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metadata language: English

ANES 1990 Time Series Study

Version
v4
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Miller, Warren E. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Center for Political Studies)
  • Kinder, Donald R. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Center for Political Studies)
  • Rosenstone, Steven J. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Center for Political Studies)
  • University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. American National Election Studies
Other Title
  • Version 4 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • American National Election Study (ANES) Series
Publication Date
1991-10-24
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Language
English
Free Keywords
Bush Administration (1989-1993); candidates; congressional elections; domestic policy; economic conditions; foreign policy; government performance; international relations; national elections; political affiliation; political attitudes; political campaigns; political efficacy; political issues; political participation; presidential elections; presidential performance; public approval; public opinion; trust in government; voter expectations; voter history; voting behavior
Description
  • Abstract

    This study is part of a time-series collection of national surveys fielded continuously since 1952. The election studies are designed to present data on Americans' social backgrounds, enduring political predispositions, social and political values, perceptions and evaluations of groups and candidates, opinions on questions of public policy, and participation in political life. For this collection, two forms of the survey instrument were used, with about 75 percent of the content being the same on both forms. Survey questions included the now standard National Election Studies battery of questions, along with items on presidential performance and the Persian Gulf conflict. Additionally, Form A contained questions relating to values and individualism, while Form B had content relating to foreign relations. The file also contains post-election vote validation and election administration survey data. Information is provided concerning sampling data, disposition of the case, control record variables, and information about the interviewer for the 1,980 interviews, plus nonsample and noninterview cases. Each of these records is associated with one or more call records that provide information on the date, day of the week, time of the call and its disposition, and the nature of the contact for those calls that resulted in contact with someone in the sample household.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed consistency checks.; Standardized missing values.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: ANES 1990 Time Series Study
    • DS2: Auxiliary File: ANES 1990 Time Series Nonresponse/Bias File
    • DS3: Auxiliary File: ANES 1990 Time Series Call Record File
Temporal Coverage
  • 1990-11-06 / 1991-01-26
    Time period: 1990-11-06--1991-01-26
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All United States citizens of voting age on or before November 6, 1990, residing in housing units other than on military reservations in the 48 coterminous states.
Sampling
National multistage area probability sample.
Collection Mode
  • telephone interview

    Some numeric variables use coding schemes that allow for code values with a varying degree of digits. In such instances, the number of columns corresponding to the variable in the data file [.dat file] and in the column specifications will be the width of the maximum value occurring in the actual data, rather than the maximum width allowable by the coding scheme.

Note
2015-11-10 The study metadata was updated.2000-04-12 The data for this study are now available in SAS transport and SPSS export formats in addition to the ASCII data file. Variables in the dataset have been renumbered to the following format: 2-digit (or 2-character) year prefix + 4 digits + [optional] 1-character suffix. Dataset ID and version variables have also been added. The original release of 1990 data included 2,000 cases, and the ICPSR 1990 printed codebook is produced with marginals for 2,000 cases. However, as a result of a review of cases, it was decided that 20 interviews were either faked or conducted with ineligible respondents. These 20 cases were deleted from the raw data, so that there are now 1,980 cases for the 1990 NES. In addition, Part 2, Frequencies, and Part 22, Field Administration File (CPS Version), are no longer being distributed with this collection. Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (SES-8808361).
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 9548 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR09548.v3
Publications
  • Bolce, Louis, DeMaio, Gerald. A prejudice for the thinking classes - Media exposure, political sophistication, and the anti-Christian Fundamentalist. American Politics Research.36, (2), 155-185.2008.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X07309601 (DOI)
  • D'Ambrosio, Lisa Anne. An exploration of people's emotional reactions to presidential candidates during the campaign. Dissertation, University of Michigan. 2008.
  • Dolan, Kathleen. Is there a 'Gender Affinity Effect' in American politics? Information, affect, and candidate sex in US house elections. Political Research Quarterly.61, (1), 79-89.2008.
    • ID: 10.1177/1065912907307518 (DOI)
  • Fischer, Elaine. A Gendered Calculus of Voter Turnout. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Fischer, Elaine. A Gendered Calculus of Voting. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Gilbert, Craig. Keys to the Oval Office. McClatchy - Tribune Business News.2008.
