My da|ra Login

Detailed view

metadata language: English

ANES 1998 Time Series Study

Version
v4
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Sapiro, Virginia (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Center for Political Studies)
  • Rosenstone, Steven J. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Center for Political Studies)
  • University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. American National Election Studies
Other Title
  • Version 4 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • American National Election Study (ANES) Series
Publication Date
1999-03-25
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Language
English
Free Keywords
congressional candidates; congressional elections; domestic policy; economic conditions; economic policy; environmental policy; foreign policy; government performance; Lewinsky scandal; mass media; media coverage; morality; national elections; political affiliation; political attitudes; political campaigns; political efficacy; political issues; political participation; political partisanship; presidential elections; presidential performance; public approval; public opinion; trust in government; voter expectations; voter history; voting behavior
Description
  • Abstract

    This study is part of a time-series collection of national surveys fielded continuously since 1948. The election studies are designed to present data on Americans' social backgrounds, enduring political predispositions, social and political values, perceptions and evaluations of groups and candidates, opinions on questions of public policy, and participation in political life. Substantive themes of the 1998 election study include, among others, knowledge and evaluation of the House candidates and placement of the candidates on various issue dimensions, interest in the political campaigns, attentiveness to the media's coverage of the campaign, media use, evaluation of the mass media, vote choice, partisanship, and evaluations of the political parties and the party system. Additional items focused on political participation, political mobilization, evaluations of the president and Congress, the "Lewinsky affair," egalitarianism, moral traditionalism, political trust, political efficacy, ideology, cultural pluralism, and political knowledge. Respondents were also asked about their attitudes toward a wide range of issues, including social policy, racial policy, military and foreign policy, immigration, foreign imports, prayer in schools, school vouchers, the environment, the death penalty, women's rights, abortion, as well as religion and politics, including new measures of explicitly political and religious orientations. Demographic variables include respondent's age, sex, nationality, marital status, employment status, occupation, and education.
  • Methods

    The 1998 Post-Election Study data includes analysis weight V980002. This weight was created for the primary purpose of correcting for under- representation of younger and less educated respondents, and is post-stratified to match the Current Population Study (CPS) estimate of the distribution of age group by education level. It is the product of a within-household selection weight, a household-level non-response adjustment factor, and the person-level post-stratification factor already described. The non-response adjustment factor compensates for differential response rates by Census Region and metropolitan status. Full information about construction of the weight is found in the section "1998 Weight Documentation" of the original ICPSR Codebook, 2000 Release.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created online analysis version with question text..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: 1,281 completions were obtained from 2,008 eligible in the sample, for a response rate of 63.9 percent.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION STUDY, 1998: POST-ELECTION SURVEY
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1998
  • 1998-11-04 / 1998-12-23
    Collection date: 1998-11-04--1998-12-23
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All United States citizens of voting age on, or before November 3, 1998, residing in housing units other than on military reservations in the 48 co-terminous states. Smallest Geographic Unit: congressional district
Sampling
National multistage area probability sample.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview, telephone interview

    For further information please see the ANES Data Center Web site.

Note
2016-03-28 The SPSS and SAS setup files were updated. A Stata setup file, as well as SPSS and Stata system files, SAS transport (CPORT) files, tab-delimited data files, and R data files have been added to the collection. An errata file describing previous changes to the data and documentation was removed as it was no longer relevant for the current version of the study. The codebook was updated.2015-11-09 The study metadata was updated.2000-11-10 An errata file describing minor changes to the data and documentation has been added to the collection. Also, minor formatting changes have been made to the SAS and SPSS data definition statements. Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (SBR-9707741, SBR-9317631, SES-9209410, SES-9009379,SES-8808361, SES-8341310, SES-8207580, and SOC77-08885).
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2684 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02684.v3
Publications
  • Muste, Christopher P.. The dynamics of immigration opinion in the United States, 1992-2012. Public Opinion Quarterly.77, (1), 398-416.2013.
    • ID: 10.1093/poq/nft001 (DOI)
  • Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. Attitudes toward Electoral Accountability: A Data-Driven Learning Guide. Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. 2009.
