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CSES Module 1 Full Release

Version
3.0.0
Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
Creator
  • The Comparative Study of Electoral Systems
Other Title
  • Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (1996-2001) (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2015-12-15
Contributor
  • Rotman, David (CPSR (Center of Sociological and Political Research), Belarus State University, Minsk, Belarus) (Researcher)
  • McAllister, Ian (Research School of Social Sciences, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia) (Researcher)
  • Levitskaya, Irina (CPSR (Center of Sociological and Political Research), Belarus State University, Minsk, Belarus) (Researcher)
  • Veremeeva, Natalia (CPSR (Center of Sociological and Political Research), Belarus State University, Minsk, Belarus) (Researcher)
  • Billiet, Jaak (Department of Sociology, University of Leuven, Belgium) (Researcher)
  • Frognier, André-Paul (Catholic University of Louvain, Lovain-la-Neuve, Belgium) (Researcher)
  • Blais, André (Département de Science Politique, Université de Montréal, Canada) (Researcher)
  • Gidengil, Elisabeth (Department of Political Science, McGill University, Montreal, Canada) (Researcher)
  • Nevitte, Neil (Department of Political Science, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada) (Researcher)
  • Nadeau, Richard (Département de Science Politique, Université de Montréal, Canada) (Researcher)
  • Lagos, Marta (Latinobarómetro, Opinión Pública Latinoamericana, Chile) (Researcher)
  • Tóka, Gábor (Political Science Department, Central European University, Budapest, Hungary (for Czech Republic)) (Researcher)
  • Andersen, Jørgen G. (Institut for Økonomi, Politik og Forvaltning, Aalborg Universitet, Denmark) (Researcher)
  • Schmitt, Hermann (Mannheimer Zentrum für Europäische Sozialforschung (MZES), Universität Mannheim, Germany) (Researcher)
  • Weßels, Bernhard (Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB), Germany) (Researcher)
  • Curtice, John (Department of Government, University of Strathclyde, Scotland) (Researcher)
  • Heath, Anthony (Department of Sociology, University of Oxford, England) (Researcher)
  • Norris, Pippa (John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, United States (for United Kingdom)) (Researcher)
  • Jowell, Roger (National Centre for Social Research, London, England) (Researcher)
  • Pang-kwong, Li (Research and Survey Programme and Department of Politics and Sociology, Lingnan University, Tuen Mun, Hong Kong) (Researcher)
  • Tóka, Gábor (Political Science Department, Central European University, Budapest, Hungary) (Researcher)
  • Hardarson, Ólafur T. (Faculty of Social Science, University of Iceland, Iceland) (Researcher)
  • Arian, Asher (Department of Political Science, University of Haifa, Israel) (Researcher)
  • Shamir, Michal (Department of Political Science, Tel Aviv University, Israel) (Researcher)
  • Nishizawa, Yoshitaka (Political Science Department, Doshisha University Imadegawa Karasuma, Japan) (Researcher)
  • Lee, Nam-Young (Department of Political Science and International Relations, Sookmyung Women´s University, Korea) (Researcher)
  • Alisauskiene, Rasa (Baltic Surveys, Vilnius, Lithuania) (Researcher)
  • Liubsiene, Elena (Baltic Surveys, Vilnius, Lithuania) (Researcher)
  • Beltrán, Ulises (División de Estudios Políticos, CIDE (Centro de Investigacion y Docencia Economica), Mexico) (Researcher)
  • Nacif Hernández, Benito (CIDE (Centro de Investigacion y Docencia Economica), Mexico) (Researcher)
  • Aimer, Peter (Department of Political Studies, University of Auckland, New Zealand) (Researcher)
  • Aarts, Kees (School of Business, Public Administration and Technology, University of Twente, The Netherlands) (Researcher)
  • Karp, Jeffrey A. (Department of Political Science, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands (for New Zealand)) (Researcher)
  • Banducci, Susan (Department of Political Science, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands (for New Zealand)) (Researcher)
  • Vowles, Jack (Department of Political Studies, University of Auckland, New Zealand) (Researcher)
  • Aardal, Bernt (The Norwegian Election Studies, Institute for Social Research, Norway) (Researcher)
  • Valen, Henry (The Norwegian Election Studies, Institute for Social Research, Norway) (Researcher)
  • Romero, Catalina (Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Perú) (Researcher)
  • Jasiewicz, Krzysztof (Department of Sociology, Washington and Lee University, United States, and Institute of Political Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland (for Polish survey)) (Researcher)
  • Markowski, Radoslaw (Institute of Political Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland) (Researcher)
  • Barreto, Antonio (ICS-UL, Instituto de Ciências Sociais, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal (for survey in 2002)) (Researcher)