  • Kam, Cindy. Reaching out or pulling back: Macroeconomic conditions and public support for social welfare spending . Political Behavior.30, (2), 223-258.2008.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11109-007-9048-3 (DOI)
  • Killian, Mitchell, Wilcox, Clyde. Do Abortion Attidudes Lead to Party Switching?. Poltical Research Quarterly.61, (4), 561-573.2008.
    • ID: 10.1177/1065912907312981 (DOI)
  • Leighley, Jan, Nagler, Jonathan. Measuring and Modeling Alienation, Indifference and Turnout in U.S. Presidential Elections. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Parker-Stephen, Evan. Updating Dynamics in Micro-Macro Perspective. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Shani, Danielle. Born in the USA: Doubts about the Role of Formative Events in Developing Political Interest. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Stokes-Brown, Atiya Kai, Doman, Kathleen. Black and Female Like Me: The Impact of Candidate Race and Gender in Congressional Elections. 2008 annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association.New Orleans, LA. 2008.
  • Bittner, Amanda. Survey Structure, Measurement Effects, and the Evaluation of Party Leaders. Midwest Political Science Association Annual Meeting.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • D'Ambrosio, Lisa Anne. An exploration of people's emotional reactions to presidential candidates during the campaign. Dissertation, University of Michigan. 2007.
  • DeWitt, Jeff. Considering Congressional Candidates and Incumbency Advantage in U.S. House Elections, 1980-2000. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Enns, Peter. The Micro Foundations of Macro Politics. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Kershaw, David. Conditional Nature of Vote Recruitment. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Killian, Mitchell. Moments of doubt and reassessment: An examination of why individuals switch political parties. Dissertation, George Washington University. 2007.
  • King, James D.. Voting in U.S. Senate Midterm Elections: Does Focusing on the President Matter?. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Lacy, Dean, Christenson, Dino. The Effects of Information on Economic Voting. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Lipsitz, Keena. The Consequences of Battleground and 'Spectator' State Residency for Political Participation. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • McAdams, John. The Rise of the New Class: 1956-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Reed, Daniel. Parties, Interest Groups, and the Effectiveness of Voter Contacting: 1956 to 2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Carmines, Edward, Ensley, Michael, Wagner, Michael. Issue Preferences and Political Participation in American Politics, 1972-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2006.
  • Lau, Richard. Changing Patterns of the Presidential Vote Choice, 1980-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2006.
  • Valentino, Nicholas, Hutchings, Vincent, Gregorowicz, Krysha, Groenendyk, Eric W., Brader, Ted. Election Night's All Right for Fighting: The Role of Anger versus Anxiety in Political Participation. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2006.
  • Van heerde, Jennifer, Johnson, Martin, Bowler, Shaun. Barriers to Participation, Voter Sophistication and Candidate Spending Choices in US Senate Elections. The British Journal of Political Science.36, (4), 745-758.2006.
  • Winter, Nicholas J. G.. Beyond Welfare: Framing and the Radicalization of White Opinion on Social Security. American Journal of Political Science.50, (2), 400-420.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1540-5907.2006.00191.x (DOI)
  • Bartels, Larry. What's the Matter with 'What's the Matter with Kansas?'. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Elder, Laurel, Greene, Steven. The Politics of Parenthood, 1972-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2005.
  • Fitzgerald, Mary. The Triggering Effects of Alternative Voting Methods on U.S. Political Campaigns and Elections. annual meeting of the American National Election Studies.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Gold, Howard, Baumer, Donald. Party Images and Partisan Resurgence. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Griffin, John, Newman, Brian. Are Voters Better Represented?. Journal of Politics.67, (4), 12062005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1468-2508.2005.00357.x (DOI)
  • Keane, Michael, Griffin, John. Descriptive Representation and the Composition of African-American Turnout. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Kelly, Nathan, Kelly, Jana Morgan. Religion and Latino Partisanship in the United States. Political Research Quarterly.58, (1), 872005.
  • Kilburn, H. Whitt. Does the Candidate Really Matter?. American Politics Research.33, (3), 335-356.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X04269417 (DOI)
  • Knuckey, Jonathan. A New Front in the Culture War?: Moral Traditionalism and Voting Behavior in U.S. House Elections. American Politics Research.33, (5), 645-671.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X04270517 (DOI)
  • Lewis, Carol W., Gilman, Stuart C.. The Ethics Challenge in Public Service: A Problem-Solving Guide. SanFrancisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. 2005.