    • ID: 10.3886/electcompacc (DOI)
  • Albritton, M. David, Oswald, Sharon L., Anderson, Joseph S.. Leadership quality and follower affect: A study of U.S. presidential candidates. Journal of Leadership Studies.1, (4), 6-22.2008.
    • ID: 10.1002/jls.20035 (DOI)
  • Bolce, Louis, DeMaio, Gerald. A prejudice for the thinking classes - Media exposure, political sophistication, and the anti-Christian Fundamentalist. American Politics Research.36, (2), 155-185.2008.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X07309601 (DOI)
  • Dolan, Kathleen. Is there a 'Gender Affinity Effect' in American politics? Information, affect, and candidate sex in US house elections. Political Research Quarterly.61, (1), 79-89.2008.
    • ID: 10.1177/1065912907307518 (DOI)
  • Dow, Jay. Religious Faith and Voter Turnout in the 1992-2004 Presidential Election Cycles. the 2008 Annual Meeting of the Southern Political Science Association.New Orleans, LA. 2008.
  • Fischer, Elaine. A Gendered Calculus of Voter Turnout. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Fischer, Elaine. A Gendered Calculus of Voting. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Gilbert, Craig. Keys to the Oval Office. McClatchy - Tribune Business News.2008.
  • Griffin, John D., Newman, Brian. Assessing the Rewards of Voting Across Groups. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Kam, Cindy. Reaching out or pulling back: Macroeconomic conditions and public support for social welfare spending . Political Behavior.30, (2), 223-258.2008.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11109-007-9048-3 (DOI)
  • Leighley, Jan, Nagler, Jonathan. Measuring and Modeling Alienation, Indifference and Turnout in U.S. Presidential Elections. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Parker-Stephen, Evan. Updating Dynamics in Micro-Macro Perspective. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Prysby, Charles, Holian, David. Who Votes On the Basis of the Candidate's Personality? Vote Choice in U.S. Presidential Elections, 1992-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Shani, Danielle. Born in the USA: Doubts about the Role of Formative Events in Developing Political Interest. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Stokes-Brown, Atiya Kai, Doman, Kathleen. Black and Female Like Me: The Impact of Candidate Race and Gender in Congressional Elections. 2008 annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association.New Orleans, LA. 2008.
  • Theriault, Sean, Hickey, Patrick, Myers, Adam. First-in-the-Nation in Proficiency or by Providence? Iowa, New Hampshire and the Presidential Primary Process. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2008.
  • Bittner, Amanda. Survey Structure, Measurement Effects, and the Evaluation of Party Leaders. Midwest Political Science Association Annual Meeting.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • DeWitt, Jeff. Considering Congressional Candidates and Incumbency Advantage in U.S. House Elections, 1980-2000. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Enns, Peter. The Micro Foundations of Macro Politics. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Kershaw, David. Conditional Nature of Vote Recruitment. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Killian, Mitchell. Moments of doubt and reassessment: An examination of why individuals switch political parties. Dissertation, George Washington University. 2007.
  • Lacy, Dean, Christenson, Dino. The Effects of Information on Economic Voting. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Lipsitz, Keena. The Consequences of Battleground and 'Spectator' State Residency for Political Participation. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • McAdams, John. The Rise of the New Class: 1956-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Monogan, James, III. Issue Evolution and Public Opinion on Immigration. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Ulrich, Justin, Garand, James. The Economy, Subjective Economic Evaluations, and the Presidential Vote. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Carmines, Edward, Ensley, Michael, Wagner, Michael. Issue Preferences and Political Participation in American Politics, 1972-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2006.
  • Goldman, Seth, Brewer Paul. Implicit Influence in Communication: The Case of Gay Marriage. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2006.
  • Lau, Richard. Changing Patterns of the Presidential Vote Choice, 1980-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2006.
  • Valentino, Nicholas, Hutchings, Vincent, Gregorowicz, Krysha, Groenendyk, Eric W., Brader, Ted. Election Night's All Right for Fighting: The Role of Anger versus Anxiety in Political Participation. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2006.
