Environmental Consciousness in Germany 2000

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Kuckartz, Udo (Institut für Erziehungswissenschaft, Philipps-Universität Marburg)
  • Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit, Berlin
Publication Date
  • EMNID, Bielefeld (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Technology, Energy
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Community, urban and rural life
    • Specific diseases and medical conditions
    • Transport, travel and mobility
    • Natural resources and energy
    • Environmental degradation/pollution and protection
    • Consumption/consumer behaviour
  • Abstract

    Environmental consciousness and conduct in areas relevant to the environment. Topics: relevance of the environmental problem: general well-being living in Germany; importance of political problems such as unemployment, provision of housing, preserving the social state, combating crime, foreigner questions, environmental protection and competitive ability of business (scale); importance of selected goals of environmental protection. Environmental quality: judgement on environmental quality in Eastern and Western Germany, in Germany over-all, world-wide and in one's own city; largest environmental problem in one's own municipality; personal image of nature as self-regulating, sensitive, withstanding burdens within limits or unpredictable; perceived personal jeopardy from air pollution by cars and industry, water pollution and climate changes from the "greenhouse effect"; judgement on personal impact of noise, exhausts and bad air. Environmental attitudes: personal stand on environmental protection: orientation on environment or pleasure; trust in technology or one's own initiative; affective-cognitive and conative aspects of environmental protection (scale); technology and business; willingness to pay higher prices, higher taxes and restriction on standard of living for environmental protection. Consumption and household: paying attention to low energy consumption and readiness for higher expenditures for energy-saving devices when purchasing household equipment; knowledge about the introduction of the option to change electricity companies and personal conduct after this; using eco-electricity or intent to use eco-electricity in spite of additional cost. Environmentally conscious shopping practices: paying attention to the environmental compatibility of products when shopping; orientation on identification of environmentally compatible products; knowledge and paying attention to the "blue angel"; willingness to pay more for environmentally conscious and environmentally compatible products. Traffic and mobility: possession and number of cars in general and cars with reduced consumption in one's household; expected reaction to a doubling of the gasoline price: switching to bicycle or OEPNV {local public passenger transport}, doing without some trips or buying a more economical car; frequency of using a car; frequency of using bicycle, train and airplane in the last year; attitude to a speed limit; attitude to car-free zones in larger cities as well as additional streets for bicycle traffic, to establishing more restricted traffic zones and speed limit of 30 KM/H in residential areas; agreement with traffic policy measures such as expansion of the OEPNV {local public passenger transport}, the bicycle network and transferring freight traffic to rail transport; attitude to construction of the magnetic suspension train (Transrapid); attitude to introduction of a car-free days each year in one's municipality; trips with the bicycle without a real destination, "just for fun"; number of vacation trips last year; use of means of transport when shopping for household; distance to shops. Health: perceived current and future health burden from environmental problems; hereditary or environmentally caused allergic illnesses; personal experiences with allergic illnesses or in personal surroundings; age of persons affected; type of allergic symptoms (illnesses of the skin or respiratory tracts) and information on the causes (food, additives etc.); strength of personal impairment from allergy or the allergy of members of the household. Future scenarios: assumed events in the next 20 to 50 years such as shortage of drinking water, abandoning nuclear energy, war over raw materials and water, increase in long-distance travels, increased conversion to biological farming, 3-liter cars and cars with other forms of power, increase in global environmental pollution, noticeable increase in climate temperature. Environmental policies and citizen participation: evaluation of extent of current environmental policy measures; desired measures of the Federal Government against increase in ozone levels: speed limit, driving prohibition, education campaign or no measures; assessment of the risk of atomic energy; agreement with the FRG's abandoning nuclear energy; assessment of existing environmental protection laws as adequate or inadequate; importance of reducing gases harmful to the climate and evaluation of political measures for this; feeling of progress in the last 5 years regarding cleanliness of inshore waters, purity of the air, condition of soil, climate protection, conservation of energy and protection of nature; assessment of the risk of gene technology and orientation of the government on safety or health in the area of gene technology; attitude to foods processed with gene technology; political participation in the area of environmental protection and authorities and institutions consulted; membership in environmental protection organizations and assessment of participation in residential area and in personal circle of friends; knowledge about the "local agenda 21" initiative; willingness to participate in affairs in the residential district; interest or commitment in certain topic areas (health, third world, traffic etc.); knowledge about the discussion of an ecological tax reform; agreement with selected statements on ecological tax reform; familiarity and understanding of the term "sustained development"; trust in the problem-solving ability of selected institutions and organizations as well as of the political parties; interest in politics. Information practices: credibility of sources of information; information conduct relative to environmental problems through selected sources such as private and public television, radio, conversations with friends, regional and national press, weekly and technical publications; evaluation of extent and manner of media reporting about environmental problems; Internet access in household and frequency of use; personal environmental conduct; frequency of practising selected environmentally compatible actions (scale). Demography: sex; year of birth; highest education degree; employment activity; occupational position; marital status; living together with a partner; number of children; size of household and composition of household; party preference (Sunday question); religious denomination; religiousness; personal income; household income; growing up in a large city, small town or a village. Interviewer rating: form of housing; residential area; traffic situation of residential area; ZIP (postal) code.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2000-01 / 2000-02
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
German citizens 18 years old and living in Germany
Sampling Procedure Comment: Multi-stage stratified random sample (ADM mastersample)
Collection Mode
  • Oral survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 2018
    Number of Variables: 561
The questionnaire replicates one part of the questions posed in the preceding studies such that time series comparisons are possible. Among the topics newly added to the study are: "environment and health", "personal values and mentalities", "attitudes to the model sustained development ". ZA Study Nos. 2964 and 3277 are from the same series.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA3278 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Kuckartz, Udo: Umweltbewußtsein in Deutschland 2000: Ergebnisse einer repräsentativen Bevölkerungsumfrage. Berlin: Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit Juni 2000. (Referat Gesellschaftspolitische Grundsatzfragen)

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 90 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22