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United States Census of Manufactures, 1929-1935, Cotton Goods Industry

Resource Type
Dataset : census/enumeration data
  • Raff, Daniel (University of Pennsylvania)
  • Bresnahan, Timothy (Stanford University)
  • Lee, Changkeun (University of Michigan)
  • Levenstein, Margaret (University of Michigan)
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
  • Institute for New Economic Thinking
Free Keywords
census data; economic behavior; economic trends; employment; Great Depression (1929); industrial plants; industrial production; industry; manufacturing industry; production costs; production levels; textile industry
  • Abstract

    The United States Census Bureau has conducted surveys of manufacturing activity since 1810 with fluctuating frequency. Between 1919 and 1939 the Census of Manufactures (CM) was conducted biennially. This data collection consists of individual-plant data from the Census of Manufactures for 1929, 1931, 1933, and 1935, the only years in this span for which original returns are available. The records of the Cotton Goods Industry have been coded to produce an electronic dataset to provide the basis for microeconomic evidence for the study of the Great Depression. The dataset contains observations on: basic information about the plants (e.g. name, location, owner, etc.), products made and materials used, operation and working hours, employment, wages and salaries, costs and amount of materials used, value of products and processing tax (1933 and 1935), machinery, and power used.
  • Methods

    The data are not weighted, the data set contains no weight variables.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1929
  • Time period: 1931
  • Time period: 1933
  • Time period: 1935
  • 1991-03-15 / 1996-08-31
    Collection date: 1991-03-15--1996-08-31
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
United States cotton goods producers, 1929-1935, with revenues over $50,000. Smallest Geographic Unit: Address
No sampling was applied. The universe of reporting firms is included in the dataset.
Collection Mode
  • mail questionnaire

    In the 1929 "Census of Manufactures," 10 plants either did not respond or had census notations in the margins indicating that the figures were incorrect. Because of budgetary restrictions for census edits, there is the potential for more uncaught errors in the man-hours data. (For 1929, the census did not publish aggregate man-hours statistics.)

    This collection is an edited version the Textile Industry data from ICPSR Study #31761: Census of Manufactures, Motor Vehicle and Textile Industry Plants, 1929, 1931, 1933, 1935 [United States]. Changes include editing erroneous and missing information as well as reorganizing the data into industry specific datasets.

    For related information regarding the Census of Manufactures, please visit the United States Census Bureau's Annual Survey of Manufactures Web site and the United States Census Bureau's Economic Census Web site.

2015-05-22 ICPSR Codebook updated. Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (SES9023021). Institute for New Economic Thinking (INO11-00006).
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 35605 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR35605.v2

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-07-01

Raff, Daniel; Bresnahan, Timothy; Lee, Changkeun; Levenstein, Margaret (2015): United States Census of Manufactures, 1929-1935, Cotton Goods Industry. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.