Technology and Work Organization in Mechanical Engineering (NIFA-Panel: 7th Wave 1997)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Widmaier, Ulrich (Ruhr-Universität Bochum)
  • Ehlich, Hartmut (Ruhr-Universität Bochum)
  • Treinen, Heiner (Ruhr-Universität Bochum)
Publication Date
  • ICON-Wirtschaftsforschung, Nuernberg (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Work and Industry
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Business/industrial management and organisation
  • Abstract

    Company profile, product structure, technology deployment in the company, qualification, personnel structure, production structure, work organization in production among small and medium-sized companies doing business in the area of mechanical engineering. Topics: company profile: company type; number of production locations; branch locations and their influence on decisions in one's company; proportion of tensile processing in production; in-house production and out-sourced processing in production; previous and expected turnover development, personnel development, profit development and development of demand; judgement on the uniqueness of organization of departments in the business and of written documentation for company-internal rules; judgement on distribution of leadership duties among various colleagues and different levels; judgement on the current profit situation of the company and economic situation of mechanical engineering over-all; current order backlog; volume of turnover 1996; percentages of finished product groups based on individual orders, framework orders as well as without specific order; changes in responsibility of individual company areas in the last three years; areas of cooperation with other companies and extent of influence of cooperation partner. Customer and supplier relations: rank order of competitive strategies for current and new markets; extent of influence of suppliers and customers; total number of customers of the company in the last year; number of steady customers and their proportion in total turnover; customer structure and their proportion of turnover; dependence of the company on a few large customers with long-term delivery relations; further processing of delivered products by customers; delivery at regular time intervals; possibility for customers to change composition of shipments on short notice; responsibility of project groups for cooperation with customers. Product structure: characterization of company as producer of finished products or producer of individual parts; proportion of production of standard products and production according to customer specification; introduction of innovative products; assessment of future development of product structure, stockpile production, the length of economic life of the products, fluctuations in load, proportion of purchased 3rd-party services, the number of emergency orders, the time through the production process as well as delivery of products according to the just-in-time-principle (scale). Use of technology in the company: information on all work processes supported by computer-aided technologies and procedures in the company. Personnel structure: number of colleagues in production and management as well as information on their degree of qualification; moving personnel around within the individual business areas (scale); employees newly hired as well as leaving in the last year. Production structure: proportion of mass production, small- and large-scale production as well as one-of-a-kind production; proportion of production by company; reasons for transferring production orders to 3rd parties as well as into the company; characterization of technology equipment in production; capacity usage in the last year, relative to machines and personnel. Work organization in production: extent of activities taken care of by machine operators and workshop personnel in individual work processes; group work in the area of production; number of work groups; organization structure and general characterization of work groups. Business profile: (majority) owner of the enterprise to which the company belongs and activity of the owner in company management; change of owner in the last three years; existence of "sister companies" and their influence on decisions in company; extent of influence of company headquarters on decisions in individual areas.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1997
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
Mechanical engineering companies with at least 20 employees and production in the company
Sampling Procedure Comment: Re-interview of the companies written to in the previous surveys
Collection Mode
  • Mail survey
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 1724
    Number of Variables: 258
The study is part of a panel survey (NIFA-Panel) archived under ZA Study Nos. 2442 to 2445, 2967, 2968 and 3178. A survey of works council members in companies in this area of business is archived under ZA Study No. 3101.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA3177 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Widmaier, Ulrich (Hrsg.): Der deutsche Maschinenbau in den neunziger Jahren: Kontinuität und Wandel einer Branche. Frankfurt: Campus Verlag 2000.

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 241 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22