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Eurobarometer 81.5: Social Climate and Innovation in Science and Technology, June 2014

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • European Commission
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Eurobarometer Survey Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
climate change; cost of living; cultural perceptions; economic conditions; education costs; energy; energy supplies; environmental protection; European Union; food supply; health care; housing; innovation; life satisfaction; medical care; pensions; personal finances; poverty programs; public administration; public opinion; quality of life; research; responsibility; science; social problems; taxes; technology; transport infrastructure; transportation; trust (psychology); unemployment benefits
  • Abstract

    The Eurobarometer series is a unique cross-national and cross-temporal survey program conducted on behalf of the European Commission. These surveys regularly monitor public opinion in the European Union (EU) member countries and consist of standard modules and special topic modules. The standard modules address attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as respondent and household demographics. The special topic modules address such topics as agriculture, education, natural environment and resources, public health, public safety and crime, and science and technology. This round of Eurobarometer surveys includes the standard modules and covers the following special topics: (1) Social Climate, and (2) Science, Research and Innovation. Respondent's opinions were collected on life satisfaction, area of living, healthcare, pension system, unemployment benefits, cost of benefits, the way the country is run, cost of living and affordability of energy and housing, in present time, in next twelve months and compared to five years ago. Thoughts about why people live in poverty were collected, general trustworthiness of people, views on how to help solve social and economic problems and views about education. As it relates to Science Research and Innovation respondents were asked how people's actions will affect the following 15 years from now: fight against climate change, Protections of the environment, energy supply, health and medical care, job creation, availability and quality of food, as well as transport and transport infrastructure. Opinions were collected on priorities for science and technological innovation. Respondents were asked about their academic past in studying science and technology. Demographic and other background information collected includes age, gender, nationality, marital status and parental relations, occupation, age when stopped full-time education, left-right political self-placement, household composition, ownership of a fixed or mobile telephone and other goods, difficulties in paying bills, level in society, and Internet use. In addition, country-specific data includes type and size of locality, region of residence, and language of interview (select countries).
  • Methods

    For each country, a comparison between the sample and the universe was carried out. The Universe description was derived from Eurostat population data or from national statistics offices. For all countries surveyed, a national weighting procedure, using marginal and intercellular weighting, was carried out based on this Universe description. In all countries, gender, age, region and size of locality were introduced in the iteration procedure. For international weighting (i.e. EU averages), TNS Opinion and Social applies the official population figures as provided by EUROSTAT or national statistic offices. Please refer to the ICPSR Codebook for additional weighting information.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 2014-06-14 / 2014-06-26
    Time period: 2014-06-14--2014-06-26
  • 2014-06-14 / 2014-06-26
    Collection date: 2014-06-14--2014-06-26
Geographic Coverage
  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Bulgaria
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • European Union
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Global
  • Great Britain
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Malta
  • Netherlands
  • Northern Ireland
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
Sampled Universe
In all, Eurobarometer 81.5 interviewed 27,910 citizens in the 28 countries of the European Union after the 2013 enlargement, including the Accession Country Croatia. Smallest Geographic Unit: Region, Country
The basic sample design applied in all states is a multi-stage, random (probability) one. In each country, a number of sampling points was drawn with the probability proportional to population size (for a total coverage of the country) and to population density. In order to do so, the sampling points were drawn systematically from each of the "administrative regional units", after stratification by individual unit and type of area. They thus represent the whole territory of the countries surveyed according to the EUROSTAT NUTS II (or equivalent) and according to the distribution of the resident population of the respective nationalities in terms of metropolitan, urban and rural areas. In each of the selected sampling points, a starting address was drawn, at random (following the "closest birthday rule"). All interviews were conducted face-to-face in the people's homes and in the appropriate national language. CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview) was used in those countries where this technique was available. Please refer to the Technical Specifications section within the ICPSR Codebook for additional sampling information.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview

    The original data collection was carried out by TNS Opinion and Social on request of the European Commission between June 14 and June 26, 2014.

    Module QA replicates questions on "social climate" (QA1 to QA4) asked in the context of Eurobarometer 79.4 (ICPSR 36038) and questions on "poverty and social exclusion" (QA5 to QA12) asked in the context of Eurobarometer 74.1 (ICPSR 34222).

    Access to GESIS data and documentation, including the GESIS DOI, for Eurobarometer 81.5 can be found through the GESIS Data Catalogue. Additional information on the Eurobarometer Survey Series and the Eurobarometer data can be found at the GESIS Eurobarometer Web site and ZACAT, respectively.

This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 36241 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR36241.v1
  • TNS Opinion & Social. Public Perceptions of Science, Research and Innovation. Special Eurobarometer 419, Wave EB81.5.Brussels: European Commission. 2014.
    • ID: (URL)
  • TNS Opinion & Social. Social Climate. Special Eurobarometer 418, Wave EB81.5 .Brussels: European Commission. 2014.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-10-20 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2015-10-20

European Commission (2015): Eurobarometer 81.5: Social Climate and Innovation in Science and Technology, June 2014. Archival Version. Eurobarometer Survey Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.