Political Attitudes, Political Participation and Voting Behavior in Reunified Germany 2002

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Falter, Jürgen W. (Universität Mainz)
  • Gabriel, Oscar W. (Universität Stuttgart)
  • Rattinger, Hans (Universität Bamberg)
Publication Date
  • INRA Deutschland, Moelln (Data Collector)
  • GESIS – Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften (Data Curator)
  • ZA:
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Social behaviour and attitudes
    • Mass media
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Elections
    • Economic systems and development
  • Abstract

    Political attitudes and political participation in reunified Germany. Cumulated data set from the data sets of the four largely identical cross-section surveys at two different survey times in West and East Germany. Topics: judgement on current general economic situation as well as economic situation in the previous year; expected economic situation; knowledge about the importance of first vote and second vote; satisfaction with democracy; interest in politics; certainty of one´s own intent to participate in the election and one´s own voting decision (pre); type of voting as absentee ballot or polling place (post); same voting decision after knowledge about results of the election (post); party preference (Sunday question, first vote and second vote, post); voting decision for candidate (pre) and recall (post), voting decision for party (pre) and recall (post); respondent has answered the question regarding voting intent and voting decision; time of voting decision (post); most important reasons for one´s own voting decision (post); certainty of one´s own voting decision (pre); reasons for voting intent and not voting; eligible to vote at the federal elections 2002 (pre); estimated certainty of selected smaller parties taking seats in Federal Parliament (FDP, Bündnis90/Die Grünen, PDS, and Republikaner, pre); expected election winner in the Federal Parliament election (CDU/CSU or SPD, pre); evaluation of democracy as a conception of a state; personal financial situation; personal financial situation has improved and expectations for the next year; most important reasons for dissatisfaction with parties; first and second coalition preference; satisfaction with result of Federal Parliament election (post); intensity and frequency of following the election campaign; responsivity: judgement on parties and politicians and their job as well as their relation to citizens (scale); most important problems of the country; issue ability of parties with the two most important problems; external efficacy: possibilities of citizens to influence parties; internal efficacy: ability of citizens to influence parties and governments (scale); assessment of the position of the most important parties on the topics nuclear energy, immigration, and European unification; personal opinion on these topics and importance of problem solution; place of residence in July 1989; retrospective judgement on personal standard of living, fairness of income distribution, social security, company of people, and crime protection in the FRG 1989 and in the GDR compared to today; knowledge of the number of federal states; psychological self-characterisation (ASKO-scale, big five); sympathy scale for the parties CDU, CSU, SPD, FDP, Bündnis90/Die Grünen, Republikaner, PDS, and Schill Partei; postmaterialism (Inglehart Index); trust in institutions: trust in Federal Parliament, the Federal Constitutional Court, Federal Government, the judiciary, the police, administration, churches, parties, the Federal German Armed Forces, trade unions, ecological groups and in trade associations as well as employer´s associations and representatives in the federal parliament; preference for chancellor; sympathy scale for candidates for chancellor Stoiber and Schroeder; assessment of characteristics of the two candidates for chancellor regarding sympathy, trustworthiness, energy and their concepts to improve the economy (economic skills); preference of political participation (scale); left-right self-placement; feeling of representation in selected associations, institutions and parties; assessment of closeness to selected parties of trade unions, trade and employer´s associations, ecological groups and churches; social moral orientations (scale); satisfaction with the Federal Government; geographic connection: connected to the community, the city, the region, the federal state, old FRG / GDR, and Germany; left-right placement of parties; media usage: frequency of reading ‘BILD-Zeitung’, local, regional and national daily newspapers; frequency of reception of political news on television (ARD, ZDF and private TV); Frequency and length of internet use as well as frequency of use of political information and actions on the Internet; Attitude to electronic voting on the Internet; Viewing both television debates between the candidates for chancellor Schroeder and Stoiber and assessment of the performance of the candidates; assessment of the fairness of the social system in the Federal Republic; belonging to the underprivileged or to the privileged section of population; behavior at the polls in the Federal Parliament election 1998; extremism scale: national pride, nationalization of important companies, courage to sense of nationality, group interests subordinated to public welfare, dictatorship as the better type of state, good aspects of National Socialism, without extermination of Jews, Hitler as a great statesman, foreign infiltration of the Federal Republic, GDR with more good than bad aspects, foreigners should marry countrymen, influence of Jews still too big, socialism as good concept but badly executed, Jews don’t fit in society and sympathy with attacks on homes for people seeking political asylum. Demography: sex; age (month of birth, year of birth); religious denomination; frequency of church attendance; memberships in citizen’s initiative, party, trade association or trade union; party preference; party identification; characteristics of party preference (scale); strength and length of this party preference; education and school degree; aimed form of graduation; completed apprenticeship; present or previous employment; previous employment: until when; involuntary change of job or unemployment since 1998; withdraw from working life since 1998; employment in the civil service; employment status; marital status; living together with a partner; information on partner: education and school degree, aimed form of graduation, completed apprenticeship, present or previous employment, previous employment: until when, involuntary change of job or unemployment since 1998, withdraw from working life since 1998, employment in the civil service, and employment status; household size; number of persons 16 years old or older in household; number of persons contributing to the income of the household; household’s net income; self-assessment of social class (respondent’s subjective strata); which part of strata; strata compared to the parents; telephone in the household; information on citizenship: german citizenship; german citizenship since when; former citizenship, year of naturalization. Additionally encoded was: respondent number; West-East split; date of Interview (pre/post); year of interview; date of interview; size of town (politically); federal state; weighting factors.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2002-08 / 2003-02
    The individual survey times: pre-election: 12. August to 21. September 2002; post-election: 1. October to 8. November 2002; phone follow-up survey: 29. January to 12. February 2003
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
All German persons, whose residence is in the Federal Republic of Germany and at the time of survey had completed at least the 16 year of life as well as living in private households.
Probability: Multistage; Probability: Stratified; Sampling Procedure Comment: The ADM Master Sample is a stratified, three-stage random selection and is based on the election precincts of Federal Parliament elections. Two nets of the ADM sample system were applied whereby a double net was used in Eastern Germany, which means that this was doubled for an over-sample. The target households were selected according to the random route procedure, the target person in the household was determined by Sweden key.
Time Dimension
  • Longitudinal: Trend/Repeated cross-section
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 3263
    Number of Variables: 334
The data set presented here consists of 4 partial surveys. They are comprised of pre-election and post-election investigations in the eastern and western part of the Federal Republic. The questionnaire of the study was developed in cooperation with the informally organized preparation group ´German Election Study´ (DWS). The study is part of a survey series archived under ZA Study Numbers 3065, 3066 and 3861.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA3861 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • WAHLEN (Type: FDZ)
  • WAHLEN (Type: FDZ)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.11462
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.3861
  • Heindl, Markus: Auswirkungen individueller Parteipräferenzen auf die Bewertung der wirtschaftlichen Lage 1994-2002. Norderstedt: GRIN Verlag 2003

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 19 | Registration Date: 2015-07-31