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ANES 2004 Time Series Study

Version
v2
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Center for Political Studies
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • American National Election Study (ANES) Series
Publication Date
2006-02-17
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Language
English
Free Keywords
Ashcroft, John; Bush Administration (George W., 2001-2009); Bush, George W.; candidates; Cheney, Dick; congressional elections; Democratic Party (USA); demographic statistics; Edwards, John; Kerry, John; Nader, Ralph; national elections; political affiliation; political attitudes; political campaigns; political participation; political partisanship; presidential elections; primaries; public opinion; Republican Party (USA); Social Security; tax cuts; voter history; voter interest; voter turnout; voting behavior
Description
  • Abstract

    This study is part of the American National Election Study (ANES), a time-series collection of national surveys fielded continuously since 1948. The American National Election Studies are designed to present data on Americans' social backgrounds, enduring political predispositions, social and political values, perceptions and evaluations of groups and candidates, opinions on questions of public policy, and participation in political life. The 2004 ANES Time Series study was conducted in two waves, before and after the 2004 presidential election in the United States, and comprises both a pre-election interview and a post-election re-interview. A freshly drawn cross-section of the electorate was taken, yielding 1,212 valid cases. Like its predecessors, the 2004 ANES includes both questions necessary for tracking long-term trends and questions attempting to assess the political moment of this particular year. This study maintains and extends the ANES time-series 'core' by providing data on Americans' basic political beliefs, allegiances, and behaviors that are monitored at every election, irrespective of the nature of the specific campaign or the broader setting, because they are central to the general understanding of politics. Current and study-specific topics were also addressed. Questions covering issues prominent in 2004 referred to job outsourcing, private investment of Social Security funds, and President Bush's tax cut. Americans' views on foreign policy, the war on terrorism, and the Iraq War and its consequences were also assessed. Additional questions were asked on inflation, immigration, gender politics, and gay and lesbian politics. The study also extended the experiment on the measurement of voter turnout that began in 2002. Demographic variables include respondent's age, education level, political affiliation, race/ethnicity, marital status, and family composition.
  • Methods

    Weight variables V040101 (pre) and V040102 (post) are available for use as full-sample weights that are the product of the household non-response adjustment factor, the within-household selection weight, and a post-stratification adjustment factor. These variables represent the same type of weighting first provided in weights created in 1997 for the 1994 and 1996 Time Series studies. This weighting post-stratifies to match the Current Population Study (CPS) estimate of the distribution of age group by education level. Weight variables using this construction are available for Time Series studies 1994-2004. (A corresponding weight is not available for Time Series studies preceding 1994 and has not been used since 2004.)
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created online analysis version with question text.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: Pre-election: 1212 interviews were completed from a sample of 1833 eligible respondents, for a response rate of 66.1 percent. Post-election: 1066 interviews were completed from a sample of 1212 eligible respondents, for a response rate of 88.0 percent.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: American National Election Study, 2004: Pre- and Post-Election, Dataset 0001
Temporal Coverage
  • 2004-09 / 2004-12
    Time period: 2004-09--2004-12
  • 2004-09-07 / 2004-11-01
    Collection date: 2004-09-07--2004-11-01
  • 2004-11-03 / 2004-12-20
    Collection date: 2004-11-03--2004-12-20
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All United States citizens of voting age on or before the 2004 Election Day. Eligible citizens must have resided in housing units in the 48 coterminous states. This definition excludes persons living in Alaska or Hawaii and requires eligible persons to have been both a United States citizen and aged 18 on or before November 2, 2004. Smallest Geographic Unit: congressional district
Sampling
National multistage area probability sample.
Collection Mode
  • computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI)

    For further information please see the ANES Data Center Web site.

    ANES 2004 TIME SERIES AND PANEL CONTEXTUAL FILE (ICPSR 4294) contains contextual information about these data.

