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Sicily and Calabria Extortion Database

Version
1
Resource Type
Dataset
Creator
  • GLODERS Global Dynamics of Extortion Racket System FP7 Project
  • GLODERS Global Dynamics of Extortion Racket System FP7 Project
Publication Date
2015
Contributor
  • Frazzica, Giovanni (Università degli Studi di Palermo) (Project Member)
  • Punzo, Valentine (Università degli Studi di Palermo) (Project Member)
  • La Spina, Antonio (Università degli Studi di Palermo) (Project Leader)
  • Militello, Vincenzo (Università degli Studi di Palermo) (Project Leader)
  • Scaglione, Attilio (Università degli Studi di Palermo) (Project Member)
  • Troitzsch, Klaus G. (Universität Koblenz-Landau) (Data Manager)
Classification
  • ZA:
    • Legal system, Legislation, Law
    • Society, Culture
Description
  • Abstract

    The Sicily and Calabria Extortion Database was extracted from police and court documents by the Palermo team of the GLODERS — Global Dynamics of Extortion Racket Systems — project which has received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007–2013) under grant agreement no. 315874 (http://www.gloders.eu, “Global dynamics of extortion racket systems”). The data are provided as an SPSS file with variable names, variable labels, value labels where appropriate, missing value definitions where appropriate. Variable and value labels are given in English translation, string texts are quoted from the Italian originals as we thought that a translation could bias the information and that users of the data for secondary analysis will usually be able to read Italian. The rows of the SPSS file describe one extortion case each. The columns start with some technical information (unique case number, reference to the original source, region, case number within the regions (Sicily and Calabria). These are followed by information about when the cases happened, the pseudonym of the extorter, his role in the organisation and the name and territory of the mafia family or mandamento he belongs to. Information about the victims, their affiliations and the type of enterprise they represent follows; the type of enterprise is coded according to the official Italian coding scheme (AtEco, which can be downloaded from http://www.istat.it/it/archivio/17888). The next group of variables describes the place where the extortion happened. The value labels for the numerical pseudonyms of extorters and victims (both persons and firms) are not contained in this file, hence the pseudonyms can only be used to analyse how often the same person or firm was involved in extortion. After this more or less technical information about the extortion cases the cases are described materially. Most variables come in two forms, both the original textual description of what happened and how it happened and a recoded variable which lends itself better for quantitative analyses. The features described in these variables encompass • whether the extortion was only attempted (and unsuccessful from the point of view of the extorter) or completed, i.e. the victim actually paid, • whether the request was for a periodic or a one-off payment or both and what the amount was (the amounts of periodic and one-off amounts are not always comparable as some were only defined in terms of percentages of victim income or in terms of obligations the victim accepted to employ a relative of the extorter etc.), • whether there was an intimidation and whether it was directed to a person or to property, • whether the extortion request was brought forward by direct personal contact or by some indirect communication, • whether there was some negotiation between extorter and victim, and if so, what it was like, and whether a mediator interfered, • how the victim reacted: acquiescent, conniving or refusing, • how the law enforcement agencies got to know about the case (own observation, denunciation, etc.), • whether the extorter was caught, brought to investigation custody or finally sentenced (these variables contain a high percentage of missing data, partly due to the fact that some cases are still under prosecution or before court or as a consequence of incomplete documents.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1998 / 2015
  • 1998 / 2015
Geographic Coverage
  • Calabria / IT-78
  • Sicilia / IT-82
Sampled Universe
Extortion cases in Sicily and Calabria
Sampling
Reasoned sampling, trying to represent the proportional distribution of the cases between East and West Sicily. For Calabria the focus was on the province capital.
Collection Mode
    • Compilation
    • Transcription
    • Compilation
    • Transcription
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Event/Process
    Number of Units: 631
    Number of Variables: 58
    Type of Data: Each row describes a case of extortion committed in Sicily and Calabria between 1998 and 2014 as documented in police and/or court records. Names of extorters and victims are pseudonymised.
    • File Name: SiciliaCalabriaExtortionDatabasePublicVersion.sav
      File Format: application/x-spss-sav
      File Size: 994278
      Data Fingerprint: 0bab7a2ead076cb43877838f7c9bf6b0
      Method Fingerprint: MD5
  • Unit Type: Event/Process
    Number of Units: 631
    Number of Variables: 58
    • File Name: SiciliaCalabriaExtortionDatabasePublicVersion.sav
      File Format: application/x-spss-sav
      File Size: 994278
      Data Fingerprint: 0bab7a2ead076cb43877838f7c9bf6b0
      Method Fingerprint: MD5
  • Type of Data: Dataset description
    • File Name: Sicilia_and_Calabria_Extortion_Database.pdf
      File Format: application/pdf
      File Size: 139495
      Data Fingerprint: 4c36090cd9887b7b30a33c853785f602
      Method Fingerprint: MD5
    • File Name: Sicilia_and_Calabria_Extortion_Database.pdf
      File Format: application/pdf
      File Size: 139495
      Data Fingerprint: 4c36090cd9887b7b30a33c853785f602
      Method Fingerprint: MD5
Availability
Download
Restricted Access
Publications
  • Troitzsch, Klaus G. (2015) Extortion Racket Systems as Targets for Agent-Based Simulation Models. Comparing Competing Simulation Models and Emprical Data. In: Advances in Complex Systems 18 (2015, accepted for publication). http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S0219525915500149;10.1142/S0219525915500149

Update Metadata: 2019-10-01 | Issue Number: 3 | Registration Date: 2015-11-18

GLODERS Global Dynamics of Extortion Racket System FP7 Project; GLODERS Global Dynamics of Extortion Racket System FP7 Project (2015): Sicily and Calabria Extortion Database. Version: 1. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.7802/1116