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International Social Survey Programme: Religion II - ISSP 1998

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • ISSP Research Group
Publication Date
  • Kelley, Jonathan (International Survey Centre, Canberra, Australia) (Researcher)
  • Evans, Mariah (International Survey Centre, Canberra, Australia) (Researcher)
  • Höllinger, Franz (Austria) (Researcher)
  • Haller, Max (Austria) (Researcher)
  • Scholz, Kathrin (Austria) (Researcher)
  • Dimova, Lilia (Agency for Social Analyses (ASA), Sofia, Bulgaria) (Researcher)
  • Lehmann, Carla (Centro de Estudios Publicos, Santiago, Chile) (Researcher)
  • Valenzuela, Paulina (Centro de Estudios Publicos, Santiago, Chile) (Researcher)
  • Papageorgiou, Bambos (Center of Applied Research, Nicosia, Cyprus) (Researcher)
  • Andersen, Jörgen G. (Aalborg University, Denmark) (Researcher)
  • Andersen, Johannes (Aalborg University, Denmark) (Researcher)
  • Torpe, Lars (Aalborg University, Denmark) (Researcher)
  • Borre, Ole (University of Aarhus, Denmark) (Researcher)
  • Togeby, Lise (University of Aarhus, Denmark) (Researcher)
  • Mouritzen, Poul E. (University of Odense, Denmark) (Researcher)
  • Kjaer, Ulrik (University of Odense, Denmark) (Researcher)
  • Nielsen, Hans J. (Copenhagen University, Denmark) (Researcher)
  • Andersen, Bjarne H. (Copenhagen University, Denmark) (Researcher)
  • Bréchon, Pierre (FRANCE-ISSP Association Laboratoire de Sociologie Quantitative, Malakoff, France) (Researcher)
  • Forsé, Michel (FRANCE-ISSP Association Laboratoire de Sociologie Quantitative, Malakoff, France) (Researcher)
  • Lemel, Yannick (FRANCE-ISSP Association Laboratoire de Sociologie Quantitative, Malakoff, France) (Researcher)
  • Harkness, Janet (ZUMA, Mannheim, Germany) (Researcher)
  • Mohler, Peter Ph. (ZUMA, Mannheim, Germany) (Researcher)
  • Park, Alison (Social and Community Planning Research (SCPR), London, Great Britain) (Researcher)
  • Jowell, Roger (Social and Community Planning Research (SCPR), London, Great Britain) (Researcher)
  • Thomson, Katarina (Social and Community Planning Research (SCPR), London, Great Britain) (Researcher)
  • Jarvis, Lindsey (Social and Community Planning Research (SCPR), London, Great Britain) (Researcher)
  • Bromley, Catherine (Social and Community Planning Research (SCPR), London, Great Britain) (Researcher)
  • Stratford, Nina (Social and Community Planning Research (SCPR), London, Great Britain) (Researcher)
  • Robert, Peter (TARKI RT - Social Research Center, Budapest, Hungary) (Researcher)
  • Epstein, Noah L. (Israel) (Researcher)
  • Yuchtman-Yaar, Eppie (Israel) (Researcher)
  • Calvi, Gabriele (EURISKO, Milan, Italy) (Researcher)
  • Savoldelli, Rosanna (EURISKO, Milan, Italy) (Researcher)
  • Fiaschi, Susanna (EURISKO, Milan, Italy) (Researcher)
  • Bernini, Elena (EURISKO, Milan, Italy) (Researcher)
  • Onodera, Noriko (Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, NHK, Tokyo, Japan) (Researcher)
  • Tabuns, Aivars (Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, University of Latvia, Riga, Latvia) (Researcher)
  • Koroleva, Ilze (Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, University of Latvia, Riga, Latvia) (Researcher)
  • Becker, Jos (Social and Cultural Planning Office (SCP), Rijswijk, Netherlands) (Researcher)
  • Gendall, Philip (Department of Marketing, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand) (Researcher)
  • Devine, Paula (Centre for Social Research, Belfast, Northern Ireland) (Researcher)
  • Dowds, Lizanne (Centre for Social Research, Belfast, Northern Ireland) (Researcher)
  • Botvar, Pal K. (Diaconia College Centre, Oslo, Norway) (Researcher)
  • Repstad, Pål (Agder College, Norway) (Researcher)
  • Stenvoll, Dag (Norwegian Centre in Organization and Management, Norway) (Researcher)
  • Selle, Per (Norwegian Centre in Organization and Management, Norway) (Researcher)
  • Skjåk, Knut K. (Norwegian Social Science Data Services (NSD), Bergen, Norway) (Researcher)
  • Cichomski, Bogdan (Institute for Social Studies (ISS), University of Warsaw, Poland) (Researcher)
  • Cabral Villaverde, Manuel (Instituto de Ciências Sociais, University of Lisbon, Portugal) (Researcher)
  • Vala, Jorge (Instituto de Ciências Sociais, University of Lisbon, Portugal) (Researcher)
  • Khakhulina, Ludmila (VCIOM, Center for Public Opinion and Market Research, Moscow, Russia) (Researcher)
