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ACTIVE (Advanced Cognitive Training for Independent and Vital Elderly), 1999-2008

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : observational data, survey data
Creator
  • Willis, Sherry (Pennsylvania State University, and University of Washington)
  • Jones, Richard (Hebrew Senior Life-Boston, and Brown University)
  • Ball, Karlene (University of Alabama)
  • Morris, John (Hebrew Senior Life-Boston)
  • Marsiske, Michael (Wayne State University, and University of Florida)
  • Tennstedt, Sharon (New England Research Institutes)
  • Unverzagt, Frederick (Indiana University)
  • Rebok, George (Johns Hopkins University)
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2015-07-29
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Aging
Language
English
Free Keywords
aging population; cognitive functioning; cognitive impairment; eldercare; everyday life; geriatrics; health care; independent living; memory; physical condition
Description
  • Abstract

    ACTIVE (Advanced Cognitive Training for Independent and Vital Elderly), 1999-2008 was a multisite randomized controlled trial conducted at six field sites with New England Research Institutes (NERI) as the coordinating center. The field sites included the University of Alabama at Birmingham, Hebrew Senior Life (formerly Hebrew Rehabilitation Center for the Aged) in Boston, Indiana University, Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Pennsylvania State University, and Wayne State University (Detroit). Data in this study are drawn from measures of cognitively demanding daily activities performed by participants who received a variety of cognitive interventions. Measures included both cognitive functioning (memory, inductive reasoning, speed processing, and general knowledge) and daily functioning (everyday problem solving, observations of daily living, complex reaction time, and general functional ability). Secondary to these measures, the study also includes data on health care and service utilization, driving habits, and mobility. Data were collected at the start of the study (baseline) as well as one, two, three, five, and ten years into the study. This collection includes the data from the tenth year of the study as well as a comprehensive analytical dataset, incorporating data from the previous collections (data from previous waves of the study as well as participant demographic data can be found in ICPSR 4248). A total of 2,832 older adults were enrolled in the trial, and 2,802 were included in the analytical sample. Twenty-six percent of the participants were African American.
  • Abstract

    The scientific goal of the trial was to test the effect of three cognitive training programs on improving both cognitive function and the ability to perform certain daily tasks that rely on mental abilities.
  • Abstract

    The design for ACTIVE was a randomized control trial. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups: (1) Memory training; (2) Reasoning training; (3) Speed of Processing training; or (4) no training (control). The interventions occurred in replications, with each replication taking approximately 16-18 weeks. All subjects were assessed at baseline, immediately after the intervention period (post-test), and then at 12-months and 24-months. Booster sessions for each of the three training interventions are conducted within 45 days before the 12-month assessment. Phase II consisted of an assessment at 60 months following completion of training. Phase III consisted of an assessment at 120 months following completion of training. This study provides the data from Phase III activities.
  • Methods

    The data are not weighted, and no weight variables are present in the collection.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Presence of Common Scales: CES-D, MMSE, SF-36, TICS
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Form 001 Final Disposition Form
    • DS2: Form 002 Deceased Disposition Form
    • DS3: Form 300 Telephone Interview Form
    • DS4: Form 310 HVLT Intrusion/Perseveration Errors
    • DS5: Form 311 Word Series
    • DS6: Form 312 HVLT Recognition
    • DS7: Form 411 Digit Symbol Substitution & Digit Symbol Copy Data Coding Form
    • DS8: Form 422 OTDL
    • DS9: Form 05 Take-Home Questionnaire
    • DS10: Form 611 AVLT
    • DS11: Form 612 Letter Series
    • DS12: Form 613 AVLT Recognition
    • DS13: Form 614 Letter Sets
    • DS14: Form 615 Rivermead
    • DS15: Form 616 Vocabulary
    • DS16: Form 617 EPT
    • DS17: Form 619 AVLT Intrusion/Perseveration Errors
    • DS18: Form 707 Abbreviated Battery, Part I
    • DS19: Form 715 Abbreviated Battery, Part II
    • DS20: Form 717 Take-Home EPT
    • DS21: Form 805 Individual Assessment Part 1
    • DS22: Form 815 Individual Assessment Part 2
    • DS23: Analytic dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1999 / 2008
    Time period: 1999--2008
  • 1999 / 2008
    Collection date: 1999--2008
Geographic Coverage
  • Alabama
  • Baltimore
  • Birmingham
  • Boston
  • Detroit
  • Indiana
  • Indianapolis
  • Maryland
  • Michigan
  • Pennsylvania
  • State College
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Americans age 65 years or older living in or near one of six study regions (Baltimore, Birmingham, Boston, Detroit, Indianapolis, or State College) who lived without formal care at the point of entry into the study but who were at risk of losing functional independence Smallest Geographic Unit: Metropolitan area
Sampling
The sample consisted of 2,832 persons aged 65 to 94 recruited from 6 metropolitan areas in the United States. The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) recruited participants from residents of Jefferson County, Alabama, who were licensed to drive or who possessed nondriver identification cards issued through the Alabama Department of Public Safety, and they recruited from UAB eye clinics. The Hebrew Rehabilitation Center for the Aged (HRCA) in Boston, Massachusetts, recruited from congregate and senior housing sites, senior centers, and a registry of volunteers for aging research at the Harvard Cooperative Program on Aging. Indiana University recruited clients of the Community Centers of Indianapolis and through local churches and senior organizations. Johns Hopkins University recruited from senior centers, churches, senior housing, and senior organizations in the Baltimore, Maryland, metropolitan area and in Cumberland, Maryland. Pennsylvania State University recruited from the enrollment files of a state-funded pharmaceutical assistance program for low-income elders, called PACE. And Wayne State University recruited from community organizations, churches, and senior housing in metropolitan Detroit, as well as from state of Michigan driver registration lists. The study design also included a no-contact control group.
Collection Mode
  • cognitive assessment test, face-to-face interview, mail questionnaire, mixed mode, on-site questionnaire, telephone interview

