histat-datacompilation online: Social Security in Germany 1950-2010
- Sensch, Jürgen
- Historical Studies Data
CESSDA Topic Classification:
- Social welfare policy and systems
AbstractThe German social benefit system, which is shown in different overviews in this data compilation, has a long history. It was constructed mainly in the last 130 years but his has some substantially older roots. The present data tables give an overview over the historical perspective of the current social benefit system. Based on the suggestions of Bismarck, the emperor Wilhelm I. announced the social security legislation on November 17th of 1881. One of the main reasons for the development of social security institutions in the 80s of the 19th century was increasing importance of the working class movement in addition to the growing awareness of the need to improve the social status of workers. The social security legislation was introduced due to the convictions that “for healing the social damages is not enough to repress the socio-democratic movement, it is also necessary positively promote the welfare of the workers.” In its following sessions the Reichstag adopted the three pillars of social security: 1. the law concerning the health insurance of workers from June 15th of 1883, 2. the law on accident insurance from July 6th of 1884; and 3. the law concerning the invalidity and old age security from July 22 of 1889. In the Weimar Republic labor market policies were newly developed. In 1927 the tasks of occupational counselling, employment services and unemployment insurance were summarized trough the law of employment services and unemployment insurance and delegated to the responsibility of the Reich´s institute of employment („Reichsanstalt für Arbeit“) With the foundation of the Federal Republic of Germany, the political goal of a welfare state was revived and cultivated. In 1952 the self-administration of insurance providers was reintroduced. Besides the former social security system, which includes the protection against risks of accidents, sickness, old-age and unemployment, in the Federal Republic of Germany, the system of social security was expanded: Social-compensation schemes (war victims, load balancing), minimum social security (social assistance, basic security in old age and disability), long-term care and other social transfers (in the context of housing policy, the policy educational grants, family policy, youth and elderly care, the promotion of wealth creation). The legal basis of the minimum benefit until the reporting period until 2004 is the federal law on public welfare from 1961, the law on a need orientated basis security in old ages and in case of the reduction of income from 2003 (both laws were transferred in the 12th volume of the Social Security Code), the Asylum Seekers Benefits Act from 1993 and the "basic support for job seekers" which became law in 2005. Central variables of the statistics on social security, as well as on supplementary systems of social security, are the number of insured persons or beneficiaries (by sex, age, nationality, etc.), the financial status of the insurance providers (especially the statistics on income and expenditure), where concerning the expenditures a distinct differentiation by benefits will be undertaken. Other important statistical values are the contribution rates of the different schemes of social security and the employee distributions of social security. The Federal Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs generates a social budget on a regular basis, which represents the social benefits divided by institutions, functions and types as well as the financing of the social benefits. The total amount of social benefits is then expressed in relation to the (nominal) gross domestic product through the so called social expenditure ratio. This key ratio is a rough indicator on the inclusion of social benefits in the entire economic system. Data tables in HISTAT: The following overview contains the structure of the data tables: A. Overviews, published by the Federal Ministry of Labor and Social A.01 Basic data on social security in the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) A.02 Health insurance in the FRD A.03 Pension insurance in the FRD A.04 Accident insurance in the FRD A.05 Promotion of employment / unemployment benefits (I and II) in the FRG A.06 War victim benefits in the FRG A.07 Asylum seekers benefits in the FRG A.08 Child benefits in the FRG A.09 Social assistance in the FRG A.10 Nursing care insurance in the FRG B. Social security in Germany from 1960 on B.01 Pension insurance B.02 Health insurance B.03 Overviews on the social budget (Date in 10 – year intervals) B.04 Social nursing care insurance B.05 Basic parameters concerning the unemployment insurance B.06 Assessment ceiling and contribution rates for different schemes of social security B.07 Social assistance C. Development of the German social security systems until 1938 C.01 Statutory health insurance (1885-1938) C.02 Statutory accident insurance (1885-1938) C.03 Statutory pension insurance for workers (1891-1938) C.04 Statutory pension insurance for clerical employees (1913-1938) C.05 Pension insurance for minors (1913-1938) C.06 Unemployment insurance (1927-1937 Register of tables in HISTAT: A. Overviews, published by the Federal Ministry of Labor and Social A.01 Basic data on social security in the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) A.01.1 Social Budget: Benefits in billion euros (1960-2008) A.01.2 Social Budget: Social expenditure ratio in % (1960-2008) A.01.3 Social Budget: Financing by types, in billion euros (1960-2008) A.01.4 Social Budget: Financing by sources, in billion euros (1960-2008) A.01.5 National accounts: Social benefits (1960-2010) A.01.6 National accounts: Actual social contributions (1950-2010) A.01.7 Employee contributions to the