  • Freire, Andre (ISCTE, Higher Institute for Labour and Business Studies and ICS-UL, Social Sciences Research Institute, University of Lisbon, Portugal (for survey in 2002)) (Researcher)
  • Badescu, Gabriel (Faculty of Political and Administrative Sciences, Babes-Bolyai University, Romania) (Researcher)
  • Sum, Paul (Department of Political Science and Public Administration, University of North Dakota, United States (for Romanian survey)) (Researcher)
  • Colton, Timothy (Department of Government, Harvard University, United States (for Russian survey)) (Researcher)
  • Kozyreva, Polina (Institute of Sociology, Academy of Sciences, Russia) (Researcher)
  • Stebe, Janez (CJMMK (Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre), Faculty of Social Science, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia) (Researcher)
  • Tos, Niko (University of Ljubljana, Slovenia) (Researcher)
  • Díez Nicolás, Juan (ASEP (Analisis Sociológicos Económicos y Políticos), Madrid, Spain) (Researcher)
  • Holmberg, Sören (Statsvetenskapliga Institutionen, Department of Political Science, Göteborg University, Sweden) (Researcher)
  • Hardmeier, Sibylle (IPZ (Institut für Politikwissenschaft Zürich), Universität Zürich, Switzerland) (Researcher)
  • Selb, Peter (IPZ (Institut für Politikwissenschaft Zürich), Universität Zürich, Switzerland) (Researcher)
  • Chu, Yun-Han (Department of Political Science, National Taiwan University, Taiwan) (Researcher)
  • Albritton, Robert B. (Department of Political Science The University of Mississippi, United States (for Thailand)) (Researcher)
  • Bureekul, Thawilwadee (The King Prajadhipok´s Institute, Civil Service Training Institute Building, Thailand) (Researcher)
  • Balakireva, Olga (Ukrainian Institute for Social Research, Kiev, Ukraine) (Researcher)
  • Sapiro, Virginia (Department of Political Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison, United States) (Researcher)
  • Shively, W. Phillips (Department of Political Science, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, United States) (Researcher)
  • American National Election Studies (ANES), Center for Political Studies, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, United States (Researcher)
  • Australia: Australian Social Science Data Archives, Research School of Social Sciences, The Australian National University (Data Collector)
  • Belarus: Center of Sociological and Political Research (CSPR), Belarus State University, Minsk (Data Collector)
  • Belgium-Flanders: Institute of Social and Political Opinion Research (ISPO), K.U.Leuvain, Belgium, & Point d’appui Interuniversitaire sur l’Opinion Publique et la Politique (PIOP), U.C.Louvain (Data Collector)
  • Belgium-Walloon: Catholic University of Louven, Belgium (Data Collector)
  • Canada: Institute for Social Research at York University, Toronto (Data Collector)
  • Chile: information not available (Data Collector)
  • Czech Republic: STEM - Centre for Empirical Research, Prague (Data Collector)
  • Denmark: ACNielsen AIM Danmark, Hellerup (Data Collector)
  • Institut for Økonomi, Politik og Forvaltning, Aarhus Universitet, Denmark (Data Collector)
  • Germany: forsa Gesellschaft für Sozialforschung und statistische Analysen, Dortmund/Berlin (Data Collector)
  • Great Britain: Social and Community Planning Research, London (Data Collector)
  • Hong Kong: Lingnan University, Tuen Mun (Data Collector)
  • Hungary: Median Public Opinion and Market Research Institute, Budapest (Data Collector)
  • Iceland: information not available (Data Collector)
  • Israel: Mahshov Survey Research Institute (Data Collector)
  • Japan: information not available (Data Collector)
  • Korea: e-Trend (Data Collector)
  • Lithuania: Gallup/Baltic Surveys, Vilnius (Data Collector)
  • Mexico: Berúmen y Asociados and Consulta, S.A (1997), Ulises Beltrán Ugart (2000) (Data Collector)
  • The Netherlands: Instituut vor Toegepaste Sociale Wetenschappen, Nijmegen (Data Collector)
  • New Zealand: information not available (Data Collector)
  • Norway: Statistics Norway, Oslo (Data Collector)
  • Peru: Instituto de Opinión Pública de la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, San Miguel and Datum Internation (Data Collector)
  • Poland: Centrum Badania Opinii Spolecznej (CBOS), Warsaw (Data Collector)
  • Portugal: Metris-GfK, Lisboa (for survey in 2002) (Data Collector)
  • Romania: Laboratory of Empirical Political Analysis, Faculty of Political Science and Public Administration (Data Collector)
  • Russia: Institute of Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Data Collector)
  • Slovenia: CJMMK - Center za raziskovanje javnega mnenja in mnozicnih komunikacij (Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Centre) - Univerza v Ljubljani (University of Ljubljana), Fakulteta za druzbene vede (Faculty of Social Sciences), Ljubljana (Data Collector)
