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Eurobarometer 79.4: Social Climate, Development Aid, Cyber Security, Public Transport, Anti-Microbial Resistance and Space Technology, May-June 2013

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • European Commission
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Eurobarometer Survey Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
air pollution; antibiotics; attitudes; banking; climate change; cyber crime; economic aid; European Parliament; European Union; fraud; international assistance; Internet; life satisfaction; medicine; national identity; nationalism; policy; political attitudes; public opinion; satellites; science; security; space exploration; space technology; technological change; traffic; transportation
  • Abstract

    The Eurobarometer series is a unique cross-national and cross-temporal survey program conducted on behalf of the European Commission. These surveys regularly monitor public opinion in the European Union (EU) member countries and consist of standard modules and special topic modules. The standard modules address attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as respondent and household demographics however this collection does not contain standard module questions. The special topic modules address such topics as agriculture, education, natural environment and resources, public health, public safety and crime, and science and technology. This round of Eurobarometer surveys covers the following special topics: (1) social climate, (2) development aid (3) cyber security (4) public transport (5) Anti-microbial resistance and (6) space technology. In regard to social climate, respondents were asked about their life satisfaction, employment, opinions on healthcare and pension provisions, unemployment benefits, cost of living and asked about past present and future options on the affordability of housing and energy. Lastly thoughts were measured on EU investments and knowledge of the European Social Fund. The development aid section includes questions on the importance of helping developing countries, the Millennium Development Goals, future focus of development policy, and practicality of achieving development goals. Questions in the cyber security section asks about frequency of Internet use, devices used to access the Internet, online activities, confidence in the ability to engage in Internet transactions, online banking concerns, adjustments to Internet use based upon concerns, online harassment and knowledge of cybercrime risks. Queries of public transport/ urban mobility special topic asks about use of car, public transportation, cycling and walking, frequency of travel within cities, problems during travel, opinions on problems in the city, ways to improve city travel, measures to improve travel and responsibility for reducing traffic. Measures taken from the anti-microbial resistance section include use of antibiotics, how antibiotics are obtained, reason for taking antibiotics, knowledge about antibiotics, opinions on group responsibility and knowledge and opinions about use of antibiotics. Lastly, the space technology section asks about the role of space derived technologies, opinions on investing in human space exploration, consequences of climate change, opinions on whether linking space activities to education would encourage students to choose STEM careers, ready to use automated vehicles, opinions on whether space investment will lead to job creation, concerns about asteroids and space-based services, reasons for and against investing in space exploration. Demographic and other background information collected includes age, gender, nationality, marital status and parental relations, occupation, age when stopped full-time education, household composition, ownership of a fixed or a mobile telephone and other durable goods, difficulties in paying bills, level in society, and Internet use. In addition, country-specific data includes type and size of locality, region of residence, and language of interview (select countries).
  • Methods

    For each country, a comparison between the sample and the Universe was carried out. The Universe description was derived from Eurostat population data or from national statistics offices. For all countries surveyed, a national weighting procedure, using marginal and intercellular weighting, was carried out based on this Universe description. In all countries, gender, age, region and size of locality were introduced in the iteration procedure. For international weighting (i.e. EU averages), TNS Opinion and Social applies the official population figures as provided by EUROSTAT or national statistic offices. Please refer to the ICPSR Codebook for additional weighting information.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 2013-06-09 / 2013-06-24
    Time period: 2013-06-09--2013-06-24
  • 2013-06-09 / 2013-06-24
    Collection date: 2013-06-09--2013-06-24
Geographic Coverage
  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Bulgaria
  • Croatia
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • Europe
  • European Union
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Global
  • Great Britain
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Malta
  • Netherlands
  • Northern Ireland
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • United Kingdom
Sampled Universe
In all, Eurobarometer 79.4 interviewed 27,680 citizens in the 27 countries of the European Union after the 2004/2007 enlargement (i.e. including the Accession Countries Romania, Bulgaria and including the candidate country, Croatia). All respondents were residents in the respective country, nationals and non-national but EU-Citizens, and aged 15 and over. Respondents were expected to have sufficient command of the respective national languages to answer the questionnaire. Smallest Geographic Unit: country
The basic sample design applied in all states is a multi-stage, random (probability) one. In each country, a number of sampling points was drawn with the probability proportional to population size (for a total coverage of the country) and to population density. In order to do so, the sampling points were drawn systematically from each of the "administrative regional units", after stratification by individual unit and type of area. They thus represent the whole territory of the countries surveyed according to the EUROSTAT NUTS II (or equivalent) and according to the distribution of the resident population of the respective nationalities in terms of metropolitan, urban and rural areas. In each of the selected sampling points, a starting address was drawn, at random (following the "closest birthday rule"). All interviews were conducted face-to-face in the people's homes and in the appropriate national language. CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview) was used in those countries where this technique was available. Please refer to the Technical Specifications section within the ICPSR Codebook for additional sampling information.
Collection Mode
  • computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI), face-to-face interview

    The original data collection was carried out by TNS Opinion and Social on request of the European commission between May and June 2013.

    The Codebook and setup files for this collection contain characters with diacritical marks used in many European languages.

    The standard Eurobarometer module is not included.

    The documentation and/or setup files may contain references to to Cyprus, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Montenegro, Norway, Turkey Serbia and Switzerland; however these countries were not participants in this wave of Eurobarometer surveys. This collection contains no data for Cyprus, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Montenegro, Norway, Turkey, Serbia, and Switzerland.

    The fieldwork dates in the data are not consistent with those found in the "Technical Specifications" section of the ICPSR Codebook.

    Module QA (Social climate) replicates questions asked in the context Eurobarometer 77.4 (QB) (ICPSR 34859) and 73.5 (QB) (ICPSR 34084).

    Module QB (Development aid) partly replicates the corresponding module in Eurobarometer 77.4 (QA) (ICPSR 34859).

    Module QC (Cyber security) largely replicates the corresponding module in Eurobarometer 77.2 (QE) (ICPSR 34578).

    Module QE (Anti-microbial resistance) replicates the corresponding module in Eurobarometer 72.5 (QD) (ICPSR 29842).

This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 36038 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • TNS Opinion & Social. Europeans' Attitudes to Space Activities . Special Eurobarometer 403, Wave EB79.4.Brussels: European Commission. 2014.
    • ID: (URL)
  • TNS Opinion & Social. Antimicrobial Resistance. Special Eurobarometer 407.Brussels: European Commission. 2013.
    • ID: (URL)
  • TNS Opinion & Social. Cyber Security. Special Eurobarometer 404, Wave EB79.4.Brussels: European Commission. 2013.
    • ID: (URL)
  • TNS Opinion & Social. EU Development Aid and the Millennium Development Goals. Special Eurobarometer 405, Wave EB79.4.Brussels: European Commission. 2013.
    • ID: (URL)
  • TNS Opinion & Social. Social Climate. Special Eurobarometer 408.Brussels: European Commission. 2013.
    • ID: (URL)
  • TNS Opinion & Social. Special Eurobarometer 406. Attitudes of Europeans towards Urban Mobility. Special Eurobarometer 406, Wave EB79.4.Brussels: European Commission. 2013.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2015-08-05

European Commission (2015): Eurobarometer 79.4: Social Climate, Development Aid, Cyber Security, Public Transport, Anti-Microbial Resistance and Space Technology, May-June 2013. Version 1. Eurobarometer Survey Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.