social insurance (1950-2010) A.01.8 Assessment ceiling (1949-2010) A.01.9a Annual gross pay, current pension value and pension adjustment (1957-2010) A.01.9b Level of pensions (1957-2009) A.02 Health insurance in the FRD A.02.1a Health insurance: Members (1950-2010) A.02.1b Health insurance: Benefit payment (1950-2010) A.03 Pension insurance in the FRG A.03.1a Pension insurance of workers and clerical employees: Cash and capital (1949-2004) A.03.1b General pension insurance (1994-2010) A.03.2a Pension insurance for workers (1950-2004) A.03.2b Pension insurance for clerical employees (1950-2004) A.03.3 Pension insurance for minors (1950-2010) A.04 Accident insurance in the FRG A.04.1 Accident insurance: Accidents at work and occupational diseases (1950-2010) A.04.2 Accident insurance: Bond portfolio and expenditures (1950-2010) A.05 Promotion of employment / unemployment benefits (I and II) in the FRG A.05.1 Promotion of employment: Expenditures (1970-2010) A.05.2 Unemployment insurance and unemployment insurance (1950-2010) A.05.3 Recipients of financial support in accordance with the German Federal Training Assistance Act (BAföG (1977-2010) A.06 War victim benefits in the FRG A.06.1 War victims benefit (1950-2010) A.07 Asylum seekers benefits in the FRG A.07.1 Asylum seekers benefit (1994-2010) A.08 Child benefits in the FRG A.08.1 Development of the child benefit (1955-2010) A.09 Social assistance in the FRG A.09.1 Recipients of social assistance in the narrow definition and recipients ratios (1963-2004) A.09.2 Recipients of benefits of the minimum security (2005-2011) A.09.3 Gross expenditures, revenues and net expenditures of social assistance (1963-2004) A.09.4 Gross expenditures, revenues and net expenditures of social assistance after SGB XII (2005-2010) A.10 Nursing care insurance in the FRG A.10.1 Social nursing care insurance: Insured persons, benefit recipients and assets (1995-2010) A.10.2 Social nursing care insurance: Revenues and expenditure in million euros (1995-2010) B. Social security in Germany from 1960 on B.01 Pension insurance B.01.1 Characteristic values for the contribution assessment and benefits for the general pension insurance (1957-2010) B.01.2a Structure of benefit recipients in the statutory pension insurance for workers and clerical employees (1960-2004) B.01.2b Structure of benefit recipients in the statutory pension insurance (1960-2010) B.01.3 Financial development of the general pension insurance in billion euros (1957-2010) B.02 Health insurance B.02.1 Insured persons in the statutory health insurance (1970-2010) B.02.2 Structure of revenues and expenditures in the statutory health insurance in billion euros (1970-2010) B.02.3 Expenditure in benefits for members and insured persons in the statutory health insurance (1970-2010) B.02.4 Contribution rates and revenues of the statutory health insurance (1970-2010) B.03 Overviews on the social budget (Date in 10 – year intervals) B.03.1 Social budget: Benefits by institutions in million euros (1960-2010) B.03.2 Social budget: Benefits by functions in million euros (1960-2010) B.04 Social nursing care insurance B.04.1 Financial development of the social nursing care insurance in billion euros (1995-2010) B.04.2 Insured persons in the social nursing care insurance in thousand (1995-2010) B.04.3 Nursing care insurance: Benefit recipients by age groups in thousand (1995-2010) B.04.4 Nursing care insurance: Benefit recipients by nursing categories and sex (1996-2010) B.05 Basic parameters concerning the unemployment insurance B.05.1 Basic data on unemployment (1960-2012) B.05.2 Basic data on unemployment insurance in billion euros (1970-2012) B.06 Assessment ceiling and contribution rates for different schemes of social security B.06.1 Assessment ceiling in the different schemes of social security, in euros per month (1957-2012) B.06.2 Contribution rates of different schemes of social security (1957-2012) B.07 Social assistance B.07.1 Social assistance: Recipients altogether by sex, foreigners altogether, in thousand (1963-1991) B.07.2 Social assistance: Recipients by types of benefits, in thousand (1964-2013) B.07.3 Social assistance: Recipients by types of benefits, age, type of accommodation and nationality, in thousand (1963-2012) B.07.4 Social assistance: Recipients of ongoing assistance for subsistence at the year by sex (1980-2013) B.07.5 Social assistance: Recipients of ongoing assistance for subsistence at the year nationality (1980-2013) B.07.6 Social assistance: Basic assurance at old age and in case of the reduction of income, recipients at the end of the year (2003-2013) B.07.7 Social assistance: Recipients of standard benefits after the Asylum Seekers Benefits Act and assistance for subsistence outside from establishments (1991-2013) B.07.8 Social assistance: Gross expenditure for asylum seekers benefits, in thousand euros (1994-2012) C. Development of the German social security systems until 1938 C.01 Statutory health insurance (1885-1938) C.02 Statutory accident insurance (1885-1938) C.03 Statutory pension insurance for workers (1891-1938) C.04 Statutory pension insurance for clerical employees (1913-1938) C.05 Pension insurance for minors (1913-1938) C.06 Unemployment insurance (1927-1937)
1950 / 2010
Germany; German Empire (German Reich) between 1885 and 1938; Federal Republic of Germany: former federal territory between 1950 and 1990, territory borders prior to the 3. October 1990, incl. Berlin – West. Information on new german federal states refers to the territory of the former German Democratic Republic incl. Berlin-East; Information on Germany since 1990 and 1991 respectively refer to Germany in the borders since 3rd October 1990 (reunification).
Number of Variables:
- ZA8602 (Type: ZA-No.)
Keine (Online – Publikation in histat).
Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 15 | Registration Date: 2015-10-20