergency department records, and administrative records on Medicaid enrollment, the initial lottery sign-up list, welfare benefits, and mortality. This data collection has seven data files: Dataset 1 contains administrative data on the lottery from the state of Oregon. These data include demographic characteristics that were recorded when individuals signed up for the lottery, date of lottery draw, and information on who was selected for the lottery, applied for the lotteried Medicaid plan if selected, and whose application for the lotteried plan was approved. Also included are Oregon mortality data for 2008 and 2009. Dataset 2 contains information from the state of Oregon on the individuals' participation in Medicaid, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), and Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF). Datasets 3-5 contain the data from the initial, six month, and 12 month mail surveys, respectively. Topics covered by the surveys include demographic characteristics; health insurance, access to health care and health care utilization; health care needs, experiences, and costs; overall health status and changes in health; and depression and medical conditions and use of medications to treat them. Dataset 6 contains an analysis subset of the variables from the in-person interviews. Topics covered by the survey questionnaire include overall health, health insurance coverage, health care access, health care utilization, conditions and treatments, health behaviors, medical and dental costs, and demographic characteristics. The interviewers also obtained blood pressure and anthropometric measurements and collected dried blood spots to measure levels of cholesterol, glycated hemoglobin and C-reactive protein. Dataset 7 contains an analysis subset of the variables the study obtained for all emergency department (ED) visits to twelve hospitals in the Portland area during 2007-2009. These variables capture total hospital costs, ED costs, and the number of ED visits categorized by time of the visit (daytime weekday or nighttime and weekends), necessity of the visit (emergent, ED care needed, non-preventable; emergent, ED care needed, preventable; emergent, primary care treatable), ambulatory case sensitive status, whether or not the patient was hospitalized, and the reason for the visit (e.g., injury, abdominal pain, chest pain, headache, and mental disorders). The collection also includes a ZIP archive (Dataset 8) with Stata programs that replicate analyses reported in three articles by the principal investigators and others: Finkelstein, Amy et al "The Oregon Health Insurance Experiment: Evidence from the First Year". The Quarterly Journal of Economics. August 2012. Vol 127(3). Baicker, Katherine et al "The Oregon Experiment - Effects of Medicaid on Clinical Outcomes". New England Journal of Medicine. 2 May 2013. Vol 368(18). Taubman, Sarah et al "Medicaid Increases Emergency Department Use: Evidence from Oregon's Health Insurance Experiment". Science. 2 Jan 2014.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Presence of Common Scales: Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) Total Severity Score SF-8 Health Survey Physical Component Score SF-8 Health Survey Mental Component Score Framingham Risk Score
  • Methods

    Response Rates: For the mail surveys, the response rates were 45 percent for the initial survey, 49 percent for the six month survey, and 41 percent for the 12 month survey. For the in-person survey the response rate was 59 percent.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Descriptive Variables
    • DS2: State Programs
    • DS3: Initial Mail Survey
    • DS4: Six Month Mail Survey
    • DS5: Twelve Month Mail Survey
    • DS6: In-person Survey
    • DS7: Emergency Department Data
    • DS8: Replication Code
Temporal Coverage
  • 2007 / 2010
    Time period: 2007--2010
  • 2007 / 2010
    Collection date: 2007--2010
Geographic Coverage
  • Oregon
Sampled Universe
The individuals registered for Oregon's 2008 Medicaid lottery constitute the study universe. The lotteried health insurance plan, Oregon Health Plan Standard (OHP Standard), is a Medicaid expansion program that covers low-income adults who are not categorically eligible for Medicaid. Specifically, it covers adults ages 19-64 not otherwise eligible for public insurance who are Oregon residents, are United States citizens or legal immigrants, have been without health insurance for six months, have income below the federal poverty level, and have assets below $2,000. From January 28 to February 28, 2008 anyone could be added to the lottery list by telephone, by fax, in person sign-up, by mail, or online. Individuals could register themselves and other adults 19 or older in their household.
The original lottery list provided by the state contained 100,600 records of persons who signed up for the lottery. The study group pared down this list to 74,922 individuals by removing duplicate and deactivated records; individuals who were not eligible for the lotteried program because they were too old, too young, or gave an address outside of Oregon; individuals who lived at institutional addresses or who were signed up by an unrelated third party; individuals with multiple active records on the lottery list; and those who died prior to the lottery notification date. The data files in this collection only cover these 74,922 individuals, of which 29,834 were selected by the lottery. Both the initial and 12 month mail surveys were administered to the same 29,589 treatment and 28,816 control cases. The six month survey was limited to a subsample of these cases: 5,312 treatment and 7,712 control cases. The initial survey respondents could respond my mail and phone, the six month respondents by mail only, and the 12 month respondents by mail, phone, and Web. The initial mail survey was fielded during June 2008-November 2008, the six month survey during January 2009-May 2009, and the twelve month survey during July 2009-March 2010. The in-person survey was conducted from August 2009 until October 2010. For logistical reasons, the study sample was limited to the Portland area and included 10,405 individuals select in the lottery and 10,340 control cases.
Collection Mode
  • record abstracts, computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI), face-to-face interview, mail questionnaire, telephone interview, web-based survey

    Additional information about this study is available on

    The Oregon Health Insurance Experiment collected hospital discharge and credit report data which were not provided to ICPSR.

