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Technology and Work Organization in Mechanical Engineering (NIFA-Panel: 7th Wave 1997)

Version
1.0.0
Resource Type
Dataset
Creator
  • Widmaier, Ulrich (Ruhr-Universität Bochum)
  • Ehlich, Hartmut (Ruhr-Universität Bochum)
  • Treinen, Heiner (Ruhr-Universität Bochum)
Publication Date
1999
Contributor
  • ICON-Wirtschaftsforschung, Nuernberg (Data Collector)
Language
German
Classification
  • ZA:
    • Work and Industry
Description
  • Abstract

    Company profile, product structure, technology deployment in the company, qualification, personnel structure, production structure, work organization in production among small and medium-sized companies doing business in the area of mechanical engineering. Topics: company profile: company type; number of production locations; branch locations and their influence on decisions in one's company; proportion of tensile processing in production; in-house production and out-sourced processing in production; previous and expected turnover development, personnel development, profit development and development of demand; judgement on the uniqueness of organization of departments in the business and of written documentation for company-internal rules; judgement on distribution of leadership duties among various colleagues and different levels; judgement on the current profit situation of the company and economic situation of mechanical engineering over-all; current order backlog; volume of turnover 1996; percentages of finished product groups based on individual orders, framework orders as well as without specific order; changes in responsibility of individual company areas in the last three years; areas of cooperation with other companies and extent of influence of cooperation partner. Customer and supplier relations: rank order of competitive strategies for current and new markets; extent of influence of suppliers and customers; total number of customers of the company in the last year; number of steady customers and their proportion in total turnover; customer structure and their proportion of turnover; dependence of the company on a few large customers with long-term delivery relations; further processing of delivered products by customers; delivery at regular time intervals; possibility for customers to change composition of shipments on short notice; responsibility of project groups for cooperation with customers. Product structure: characterization of company as producer of finished products or producer of individual parts; proportion of production of standard products and production according to customer specification; introduction of innovative products; assessment of future development of product structure, stockpile production, the length of economic life of the products, fluctuations in load, proportion of purchased 3rd-party services, the number of emergency orders, the time through the production process as well as delivery of products according to the just-in-time-principle (scale). Use of technology in the company: information on all work processes supported by computer-aided technologies and procedures in the company. Personnel structure: number of colleagues in production and management as well as information on their degree of qualification; moving personnel around within the individual business areas (scale); employees newly hired as well as leaving in the last year. Production structure: proportion of mass production, small- and large-scale production as well as one-of-a-kind production; proportion of production by company; reasons for transferring production orders to 3rd parties as well as into the company; characterization of technology equipment in production; capacity usage in the last year, relative to machines and personnel. Work organization in production: extent of activities taken care of by machine operators and workshop personnel in individual work processes; group work in the area of production; number of work groups; organization structure and general characterization of work groups. Business profile: (majority) owner of the enterprise to which the company belongs and activity of the owner in company management; change of owner in the last three years; existence of "sister companies" and their influence on decisions in company; extent of influence of company headquarters on decisions in individual areas.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1997
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
Mechanical engineering companies with at least 20 employees and production in the company
Sampling
Re-interview of the companies written to in the previous surveys
Collection Mode
  • Mail survey
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 1724
    Number of Variables: 258
Note
The study is part of a panel survey (NIFA-Panel) archived under ZA Study Nos. 2442 to 2445, 2967, 2968 and 3178. A survey of works council members in companies in this area of business is archived under ZA Study No. 3101.
Availability
Download
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
Rights
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA3177 (Type: ZA-No.)
Publications
  • Widmaier, Ulrich (Hrsg.): Der deutsche Maschinenbau in den neunziger Jahren: Kontinuität und Wandel einer Branche. Frankfurt: Campus Verlag 2000.

Update Metadata: 2017-12-28 | Issue Number: 229 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22

Widmaier, Ulrich; Ehlich, Hartmut; Treinen, Heiner (1999): Technik und Arbeitsorganisation im Maschinenbau (NIFA-Panel: 7. Welle 1997). Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.4232/1.3177