Note
2016-05-18 The SPSS, SAS, and Stata setup files, as well as the SPSS and Stata system files, and the SAS transport file were replaced. A tab-delimited data file and an R data file were added to the collection. The codebook was updated and the data collection instrument was added to the collection.2015-11-10 The study metadata was updated.2006-04-24 Revisions were made to the metadata record. Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (SES-0118451).
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 4245 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR04245.v1
Publications
  • Muste, Christopher P.. The dynamics of immigration opinion in the United States, 1992-2012. Public Opinion Quarterly.77, (1), 398-416.2013.
    • ID: 10.1093/poq/nft001 (DOI)
  • Dempsey, Matthew C.. Latino locales: Does context matter?. Thesis, University of Nevada, Las Vegas. 2010.
  • Goble, Hannah, Holm, Peter M.. Breaking bonds? The Iraq war and the loss of Republican dominance in national security. Political Research Quarterly.62, (2), 215-229.2009.
    • ID: 10.1177/1065912908320669 (DOI)
  • Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. Attitudinal Stability on Short- and Long-term Issues: A Data-Driven Learning Guide. Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. 2009.
    • ID: 10.3886/attitudinalstability (DOI)
  • Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. Exploring the Gender Gap: A Data-Driven Learning Guide. Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. 2009.
    • ID: 10.3886/gendergap (DOI)
  • Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. Partisanship: A Data-Driven Learning Guide. Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. 2009.
    • ID: 10.3886/partisanship (DOI)
  • Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. The Significance of Linked Fate for Women: A Data-Driven Learning Guide. Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. 2009.
    • ID: 10.3886/linkedfate (DOI)
  • Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. Voter Turnout in the U.S.: A Data-Driven Learning Guide. Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. 2009.
    • ID: 10.3886/voterturnout (DOI)
  • Bartels, Larry M.. Who's Bitter Now?. The New York Times.2008.
  • Bishin, Benjamin G., Incantalupo, Matthew B.. From Bullets to Ballots? The Role of Veterans in Contemporary Elections. University of California, Riverside, . 2008.
    • ID: http://www.themonkeycage.org/veterans.paper.named.pdf (URL)
  • Boatright, Robert G.. Who are the spatial voting violators?. Electoral Studies.27, (1), 116-125.2008.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.electstud.2007.11.008 (DOI)
  • Bolce, Louis, DeMaio, Gerald. A prejudice for the thinking classes - Media exposure, political sophistication, and the anti-Christian Fundamentalist. American Politics Research.36, (2), 155-185.2008.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X07309601 (DOI)
  • Brewer, Paul R.. Value war: public opinion and the politics of gay rights. Lanham, MD: Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. 2008.
  • Buckler, Kevin, Davila, Mario, Salinas, Patti Ross. Racial differences in public support for the death penalty: Can racist sentiment and core values explain the racial divide?. American Journal of Criminal Justice.33, (2), 151-165.2008.
    • ID: 10.1007/s12103-008-9043-1 (DOI)
  • Clark, Cal. The reemergence of the gender gap in 2004. Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press. 2008.
  • Dolan, Kathleen. Gender Stereotypes, Gender Knowledge, and Evaluations of Women Candidates. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Dow, Jay. Religious Faith and Voter Turnout in the 1992-2004 Presidential Election Cycles. the 2008 Annual Meeting of the Southern Political Science Association.New Orleans, LA. 2008.
  • Fischer, Elaine. A Gendered Calculus of Voter Turnout. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Fischer, Elaine. A Gendered Calculus of Voting. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Forster, A. Diana. Religion, Voting Behavior, and Electoral Context in Contemporary U.S. Presidential Elections. the 2008 Annual Meeting of the Southern Political Science Association.New Orleans, LA. 2008.
  • Gadarian, Shana Kushner. . annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Gilbert, Craig. Keys to the Oval Office. McClatchy - Tribune Business News.2008.