  • Winter, Nicholas J. G.. Beyond Welfare: Framing and the Radicalization of White Opinion on Social Security. American Journal of Political Science.50, (2), 400-420.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1540-5907.2006.00191.x (DOI)
  • Dolan, Kathleen. The Impact of Women Candidates on Voting Behavior in American Elections. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Elder, Laurel, Greene, Steven. The Politics of Parenthood, 1972-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2005.
  • Fitzgerald, Mary. The Triggering Effects of Alternative Voting Methods on U.S. Political Campaigns and Elections. annual meeting of the American National Election Studies.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Fowler, James, Kam, Cindy. Beyond the Self: Social Identity, Altruism, and Participation. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Kelly, Nathan, Kelly, Jana Morgan. Religion and Latino Partisanship in the United States. Political Research Quarterly.58, (1), 872005.
  • Kilburn, H. Whitt. Does the Candidate Really Matter?. American Politics Research.33, (3), 335-356.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X04269417 (DOI)
  • Knuckey, Jonathan. A New Front in the Culture War?: Moral Traditionalism and Voting Behavior in U.S. House Elections. American Politics Research.33, (5), 645-671.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X04270517 (DOI)
  • Lewis, Carol W., Gilman, Stuart C.. The Ethics Challenge in Public Service: A Problem-Solving Guide. SanFrancisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. 2005.
  • MacKuen, Michael, Parker-Stephen, Evan. Affect, Accuray, and the Left Shift in American Politics. annual meeting of the American Political Science Assocation.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Ramakrishnan, S. Karthick. Democracy in Immigrant America. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press. 2005.
  • Shaw, Daron R., McKenzie, Mark J., Underwood, Jeffrey. Strategic Voting in the California Recall Election. American Politics Research.33, (2), 216-245.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X04272230 (DOI)
  • Stanley, Harold W., Niemi, Richard G.. Partisanship, Party Coalitions, and Group Support, 1952-2004. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2005.
  • Stenger, K. E.. The underrepresentation of liberal Christians: Mobilization strategies of religious interest groups. Social Science Journal.42, (3), 391-403.2005.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.soscij.2005.06.008 (DOI)
  • Wong, Cara, Cho, Grace E.. Two-Headed Coins or Kandinskys: White Racial Identification. Political Psychology.26, (5), 6992005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1467-9221.2005.00440.x (DOI)
  • Benoit, William L., Hansen, Glenn J.. Issue Ownership in Primary and General Presidential Debates. Argumentation and Advocacy.40, (3), 143-155.2004.
  • Claassen, Ryan L.. Political Opinion and Distinctiveness: The Case of Hispanic Ethnicity. Political Research Quarterly.57, (4), 609-620.2004.
  • Dolan, Kathleen A.. Voting for Women: How the Public Evaluates Women Candidates. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. 2004.
  • Endersby, James W., Bough, Brian, Gooch, Donald, Hall, Steven, Klimek, Monika. The Polarizing American Voter Issues, Partisanship, and Vote Choice in Presidential Elections, 1984-2000. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Garand, James C., Wrzenski, Rhonda, Procopio, Steven. Explaining Support for Congressional Term Limits. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Goolsby, Delia. Realignment of White Southerners: The Generational Replacement Hypothesis Revisited. annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association.New Orleans, LA. 2004.
  • Goolsby, Delia. Regional Realignments? Sub-national Trends in Partisan Identification in the Northeast. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Hero, Rodney E., Tolbert, Caroline J.. Minority Voices and Citizen Attitudes about Government Responsiveness in the American States: Do Social and Institutional Context Matter?. British Journal of Political Science.34, (1), 109-121.2004.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0007123403000371 (DOI)
  • Jackson, Robert A., Carsey, Thomas M.. Voter Mobilization in the 1998 Midterm Election: Did U.S. Senate and Gubernatorial Campaigns Get Out the Vote?. annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association.New Orleans, LA. 2004.
  • Kaplan, Noah, Park, David, Ridout, Travis. Dialogue in U.S. Senate Campaigns? An Examination of Issue Discussion in Candidate Television Advertising. annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association.New Orleans, LA. 2004.