  • Spain: ASEP (Analisis Sociológicos Económicos y Políticos), Madrid (Data Collector)
  • Sweden: Statistics Sweden, Stockholm and Örebro (Data Collector)
  • Switzerland: LINK Institut für Markt- und Sozialforschung, Lucerne (Data Collector)
  • Taiwan: National Taiwan University (Data Collector)
  • Thailand: information not available (Data Collector)
  • Ukraine: SOCIS (Data Collector)
  • United States: Survey Research Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (Data Collector)
Language
English
Classification
  • ZA:
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Elections
Description
  • Abstract

    The module was administered as a post-election interview. The resulting data are provided along with voting, demographic, district and macro variables in a single dataset. CSES Variable List The list of variables is being provided on the CSES Website to help in understanding what content is available from CSES, and to compare the content available in each module. Themes: MICRO-LEVEL DATA: Identification and study administration variables: weighting factors;election type; date of election 1st and 2nd round; study timing (post election study, pre-election and post-election study, between rounds of majoritarian election); mode of interview; gender of interviewer; date questionnaire administered; primary electoral district of respondent; number of days the interview was conducted after the election Demography: age; gender; education; marital status; union membership; union membership of others in household; current employment status; main occupation; employment type - public or private; industrial sector; occupation of chief wage earner and of spouse; household income; number of persons in household; number of children in household under the age of 18; attendance at religious services; religiosity; religious denomination; language usually spoken at home; race; ethnicity; region of residence; rural or urban residence Survey variables: respondent cast a ballot at the current and the previous election; respondent cast candidate preference vote at the previous election; satisfaction with the democratic process in the country; last election was conducted fairly; form of questionnaire (long or short); party identification; intensity of party identification; political parties care what people think; political parties are necessary; recall of candidates from the last election (name, gender and party); number of candidates correctly named; sympathy scale for selected parties and political leaders; assessment of the state of the economy in the country; assessment of economic development in the country; degree of improvement or deterioration of economy; politicians know what people think; contact with a member of parliament or congress during the past twelve months; attitude towards selected statements: it makes a difference who is in power and who people vote for; people express their political opinion; self-assessment on a left-right-scale; assessment of parties and political leaders on a left-right-scale; political information items DISTRICT-LEVEL DATA: number of seats contested in electoral district; number of candidates; number of party lists; percent vote of different parties; official voter turnout in electoral district MACRO-LEVEL DATA: founding year of parties; ideological families of parties; international organization the parties belong to; left-right position of parties assigned by experts; election outcomes by parties in current (lower house/upper house) legislative election; percent of seats in lower house received by parties in current lower house/upper house election; percent of seats in upper house received by parties in current lower house/upper house election; percent of votes received by presidential candidate of parties in current elections; electoral turnout; electoral alliances permitted during the election campaign; existing electoral alliances; most salient factors in the election; head of state (regime type); if multiple rounds: selection of head of state; direct election of head of state and process of direct election; threshold for first-round victory; procedure for candidate selection at final round; simple majority or absolute majority for 2nd round victory; year of presidential election (before or after this legislative election); process if indirect election of head of state; head of government (president or prime minister); selection of prime minister; number of elected legislative chambers; for lower and upper houses was coded: number of electoral segments; number of primary districts; number of seats; district magnitude (number of members elected from each district); number of secondary and tertiary electoral districts; compulsory voting; votes cast; voting procedure; electoral formula; party threshold; parties can run joint lists; requirements for joint party lists; possibility of apparentement; types of apparentement agreements; multi-party endorsements; multi-party endorsements on ballot; ally party support; constitutional prerogatives of the head of state; constitutional powers of prime minister; methods of cabinet dismissal; dissolution of legislature
