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Technology and Work Organization in Mechanical Engineering (NIFA-Panel: 8th Wave 1998)

Resource Type
  • Widmaier, Ulrich (Ruhr-Universität Bochum)
  • Ehlich, Hartmut (Ruhr-Universität Bochum)
  • Treinen, Heiner (Ruhr-Universität Bochum)
Publication Date
  • ICON-Wirtschaftsforschung, Nuernberg (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Work and Industry
  • Abstract

    Company profile, product structure, use of technology in the company, qualification, personnel structure, production structure, work organization in production among small and medium-sized companies in business in the area of mechanical engineering. Topics: company profile: type of company; number of production locations; proportion of tensile processing in product manufacture; manufacture in the company and out-sourced processes in production; previous and expected turnover development, personnel development, profit development and development of demand; judgement on uniqueness of organization of the departments in the company and written documentation of rules within the company; judgement on the distribution of leadership tasks to various employees and different levels; judgement on the current profit situation of the company and the economic situation of mechanical engineering over-all; current order backlog; volume of turnover 1997; percentage of finished product groups based on individual orders, framework orders as well as without specific order; changes in responsibility of individual company areas in the last three years; areas of cooperation with other enterprises. Customer and supplier relations: rank order of competitive strategy for current and new markets; total number of customers of the company in the last year; number of steady customers and their proportion of over-all turnover; customer structure and their proportion of turnover; dependence of the company on a few large customers with long-term supply relations; further processing of delivered products by the customers and by the company; delivery at regular time intervals; possibility for customers and company to change the composition of the delivery on short notice; responsibility of project groups for cooperation with customers and suppliers; extent of influence of suppliers and customers. Product structure: characterization of company as manufacturer of complete facilities or manufacturer of individual parts; proportion of production of standard products and production according to customer specification; introduction of innovative products; assessment of future development of product structure, stockpile production, the length of the economic life of the products, load fluctuations, proportion of purchase of 3rd-party services, number of the emergency orders, the time through the production process as well as delivery of products according to the just-in-time-principle (scale). Use of technology in the company: information on all work processes supported by computer-aided technologies and procedures in the company. Personnel structure: number of employees in production and management as well as information on their degree of qualification; transferring personnel within individual company areas (scale); employees newly hired as well as leaving in the last year. Production structure: proportion of mass production, small- and large-scale production as well as one-of-a-kind production; proportion of production within company; reasons for transferring production orders to 3rd parties as well as into the company; characterization of technology equipment in production; capacity use in the last year relative to machines and personnel. Work organization in production: extent of activities in individual work processes taken care of by machine operators and workshop personal; group work in the area of production; number of work groups; organization structure and general characterization of work groups. Company profile: existence of "sister companies" and their influence on decisions in the company; deliveries to sister companies; further processing of products delivered to sister companies; delivery in regular time intervals; possibility for sister companies to change delivery composition on short notice; responsibility of project groups for cooperation with sister companies; extent of influence of enterprise management on decisions in individual areas.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1998
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
Mechanical engineering companies with at least 20 employees and their own production
Re-interview of the companies written to in the previous surveys
Collection Mode
  • Mail survey
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 1643
    Number of Variables: 241
The study is part of a panel survey (NIFA-Panel) archived under ZA Study Nos. 2442 to 2445, 2967, 2968 and 3177. A survey of works council members in companies in this area of business is archived under ZA Study No. 3101.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA3178 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Widmaier, Ulrich (Hrsg.): Der deutsche Maschinenbau in den neunziger Jahren: Kontinuität und Wandel einer Branche. Frankfurt: Campus Verlag 2000.

Update Metadata: 2017-12-28 | Issue Number: 74 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22

Widmaier, Ulrich; Ehlich, Hartmut; Treinen, Heiner (1999): Technik und Arbeitsorganisation im Maschinenbau (NIFA-Panel: 8. Welle 1998). Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset.