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A Process and Outcome Evaluation of the 4-H Mentoring/Youth and Families with Promise (YFP) Program [Utah, 2005-2010]

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data, experimental data, observational data, survey data
Creator
  • Orchowsky, Stan (Justice Research and Statistics Association)
  • Poulin, Mary (Justice Research and Statistics Association)
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2015-12-23
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
program evaluation; youthful offenders; youths at risk
Description
  • Abstract

    This study was an evaluation of Utah's 4-H Mentoring/Youth and Families with Promise (YFP) program, a statewide 4-H mentoring program designed for at-risk youths. Both the degree to which the YFP program was implemented and operated as planned and the long term outcome of program participation and sustainability of program effects were assessed. The process evaluation addressed (1) characteristics of the population served (risk factors, protective factors, socio-demographic characteristics); (2) type and dosage of program activities; (3) mentor-mentee relationships; (4) satisfaction with the program; (5) involvement of youths' family members in the program; (6) characteristics of mentors (e.g., type of mentor, sex, race); and (7) issues related to the youths' length of stay. The outcome evaluation consisted of an experimental group of at-risk youth 10-14 years old who were paired with a mentor, participated in 4-H activities, and also attended Family Night Out (FNO) activities to strengthen family bonds. A comparison group was constructed of students of the same age attending the same schools but who did not participate in the YFP program. The outcome evaluation measured whether the YFP program increased youths' interpersonal competence, improved youths' academic performance, strengthened youths' family relationships, and prevented delinquency. Outcome indicators were measured at the start of, during, and up to three years after program involvement. In addition to self-reporting pre/post tests, official school and court records were recorded. Additionally, youths' perceptions of mentor relationship quality were measured with the Youth-Mentor Relationship Questionnaire.
  • Abstract

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the success and effectiveness of the 4-H Mentoring/Youth and Families with Promise (YFP) Program. The degree to which the program was implemented and operated as planned was assessed as well as measuring its impact on at-risk youth, including the long-term outcomes of program participation and the sustainability of those effects.
  • Abstract

    The process evaluation of Utah's 4-H Mentoring/Youth and Families with Promise (YFP) program assessed the degree to which the program was implemented and operated as planned both as a whole as well as measuring variances across program site locations. The assessment addressed characteristics of the population, mentor-mentee relationships, characteristics of mentors, issues related to length of youth stay, type of program activities, and familial involvement of youth in the program. These were measured using the following tools: Site coordinator interviews and dosage data; Observations of program activities; Mentor surveys; Interviews and surveys of program staff; Youths interviews; Socio-demographic information ; Program documentation were used to assess program implementation (manuals).; The longitudinal outcome evaluation of the YFP program collected data over three waves: Wave 1: Pretest -- administered at the start of the program, usually at the beginning of the school year. Collected for YFP youths, parents, and the comparison group (similarly aged youths who had no involvement with the program). Wave 2: Post-test -- administered when the youth completed the program, or at the end of the school year. If the youth stayed in the program longer than one year, then subsequent post-tests were administered until the youth was no longer in the program (typically 8-32 months from program start). Survey data for the youths in the control group was collected at the end of the school year. Wave 3: Follow-Up -- telephone interviews were conducted with YFP and comparison youths annually up to three years after program discharge/date of last post-test for treatment group and after last post-test for the comparison group. They were used to assess current academic performance, interpersonal competence, family relationships, and delinquency/risky behavior as well as perceptions of YFP program involvement (in YFP youths only).The outcome indicators were measured using: The Behavioral and Emotional Rating Scale Version 2 (BERS-2); Official school and court records; Goals that youth and parents had about participation in the program; Socio-demographic and background information; Youth self-reports of behavior and perceptions of the program; The at-risk youth surveys were typically administered at YFP or FNO events, mailed, or taken during a home visit by staff. The comparison group students took the tests at school.
  • Abstract