  • Griffin, John D., Newman, Brian. Assessing the Rewards of Voting Across Groups. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Hwan Park, Young. Public Approval for Congress: A Heterogeneous Explanation of Two Moderators. 2008 annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association.New Orleans, LA. 2008.
  • Jacobs, Alan. and Matthews, J.. Does Timing Matter? Intertemporal Policy Choice and the Mass Public. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Jones, Michael D., Jorgensen Paul David. Issue Environments and Electoral Success. 2008 annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association.New Orleans, LA. 2008.
  • Kropf, Martha. Voting Alone: The Long Term Effects of Early Voting on Social Ties. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Kropf, Martha, Swindell, David, Wemlinger, Elizabeth. Voting Alone: The Effects of Early Voting on Social Ties. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Lehman, Daniel. Color-Blind Borders? The Role of Race in Determining American Public Support for Immigration in the Post-9/11 World. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Leighley, Jan, Nagler, Jonathan. Measuring and Modeling Alienation, Indifference and Turnout in U.S. Presidential Elections. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Mulligan, Kenneth. The 'Myth' of Moral Values Voting in the 2004 Presidential Election. PS: Political Science and Politics.41, (1), 109-114.2008.
  • Olson, Laura R., Warber, Adam L.. Belonging, Behaving, and Believing: Assessing the Role of Religion on Presidential Approval. Political Research Quarterly.61, (2), 192-204.2008.
    • ID: 10.1177/1065912907313075 (DOI)
  • Panagopoulos, Costas, Wielhouwer, Peter W.. Polls and Elections The Ground War 2000-2004: Strategic Targeting in Grassroots Campaigns. Presidential Studies Quarterly.38, (2), 347-362.2008.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1741-5705.2008.02645.x (DOI)
  • Parker-Stephen, Evan. Updating Dynamics in Micro-Macro Perspective. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Plane, Dennis L., Gershtenson, Joseph. Polarization or Attitude Formation in the 2004 Presidential Election?. 2008 annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association.New Orleans, LA. 2008.
  • Prysby, Charles, Holian, David. Who Votes On the Basis of the Candidate's Personality? Vote Choice in U.S. Presidential Elections, 1992-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Shani, Danielle. Born in the USA: Doubts about the Role of Formative Events in Developing Political Interest. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Siira, James Michael. The Local Effects of Immigration on Voter Turnout. 2008 annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association.New Orleans, LA. 2008.
  • Slocum, Fred. Authoritarian Predispositions, Militarism, Race and Religion: Explaining Republican Realignment in the South. 2008 annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association.New Orleans, LA. 2008.
  • Stokes-Brown, Atiya Kai, Doman, Kathleen. Black and Female Like Me: The Impact of Candidate Race and Gender in Congressional Elections. 2008 annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association.New Orleans, LA. 2008.
  • Theriault, Sean, Hickey, Patrick, Myers, Adam. First-in-the-Nation in Proficiency or by Providence? Iowa, New Hampshire and the Presidential Primary Process. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • VanHorn, Abigaile M.. Public Opinion Towards Homosexuals: The Effect of the Gay Marriage Initiative. 2008 annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association.New Orleans, LA. 2008.
  • Ang, Adrian. Who Would Jesus Bomb? The Religious Impulse, Public Opinion, and Foreign Policy Attitudes. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Bennett, Stephen Earl. Another Look at Nonvoting's Implications for Democracy in America. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Bittner, Amanda. Survey Structure, Measurement Effects, and the Evaluation of Party Leaders. Midwest Political Science Association Annual Meeting.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Blinder, Scott, Rolfe, Meredith. Partisan or Gendered? The Gender Gap and Public Opinion among African American Men. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Brunell, Thomas, Clausen, Liz. How Does Winning, Losing, and Electoral Competitiveness Affect Voters' Attitudes Toward Government? Evidence From Three Western Democracies. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Cassese, Erin. and Khatib, Nadia. The Gender Gaps in American Politics: Real or Measurement Artifacts?. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Chapp, Christopher. Religious Campaign Rhetoric: The Consequences of Religious Language on Presidential Candidate Evaluations. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Coffey, Daniel, Hallam, Patricia. The Coming Storm: The Rise of Environmentalism and Voter Polarization. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Dalrymple, Kajsa E., Scheufele, Dietram A.. Finally Informing the Electorate? How the Internet Got People Thinking about Presidential Politics in 2004. International Journal of Press/Politics.12, (3), 96-111.2007.
