Environmental Consciousness in Germany 1998

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Preisendörfer, Peter (Institut für Soziologie, Universität Rostock)
  • Diekmann, Andreas (Institut für Soziologie, Universität Bern)
Publication Date
  • GFM-GETAS, Hamburg (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Technology, Energy
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Community, urban and rural life
    • Transport, travel and mobility
    • Natural resources and energy
    • Environmental degradation/pollution and protection
    • Consumption/consumer behaviour
  • Abstract

    Environmental consciousness and conduct in areas relevant to the environment. Topics: classification of the significance of political problems such as unemployment, providing housing, preservation of the social state, combating crime, foreigner questions, environmental protection and competitive ability of business (scale); judgement on personal impact from noise, exhaust, bad air and trash lying around; burden from traffic in the residental street of respondent; perceived irritation from noise in the evening; view of green areas and having one´s own yard; characterization of location of residence as well as perceived noise burden in the residential surroundings; satisfaction with environmental situation in residential area; global assessment of environmental conditions (scale); feeling of personal responsibility regarding environmental protection; attitude to science and technology as environmentally harmful or protective; ecological values and environmental consciousness (scale). Environmentally conscious shopping practices: looking for the environmental compatibility of products when shopping; orientation on symbols of environmentally compatible products; knowledge of and looking for the ´Blue Angel´; willingness to to pay extra for environmentally conscious and environmentally compatible products; environmentally conscious shopping practices, e.g. when purchasing beverages in returnable bottles; leaving packaging in stores as well as change of environment practices in recent time; purchase of fruit and vegetables in season and locally; purchase of rechargable batteries; purchase of clothing in second-hand shop; duration of wearing articles of clothing (one season to 3 years); fashion, price or longevity as criteria when buying clothing; attitude to genetically modified foods; judgement on statements about products harmful to the environment, purchase of canned food and the general lack of care in dealing with environmental problems; attitude to purchase of products from controlled-biological cultivation. Waste management: frequency of separating trash into the individual recyclable categories; possession of a bio-trashcan or personally composting; collection point for hazardous waste in close vicinity; distance to closest container for waste paper as well as used glass; group trashcan or individual trashcan; manner of participation of household in ´dual system´ with the green dot {recycling}; attitude to extent of general trash creation, to recycling and to environmentally friendly elimination of residual waste (scale); willingness to pay higher trash fees as well as separation of further types of trash. Use of energy and water: use of energy-saving lamps; energy-conscious turning off of light as well as television; frugal use of water and water-saving equipment in household; water-saving button on toilet; paying water costs based on use or at a flat rate; manner of airing rooms in the winter; type of heating; turning off heat when leaving the residence for several hours; reasons against turning it off; automatically lowering heat at night and possible reasons against it; fixed-rate heating costs for the residence; use of a clothes dryer; attitude to saving energy (scale). Traffic and car: possession and number of bicycles, mopeds, motorcycles and cars; environmental protection as reason for not owning or restricted use of a car; frequency of using the car in days as well as according to kilometers driven; frequency of excursions on weekends and preferred means of transportation; trips with bicycle, public transportation and car without real destination, ´just for fun´; means of transport used for last vacation; frequency of using the Federal Railway in total and for work in the last year; self-classification as intensive, above-average, average or more below-average driver; possession of a Bahncard; frequency of using of air travel in total, within Germany, within and outside of Europe in the last year; proportion of flights for work; number of vacation trips in the last year; use of means of transport when shopping for household and on the way to work; distance to work as well as for shopping; commuting times to work; using the car because of occupation; opportunities to use public transportation on the way to work and commuting time; attitude to statements about car and traffic such as e.g. change of driving style to reduce gasoline use, using car out of habit, inadequate use of OEPNV {local public passenger transport}, reduction of car use for environmental protection reasons and use of carpools (scale); membership in an environmental protection organization and accepted function; political participation on environmental questions; frequency of discussions about environmental protection; assumed attitude of social surroundings to personal involvement in an environmental protection group; assessment of the effectiveness of environmental policy measures such as existing laws to protect the environment; attitude to greater enforcement of environmental protection laws; tax increases to finance improved environmental protection; accepted highest price for gasoline; satisfaction with achievements of the Federal Environment Office (scale); attitude to a speed limit on freeways; preferred maximum speed limit; agreement with centers of town free of cars, expansion of pedestrian zones and increase in parking fees in large cities; approval of restricted traffic areas and 30-KM/H zones in purely residential areas; attitude to expansion of the OEPNV {local public passenger transport}, bicycle paths, increasing the cost of driving a car and transferring freight traffic to rail transport; attitude to significant increase in trash fees, construction of garbage incinerating plants, establishing garbage disposal sites and stricter legal requirements for the manufacture of products; judgement on recent progress in environmental compatibility of packaging, cleanliness of inshore waters, clean air, with protection of the soil, with climate protection and energy conservation; assessment of the danger of gene-technology and judgement on adequate protective functions of the government; knowledge about the so-called ecological tax reform; preference for step-wise or rapid conversion to such a tax reform; environmental protection and creating jobs; knowledge about the term ´nachhaltige Entwicklung´ (sustainable development); judgement on environmental conditions in the new as well as in the old states; trust in the ability of parties, environmental protection officials, initiatives, trade unions and industry regarding environmental protection. Environmental knowledge: estimate of average water consumption of a citizen per day, the proportion of power from nuclear power plants and knowledge of the electricity price per kilowatt-hour; household equipment with the highest energy consumption; gas responsible for the greenhouse effect; danger from high ozone levels on the ground or in the atmosphere; knowledge of native animals and plants on the so-called ´red list´; judgement on one´s own as well as over-all German current and future economic situation; residential floor space (in qm); number of rooms smaller than 6 qm; form of housing and type of residential building; year of construction of residential building; frequency of contact with neighbors.$ Demography: sex; month and year of birth; school education; vocational training certificate; employment; weekly working hours; occupational position; fear of unemployment; personal unemployment in the last few years; self-classification of social class and on a left-right continuum; interest in politics; party preference (Sunday question); marital status; living together with a partner and employment of partner; number of children; ages of persons living in the household; income of respondent and household income; religious denomination; religiousness; size of city in which respondent grew up; origins from the GDR; length of residence; telephone possession; possession of telephone answering device; computer possession und Internet access. Interviewer rating: presence of third persons during interview and their degree of relationship to respondent; intervention by other persons in the interview; willingness to cooperate and reliability of respondent. Also encoded was: date of interview; number of interviews at sample point; number of contact attempts by telephone and in person; interviewer age; education level of interviewer.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1998-01 / 1998-02
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
German citizens 18 years old and living in Germany
Sampling Procedure Comment: Multi-stage stratified random sample (ADM mastersample)
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 2029
    Number of Variables: 303
ZA Study Nos. 2964 and 3278 are from the same series.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA3277 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Preisendörfer, Peter: Umweltbewußtsein in Deutschland: Ergebnisse einer repräsentativen Bevölkerungsumfrage 1998. Berlin: Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit 1998.
  • Preisendörfer, Peter: Umwelteinstellungen und Umweltverhalten in Deutschland: Empirische Befunde und Analysen auf der Grundlage der Bevölkerungsumfragen "Umweltbewußtsein in Deutschland 1991-1998". Hrsg. vom Umweltbundesamt. Opladen: Leske + Budrich 1999.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 89 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22