  • Kelly, Nathan, Kelly, Jana. Religious Orthodoxy, Group Affect, and Latino Political Behavior. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Knuckey, Jonathan. Moral Traditionalism and Recent Partisan Change in the American Electorate. annual meeting of the Southern Political Science Association .New Orleans, LA. 2004.
  • Knuckey, Jonathan. The Culture War and Voting Behavior in U.S. House Elections. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Koch, Jeffrey. The Changing Black and White Divide on Americans' Attitudes toward Gays. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Lawless, Jennifer. Politics of Prescence? Congresswomen and Symbolic Representation. Political Research Quarterly.57, 81-89.2004.
  • Lefkowitz, Joel K.. Mobilization Matters: The Changing Impact of Mobilization on Vote Choice in Congressional Elections, 1978-2002. Congress and the Presidency .31, (2), 119-131.2004.
    • ID: 10.1080/07343460409507701 (DOI)
  • Newman, Brian. The Polls: Presidential Traits and Job Approval: Some Aggregate-Level Evidence. Presidential Studies Quarterly.34, (2), 437-448.2004.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1741-5705.2004.00053.x (DOI)
  • Persily, Nathaniel, Lammie, Kelli. Symposium: The Law of Democracy: Campaign Finance After McCain-Feingold: Perceptions of Corruption and Campaign Finance: When Public Opinion Determines Constitutional Law. University of Pennsylvania Law Review.153, 1192004.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4150623 (URL)
  • Peterson, David A.M.. Voters' Response to Changes in American Politics, 1952-2000. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Saunders, Kyle L., Abramowitz, Alan I.. Ideological Realignment and Active Partisans in the American Electorate. American Politics Research.32, (3), 285-309.2004.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X03259195 (DOI)
  • Scheurer, Katherine. How Much Do You Learn About Politics at Work? Exploring the Gender Gap in Political Knowledge. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2004.
  • Shaw, Greg M., Mysiewicz, Sarah E.. Social Security and Medicare. Public Opinion Quarterly.68, (3), 394-423.2004.
    • ID: 10.1093/poq/nfh033 (DOI)
  • Smith, Daniel A., Tolbert, Caroline J.. Educated by Initiative: The Effects of Direct Democracy on Citizens and Political Organizations in the American States. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press. 2004.
  • Abramowitz, Alan I., Alexander, Brad. The 2002 Midterm Election and the Future of American Politics. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2003.
  • Arceneaux, Kevin. The Conditional Impact of Blame Attribution on the Relationship Between Economic Adversity and Turnout. Political Research Quarterly.56, (1), 67-75.2003.
  • Atkeson, Lonna Rae. Not All Cues Are Created Equal: The Conditional Impact of Female Candidates on Political Engagement. Journal of Politics.65, (4), 10402003.
    • ID: 10.1111/1468-2508.t01-1-00124 (DOI)
  • Baum, Matthew A.. Soft News Goes to War : Public Opinion and American Foreign Policy in the New Media Age. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 2003.
  • Chandra, Kanchan. Strategic Voting for Ethnic Parties. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2003.
  • Dolan, Kathleen A.. Voting for Women: How the Public Evaluates Women Candidates. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. 2003.
  • Dow, Jay K.. Turnout and Voter Choice in House of Representatives Elections: 1990 - 2000. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association .Philadelphia, PA. 2003.
  • Fiorina, Morris P., Abrams, Samuel, Pope, Jeremy C.. The 2000 US presidential election: Can retrospective voting be saved?. British Journal of Political Science .33, (2), 163-187.2003.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0007123403000073 (DOI)
  • Gomez, Brad T., Wilson, James Matthew. Causal attribution and economic voting in American congressional elections. Political Research Quarterly.56, (3), 271-282.2003.
  • Koch, Jeffrey W.. Campaign Ads Impact on Voter Certainty and Knowledge of Candidates Ideological Positions. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2003.
