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CSES Module 2 Full Release

Version
6.0.0
Resource Type
Dataset
Creator
  • The Comparative Study of Electoral Systems
Other Title
  • Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (2001-2006) (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2015-12-15
Contributor
  • Ilirjani, Altin (Albanian Political Science Association / University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, United States (for Albanian survey)) (Researcher)
  • Bean, Clive (School of Humanities and Human Services, Queensland University of Technology, Australia) (Researcher)
  • Gibson, Rachel K. (ACSPRI Centre for Social Research (ACSR), Research School of Social Science, The Australian National University, Australia) (Researcher)
  • McAllister, Ian (Research School of Social Sciences, The Australian National University, Australia) (Researcher)
  • De Winter, Lieven (University of Louvain La Neuve, Belgium) (Researcher)
  • Billiet, Jaak (University of Leuven, Belgium) (Researcher)
  • Frognier, Andre-Paul (University of Louvain La Neuve, Belgium) (Researcher)
  • Swyngedouw, Marc (University of Leuven, Belgium) (Researcher)
  • de Almeida, Alberto C. (UFF-Universidade Federal Fluminense and FGV-Fundação Getúlio Vargas, Brasil) (Researcher)
  • Meneguello, Rachel (Unicamp - Cesop, Cidade Universitária "Zeferino Vaz", Brasil) (Researcher)
  • Popova, Radosveta (TNS-BBSS, Gallup International, Bulgaria) (Researcher)
  • Blais, André (Département de science politique, Université de Montréal, Canada) (Researcher)
  • Everitt, Joanna (Saint John, Department of History and Politics, University of New Brunswick, Canada) (Researcher)
  • Fournier, Patrick (Département de Science Politique, Université de Montréal, Canada) (Researcher)
  • Gidengil, Elisabeth (Department of Political Science, McGill University, Canada) (Researcher)
  • Nevitte, Neil (Department of Political Science, University of Toronto, Canada) (Researcher)
  • Lagos, Marta (Latinobarómetro, Opinión Pública Latinoamericana, Chile) (Researcher)
  • Linek, Lukas (Institute of Sociology, Czech Academy of Sciences, Czech Republic) (Researcher)
  • Mansfeldova, Zdenka (Institute of Sociology, Czech Academy of Sciences, Czech Republic) (Researcher)
  • Seidlova, Adela (CVVM, Czech Republic) (Researcher)
  • Andersen, Jørgen G. (Institut for Økonomi, Politik og Forvaltning, Aalborg Universitet, Denmark) (Researcher)
  • Rathlev, Jakob (Institut for Økonomi, Politik og Forvaltning, Aalborg Universitet, Denmark) (Researcher)
  • Paloheimo, Heikki (Department of Political Science, University of Tampere, Finland) (Researcher)
  • Pehkonen, Juhani (TNS Gallup, Finland) (Researcher)
  • Gschwend, Thomas (Mannheimer Zentrum für Europäische Sozialforschung (MZES), Universität Mannheim, Germany (for French survey)) (Researcher)
  • Schmitt, Hermann (Mannheimer Zentrum für Europäische Sozialforschung (MZES), Universität Mannheim, Germany (for French survey)) (Researcher)
  • Schmitt, Hermann (Mannheimer Zentrum für Europäische Sozialforschung (MZES), Universität Mannheim, Germany (for German telephone survey)) (Researcher)
  • Weßels, Bernhard (Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB), Germany (for telephone survey)) (Researcher)
  • Rattinger, Hans (Universität Bamberg, Germany (for mail-back survey)) (Researcher)
  • Gabriel, Oscar (Universität Stuttgart, Germany (for mail-back survey)) (Researcher)
  • Curtice, John (Department of Government, University of Strathclyde, Scotland) (Researcher)
  • Fisher, Steve (Trinity College and Department of Sociology, Oxford, United Kingdom) (Researcher)
  • Thomson, Katarina (National Centre for Social Research, London, United Kingdom) (Researcher)
  • Pang-kwong, Li (Public Governance Programme and Department of Politics and Sociology, Lingnan University, Hong Kong) (Researcher)
  • Tóka, Gábor (Central European University, Budapest, Hungary) (Researcher)
  • Hardarson, Ólafur T. (University of Iceland, Iceland) (Researcher)
  • Marsh, Michael (Department of Political Science, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland) (Researcher)
  • Arian, Asher (Political Science, University of Haifa, Israel) (Researcher)
  • Shamir, Michal (Political Science, Tel-Aviv University, Israel) (Researcher)
  • Schadee, Hans (Dipartimento di Psicologia, Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, Italy) (Researcher)
  • Segatti, Paolo (Dipartimento di Studi Sociali e Politici, Università di Milano, Italy) (Researcher)
  • Hirano, Hiroshi (Gakushuin University, Japan) (Researcher)
  • Ikeda, Ken´ichi (The University of Tokyo, Japan) (Researcher)
  • Kobayashi, Yoshiaki (Keio University, Japan) (Researcher)
  • Kim, Hyung J. (Korean Social Science Data Center, Korea) (Researcher)
  • Kim, Wook (Department of Political Science, Paichai University, Korea) (Researcher)
  • Lee, Nam Y. (Department of Political Science, Sookmyung Women´s University, Korea) (Researcher)
  • Isaev, Kusein (Center for Sociological, Politological, Social-Psychological Research, Bishkek Humanities University, Kyrgyzstan) (Researcher)
  • Beltrán Ugarte, Ulises (CIDE and BGC, México) (Researcher)
  • Nacif, Benito (CIDE, México) (Researcher)
  • Ocampo Alcantar, Rolando (México) (Researcher)
  • Pérez, Olivia (México) (Researcher)
  • Irwin, Galen A. (Leiden University, Department of Political Science, The Netherlands) (Researcher)
  • van Holsteyn, Joop J.M. (Leiden University, Department of Political Science, The Netherlands) (Researcher)
  • Vowles, Jack (The Department of Political Studies, University of Auckland, New Zealand) (Researcher)
  • Aardal, Bernt (Institute for Social Research, Norway) (Researcher)
  • Valen, Henry (Institute for Social Research, Norway) (Researcher)
  • Romero, Catalina (Social Sciences Department, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Perú) (Researcher)
  • Sulmont, David (Social Sciences Department, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Perú) (Researcher)
  • Guerrero, Linda Luz B. (Social Weather Stations, Philippines) (Researcher)
  • Licudine, Vladymir J. (Social Weather Stations, Philippines) (Researcher)
  • Sandoval, Gerardo (Social Weather Stations, Philippines) (Researcher)
  • Jasiewicz, Krzysztof (Department of Sociology, Washington and Lee University and Institute of Political Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences, United States/Poland (for Polish survey)) (Researcher)
  • Markowski, Radoslaw (Institute of Political Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland) (Researcher)
  • Barreto, Antonio (ICS-UL, Instituto de Ciências Sociais, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal (for survey in 2002)) (Researcher)
  • Freire, Andre (ISCTE, Higher Institute for Labour and Business Studies and ICS-UL, Social Sciences Research Institute, University of Lisbon, Portugal (for survey in 2002)) (Researcher)
  • Costa Lobo, Marina (ICS-UL, Instituto de Ciências Sociais, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal (for survey in 2002)) (Researcher)
  • Magalhães, Pedro (ICS-UL, Instituto de Ciências Sociais and Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Portugal (for survey in 2002)) (Researcher)
  • Barreto, António (Instituto de Ciências Sociais da Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal (for survey in 2005)) (Researcher)
  • Freire, André (Instituto Superior de Ciências do Trabalho e de Empresa, Libsoa, Portugal (for survey in 2005)) (Researcher)
  • Lobo, Marina C. (Instituto de Ciências Sociais da Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal (for survey in 2005)) (Researcher)
  • Magalhães, Pedro (Instituto de Ciências Sociais da Universidade de Lisboa/Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Lisboa, Portugal (for survey in 2005)) (Researcher)
  • Badescu, Gabriel (The Center for the Study of Democracy, Babes-Bolyai University of Cluj, Romania) (Researcher)
  • Gheorghita, Andrei (The Center for the Study of Democracy, Babes-Bolyai University of Cluj, Romania) (Researcher)
  • Sum, Paul (Department of Political Science and Public Administration, University of North Dakota, United States (for Romanian survey)) (Researcher)
  • Colton, Timothy (Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies, Harvard University, United States (for Russian survey)) (Researcher)
  • Hale, Henry (Department of Political Science, George Washington University, United States (for Russian survey)) (Researcher)
  • Kozyreva, Polina (JSC "Demoscope", Russia) (Researcher)
  • McFaul, Michael (Hoover Institution, Stanford University, United States (for Russian survey)) (Researcher)
  • Stebe, Janez (Arhiv druzboslovnih podatkov (ADP), Faculty of Social Science - University of Ljubljana, Slovenia) (Researcher)
  • Tos, Niko (Faculty of Social Science - University of Ljubljana, Slovenia) (Researcher)
  • Díez Nicolás, Juan (ASEP / Complutense University, Spain) (Researcher)
  • Holmberg, Sören (Statsvetenskapliga Institutionen, Department of Political Science, Göteborg University, Sweden) (Researcher)
  • Oscarsson, Henrik (Statsvetenskapliga Institutionen, Department of Political Science, Göteborg University, Sweden) (Researcher)
  • Selb, Peter (Institut für Politikwissenschaft, Universität Zürich, Switzerland) (Researcher)
  • Huang, Chi (Department of Political Science, National Chung-Cheng University, Taiwan (for survey in 2001)) (Researcher)
  • Huang, Chi (Department of Political Science, National Chung-Cheng University, Taiwan (for survey in 2004)) (Researcher)
  • Hawang, Shiow-Duan (Department of Political Science, Soochow University, Taiwan (for survey in 2004)) (Researcher)
  • Burns, Nancy (Center for Political Studies, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, United States) (Researcher)
  • Dalton, Russell (Department of Political Science, University of California, Irvine, United States) (Researcher)
  • Kinder, Donald R. (Center for Political Studies, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, United States) (Researcher)
  • Shively, W. Phillips (Department of Political Science, University of Minnesota, United States) (Researcher)
  • American National Election Studies (ANES) (Researcher)
  • Center for Political Studies, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, United States (Researcher)
  • Albania: Albanian Political Science Association, Tirana, and GLOBIC LLC, USA, Chapel Hill (Data Collector)
  • Australia: information not available (Data Collector)
  • Belgium: Institute of Social and Political Opinion Research (ISPO), K.U.Leuven, Belgium, & Point d’appui Interuniversitaire sur l’Opinion Publique et la Politique (PIOP), U.C.Louvain (Data Collector)
  • Brazil: Uff-Universidade Federal Fluminense, Icaraí (Data Collector)
  • Bulgaria: BBSS Gallup International, Sofia (Data Collector)
  • Canada: Hitachi Survey Research Centre at the University of Toronto, Institute for Social Research at York University, Toronto (Data Collector)
  • Chile: MORI, Santiago (Data Collector)
  • Czech Republic: CVVM (Centrum pro vyzkum verejneho mineni - Centre for public opinion polling), Prague (Data Collector)
  • Denmark: Gallup A/S (TNS Gallup Public: CAPI-interviews), Copenhagen (Data Collector)
  • Finland: TNS Gallup (Gallup Finland), Espoo (Data Collector)
  • France: Bruno Jeanbart CSA-TMO, Paris (Data Collector)
  • Germany: Infratest dimap (for telephone surey), Berlin (Data Collector)
  • Germany: University of Bamberg, Bamberg (for mail-back survey) (Data Collector)
  • Great Britain: National Centre for Social Research, London (Data Collector)
  • Hong Kong: Public Governance Programme, Lingnan University, Lingnan (Data Collector)
  • Hungary: Median Public Opinion and Market Research Institute Ltd., Budapest (Data Collector)
  • Iceland: Social Science Research Institute of the University of Iceland, Reykjavik (Data Collector)
  • Ireland: Economic & Social Research Institute, Dublin (Data Collector)
  • Israel: Mahshov Survey Research Institute (Data Collector)
  • Italy: IPSOS, Milan (Data Collector)
  • Japan: CRS (Central Research Service: Chuou Chosa Co.) Tokyo (Data Collector)
  • Korea: Korean Social Science Data Center (KSDC), Seoul (Data Collector)
  • Kyrgistan: information not available (Data Collector)
  • Mexico: Consulta, S.A. (Data Collector)
  • The Netherlands: TNS NIPO, Amsterdam (Data Collector)
  • New Zealand: information not available (Data Collector)
  • Norway: Statistics Norway, Oslo (Data Collector)
  • Peru: Instituto de Opinión Pública de la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, San Miguel (Data Collector)
  • Philippines: Social Weather Stations, Quezon City (Data Collector)
  • Poland: Public Opinion Research Center (CBOS), Warsaw (Data Collector)
