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Midlife in the United States (MIDUS 3), 2013-2014

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Ryff, Carol
  • Almeida, David
  • Ayanian, John
  • Binkley, Neil
  • Carr, Deborah S.
  • Coe, Christopher
  • Davidson, Richard
  • Grzywacz, Joseph
  • Karlamangla, Arun
  • Krueger, Robert
  • Lachman, Margie
  • Love, Gayle
  • Mailick, Marsha
  • Mroczek, Daniel
  • Radler, Barry
  • Seeman, Teresa
  • Sloan, Richard
  • Thomas, Duncan
  • Weinstein, Maxine
  • Williams, David
Other Title
  • MIDUS 3 (Alternative Title)
  • Version 4 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) Series
Publication Date
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Aging
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
activities of daily living; adults; aging; caregivers; chronic illnesses; discrimination; education; experience; finance; financial support; health; health problems; health status; household composition; income; life; life satisfaction; lifestyles; living arrangements; marital status; mental health; midlife; neighborhood conditions; neighborhoods; neighbors; occupational status; occupations; prescription drugs; psychological wellbeing; recession; religion; religious attitudes; religious beliefs; self concept; sexual attitudes; social indicators; womens health care; work
  • Abstract

    In 1995-1996, the MacArthur Midlife Research Network carried out a national survey of over 7,000 Americans aged 25 to 74 [ICPSR 2760]. The purpose of the study was to investigate the role of behavioral, psychological, and social factors in understanding age-related differences in physical and mental health. The study was innovative for its broad scientific scope, its diverse samples (which included siblings of the main sample respondents and a national sample of twin pairs), and its creative use of in-depth assessments in key areas (e.g. daily diary of stressful experiences [ICPSR 3725] and cognitive functioning [ICPSR 3596]) on a subset of participants. A detailed description of the study and findings generated by it are available at: With support from the National Institute on Aging, a follow-up of the original Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS) sample was conducted in 2004 (MIDUS 2 [ICPSR 4652]). The daily stress and cognitive functioning projects were repeated and expanded at MIDUS 2; in addition the protocol was expanded to include biomarkers and neuroscience. In 2013 a third wave (MIDUS 3) of survey data was collected on longitudinal participants. Data collection for this follow-up wave largely repeated baseline assessments (e.g., phone interview and extensive self-administered questionnaire), with additional questions in selected areas such as economic recession experiences. Cognitive functioning data were also collected at the same time, while data collection for the daily diary, biomarker, and neuroscience projects commenced in 2017. MIDUS also maintains a Colectica portal, which allows users to interact with variables across waves and create customized subsets. Registration is required.
  • Methods

    The Aggregate Data dataset contains 2,613 variables and 3,294 cases. This dataset includes information about the following types of variables: recession experience, health, education, occupation, marital status, household roster, children, caregiving, living arrangements, race and ethnicity, life satisfaction, health insurance, personal beliefs, finances, community involvement, neighborhood, social networks, sexuality, religion and spirituality, discrimination, childhood family background, images of life change, and psychological turning points. The Disposition Codes dataset contains 6 variables and 7,108 cases. This dataset contains final disposition codes for the M3 phone interview. The Coded Text Data dataset contains 183 variables and 3,137 cases. This dataset contains coded text responses to open-ended questions and those which had "Other-specify" responses.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created online analysis version with question text.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Presence of Common Scales: For information regarding scales, please refer to the Psychosocial Constructs and Composite Variables.
  • Methods

    Response Rates: 77 percent of living longitudinal participants completed the M3 phone survey. Details of fielding and final disposition codes for Phone, SAQ, as well as Cognitive data collection projects can be found in the Field Report.
  • Abstract


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Aggregate Data
    • DS2: Disposition Codes
    • DS3: Coded Text Data
    • DS4: National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS 3), 2013-2014, Coded Text Data
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2013-05--2014-11
  • 2013-05 / 2014-11
  • Collection date: 2013-05--2014-11
  • 2013-05 / 2014-11
Geographic Coverage
  • Contiguous United States
Sampled Universe
The noninstitutionalized, English-speaking population of the United States. Smallest Geographic Unit: none
Only living respondents who completed the M2 phone interview were eligible for participation in the M3 survey.
Collection Mode
  • computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI)
  • cognitive assessment test
  • mail questionnaire
2019-04-30 This collection has been updated to include new data supplied by the P.I. The resupplied data includes new cases for the Self-Administered Questionnaire (SAQ) as part of the MIDUS M3 re-fielding effort undertaken to increase participant completion during 2015 fielding. The re-fielding cases can be identified and/or filtered with C1STATUS or the new M3RE_FILTER variables. Ten post-stratification weight variables (C1PWGHT1 through C1PWGHT10), and a new occupation variable based on Standard Occupation Classification system, have been added to the Aggregate dataset. Documentation has been updated accordingly. For more detailed information, please refer to the P.I.'s README file. The Mortality dataset has been removed from this collection and is a separate study, Midlife in the United States (MIDUS3): Mortality Data, 2016 (ICPSR 37237). The datasets have been renumbered: Dataset 1: Aggregate Data; Dataset 2: Disposition Codes; Dataset 3: Coded Text Data; 2017-11-21 This collection is being updated, per request from the PI, to reflect a title change; the corresponding downloadable files are only being updated to reflect the title change, where applicable.2017-03-09 The coded text data set has been added. Additionally, the MIDUS 3 Readme documentation has been updated.2016-03-10 The MIDUS 3 Readme documentation has been updated.2016-03-07 The documents that were previously combined to create the User Guide have been filtered into the Pyschsocial Constructs and Composite Variables and the Naming and Coding Conventions documents. The documents combined to create the questionnaire documentation have been separated into the MIDUS 3 Telephone Interview and the MIDUS 3 Self-Administered Questionnaire (SAQ).2016-02-29 The fully-processed collection is being released. Funding institution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Aging (PO1AG020166).
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 36346 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR36346.v5
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR36346.v3
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Update Metadata: 2019-04-30 | Issue Number: 4 | Registration Date: 2016-03-10

Ryff, Carol; Almeida, David; Ayanian, John; Binkley, Neil; Carr, Deborah S. et. al. (2015): Midlife in the United States (MIDUS 3), 2013-2014. Version 4. Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) Series. Version: v4. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.