  • Levin, David. Estimating the Impact of Personality Factors in Hispanics Propensity to Vote: Does Need to Evaluate Play the Same Role Among Hispanics as Whites?. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2003.
  • Newman, Brian. Change and Stability in the Ingredients of Presidential Approval: Toward a General Model. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2003.
  • Newman, Brian Paul. Standards of judgment: The foundations of presidents' public support . Dissertation, Duke University. 2003.
  • Richardson, Lillard E. Jr., Freeman, Patricia K.. Issue salience and gender differences in congressional elections, 1994-1998. Social Science Journal.40, (3), 401-417.2003.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0362-3319(03)00038-7 (DOI)
  • Rudolph, Thomas J.. Who's responsible for the economy? The formation and consequences of responsibility attributions. American Journal of Political Science.47, (4), 698-713.2003.
    • ID: 10.1111/1540-5907.00049 (DOI)
  • Sanbonmatsu, Kira. Political Knowledge and Gender Stereotypes. American Politics Research.31, (6), 575-594.2003.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X03255167 (DOI)
  • Southwell, Priscilla L., Pirch, Kevin D.. Political Cynicism and the Mobilization of Black Voters. Social Science Quarterly.84, (4), 906-917.2003.
    • ID: 10.1046/j.0038-4941.2003.08404020.x (DOI)
  • Stimson, James. Macro-Politics: The Dimensions and Dynamics of Public Opinion. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Philadelphia, PA. 2003.
  • Sturgis, Patrick. Knowledge and collective preferences: A comparison of two approaches to estimating the opinions of a better informed public. Sociological Methods and Research.31, (4), 453-485.2003.
    • ID: 10.1177/0049124103251949 (DOI)
  • Tolbert, Caroline J., McNeal, Ramona S.. Unraveling the Effects of the Internet on Political Participation?. Political Research Quarterly.56, (2), 175-185.2003.
  • Tolbert, Caroline J., McNeal, Ramona S., Smith, Daniel A.. Enhancing the civic engagement: The effect of direct democracy on political participation and knowledge . State Politics and Policy Quarterly.33, (1), 232003.
    • ID: 10.1177/153244000300300102 (DOI)
  • Tsfati, Yariv, Cappella, Joseph N.. Do People Watch what they Do Not Trust?: Exploring the Association between News Media Skepticism and Exposure. Communication Research.30, (5), 504-529.2003.
    • ID: 10.1177/0093650203253371 (DOI)
  • Uslaner, Eric M.. Civic engagement and particularized trust: The ties that bind people to their ethnic communities. American Politics Research.31, (4), 331-360.2003.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X03031004001 (DOI)
  • Abramowitz, Alan I., Allen, Susan H., Knotts, Gibbs, Saunders, Kyle L.. Racial Attitudes, Ideology, and the Rise of Republican Identification Among Southern Whites, 1982-2000. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2002.
  • Baldassare, Mark. A California State of Mind: The Conflicted Voter in a Changing World. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press. 2002.
  • Bennett, Stephen Earl. Americans' exposure to political talk radio and their knowledge of public affairs. Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media.46, (1), 72 -2002.
    • ID: 10.1207/s15506878jobem4601_5 (DOI)
  • Bennett, Stephen Earl. Another lesson about public opinion during the Clinton-Lewinsky scandal. Presidential Studies Quarterly.32, (2), 276-292.2002.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.0360-4918.2002.00221.x (DOI)
  • Bennett, Stephen Earl. Predicting Americans' exposure to political talk radio in 1996, 1998 and 2000. International Journal of Press/Politics.7, (1), 9-22.2002.
  • Bennett, Stephen Earl. Predicting Americans' exposure to political talk radio in 1996, 1998, and 2000. International Journal of Press/Politics.7, (1), 9-22.2002.
  • Campbell, David E.. The young and the realigning: A test of the socialization theory of realignment. Public Opinion Quarterly.66, (2), 209-234.2002.
    • ID: 10.1086/339849 (DOI)
  • Claggett, William, Shafer, Byron E.. The Pure Politics of Policy Choice. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2002.