  • Portugal: Metris-GfK (an established commercial polling firm), Lisboa (for survey in 2002) (Data Collector)
  • Portugal: CESOP-UCP (Centro de Estudos e Sondagens de Opinião da Universidade Católica Portuguesa), Lisboa (for survey in 2005) (Data Collector)
  • Romania: The Center for the Study of Democracy, Babes-Bolyai- University, Cluj-Napoca (Data Collector)
  • Russia: Demoscope Independent Research Center, Moscow (Data Collector)
  • Slovenia: CJMMK - Center za raziskovanje javnega mnenja in mnozicnih komunikacij [Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre] - Univerza v Ljubljani [University of Ljubljana], Fakulteta za druzbene vede [Faculty of Social Sciences], Ljubljana (Data Collector)
  • Spain: ASEP, Madrid (Data Collector)
  • Sweden: Statistics Sweden, Stockholm and Örebro (Data Collector)
  • Switzerland: LINK Institut für Markt- und Sozialforschung, Lucerne (Data Collector)
  • Taiwan: The Committee of the Taiwan’s Election and Democratization Study, Taipei (for survey in 2001) (Data Collector)
  • Taiwan: The Committee of the Taiwan’s Election and Democratization Study, Taipei (for survey in 2004) (Data Collector)
  • United States: Survey Research Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (Data Collector)
Language
English
Classification
  • ZA:
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Elections
Description
  • Abstract

    The module was administered as a post-election interview. The resulting data are provided along with voting, demographic, district and macro variables in a single dataset. CSES Variable List The list of variables is being provided on the CSES Website to help in understanding what content is available from CSES, and to compare the content available in each module. Themes: MICRO-LEVEL DATA: Identification and study administration variables: mode of interview; gender of interviewer; date questionnaire administered; election type; weighting factors; if multiple rounds: percent of vote selected parties received in first round; selection of head of state; direct election of head of state and process of direct election; threshold for first-round victory; selection of candidates for the final round; simple majority or absolute majority for 2nd round victory; primary electoral district of respondent; number of days the interview was conducted after the election Demography: age; gender; education; marital status; union membership; union membership of others in household; business association membership, farmers´ association membership; professional association membership; current employment status; main occupation; socio economic status; employment type - public or private; industrial sector; current employment status, occupation, socio economic status, employment type - public or private and industrial sector of spouse; household income; number of persons in household; number of children in household under the age of 18; attendance at religious services; race; ethnicity; religiosity; religious denomination; language usually spoken at home; region of residence; rural or urban residence Survey variables: political participation during the recent election campaign (persuade others, campaign activities) and frequency of political participation; contacted by candidate or party during the campaign; respondent cast a ballot at the current and the previous election; vote choice (presidential, lower house and upper house elections) at the current and the previous election; respondent cast candidate preference vote at the current election; most important issue; evaluation of governments performance concerning the most important issue and in general; satisfaction with the democratic process in the country; attitude towards selected statements: it makes a difference who is in power and who people vote for; democracy is better than any other form of government; respondent cast candidate preference vote at the previous election; judgement of the performance of the party the respondent voted for in the previous election; judgement how well voters´ views are represented in elections; party and leader that represent respondent´s view best; form of questionnaire (long or short); party identification; intensity of party