Temporal Coverage
  • 1996-03-02 / 1996-06-24
    Australia
  • 2001-09-24 / 2001-10-06
    Belarus
  • 1999-09 / 2000-01
    Belgium-Flanders
  • 1999-09 / 2000-01
    Belgium-Walloon
  • 1997-06-03 / 1997-08-03
    Canada
  • 1999-01
    Chile (between rounds of majoritarian election)
  • 1996-06-10 / 1996-06-18
    Czech Republic (pre/post)
  • 1998-04-06 / 1998-06-16
    Denmark
  • 1998-09-28 / 1998-10-17
    Germany
  • 1997-05-01 / 1997-07-29
    Great Britain
  • 1998-06-01 / 1998-08-31
    Hong Kong (post 1)
  • 2000-09-17 / 2001-01-31
    Hong Kong (post 2)
  • 1998-03-24 / 1998-05-21
    Hungary (between rounds of majoritarian election)
  • 1999-05-24 / 1999-06-23
    Iceland
  • 1996-07-13 / 1996-08-07
    Israel
  • 1996-10-22 / 1996-11-03
    Japan (pre/post)
  • 2000-05-12 / 2000-05-23
    Korea
  • 1998-01-13 / 1998-01-20
    Lithuania
  • 1997-07-14 / 1997-07-29
    Mexico
  • 2000-07-15 / 2000-07-20
    Mexico
  • 1998-05-11 / 1998-07-04
    Netherlands (pre/post)
  • 1996-10-13 / 1996-12-24
    New Zealand
  • 1997-09-16 / 1997-11-30
    Norway
  • 2000-05-05 / 2000-05-08
    Peru (post)
  • 2001-04-21 / 2001-04-23
    Peru (between rounds of majoritarian election)
  • 1997-09-29 / 1997-10-06
    Poland
  • 2002-03-23 / 2002-04-08
    Portugal
  • 1996-11-26 / 1996-12-03
    Romania
  • 1999-12-25 / 2000-01-31
    Russian Federation (pre/post)
  • 2000-04-09 / 2000-06-10
    Russian Federation (pre/post)
  • 1997-10-04 / 1997-11-07
    Slovenia
  • 1996-03-11 / 1996-03-16
    Spain (post)
  • 2000-03-13 / 2000-03-20
    Spain (post)
  • 1998-09-11 / 1998-11-21
    Sweden
  • 1999-10-25 / 1999-11-17
    Switzerland
  • 1996-06 / 1996-09
    Taiwan
  • 2001
    Thailand (pre/post)
  • 1998-04-01 / 1998-04-16
    Ukraine
  • 1996-09-03 / 1997-01-02
    United States (pre/post)
Geographic Coverage
  • Australia (AU)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Canada (CA)
  • Chile (CL)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Hong Kong (HK)
  • Iceland (IS)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Israel (IL)
  • Japan (JP)
  • Korea, Republic of (KR)
  • Mexico (MX)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • New Zealand (NZ)
  • Norway (NO)
  • Peru (PE)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Russian Federation (RU)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Switzerland (CH)
  • Taiwan (TW)
  • United States (US)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Belarus (BY)
  • Thailand (TH)
  • Ukraine (UA)
Sampled Universe
The universe differs across countries. In most countries it includes eligible voters or residents aged 18 or older.
Sampling
Sampling Procedure Comment: Sampling procedures differ across countries. In most cases multistage stratified cluster sampling or stratified systematic random sampling was used. Detailed information on sampling for most countries is available in the codebook.
Collection Mode
  • Individual level: Modes of data collection differ across countries. A standardized questionnaire was administered in face-to-face interviews, telephone interviews or as fixed form self-administered questionnaire. District level: Aggregation of official electoral statistics. Country level: Expert survey using fixed form self-administered questionnaire.
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 62409
    Number of Variables: 304
Note
Information on funding These materials are based on work supported by the American National Science Foundation (www.nsf.gov) under grant SES-0112029, the University of Michigan, and the many organizations that fund election studies by CSES collaborators. Disclaimer Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in these materials are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the funding organizations. Further country-specific documentation Field questionnaires, macro reports, and design reports are provided for download on the website CSES Module 1 Election Study Archive
Availability
Download
0 - Data and documents are released for everybody.
Rights
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA5179 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)
Relations
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.7804/cses.module1.2003-08-04

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 20 | Registration Date: 2015-12-16

The Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (2015): CSES Module 1 Full Release. Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (1996-2001). Version: 3.0.0. CSES - Comparative Study of Electoral Systems. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.7804/cses.module1.2015-12-15