  • Gay, Claudine. Spirals of trust? The effect of descriptive representation on the relationship between citizens and their government. American Journal of Political Science.46, (4), 717-732.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088429 (URL)
  • Green, John C.. Public Opinion and the American Party System: Possibilities for Multiparty Politics. Multiparty Politics in America: Prospects and performance.New York, NY: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, Inc.. 2002.
  • Kaufmann, Karen M.. Culture wars, secular realignment, and the gender gap in party identification. Political Behavior.24, (3), 283-307.2002.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1021824624892 (DOI)
  • Koch, Jeffrey W.. Gender Stereotypes and Citizens' Impressions of House Candidates' Ideological Orientations. American Journal of Political Science.46, (2), 453-462.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088388 (URL)
  • Lau, Richard R., Pomper, Gerald M.. Effectiveness of negative campaigning in U.S. Senate elections. American Journal of Political Science.46, (1), 47-66.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088414 (URL)
  • Layman, Geoffrey C., Carsey, Thomas M.. Party Polarization and 'Conflict Extension' in the American Electorate. American Journal of Political Science.46, (4), 786-802.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088434 (URL)
  • Mebane, Walter R., Jr., Sekhon, Jasjeet S.. Coordination and policy moderation at midterm. American Political Science Review.96, (1), 141-157.2002.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0003055402004288 (DOI)
  • Newman, Brian. Bill Clinton's Approval Ratings: The More Things Change, The More They Stay the Same. Political Research Quarterly.55, (4), 781-804.2002.
  • Persily, Nathaniel. In Defense of Foxes Guarding Henhouses: The Case for Judicial Acquiescence to Incumbent-Protecting Gerrymanders. Harvard Law Review.116, 6492002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1342612 (URL)
  • Rudolph, Thomas J., Grant, J.Tobin. An Attributional Model of Economic Voting: Evidence from the 2000 Presidential Election. Political Research Quarterly.55, (4), 805-823.2002.
  • Snyder, James M., Jr., Ting, Michael M.. An Informational Rationale for Political Parties. American Journal of Political Science.46, (1), 90-110.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088416 (URL)
  • Uggen, Christopher, Manza, Jeff. Democratic contraction? Political consequences of felon disfranchisement in the United States. American Sociological Review.67, (6), 777-803.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088970 (URL)
  • Wattenberg, Martin P.. Where Have All The Voters Gone?. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 2002.
  • Wright, Gerald C., Morehouse, Jeanette L.. Verifying the Common Widsom: Nonvoters Would Be More Democratic. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Boston, MA. 2002.
  • Yadav, Yogendra. Understanding the Second Democratic Upsurge: trends of bahujan participation in electoral politics in the 1990s. Transforming India: Social and Political Dynamics of Democracy.New York, NY: Oxford University Press. 2002.
  • Abramowitz, Alan I.. It's Monica, stupid: The impeachment controversy and the 1998 midterm election. Legislative Studies Quarterly.26, (2), 211-226.2001.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/440200 (URL)
  • Alvarez, R. Michael, Brehm, John, Wilson, Catherine. Uncertainty and American Public Opinion. annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.Chicago, IL. 2001.
  • Arceneaux, Kevin. Attributing Responsibility for Economic Conditions in Congressional Elections. annual meeting of the Southwestern Political Science Association.Fort Worth, TX. 2001.
  • Atkeson, Lonna Rae, Carrillo, Nancy. More is Better: The Impact of Female Descriptive Representation on Citizen Attitudes toward Government Responsiveness. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.San Francisco, CA. 2001.
  • Bennett, Stephen Earl, Rhine, Staci L., Flickinger, Richard S.. Assessing Americans' opinions about the news media's fairness in 1996 and 1998. Political Communication.18, (2), 163-182.2001.
  • Bimber, Bruce. Information and political engagement in America: The search for effects of information technology at the individual level. Political Research Quarterly.54, (1), 53-67.2001.
  • Bond, Jon R., Fleisher, Richard. The polls: Partisanship and presidential performance evaluations. Presidential Studies Quarterly.31, (3), 529-540.2001.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.0360-4918.2001.00186.x (DOI)
  • Brockington, David Patrick. The Determinants and Ramifications of Low Information Voting. Dissertation, University of Washington. 2001.