  • MacKuen, Michael, Parker-Stephen, Evan. Affect, Accuray, and the Left Shift in American Politics. annual meeting of the American Political Science Assocation.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Ramakrishnan, S. Karthick. Democracy in Immigrant America. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press. 2005.
  • Shaw, Daron R., McKenzie, Mark J., Underwood, Jeffrey. Strategic Voting in the California Recall Election. American Politics Research.33, (2), 216-245.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X04272230 (DOI)
  • Stanley, Harold W., Niemi, Richard G.. Partisanship, Party Coalitions, and Group Support, 1952-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Wong, Cara, Cho, Grace E.. Two-Headed Coins or Kandinskys: White Racial Identification. Political Psychology.26, (5), 6992005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1467-9221.2005.00440.x (DOI)
  • Zanna, Mark P.. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology. San Diego, CA: Elsevier Academic Press. 2005.
  • Benoit, William L., Hansen, Glenn J.. Issue Ownership in Primary and General Presidential Debates. Argumentation and Advocacy.40, (3), 143-155.2004.
  • Berinsky, Adam J.. Silent Voices: Public Opinion and Political Participation in America. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 2004.
  • Claassen, Ryan L.. Political Opinion and Distinctiveness: The Case of Hispanic Ethnicity. Political Research Quarterly.57, (4), 609-620.2004.
  • Cohen, Marty, Zaller, John, Noel, Hans. Effects of Local News on Political Representation. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Dolan, Kathleen A.. The Impact of Candidate Sex on Evaluations of Candidates for the U.S. House of Representatives. Social Science Quarterly.85, (1), 206-218.2004.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.0038-4941.2004.08501015.x (DOI)
  • Dolan, Kathleen A.. Voting for Women: How the Public Evaluates Women Candidates. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. 2004.
  • Endersby, James W., Bough, Brian, Gooch, Donald, Hall, Steven, Klimek, Monika. The Polarizing American Voter Issues, Partisanship, and Vote Choice in Presidential Elections, 1984-2000. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Goolsby, Delia. Realignment of White Southerners: The Generational Replacement Hypothesis Revisited. annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association.New Orleans, LA. 2004.
  • Goolsby, Delia. Regional Realignments? Sub-national Trends in Partisan Identification in the Northeast. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Goren, Paul. Political Sophistication and Policy Reasoning: A Reconsideration. American Journal of Political Science.48, (3), 4622004.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.0092-5853.2004.00081.x (DOI)
  • Hero, Rodney E., Tolbert, Caroline J.. Minority Voices and Citizen Attitudes about Government Responsiveness in the American States: Do Social and Institutional Context Matter?. British Journal of Political Science.34, (1), 109-121.2004.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0007123403000371 (DOI)
  • Howell, Susan E., Perry, Huey L.. Black Mayors/White Mayors: Explaining Their Approval . Public Opinion Quarterly.68, (1), 32-56.2004.
    • ID: 10.1093/poq/nfh003 (DOI)
  • Huckfeldt, Robert, Morehouse, Jeanette L., Osborn, Tracy. Disagreement, Ambivalence, and Engagement: The Political Consequences of Heterogeneous Networks. Political Psychology.25, (1), 652004.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1467-9221.2004.00357.x (DOI)
  • Kelly, Nathan, Kelly, Jana. Religious Orthodoxy, Group Affect, and Latino Political Behavior. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Knuckey, Jonathan. Moral Traditionalism and Recent Partisan Change in the American Electorate. annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association .New Orleans, LA. 2004.
  • Knuckey, Jonathan. The Culture War and Voting Behavior in U.S. House Elections. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Lawless, Jennifer. Politics of Prescence? Congresswomen and Symbolic Representation. Political Research Quarterly.57, 81-89.2004.
  • Lefkowitz, Joel K.. Mobilization Matters: The Changing Impact of Mobilization on Vote Choice in Congressional Elections, 1978-2002. Congress and the Presidency .31, (2), 119-131.2004.
    • ID: 10.1080/07343460409507701 (DOI)
  • Parker, Glenn R.. Self-Policing in Politics: The Political Economy of Reputational Controls on Politicians. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 2004.