    Dataset 6 contains only the variables required to replicate the analysis in the article by Baicker et al (2013). The principal investigators did not provide any other data collected during fielding of the in-person survey.

    Dataset 7 contains only the variables required to replicate the analysis in Taubman et al (2014). The principal investigators did not provide any other data collected from the emergency department visits in the Portland area.

2014-05-02 The principal investigators deleted the variable dt_death (label = Date of Death: Oregon Vital Statistics Data). This variable was in Dataset 1 (Descriptive Variables).2014-04-10 The second note of the ICPSR Processing Notes in the codebook was corrected.2014-04-10 A typo in the codebook cover was corrected.2014-04-10 Dataset 6 (In-person Survey), Dataset 7 (Emergency Department Data), and Stata replication code for the analyses in Baicker et al (2013) and Taubman et al (2014) were added to the collection. The study title and codebook were revised accordingly. The replication code is now available as Dataset 8.2013-12-05 ICPSR added a list of the Oregon Health Insurance Experiment grants to the codebook. Funding insitution(s): Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (64301). United States Social Security Administration (5 RRC 08098400-03-00). United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Aging (P30AG012810, RC2AG036631 and R01AG0345151). Smith Richardson Foundation (2008-775). Alfred P. Sloan Foundation (6-26-2008). United States Department of Health and Human Services. Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (3P30-AG012810-15S1). California HealthCare Foundation (08-1433). John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (09-93341-000-HCD). United States Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 34314 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR34314.v2
  • Baicker, Katherine, Finkelstein, Amy, Song, Jae, Taubman, Sarah. The impact of Medicaid on labor market activity and program participation: Evidence from the Oregon Health Insurance Experiment. American Economic Review.104, (5), 322-328.2014.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.104.5.322 (DOI)
  • Dizikes, Peter. Study: Having Medicaid increases emergency room visits. MIT News.(Jan 2, 2014), 2014.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Grant, Roy. The triumph of politics over public health: States opting Out of Medicaid expansion. American Journal of Public Health.104, (2), 203-205.2014.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2013.301717 (DOI)
  • Taubman, Sarah L., Allen, Heidi L., Wright, Bill J., Baicker, Katherine, Finkelstein, Amy N.. Medicaid increases emergency-department use: Evidence from Oregons health insurance experiment. Science.2014.
    • ID: 10.1126/science.1246183 (DOI)
  • Allen, Heidi, Baicker, Katherine, Taubman, Sarah, Wright, Bill, Finkelstein, Amy. The Oregon Health Insurance Experiment: When limited policy resources provide research opportunities. Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law.38, (6), 2013.
    • ID: 10.1215/03616878-2373244 (DOI)
  • Baicker, Katherine, Taubman, Sarah L., Allen, Heidi L., Bernstein, Mira, Gruber, Jonathan H., Newhouse, Joseph P., Schneider, Eric C., Wright, Bill J., Zaslavsky, Alan M., Finkelstein, Amy N.. The Oregon Experiment--Effects of Medicaid on clinical outcomes. New England Journal of Medicine.368, (18), 1713-1722.2013.
    • ID: 10.1056/NEJMsa1212321 (DOI)
  • Finkelstein, Amy, Taubman, Sarah, Wright, Bill, Bernstein, Mira, Gruber, Jonathan, Newhouse, Joseph P., Allen, Heidi, Baicker, Katherine, Oregon Health Study Group. The Oregon Health Insurance Experiment: Evidence from the first year. Quarterly Journal of Economics.127, (3), 1057-1106.2012.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Baicker, Katherine, Finkelstein, Amy. The effects of Medicaid coverage--learning from the Oregon Experiment. New England Journal of Medicine.365, (8), 683-685.2011.
    • ID: 10.1056/NEJMp1108222 (DOI)
  • Allen, Heidi, Baicker, Katherine, Finkelstein, Amy, Taubman, Sarah, Wright, Bill J., Oregon Health Study Group. What the Oregon Health Study can tell us about expanding Medicaid. Health Affairs.29, (8), 1498-1506.2010.
    • ID: 10.1377/hlthaff.2010.0191 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-07-01

Finkelstein, Amy; Baicker, Katherine (2013): Oregon Health Insurance Experiment, 2007-2010. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.