    This collection is drawn from the tenth year of the ACTIVE study. Please see ICPSR 4248 ACTIVE, 1999-2001 [United States] for data from previous years.

    For analysis, the variable AID can be used to link the 23 datasets in this collection as well as the 43 datasets in ICPSR 4248 ACTIVE, 1999-2001 [United States].

    Some scoring manuals cited in this collection's documentation are not included with this collection. The scoring manuals for similar data collection instruments can be found with ICPSR 4248 ACTIVE, 1999-2001 [United States].

Note
Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Aging (U01 AG14282).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 36036 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR36036.v1
Publications
  • Rebok, G.W., Ball, K., Guey, L.T., Jones, R.N., Kim, H.-Y., King, J.W., Marsiske, M., Morris, J.N., Tennstedt, S.L., Unverzagt, F.W., Willis, S.L.. Ten-year effects of the advanced cognitive training for independent and vital elderly cognitive training trial on cognition and everyday functioning in older adults. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.62, (1), 16-24.2014.
    • ID: 10.1111/jgs.12607 (DOI)
  • Boot, Walter R., Blakely, Daniel P.. Mental and physical exercise as a means to reverse cognitive aging and enhance well-being. Enhancing Cognitive Fitness in Adults: A Guide to the Use and Development of Community-Based Programs.New York: Springer. 2011.
    • ID: 10.1007/978-1-4419-0636-6_2 (DOI)
  • Gross, Alden L., Rebok, George W.. Memory training and strategy use in older adults: Results from the ACTIVE study. Psychology and Aging.26, (3), 503-517.2011.
    • ID: 10.1037/a0022687 (DOI)
  • Gross, Alden L., Rebok, George W., Unverzagt, Frederick W., Willis, Sherry L., Brandt, Jason. Cognitive predictors of everyday functioning in older adults: Results from the ACTIVE cognitive intervention trial. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.66, (5), 557-566.2011.
    • ID: 10.1093/geronb/gbr033 (DOI)
  • Gross, Alden L, Rebok, George W, Unverzagt, Frederick W, Willis, Sherry L, Brandt, Jason. Word list memory predicts everyday function and problem-solving in the elderly: Results from the ACTIVE cognitive intervention trial. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition.18, (2), 129-146.2011.
    • ID: 10.1080/13825585.2010.516814 (DOI)
  • Yen, Y.-C., Rebok, G.W., Gallo, J.J., Jones, R.N., Tennstedt, S.L.. Depressive symptoms impair everyday problem-solving ability through cognitive abilities in late life. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry.19, (2), 142-150.2011.
    • ID: 10.1097/JGP.0b013e3181e89894 (DOI)
  • O'Connor, Melissa L., Edwards, Jerri D., Wadley, Virginia G., Crowe, Michael. Changes in mobility among older adults with psychometrically defined mild cognitive impairment. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.65, (3), 306-316.2010.
    • ID: 10.1093/geronb/gbq003 (DOI)
  • Peiffer, S.. Effet de l'entraînement cognitif sur les symptômes dépressifs [Effect of cognitive training on depressive symptoms]. Les Cahiers de l'annee gerontologique (Imprime).2, (3), 225-227.2010.
    • ID: 10.1007/s12612-010-0063-3 (DOI)
  • Wolinsky, Fredric D., Mahncke, Henry, VanderWeg, Mark W., Martin, Rene, Unverzagt, Frederick W., Ball, Karlene K., Jones, Richard N., Tennstedt, Sharon L.. Speed of processing training protects self-rated health in older adults: Enduring effects observed in the multi-site ACTIVE randomized controlled trial. International Psychogeriatrics.22, (3), 470-478.2010.
    • ID: 10.1017/S1041610209991281 (DOI)
  • Wolinsky, Fredric D., VanderWeg, Mark W., Martin, René, Unverzagt, Frederick W., Willis, Sherry L., Marsiske, Michael, Rebok, George W., Morris, John N., Ball, Karlene K., Tennstedt, Sharon L.. Does cognitive training improve internal locus of control among older adults?. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.65, (5), 591-598.2010.