  • Persily, Nathaniel, Lammie, Kelli. Symposium: The Law of Democracy: Campaign Finance After McCain-Feingold: Perceptions of Corruption and Campaign Finance: When Public Opinion Determines Constitutional Law. University of Pennsylvania Law Review.153, 1192004.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4150623 (URL)
  • Peterson, David A.M.. Voters' Response to Changes in American Politics, 1952-2000. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Abramowitz, Alan I., Alexander, Brad. The 2002 Midterm Election and the Future of American Politics. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2003.
  • Arceneaux, Kevin. The Conditional Impact of Blame Attribution on the Relationship Between Economic Adversity and Turnout. Political Research Quarterly.56, (1), 67-75.2003.
  • Atkeson, Lonna Rae. Not All Cues Are Created Equal: The Conditional Impact of Female Candidates on Political Engagement. Journal of Politics.65, (4), 10402003.
    • ID: 10.1111/1468-2508.t01-1-00124 (DOI)
  • Bennett, Stephen Earl. Is the Public's Ignorance of Politics Trivial?. Critical Review.15, (3-4), 307-372003.
    • ID: 10.1080/08913810308443585 (DOI)
  • Dolan, Kathleen A.. Voting for Women: How the Public Evaluates Women Candidates. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. 2003.
  • Dow, Jay K.. Turnout and Voter Choice in House of Representatives Elections: 1990 - 2000. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association .Philadelphia, PA. 2003.
  • Gross, Kimberly, Goldman, Seth. Framing Hate: A Comparison of Media Coverage of Anti-Gay Hate Crime in the Washington Post and Washington Blade. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2003.
  • Hughes, Michael, Tuch, Steven A.. Gender Differences in Whites' Racial Attitudes: Are Women's Attitudes Really More Favorable?. Social Psychology Quarterly.66, (4), 384-401.2003.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1519836 (URL)
  • Lawless, Jennifer. Political Ideology in the United States: Liberalism and Convervatism in the 19080s and 1990s. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2003.
  • Levy, Dena, Tien, Charles, Aved, Rachelle. Do Differences Matter? Women Members of Congress and the Hyde Amendment. Women and Congress: Running, Winning, and Ruling.New York, NY: Haworth Press. 2003.
  • Newman, Brian. Change and Stability in the Ingredients of Presidential Approval: Toward a General Model. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2003.
  • Newman, Brian Paul. Standards of judgment: The foundations of presidents' public support . Dissertation, Duke University. 2003.
  • Schreckhise, William D., Shields, Todd G.. Ideological realignment in the contemporary U.S. electorate revisited. Social Science Quarterly.84, (3), 596-612.2003.
    • ID: 10.1111/1540-6237.8403007 (DOI)
  • Stimson, James. Macro-Politics: The Dimensions and Dynamics of Public Opinion. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2003.
  • Abramowitz, Alan I., Allen, Susan H., Knotts, Gibbs, Saunders, Kyle L.. Racial Attitudes, Ideology, and the Rise of Republican Identification Among Southern Whites, 1982-2000. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2002.
  • Bartels, Larry M.. Beyond the Running Tally: Partisan Bias in Political Perceptions. Political Behavior.24, (2), 117-150.2002.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1021226224601 (DOI)
  • Baum, Matthew A.. Sex, Lies, and War: How Soft News Brings Foreign Policy to the Inattentive Public. American Political Science Review.96, (1), 91-109.2002.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0003055402004252 (DOI)
  • Bennett, Stephen Earl. Another lesson about public opinion during the Clinton-Lewinsky scandal. Presidential Studies Quarterly.32, (2), 276-292.2002.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.0360-4918.2002.00221.x (DOI)
  • Brooks, Clem. Religious influence and the politics of family decline concern: Trends, sources, and U.S. political behavior. American Sociological Review.67, (2), 191-211.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088892 (URL)
  • Campbell, David E.. The young and the realigning: A test of the socialization theory of realignment. Public Opinion Quarterly.66, (2), 209-234.2002.
    • ID: 10.1086/339849 (DOI)
  • Cassel, Carol A.. Hispanic turnout: Estimates from validated voting data. Political Research Quarterly.55, (2), 391 -2002.
  • Claggett, William, Shafer, Byron E.. The Pure Politics of Policy Choice. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2002.
  • Edlund, Lena, Pande, Rohini. Why Have Women Become Left-Wing? The Political Gender Gap and the Decline in Marriage. The Quarterly Journal of Economics.117, (3), 917-961.2002.