  • Campbell, David E.. And A Little Child Shall Lead Them: A Test of the Socialization Theory of Realignment. Political Psychology and Behavior Workshop.Cambridge, MA. 2001.
  • Conway, M. Margaret. Political Mobilization in America. The State of Democracy in America.Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press. 2001.
  • Gilens, Martin, Glaser, James M., Mendelberg, Tali. Having a Say: Political Efficacy in the Context of Direct Democracy. American Political Science Association.San Francisco, CA. 2001.
  • Hoffman, Donna Riddle. Realignment Theory in Social Perspective. Dissertation, University of Oklahoma. 2001.
  • Jagemann, Jason F.. Feature: Bush v. Gore: An Exchange: Partisanship, Legitimacy, and the Law: A Response to Seth Steinzor's 'J'Accuse'. The Vermont Bar Journal & Law Digest.27, 512001.
  • Kaufmann, Karen M.. Culture wars, secular realignment, and the gender gap in party identification. Conference on Parties Partisanship and Partisan Change .Nashville, TN. 2001.
  • Koch, Jeffrey W.. When parties and candidates collide: Citizen perception of House candidates' position on abortion. Public Opinion Quarterly.65, (1), 1-21.2001.
    • ID: 10.1086/320035 (DOI)
  • Manza, Jeff, Uggen, Christopher, Britton, Marcus. The Truly Disenfranchised: Felon Voting Rights and American Politics. Evanston, IL: Institute for Policy Research. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.northwestern.edu/ipr/publications/papers/2000/disfranchise.pdf (URL)
  • Owen, Diana, Dennis, Jack, Klofstad, Casey A.. Public Support for the Party System in the United States. The State of Democracy in America.Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press. 2001.
  • Sears, David O., Valentino, Nicholas A.. Race, Religion, and Sectional Conflict in Contemporary Partisanship. annual meeting of the American Political Science Assocation.San Francisco, CA. 2001.
  • Smith, Mark Caleb. With Friends Like These...the Religious Right, the Republican Party, and the Politics of the American South . Dissertation, University of Georgia. 2001.
  • The National Commision on Federal Election Reform. To Assure Pride and Confidence in the Electoral Process. The National Commision on Federal Election Reform. 2001.
  • Tolbert, Caroline J., McNeal, Ramona S.. Does the Internet Increase Voter Participation in Elections?. annual meeting of the American Political Science Assocation.San Francisco, CA. 2001.
  • Wilcox, Clyde, Sigelman, Lee. Political Mobilization in the Pews: Religious Contacting and Electoral Turnout. Social Science Quarterly.82, 524-535.2001.
    • ID: 10.1111/0038-4941.00040 (DOI)
  • Zaller, John. Monica Lewinsky and the Mainsprings of American Politics. Mediated Politics: Communication in the Future of Democracy.New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 2001.
  • Alvarez, R. Michael, McCaffery, Edward J.. Is There a Gender Gap in Fiscal Political Preferences. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2000.
  • Anonymous. Last-Minute, Undecided Voters Not Uncommon. The Examiner.2000.
  • Baldassare, Mark. California in the New Millennium: The Changing Social and Political Landscape. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. 2000.
  • Berg, Thomas C.. Symposium: Religion's Role in the Administration of the Death Penalty: Religious Conservatives and the Death Penalty. William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal.9, 312000.
  • Brockington, David Patrick. The determinants and ramifications of low information voting . Dissertation, University of Washington. 2000.
  • Brosnan, James W.. Maybe America Should Pick its Leaders Syrian-Style. The Commercial Appeal.2000.
  • Busch, Beverly G.. A Retreat of the Christian Right? The Evangelical Vote in Midterm Congressional Elections 1986-1998. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Washington, D.C.. 2000.
  • Carpini, Michael X. Delli, Keeter, Scott. What should be learned through service learning?. PS, Political Science and Politics.33, (3), 635-637.2000.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/420870 (URL)
  • Conway, M. Margaret. Political Participation in the United States, 3rd. ed.. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Press. 2000.