  • Tos, Niko (Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre (CJMMK), Ljubljana, Slovenia) (Researcher)
  • Piscova, Magdalena (Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovakian Republic) (Researcher)
  • Svallfors, Stefan (Department of Sociology, Umea University, Umea, Sweden) (Researcher)
  • Davis, James A. (NORC, University of Chicago, USA) (Researcher)
  • Smith, Tom W. (NORC, University of Chicago, USA) (Researcher)
  • Mardsen, Peter V. (NORC, University of Chicago, USA) (Researcher)
  • Greeley, Andrew (NORC, University of Chicago, USA) (Researcher)
  • Carleton University Survey Centre, Ottawa, Canada (Researcher)
  • Research team on social stratification of the Institute of Sociology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic (Researcher)
  • Social Weather Stations, Inc. (SWS), Quezon City, Philippines (Researcher)
  • CIS, Spain (Researcher)
  • Research team from the Institut d´éthique Social de la Fédération des Eglises protestants de la Suisse ("IES de la FEPS"), Lausanne, Switzerland (Researcher)
  • RSSS, Australia (Data Collector)
  • IFES, Wien, Austria (Data Collector)
  • Agency for Social Analyses, Sofia, Bulgaria (Data Collector)
  • School of Journalism and Communication, Carleton University,Ottawa, Canada (Data Collector)
  • Cyprus College, Cyprus (Data Collector)
  • Infratest Burke Sozialforschung, Muenchen, Germany (Data Collector)
  • Social and Community Planning Research (SCPR), London, Great Britain (Data Collector)
  • TARKI, Social Research Information Center, Hungary (Data Collector)
  • Dept. of Sociology and Anthropology, Tel Aviv University, Israel (Data Collector)
  • EURISKO, Milano, Italy (Data Collector)
  • NHK, Tokyo, Japan (Data Collector)
  • Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau (SCP), Rijswijk, Netherlands (Data Collector)
  • Massey University, Department of Marketing, New Zealand (Data Collector)
  • Research and Evaluation Services (RES), Northern Ireland (Data Collector)
  • Social Weather Stations, Quezon City, Philippines (Data Collector)
  • Public Opinion Research Center, Warsaw, Poland (Data Collector)
  • Instituto Nacional de Estatistico, Portugal (Data Collector)
  • VCIOM, Moscow, Russia (Data Collector)
  • Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre (CJMMK),Ljubljana, Slovenia (Data Collector)
  • Statistics Sweden, Sweden (Data Collector)
  • LINK Institute, Luzern, Switzerland (Data Collector)
  • National Opinion Research Center, University of Chicago,NORC, USA (Data Collector)
  • Norsk Gallup Institute, Norway (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Society, Culture
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Religion and values
    • Social behaviour and attitudes
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • Abstract

    Attitude to religious practices. Topics: assessment of personal happiness; assessment of the responsibility of the government regarding creation of jobs and equalization of incomes; attitude to pre-marital as well as extra-marital sexual intercourse; attitude to homosexuality and abortion; judgement on distributoion of roles in marriage and attitude to working women; attitude to living together with a partner before marriage also without intent to marry; tax honesty and attitude to honesty of citizens towards the government; trust in other people as well as institutions such as parliament, businesses, industry, churches, judiciary and schools; attitude to influence of church leaders on voters and governments; attitude to benefit of modern science; greater trust in science than in religion; more conflicts instead of peace from religions; intolerance of very religious people; too much influence of religion in one's country; frequency of personal honorary activities in the last year in political, charitable, religious or other organizations; judgement on the power of churches and religious organizations; doubt or firm belief in God; perceived nearness to God; belief in a life after death, heaven, hell and miracles; attitude to the Bible; God is concerned with every human; fatalism; the meaning of life and Christian interpretation of life; religious tie at a turning point in life; religious affiliation of father, mother and spouse/partner; frequency of church attendance of father and mother; personal direction of belief and frequency