histat- data compilation online: indices on Net-/ Gross Production and on Labour Productivity in Germany 1950 - 2014

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Sensch, Jürgen
Publication Date
  • ZA:
    • Historical Studies Data
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • History
    • Economics
  • Abstract

    Description: From an economic point of view the production encompasses manufacturing, including related ‘industrial services’ as long as they are provided in the production industry. After the guidelines of the official statistics on the measurement of production, all products produced to be sold including repair works, montages and contract processing should be captured. Own consumption and wage work is included. For the calculation of the production indices the primary used data are the monthly production surveys. For this surveys reports of chosen local units of enterprises in the production, in the mining sector and extraction of stones and earth with 50 or more employees are used. Until 2006 the reporting threshold was fixed for 20 or more employees. The manufacturing trade is always included. The production index should demonstrate the development of the quantitative production of the production industry and its sub-areas in Germany, adjusted for chances in prices and structures to provide continuous data. Differences in size and changes in structures can be avoided, by presenting the production output not in total numbers, but in from of index number series orientated towards a basis year. For the calculation of production index numbers, current monthly production values (quantity of sales or sale values) are presented as a ratio of the monthly averages of the base year. Until 1993 the Federal Statistical Office calculated two types of production indices: gross-production indices and net-production indices. From the index system 1991=100 on there is only one production index, defined as e net production index. Both index types differ from one another among other things by the definition of the performance dimensions (value added or value of gross production) and by the way it is structured (net production index by economic sectors, gross production index by types of commodities). Indices of net production in the Federal Republic of Germany exist since 1950. During the past decades the base year changed several times and also the content wise classification economic sectors changed repeatedly trough the introduction of new classification systems. The series with different base years overlap, which gives the opportunity to calculate a continuous series with one single base, if the classification of economic sectors did not change in the entire period. Content-related interlinking of indices with different bases is controversial and the results can only be interpreted with care and under certain assumptions. The net production indices are also used to measure productivity in the production industry. Labor productivity (of a local unit, an enterprise, an economic sector or of the entire national economy) can be defined as the ratio of quantity of production and labor input in a certain period. Interpreting this coefficient, it is important to note that labor productivity also depends on the use of other production factors. The index for labor productivity is defined as the “production results per input component of the working volume”. Two different manifestations of the working volume are used for the calculation of the index: (1) hours of work by employees and (2) number of hours worked. Until 1994 in addition a distinction between “number of workers” and “number of employees” was made. The total national working productivity serves as an indicator for economic performance and competitiveness of an economic sector or of the entire national economy with regard to the entire labor input. Labor productivity (after the results of the national accounts) is apparently the most used productivity notion for the entire economy. It shows how effective the input labor is used in the production process. Anyway, it is important to note that the partial productivity indicator not only depends on the factor work but also on the endowment of a certain sector or the entire economy with machines and their degree of modernity and on the infrastructure, which also has an impact on the production result. Productivity can be measured regarding the following two aspects: production result per worker (per capita productivity) and production result per working hour (hourly productivity). For the entire national economy the labor productivity is measured as the ratio of the gross national product (in constant prices) and the average number of employees. To look at the development of labor productivity of an entire national economy, usually the real gross domestic product is used. When comparing economic sectors within a country, the added values of the economic sectors can be used in the respective prices with regard to one employee or one hour of work. Data tables in HISTAT: A. Index for the industrial net production A.01 Index for the industrial net production by industry groups, monthly data (1950-1994) A.02 Production index for the production industry (1991-2014) B. Index for the industrial gross production B.01 Index for the industrial gross production for investments and consumption goods (1950-1994) C. Index for labor productivity C.01a Index for labor productivity: Production result per employee (1950-1994) C.01b Index for labor productivity: Production result per hour worked by an employee (1950-1994) C.01c Index for labor productivity: Production result per worker (1950-1994) C.01d Index for labor productivity: Production result per working hours (1950-1994) C.02a Index for labor productivity: Production result per employees (1992-2014) C.02b Index for labor productivity: Production result per hours worked (1992-2012) C.02c Index for labor productivity: Production result per workers (1995-2000) C.02d Index for labor productivity: Production result per working hours (1995-2000) D. Aggregated labor productivity (national accounts) D.01 Aggregated productivity, national accounts until 1998 (1960-1999) D.02 Aggregated productivity, national accounts after ESVG 95 (1970-2003) D.03 Aggregated productivity, revised version (1970-2014) E. Productivity by economic sectors (national accounts) E.01 Productivity by economic sectors, former national accounts until 1998 (1960-1997) E.02 Productivity by economic sectors, national accounts after ESVG 95 (1970-2003) E.03a Productivity by economic sectors, revised version (1970-1991) E.03b Productivity by economic sectors, revised version (1991-2014) E.03c Productivity by economic sectors, revised version, base year 2010 (1991-2014) E.04 Productivity by economic sectors, revised version base year 2010, SVR (1991-2014)
Temporal Coverage
  • 1950 / 2014
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 438
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA8611 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Keine (Online - Publikation in histat)

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 14 | Registration Date: 2015-10-20