    • ID: 10.1177/1081180X07302881 (DOI)
  • Duff, Jeremy. The Reciprocal Effects of Ideology and Issue Positions. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Elder, Laurel, Greene, Steven. The Myth of 'Security Moms' and 'NASCAR Dads': Parenthood, Political Stereotypes, and the 2004 Election. Social Science Quarterly.88, (1), 12007.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1540-6237.2007.00443.x (DOI)
  • Enns, Peter. The Micro Foundations of Macro Politics. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Goble, Hannah, Holm, Peter. Breaking Bonds? The Iraq War and the Loss of Republican Dominance in National Security. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Assocation.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Gronke, Paul W., Toffey, Daniel. The Psychological and Institutional Determinants of Early Voting. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Hill, Seth, Lo, James, Vavreck, Lynn, Zaller, John. The Opt-in Internet Panel: Survey Mode, Sampling Methodology and the Implications for Political Research. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Hoffman, Lindsay H.. Public opinion in context: A multilevel model of media effects on perceptions of public opinion and political behavior. Dissertation, The Ohio State University. 2007.
  • Lacewell, Onawa, Miller, Susan. Gender Stereotyping and Perceptions of House Candidates' Issue Positions. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Leighley, Jan, Nagler, Jonathan. Who Votes Now? And Does It Matter?. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Lempert, Daniel. Belief in a Just World and Perceptions of Fair Treatment by Police. ANES Pilot Study Reports.Ann Arbor, MI: American National Election Studies. 2007.
  • Lipsitz, Keena. The Consequences of Battleground and 'Spectator' State Residency for Political Participation. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Malhotra, Neil, Krosnick, Jon A.. The Effect of Survey Mode and Sampling on Inferences about Political Attitudes and Behavior: Comparing the 2000 and 2004 ANES to Internet Surveys with Nonprobability Samples. Political Analysis.15, (3), 286-323.2007.
    • ID: 10.1093/pan/mpm003 (DOI)
  • McConochie, William A., Dunn Kristian. Ten Values for Predicting Political Voting and Behavior: ANES 2006 Pilot Study/2004 Study. ANES Pilot Study Reports.Ann Arbor, MI: American National Election Studies. 2007.
  • Monogan, James, III. Issue Evolution and Public Opinion on Immigration. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Mycoff, Jason, Wagner, Michael, Wilson, David. The Effect of Voter Identification Laws on Aggregate and Individual Level Turnout. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Prysby, Charles L., Holian, David B.. Perceptions of Candidate Personal Traits and Presidential Voting, 1996-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Sides, John, Gross, Kimberly. Stereotypes of Muslims, Their Causes, and Their Consequence. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Ulrich, Justin, Garand, James. The Economy, Subjective Economic Evaluations, and the Presidential Vote. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Xenos, Michael, Moy, Patricia. Direct and Differential Effects of the Internet on Political and Civic Engagement. Journal of Communication.57, (4), 704-718.2007.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1460-2466.2007.00364.x (DOI)
  • Bishin, Benjamin, Stevens, Daniel. Targeting Turnout: Partisan Mobilization, Non-Partisan Mobilization and Vote Choice. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2006.
  • Brooks, Arthur C.. Extreme Makeover. Wall Street Journal.2006.
  • Carmines, Edward, Ensley, Michael, Wagner, Michael. Issue Preferences and Political Participation in American Politics, 1972-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2006.