    • ID: 10.1162/003355302760193922 (DOI)
  • Gay, Claudine. Spirals of trust? The effect of descriptive representation on the relationship between citizens and their government. American Journal of Political Science.46, (4), 717-732.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088429 (URL)
  • Glaser, James M.. White Voters, Black Schools: Structuring Racial Choices With a Checklist Ballot. American Journal of Political Science.46, (1), 35-46.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088413 (URL)
  • Goren, Paul. Character Weakness, Partisan Bias, and Presidential Evaluation. American Journal of Political Science.46, (3), 627-641.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088404 (URL)
  • Hall, Wynton C.. Reflections of Yesterday: George H.W. Bush's Instrumental Use of Public Opinion Research in Presidential Discourse. Presidential Studies Quarterly.32, (3), 531-558.2002.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1741-5705.2002.tb00005.x (DOI)
  • Hetherington, Marc J., Globetti, Suzanne. Political Trust and Racial Policy Preferences. American Journal of Political Science.46, (2), 253-275.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088375 (URL)
  • Lau, Richard R., Pomper, Gerald M.. Effectiveness of negative campaigning in U.S. Senate elections. American Journal of Political Science.46, (1), 47-66.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088414 (URL)
  • Layman, Geoffrey C., Carsey, Thomas M.. Party Polarization and 'Conflict Extension' in the American Electorate. American Journal of Political Science.46, (4), 786-802.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088434 (URL)
  • Lockerbie, Brad. Party Identification: Constancy and Change . American Politics Research.30, (4), 384-405.2002.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X02030004002 (DOI)
  • Mackie, Christopher J.. ASC-I Agents, Political Learning, and Online Processing. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2002.
  • Manza, Jeff, Brooks, Clem. The Changing Political Fortunes of Mainline Protestants. The Quiet Hand of God: Faith-Based Activism and the Public Role of Mainline Protestantism.Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. 2002.
  • Mebane, Walter R., Jr., Sekhon, Jasjeet S.. Coordination and policy moderation at midterm. American Political Science Review.96, (1), 141-157.2002.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0003055402004288 (DOI)
  • Nicholson, Stephen P., Segura, Gary M., Woods, Nathan D.. Presidential Approval and the Mixed Blessing of Divided Government. Journal of Politics.64, (3), 701-720.2002.
  • Persily, Nathaniel. In Defense of Foxes Guarding Henhouses: The Case for Judicial Acquiescence to Incumbent-Protecting Gerrymanders. Harvard Law Review.116, 6492002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1342612 (URL)
  • Rohde, David W.. American Fears: Change and Continuity. Fears in Post-Communist Societies: A Comparative Perspective.New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan. 2002.
  • Rudolph, Thomas J., Grant, J.Tobin. An Attributional Model of Economic Voting: Evidence from the 2000 Presidential Election. Political Research Quarterly.55, (4), 805-823.2002.
  • Snyder, James M., Jr., Ting, Michael M.. An Informational Rationale for Political Parties. American Journal of Political Science.46, (1), 90-110.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088416 (URL)
  • Uggen, Christopher, Manza, Jeff. Democratic contraction? Political consequences of felon disfranchisement in the United States. American Sociological Review.67, (6), 777-803.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088970 (URL)
  • Wright, Gerald C., Morehouse, Jeanette L.. Verifying the Common Widsom: Nonvoters Would Be More Democratic. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2002.
  • Arceneaux, Kevin. Attributing Responsibility for Economic Conditions in Congressional Elections. annual meeting of the Southwestern Political Science Association.Fort Worth, TX. 2001.
  • Atkeson, Lonna Rae, Carrillo, Nancy. More is Better: The Impact of Female Descriptive Representation on Citizen Attitudes toward Government Responsiveness. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.San Francisco, CA. 2001.
  • Bartels, Larry M., Zaller, John. Presidential Vote Models: A Recount. PS: Political Science and Politics.34, 9-20.2001.
  • Belli, Robert F., Traugott, Michael W., Beckmann, Matthew N.. What Leads to Voting Overreports? Contrasts of Overreporters to Validated Voters and Admitted Nonvoters in the American National Election Studies. Journal of Official Statistics.17, (4), 479-498.2001.