identification; sympathy scale for selected parties; assessment of parties and political leaders on a left-right-scale; political participation during the last 5 years: contacted a politician or government, protest or demonstration, work with others who share the same concern; respect for individual freedom and human rights; assessment how much corruption is widespread in the country; self-placement on a left-right-scale; political information items DISTRICT-LEVEL DATA: number of seats contested in electoral district, number of candidates, number of party lists, percent vote of different parties, official voter turnout in electoral district MACRO-LEVEL DATA: percent of popular vote received by parties in current (lower house/upper house) legislative election; percent of seats in lower house received by parties in current lower house/upper house election; percentage of official voter turnout; number of portfolios held by each party in cabinet, prior to and after the most recent election; year of party foundation; ideological family the parties are closest to; European parliament political group and international organization the parties belong to; significant parties not represented before and after the election; left-right position of parties; general concensus on these left-right placements among informed observers in the country; alternative dimension placements; consensus on the alternative dimension placements; most salient factors in the election; consensus on the salience ranking; electoral alliances permitted during the election campaign; name of alliance and participant parties; number of elected legislative chambers; for lower house and upper house was asked: number of electoral segments; number of primary districts; number of seats; district magnitude (number of members elected from each district); number of secondary and tertiary electoral districts; compulsory voting; votes cast; voting procedure; transferrable votes; cumulated votes if more than one can be cast; party threshold; used electoral formula; party lists close, open, or flexible; parties can run joint lists; possibility of apparentement; multi-party endorsements; ally party support; requirements for joint party lists; types of apparentement agreements; multi-party endorsements on ballot; head of state (regime type); year of presidential election (before or after this legislative election); process if indirect election; if by electoral college: selection of electors, deliberates, and voting procedure; if by legislature: chambers of the legislature, voting procedure; power of the head of state (introduce legislation, expedited action, package veto, partial veto, legislate by decree, emergency powers, negotiate agreements, commander of forces, introduce referenda, refer legislation to judiciary, legislative sessions); head of government (elected independently, is the head of state, selection method if not elected independently); authorities of the head of government concerning the composition of the cabinet (name ministers, nominate ministers, review ministerial nominations, dismiss ministers); authorities of the head of government concerning the policy making process (chair cabinet meetings, legislature schedules, policy alternatives, refers policy to committee, votes of confidence); methods of cabinet dismissal (head of state acting alone, by head of government alone, majority of legislature, plurality of legislature, combination); dissolution of legislature prior to regularly scheduled elections; dissolution of legislature by: head of state, head of government, majority of legislature, combination; restrictions on dissolving legislature (on the timing, as a response to action/inaction by the legislature); second chamber of the legislature (method of election, composition, exclusive legislative powers, power over the cabinet); constitutional federal structure; central power over periphery
Temporal Coverage
  • 2005-07-05 / 2005-07-20
    Albania
  • 2004-10-08 / 2005-02-15
    Australia
  • 2003-12-15 / 2004-04-30
    Belgium
  • 2002-10-31 / 2002-12-28
    Brazil
  • 2001-07-05 / 2001-07-15
    Bulgaria
  • 2004-05-23 / 2004-11
    Canada
  • 2006-01-01 / 2006-01-08
    Chile
  • 2002-06-24 / 2002-07-01
    Czech Republic
  • 2001-12-07 / 2002-03-14