  • Crawford, Susan, Deckman, Melissa, Olson, Laura. Cleavages, Camps, and Parties: Interest Group Affiliation in the Mass Public. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2006.
  • Gimpel, James G., Karnes, Kimberly A.. The Rural Side of the Urban-Rural Gap. PS: Political Science & Politics.39, (3), 467-472.2006.
    • ID: 10.1017/S1049096506060859 (DOI)
  • Goldman, Seth, Brewer Paul. Implicit Influence in Communication: The Case of Gay Marriage. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2006.
  • Gray, Mark M., Perl, Paul M., Bendyna, Mary E.. Camelot only comes but once? John F. Kerry and the Catholic vote. Presidential Studies Quarterly.36, (2), 203-222.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1741-5705.2006.00299.x (DOI)
  • Hansen, Susan B.. A Woman for U. S. President? Gender and Leadership Traits Before and After 9/11. Journal of Women, Politics and Policy.28, (1), 35-60.2006.
    • ID: 10.1300/J501v28n01_03 (DOI)
  • Ishio, Yoshito. Political Independence in the United States: How Do Independent Leaners Differ From Pure Independents and Weak Partisans?. Japanese Journal of Electoral Studies.21, 51-76.2006.
  • Lau, Richard. Changing Patterns of the Presidential Vote Choice, 1980-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2006.
  • Milstein Sondheimer, Rachel. The Education-Participation Nexus: Rethinking Conventional Wisdom. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2006.
  • Mulligan, Ken. The 'Myth' of Moral Values Voting in the 2004 Presidential Election. annual meeting of the Amercian Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2006.
  • Prysby, Charles. May the Best Man Win: Perceptions of Candidate Personal Characteristics and the Presidential Vote in 2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2006.
  • Sharp, Elaine. New Directions in Urban Research: The Limitations of a Political Economy Approach in Urban Politics. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2006.
  • Shea, Christopher. Who are You Calling Working Class? The scholarly food fight over how to define the lunch pail class and what democrats can do to win back their affections -- if, that is, they ever lost them. The Boston Globe.2006.
  • Smidt, Corwin. Religion, Civic Engagement, and Political Participation. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2006.
  • Warren, Mark E.. Democracy and Deceit: Regulating Appearances of Corruption. American Journal of Political Science.60, (1), 160-174.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1540-5907.2006.00176.x (DOI)
  • Wattenberg, Martin P.. Elections: Reliability Trumps Competence: Personal Attributes in the 2004 Presidential Election. Presidential Studies Quarterly.36, (4), 7052006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1741-5705.2006.02576.x (DOI)
  • Abramowitz, Alan I., Stone, Walter J.. The Bush Effect: Polarization, Turnout, and Activism in the 2004 Presidential Election. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Abrams, Samuel. Social Embeddedness and Voting: The Paradox of Voter Turnout Revisited. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Barreto, Matt, Leal, David. Latinos, the Military, and the 2004 Presidential Election. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Bartels, Larry. What's the Matter with 'What's the Matter with Kansas?'. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Beck, Paul, Gunther, Richard, Smidt, Corwin. Communication and Mobilization in 2004: Intermediaries and Voters in the American Presidential Contest. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Belanger, Eric, Godbout, Jean-François. Economic Voting and Political Sophistication in the U.S.A Reassessment. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Belt, Todd, Just, Marion, Crigler, Ann. Accentuating the Positive in US Presidential Elections. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Bennett, Stephen Earl. Public Ignorance Revisited. Public Opinion Pros.2005.
  • Campbell, James E.. Why Bush Won the Presidential Election of 2004: Incumbency, Ideology, Terrorism, and Turnout. The Meaning of American Democracy.New York, NY: The Academy of Political Science. 2005.
  • Campbell, James E.. Why Bush Won the Presidential Election of 2004: Incumbency, Ideology, Terrorism, and Turnout. Political Science Quarterly.120, (2), 219-241.2005.