  • Bernstein, Jeffrey L.. Linking Presidential and Congressional Approval During Unified and Divided Governments. What is it about Government that Americans Dislike?.New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 2001.
  • Bond, Jon R., Fleisher, Richard. The polls: Partisanship and presidential performance evaluations. Presidential Studies Quarterly.31, (3), 529-540.2001.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.0360-4918.2001.00186.x (DOI)
  • Brockington, David Patrick. The Determinants and Ramifications of Low Information Voting. Dissertation, University of Washington. 2001.
  • Campbell, David E.. And A Little Child Shall Lead Them: A Test of the Socialization Theory of Realignment. Political Psychology and Behavior Workshop.Cambridge, MA. 2001.
  • Carsey, Thomas M., Jackson, Robert A.. Misreport of vote choice in U.S. Senate and Gubernatorial elections. State Politics and Policy Quarterly.1, (2), 196-209.2001.
    • ID: 10.1177/153244000100100205 (DOI)
  • Citrin, Jack, Luks, Samantha. Revisiting Political Trust in an Angry Age. What is it about Government that Americans Dislike?.New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 2001.
  • Gaddie, Ronald Keith, Hoffman, Donna R.. Critical Events in Contemporary Southern Politics: Dynamic Growth and Partisan Percolations. Eye of the Storm: The South and Congress in and Era of Change.Westport, CT: Praeger. 2001.
  • Harvey, Anna L.. Partisanship as a social convention. Rationality and Society.13, (4), 462-504.2001.
    • ID: 10.1177/104346301013004003 (DOI)
  • Hoffman, Donna Riddle. Realignment Theory in Social Perspective. Dissertation, University of Oklahoma. 2001.
  • Jagemann, Jason F.. Feature: Bush v. Gore: An Exchange: Partisanship, Legitimacy, and the Law: A Response to Seth Steinzor's 'J'Accuse'. The Vermont Bar Journal & Law Digest.27, 512001.
  • Jones-Correa, Michael A., Leal, David L.. Political participation: Does religion matter?. Political Research Quarterly.54, (4), 751-770.2001.
  • Kaufmann, Karen M.. Culture wars, secular realignment, and the gender gap in party identification. Conference on Parties Partisanship and Partisan Change .Nashville, TN. 2001.
  • Lauermann, Robin Marie. Evaluations of Responsiveness: The Constituent Perspective of Representation. Dissertation, State University of New York at Buffalo. 2001.
  • Lavine, Howard. The electoral consequences of ambivalence toward presidential candidates. American Journal of Political Science.45, (4), 915-929.2001.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2669332 (URL)
  • Manza, Jeff, Uggen, Christopher, Britton, Marcus. The Truly Disenfranchised: Felon Voting Rights and American Politics. Evanston, IL: Institute for Policy Research. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.northwestern.edu/ipr/publications/papers/2000/disfranchise.pdf (URL)
  • Markus, Gregory B.. American Individualism Reconsidered. Citizens and Politics: Perspectives from Political Psychology.New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 2001.
  • Mouw, Ted, Sobel, Michael E.. Culture wars and opinion polarization: The case of abortion. American Journal of Sociology.106, (4), 913-943.2001.
    • ID: 10.1086/320294 (DOI)
  • Pantoja, Adrian D.. The Dynamics of Political Knowledge. Dissertation, Claremont Graduate University. 2001.
  • Pantoja, Adrian D.. The dynamics of political knowledge . Dissertation, The Claremont Graduate University. 2001.
  • Radcliff, Benjamin. Organized labor and electoral participation in American national elections. Journal of Labor Research.22, (2), 405-414.2001.
    • ID: 10.1007/s12122-001-1042-7 (DOI)
  • Roscoe, Douglas D.. Ticket Splitting in American Elections: Voters, Candidates and the Political Environment. Dissertation, Loyola University, Chicago. 2001.
  • Sato, Kyoko. Does Business Still Divide the Left and the Right?: Re-examining Americans' Political Identification and Their Attitudes toward Big Business. annual meeting of the American Sociological Association.Chicago, IL. 2001.
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Update Metadata: 2015-11-10 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2015-11-10

Miller, Warren E.; Kinder, Donald R.; Rosenstone, Steven J.; University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. American National Election Studies (1991): ANES 1990 Time Series Study. Version 4. American National Election Study (ANES) Series. Version: v4. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09548.v4