    • ID: 10.1093/geronb/gbp117 (DOI)
  • Edwards, J.D., Lunsman, M., Perkins, M., Rebok, G.W., Roth, D.L.. Driving cessation and health trajectories in older adults. Journals of Gerontology, Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences.64, (12), 1290-1295.2009.
    • ID: 10.1093/gerona/glp114 (DOI)
  • Langbaum, Jessica B. S., Rebok, George W., Bandeen-roche, Karen, Carlson, Michelle C.. Predicting memory training response Patterns: Results from ACTIVE. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.64, (1), 14-23.2009.
    • ID: 10.1093/geronb/gbn026 (DOI)
  • Tucker-Drob, Elliot M., Johnson, Kathy E., Jones, Richard N.. The cognitive reserve hypothesis: A longitudinal examination of age-associated declines in reasoning and processing speed. Developmental Psychology.45, (2), 431-446.2009.
    • ID: 10.1037/a0014012 (DOI)
  • Unverzagt, F.W., Smith, D.M., Rebok, G.W., Marsiske, M., Morris, J.N., Jones, R., Willis, S.L., Ball, K., King, J.W., Koepke, K.M., Stoddard, A., Tennstedt, S.L.. The Indiana Alzheimer Disease Center's Symposium on Mild Cognitive Impairment. Cognitive training in older adults: Lessons from the ACTIVE study. Current Alzheimer Research.6, (4), 375-383.2009.
    • ID: 10.2174/156720509788929345 (DOI)
  • Wolinsky, F.D., Vander Weg, M.W., Martin, R., Unverzagt, F.W., Ball, K.K., Jones, R.N., Tennstedt, S.L.. The effect of speed-of-processing training on depressive symptoms in ACTIVE. Journals of Gerontology, Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences.64, (4), 468-472.2009.
    • ID: 10.1093/gerona/gln044 (DOI)
  • Wolinsky, Fredric D., Mahncke, Henry W., VanderWeg, Mark W., Martin, Rene, Unverzagt, Frederick W., Ball, Karlene K., Jones, Richard N., Tennstedt, Sharon L.. The ACTIVE cognitive training interventions and the onset of and recovery from suspected clinical depression. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.64, (5), 577-585.2009.
    • ID: 10.1093/geronb/gbp061 (DOI)
  • Ackerman, Michelle L., Edwards, Jerri D., Ross, Lesley A., Ball, Karlene K., Lunsman, Melissa. Examination of cognitive and instrumental functional performance as indicators for driving cessation risk across 3 years. Gerontologist.48, (6), 802-810.2008.
    • ID: 10.1093/geront/48.6.802 (DOI)
  • Lunsman, Melissa, Edwards, Jerri D., Andel, Ross, Small, Brent J., Ball, Karlene K., Roenker, Daniel L.. What predicts changes in useful field of view test performance?. Psychology and Aging.23, (4), 917-927.2008.
    • ID: 10.1037/a0013466 (DOI)
  • Mcardle, John J., Prindle, John J.. A latent change score analysis of a randomized clinical trial in reasoning training : Cognitive plasticity in the aging mind. Psychology and Aging.23, (4), 702-719.2008.
    • ID: 10.1037/a0014349 (DOI)
  • Univerzagt, F.W., Kasten, L., Johnson, K.E., Rebok, G.W., Marsiske, M., Koepke, K.M., Elias, J.W., Morris, J.N., Willis, S.L., Ball, K., Rexroth, D.F., Smith, D.M., Wolinsky, F.D., Tennstedt, S.L.. Effect of memory impairment on training outcomes in ACTIVE. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society.13, (6), 953-960.2007.
    • ID: 10.1017/S1355617707071512 (DOI)
  • Wadley, Virginia G., Crowe, Michael, Marsiske, Michael, Cook, Sarah E., Unverzagt, Frederick W., Rosenberg, Adrienne L., Rexroth, Daniel. Changes in everyday function in individuals with psychometrically defined mild cognitive impairment in the advanced cognitive training for independent and vital elderly study. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.55, (8), 1192-1198.2007.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2007.01245.x (DOI)