  • Center for Civic Education. Voting and Political Participation of We the People: The Citizen and the Constitution Alumni in the 2004 Election. Calabasas, CA: Center for Civic Education. 2005.
    • ID: http://www.civiced.org/ (URL)
  • Dolan, Kathleen. The Impact of Women Candidates on Voting Behavior in American Elections. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Elder, Laurel, Greene, Steven. The Politics of Parenthood, 1972-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2005.
  • Forgette, Richard, Morris, Jonathan. Ideologically Extreme Political News and the News Grazer: Does Ideological News Reduce the Mediating Effects of Public Discourse?. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Francia, Peter L., Morris, Jonathan S., Scavo, Carmine P., Baumgartner, Jody. America Divided? Re-Examining the Myth of the Polarized American Electorate. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Franklin, Mark. You Want to Vote Where Everybody Knows Your Name: Anonymity, Expressive Engagement, and Turnout Among Young Adults. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Gold, Howard, Baumer, Donald. Party Images and Partisan Resurgence. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Gray, Mark, Perl, Paul, Bendyna, Mary E.. Camelot Only Comes but Once? John F. Kerry and the Catholic Vote. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Hasen, Richard. Beyond the Margin of Litigation: Reforming U.S. Election Administrator to Avoid Electoral Meltdown. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Hayes, Danny. Candidate Qualities through a Partisan Lens: A Theory of Trait Ownership. American Journal of Political Science.49, (4), 908-923.2005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1540-5907.2005.00163.x (DOI)
  • Hopkins, David, Goux, Darshan. The Consequences of Electoral College Reform. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Jacobson, Gary C.. The Public, the President, and the War in Iraq. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Keele, Luke, Stimson, James A.. Polarization and the Mass Response: The Growth of Independence in American Politics. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • MacDonald, Stuart Elaine, Rabinowitz, George B.. Bush vs. Kerry: Policy Issues in the 2004 U.S. Presidential Election. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • MacKuen, Michael, Parker-Stephen, Evan. Affect, Accuray, and the Left Shift in American Politics. annual meeting of the American Political Science Assocation.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • McNary, Sharon. Latina activist has minority view on immigration // VOLUNTEER ; She blames undocumented residents for causing the state's economic woes. The Press-Enterprise.2005.
  • Mockabee, Stephen T.. Religion and Cultural Conflict in the 2004 Election. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • O'Regan, Valerie R., Stambough, Stephen J., Thorson, Gary R.. Understanding the Changing Dynamics of the Gender Gap in American Presidential Elections, 1952-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Assocation.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Plane, Dennis, Gershtenson, Joseph. The Appearance of Polarization Due to Attitude Formation in the 2004 Presidential Election. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Prysby, Charles L., Scavo, Carmine. SETUPS: Voting Behavior: the 2004 Election. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. 2005.
  • Seitman, Rebecca Border. Framing the 2004 presidential election: The role of media, political discussion, and opinion leaders. Dissertation, University of Ohio. 2005.
  • Shanks, J. Merrill, Strand, Douglas, Carmines, Edward, Brady, Henry E.. Issue Importance in the 2004 Election: The Role of Policy-related Controvelrsies Concerning Foreign Policiy, Traditional Family Values, and Economic Inequality. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Sietman, Rebecca Border. Framing the 2004 Presidential Election: The Role of Media, Political Discussion, and Opinion Leaders. Dissertation, The Ohio State University. 2005.
  • Stanley, Harold W., Niemi, Richard G.. Partisanship, Party Coalitions, and Group Support, 1952-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Warber, Adam L., Olson, Laura R.. Commander and Priest: Religious Leadership in the Modern White House. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Weisberg, Herbert F., Christenson, Dino. . annual meeting of the American Political Science Assocation.Washington, D.C.. 2005.

Update Metadata: 2016-05-18 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2015-11-10

University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Center for Political Studies (2006): ANES 2004 Time Series Study. Version 2. American National Election Study (ANES) Series. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04245.v2