    Denmark
  • 2003-03-17 / 2003-04-30
    Finland
  • 2002-05-23 / 2002-05-24
    France
  • 2002-08-05 / 2002-10-31
    Germany (mail back)
  • 2002-10-31 / 2002-11-12
    Germany (telephone)
  • 2005-06-20 / 2005-11-24
    Great Britain
  • 2004-10-05 / 2004-12-19
    Hong Kong
  • 2002-04-11 / 2002-04-19
    Hungary (between rounds)
  • 2003-05-15 / 2003-06-29
    Iceland
  • 2002-05-22 / 2002-11-29
    Ireland
  • 2003-02-02 / 2003-02-07
    Israel
  • 2006-05-10 / 2006-05-16
    Italy
  • 2004-06-15 / 2004-07-26
    Japan (pre/post)
  • 2004-04-15 / 2004-04-20
    Korea
  • 2006-02 / 2006-03
    Kyrgistan
  • 2003-07-19 / 2003-07-26
    Mexico
  • 2002-05-16 / 2002-06-27
    Netherlands (pre/post)
  • 2002
    New Zealand
  • 2001-09-11 / 2002-01-31
    Norway (pre/post)
  • 2006-05-18 / 2006-05-21
    Peru (between rounds)
  • 2004-08-05 / 2004-08-22
    Philippines
  • 2001-09-29 / 2001-10-11
    Poland
  • 2002-03-23 / 2002-04-08
    Portugal (post)
  • 2005-03-05 / 2005-05-08
    Portugal (post)
  • 2004-12-14 / 2005-01-07
    Romania
  • 2004-04-04 / 2004-05-11
    Russian Federation
  • 2005-03-17 / 2005-04-25
    Slovenia
  • 2004-03-15 / 2004-03-21
    Spain
  • 2002-09-16 / 2002-10-31
    Sweden
  • 2003-10-20 / 2003-11-02
    Switzerland
  • 2002-01 / 2002-04
    Taiwan (post)
  • 2004-06 / 2004-09
    Taiwan (post)
  • 2004-11-03 / 2004-12-20
    United States (pre/post)
Geographic Coverage
  • Australia (AU)
  • Albania (AL)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Brazil (BR)
  • Canada (CA)
  • Chile (CL)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Hong Kong (HK)
  • Iceland (IS)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Israel (IL)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Japan (JP)
  • Korea, Republic of (KR)
  • Kyrgyzstan (KG)
  • Mexico (MX)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • New Zealand (NZ)
  • Norway (NO)
  • Peru (PE)
  • Philippines (PH)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Russian Federation (RU)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Switzerland (CH)
  • Taiwan (TW)
  • United States (US)
Sampled Universe
The universe differs across countries. In most countries it includes eligible voters or residents aged 18 or older.
Sampling
Sampling procedures differ across countries. In most cases multistage stratified cluster sampling or stratified systematic random sampling was used. Detailed information on sampling for most countries is available in the codebook.
Collection Mode
  • Individual level: Modes of data collection differ across countries. A standardized questionnaire was administered in face-to-face interviews, telephone interviews or as fixed form self-administered questionnaire. District level: Aggregation of official electoral statistics. Country level: Expert survey using fixed form self-administered questionnaire.
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 64256
    Number of Variables: 434
Note
Information on funders These materials are based on work supported by the American National Science Foundation (www.nsf.gov) under grants SES-0112029 and SES-0451598, the University of Michigan, and the many organizations that fund election studies by CSES collaborators. Disclaimer Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in these materials are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the funding organizations. Further country-specific documentation Field questionnaires, macro reports, and design reports are provided for download on the website CSES Module 2 Election Study Archive
Availability
Download
0 - Data and documents are released for everybody.
Rights
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA5180 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)
Relations
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.7804/cses.module2.2007-06-27

Update Metadata: 2019-10-25 | Issue Number: 7 | Registration Date: 2015-12-16

The Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (2015): CSES Module 2 Full Release. Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (2001-2006). Version: 6.0.0. CSES - Comparative Study of Electoral Systems. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.7804/cses.module2.2015-12-15