of church attendance when young; frequency of prayer and participation in religious activities; self-classification of personal religiousness; truth in one or in all religions; priority for loyality to a friend before truth; anticipation of false testimony for the benefit of a friend; belief in lucky charms, fortune tellers, miracle healers and horoscopes; conversion of faith after crucial experience; concept of God; judgement on the world and people as good or bad; social rules or God's laws as basis for deciding between right and wrong. Demography: sex; age, marital status; living together with a partner; school education; type and time extent of occupation activity; occupation (ISCO-Code); private or public employer; occupational self-employment and number of employees; supervisor function and span of control; time worked each week; income; household size; composition of household; number of co-workers; union membership; party inclination and election behavior; self-classification on a left-right continuum; religious affiliation; frequency of church attendance; self-classification of social class. Also encoded was: region; rural or urban area; city size; ethnic identification.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1998-02 / 2000-03
    The survey times for the individual countries are organized as follows: Bulgaria: July 1999 to September 1999; Canada: December 1999 to March 2000; Chile: June 1998; Czech Republic: June 1999 to July 1999; Germany (West): July 1998 to September 1998; Germany (east): July 1998 to September 1998; France: December 1998; Great Britain: April 1998 to August 1998; Hungary: November 1998; Irland: May 1998 to June 1998 Italy: December 1998 to January 1999; Japan: November 1998; Latvia: August 1998; Netherlands: September 1998 to January 1999; New Zealand: August 1998 to October 1998; Northern Ireland: October 1998 to December 1998; Norway: September 1998 to December 1998; Austria: June 1999 to July 1999; Philippines: October 1998 to November 1998; Poland: November 1999 to December 1999; Portugal: April 1999; Russia: September 1998; Slovenia: October 1998; Spain: September 1998; Sweden: February 1998 to May 1998; Switzerland: January 1999 to March 1999; USA: February to May 1998.
Geographic Coverage
  • Australia (AU)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Chile (CL)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • France (FR)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Israel (IL)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Japan (JP)
  • Canada (CA)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • New Zealand (NZ)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Norway (NO)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Philippines (PH)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Russian Federation (RU)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Switzerland (CH)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • United States (US)
  • Cyprus (CY)
Sampled Universe
Age: 18 years old and older
Probability; Sampling Procedure Comment: Multi-stage stratified random sample
Time Dimension
  • Cross-section
Collection Mode
  • Interview
  • Self-administered questionnaire
  • Mail, written, oral or telephone interview with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 39034
    Number of Variables: 211
The number of cases for the individual countries are organized as follows: Australia 1310 cases Bulgaria 1102 cases Canada 974 cases Chile 1503 cases Czech Republic 1224 cases Denmark 1114 cases Germany (West) 1000 cases Germany (east) 1006 cases France 1133 cases Great Britain 804 cases Hungary 1000 cases Ireland 1010 cases Israel 1208 cases Italy 1008 cases Japan 1368 cases Latvia 1200 cases Netherlands 2020 cases New Zealand 998 cases Northern Ireland 812 cases Norway 1532 cases Austria 1002 cases Philippines 1200 cases Poland 1147 cases Portugal 1201 cases Russia 1703 cases Slovakia 1284 cases Slovenia 1006 cases Spain 2488 cases Sweden 1189 cases Switzerland 1204 cases USA 1284 cases Cyprus 1000 cases
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA3190 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 191 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22

ISSP Research Group (2000): International Social Survey Programme: Religion II - ISSP 1998. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Data Archive. Dataset.