Wie sich das von Laien in Experten gesetzte Vertrauen im digitalen Zeitalter messen lässt: "The Muenster Epistemic Trustworthiness Inventory (METI)": Drei Forschungsdatensätze.

Resource Type
  • Hendriks, Friederike (Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster)
  • Kienhues, Dorothe (Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster)
  • Bromme, Rainer (Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster)
Other Title
  • Measuring Laypeople's Trust in Experts in a Digital Age: The Muenster Epistemic Trustworthiness Inventory (METI): Three Datasets. (Translated Title)
Publication Date
  • GESIS:
    • Psychology
  • APA Klassifikation:
    • Tests & Testing: Mass Media Communications
    • Social Perception & Cognition
  • Abstract

    Given their lack of background knowledge, laypeople require expert help when dealing with scientific information. To decide whose help is dependable, laypeople must judge an expert's epistemic trustworthiness in terms of competence, adherence to scientific standards, and good intentions. Online, this may be difficult due to the often limited and sometimes unreliable source information available. To measure laypeople's evaluations of experts (encountered online), we constructed an inventory to assess epistemic trustworthiness on the dimensions expertise, integrity, and benevolence. Exploratory (n = 237) and confirmatory factor analyses (n = 345) showed that the Muenster Epistemic Trustworthiness Inventory (METI) is composed of these three factors. A subsequent experimental study (n = 137) showed that all three dimensions of the METI are sensitive to variation in source characteristics. We propose using this inventory to measure assignments of epistemic trustworthiness, that is, all judgments laypeople make when deciding whether to place epistemic trust in - and defer to - an expert in order to solve a scientific informational problem that is beyond their understanding.


Update Metadata: 2018-02-19 | Issue Number: 5 | Registration Date: 2015-10-05