  • Edwards, J., Ross, L., Wadley, V., Clay, O., Crowe, M., Roenker, D., Ball, K.. The Useful Field of View Test: Normative data for older adults. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology.2006.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.acn.2006.03.001 (DOI)
  • Kuo, H., Jones, R.N., Milberg, W.P., Tennstedt, S., Talbot, L., Morris, J.N., Lipsitz, L.A.. Cognitive function in normal-weight, overweight, and obese older adults: An analysis of the advanced cognitive training for independent and vital elderly cohort. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.54, (1), 97-103.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2005.00522.x (DOI)
  • Wolinsky, F., Unverzagt, F., Smith, D., Jones, R., Wright, E., Tennstedt, S.. The effects of the ACTIVE cognitive training trial on clinically relevant declines in health-related quality of life. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.2006.
    • ID: 10.1093/geronb/61.5.S281 (DOI)
  • Diehl, Manfred, Marsiske, Michael, Horgas, Ann L., Rosenberg, Adrienne, Saczynski, Jane S., Willis, Sherry L.. Revised Observed Tasks of Daily Living: A performance-based assessment of everyday problem solving in older adults. Journal of Applied Gerontology.24, (3), 211-230.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/0733464804273772 (DOI)
  • Jones, Richard N., Rosenberg, Adrienne L., Morris, John N., Allaire, Jason C., McCoy, Karin J.M., Marsiske, Michael, Kleinman, Ken P., Rebok, George W., Malloy, Paul F.. Growth curve model of learning acquisition among cognitively normal older adults. Experimental Aging Research.31, (3), 291-312.2005.
    • ID: 10.1080/03610730590948195 (DOI)
  • Kuo, H., Jones, R.N., Milberg, W.P., Tennstedt, S., Talbot, L., Morris, J.N., Lipsitz, L.A.. Effect of Blood Pressure and Diabetes Mellitus on Cognitive and Physical Functions in Older Adults: A Longitudinal Analysis of the Advanced Cognitive Training for Independent and Vital Elderly Cohort. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.53, (7), 1154-1161.2005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2005.53368.x (DOI)
  • Caskie, Grace I.L., Willis, Sherry L.. Congruence of self-reported medications with pharmacy prescription records in low-income older adults. Gerontologist.44, (2), 176-185.2004.
    • ID: 10.1093/geront/44.2.176 (DOI)
  • Gallo, J.J., Rebok, G.W., Tennstedt, S., Wadley, V.G., Horgas, A.. Linking Depressive Symptoms and Functional Disability in Late Life. Aging and Mental Health.7, (6), 469-480.2003.
    • ID: 10.1080/13607860310001594736 (DOI)
  • Ball, K., Berch, D.B., Helmers, K.F., Jobe, J.B., Leveck, M.D., Marsiske, M., Morris, J.N., Rebok, G.W., Smith, D.M., Tennstedt, S.L., Unverzagt, F.W., Willis, S.L.. Effects of cognitive training interventions with older adults: A randomized controlled trial. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.288, (18), 2271-2281.2002.
    • ID: 10.1001/jama.288.18.2271 (DOI)
  • Owsley, Cynthia, Sloane, Michael, McGwin, Gerald, Jr., Ball, Karlene. Timed instrumental activities of daily living tasks: Relationship to cognitive function and everyday performance assessments in older adults . Gerontology.48, (4), 254-265.2002.
    • ID: 10.1159/000058360 (DOI)
  • Jobe, J.B., Smith, D.M., Ball, K., Tennstedt, S.L., Marsiske, M., Willis, S.L., Rebok, G.W., Morris, J.N., Helmers, K.F., Leveck, M.D., Kleinman, K.. ACTIVE: A cognitive intervention trial to promote independence in older adults. Controlled Clinical Trials.22, (4), 453-479.2001.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0197-2456(01)00139-8 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2015-08-05

Willis, Sherry; Jones, Richard; Ball, Karlene; Morris, John; Marsiske, Michael et. al. (2015): ACTIVE (Advanced Cognitive Training for Independent and Vital Elderly), 1999-2008. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36036