    There are 741 cases and 1,184 variables in data set 1 including information from multiple time periods (pre, post, and follow-up surveys) and cohorts. There are various categories of assessment including: The Behavioral and Emotional Rating Scale Version 2 (BERS-2), a 52 item scale, used to create a multitude of variables that measured the behavioral and emotional strengths of children. It was administered during Pre and Post tests and is comprised of five subscales: ; Interpersonal Strength -- ability to control emotions or behaviors in social situations -- 15 items; Intrapersonal Strength -- outlook on competence and accomplishments -- 11 items; Affective Strength -- ability to accept affection from and express feelings toward others -- 7 items; Family Involvement -- participation in and the relationship with family -- 10 items; School Functioning -- competence in school and classroom tasks -- 9 items; ; Career Strength Scale -- This measured interest and aptitude for career and vocational development -- 5 items; Youth Mentor Relationship Questionnaire -- 20 item scale with four subscales "not dissatisfied", "helped to cope", "not unhappy" "trust not broken". This was measured on a scale of 1-4 with higher scores corresponding to more successful relationships.; Several variables identify delinquent behavior. The Utah Administrative Office of the Courts provided information on each incident which came to the attention of the court for each youth, including the incident date, charges, intake decision, and conviction. Self-reported delinquent behavior was collected in the pre- and post-tests on the number of times the behavior occurred.; Socioeconomic and family status questions ranging from whether the youth qualifies for free lunch, who is living with the youth, government services that are being received are also present in the data. Responses are reported through scales and direct wording used by the youth.; Date variables -- Date variables were collected for pre- and post-test completion, discharge date, and study discharge date.; School Data -- School absences and GPA records.; Court Data recording delinquent incidences.; Analysis comparing pre- and post-test score changes for BERS-2 scale.; Variables considering the matching of youth to mentor, including the reason the match occurred, the date the match occurred, and whether the youth unmatched to the mentor and why.; Variables concerning the date the youth and mentor manuals were issued, and the date the parent was given their guide.; Variables considering the type of mentor that the youth was given, and whether the mentor attended orientation.; Data Set 2 consists of 91 cases and 104 variables representing survey data from the YFP program mentors. Questions focused on the mentor's length of service in YFP, the matching that took place with the mentee, interactions with their mentee, and their evaluation of mentee success.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created variable labels and/or value labels.; Standardized missing values.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Presence of Common Scales: Behavioral and Emotional Rating Scale (BERS) - 2nd edition Youth-Mentor Relationship Questionnaire (YMRQ)
  • Methods

    Response Rates: The response rate varied by data collection point. There were 401 youths in the treatment group and 327 in the comparison group. Experimental group Pre-test: 392; Post-Test 1 Only (no Pre-Test): 9; Pre-Test and Post-Test 1: 270 ; Pre-Test and Post-Test 2: 98; Pre-Test, Post-Test 1 and Post-Test 2: 93; Post-Test 3: 28; Follow-up interview: year one: 40 percent, year 2: 31 percent, year 3: 30 percent; School data: 39 percent ; Court data: 82 percent; Comparison Group Pre-test: 327 ; Pre-Test and Post-Test 1: 280 ; Pre-Test and Post-Test 2: 144; Pre-Test, Post-Test 1 and Post-Test 2: 131; Follow-up interview: year one: 37 percent, year 2: 49 percent, year 3: 36 percent; School data: 73 percent; Court data: 98 percent;
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Youth File
    • DS2: Mentor Surveys
Temporal Coverage
  • 2005 / 2010
    Time period: 2005--2010
  • 2005 / 2010
    Collection date: 2005--2010
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
  • Utah
Sampled Universe
Youths served by the 4-H Mentoring/Youth and Families with Promise program who attended various school districts in Utah from 2005-2010, and a comparison group of youths similarly aged to program youths was measured by the outcome evaluation. Additionally, the YFP programs themselves served as a the focus of process evaluation. Smallest Geographic Unit: program site
Sampling
The treatment group included youths and their parents served by the YFP program from 2005-2010. The comparison group was a purposive sample of similarly aged school students.
Collection Mode
  • record abstracts, coded on-site observation, face-to-face interview, mail questionnaire, on-site questionnaire, telephone interview

Note
2016-01-13 Updated User Guide. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (2005-IJ-CX-0046).
Availability
Download
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 33781 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Publications
  • Poulin, Mary E., Orchowsky, Stan, Nellis, Ashley M.. Preliminary Process Evaluation: 4-H Mentoring/Youth and Families with Promis (YFP) Program. NCJ 232078, Washington, DC: Justice Research and Statistics Association. 2008.
    • ID: http://www.jrsa.org/pubs/reports/preliminary-process-evaluation.pdf (URL)

Update Metadata: 2016-01-13 | Issue Number: 4 | Registration Date: 2015-12-23

Orchowsky, Stan; Poulin, Mary (2015): A Process and Outcome Evaluation of the 4-H Mentoring/Youth and Families with Promise (YFP) Program [Utah, 2005-2010]. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR33781.v1