  • Green, John C.. The Christian Right and the 1998 Elections: An Overview. Prayers in the Precincts: The Christian Right in the 1998 Elections.Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press. 2000.
  • Grier, Peter. McCain's Bid: Grand New Party . The Christian Science Monitor.2000.
  • Gronke, Paul. The Electorate, the Campaign, and the Office: A Unified Approach to Senate and House Elections. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press. 2000.
  • Harwood, John. Finish Line: Bush and Gore Take The Presidential Race Down to the Wire --- Voters Who Were Undecided Swing to the Democrat; A Nail-Biter in Florida --- The Prize: Narrow Mandate . The Wall Street Journal.2000.
  • Harwood, John. McCain Gains as Identification With Parties Weakens . The Wall Street Journal.2000.
  • Haussler, Alexa. VOTING VIA THE MAILBOX ON THE RISE ABSENTEE BALLOT USAGE SETS RECORD. Daily News (Los Angeles).2000.
  • Herek, Gregory M.. Sexual Prejudice and Gender: Do Heterosexuals' Attitudes Toward Lesbians and Gay Men Differ?. Journal of Social Issues.56, (2), 251-266.2000.
    • ID: 10.1111/0022-4537.00164 (DOI)
  • Judis, John B.. Independents day . The New Republic.2000.
  • Kohut, Andrew, Green, John C., Keeter, Scott, Toth, Robert C.. The Diminishing Divide: Religion's Changing Role in American Politics. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Instution Press. 2000.
  • Layman, Geoffrey C., Layman, Geoffrey C.. Party polarization and 'conflict extension' in the American electorate. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Atlanta, GA. 2000.
  • Lewis, Carol W.. Efficiently taking soundings in a sea of change: Two histories of public budgeting and finance . Public Administration Review.60, (2), 183-185.2000.
    • ID: 10.1111/0033-3352.00076 (DOI)
  • Mebane, Walter R., Jr., Sekhon, Jasjeet S.. Do American Midterm House Electors Coordinate?. . 2000.
  • Rahn, Wendy M., Rudolph, Thomas J.. National Identities and the Future of Democracy. Mediated Politics: Communication in the Future of Democracy.New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 2000.
  • Soper, J. Christopher, Fetzer, Joel S.. The Christian Right and the Republican Party . Prayers in the Precincts: The Christian Right in the 1998 Elections.Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press. 2000.
  • Zilber, Jeremy Marc, Niven, David. Racialized Coverage of Congress: The News in Black and White. Westport, CT: Praeger. 2000.
  • Abramowitz, Alan I.. It's Monica, Stupid: Voting Behavior in the 1998 Midterm Election. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Atlanta, GA. 1999.
  • Denham, Bryan. Demographics, Media Use and Voter Affect: An Analysis of the 1998 National Election Studies Data. annual meeting of the Midwest Association for Public Opinion Research.. 1999.
  • Hadjiharalambous, Chris S.. Negativity and failed expectations: Do representatives' reputations really matter?. Southeastern Political Review.27, (3), 439-467.1999.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1747-1346.1999.tb00545.x (DOI)
  • Judis, John B.. Reform Party Follies. The American Prospect.1999.
  • Kazee, Thomas A.. . annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Atlanta, GA. 1999.
  • Mebane, Walter R., Jr., Sekhon, Jasjeet S.. Coordination and policy moderation at midterm. American-Physical-Society Centennial Meeting .Atlanta, GA. 1999.
  • Mebane, Walter R., Jr., Sekhon, Jasjeet S.. Coordination, Moderation, and Institutional Balancing in American House Elections at Midterm. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Atlanta, GA. 1999.
  • Morin, Richard. Unconventional Wisdom: New facts and hot stats from the social sciences. The Washington Post.1999.
  • Richardson, Lilliard E., Jr., Freeman, Patricia K.. The Gender Gap in Congressional Elections, 1994-1998. annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.Atlanta, GA. 1999.
  • staff writer(s). Hour 1; President Clinton's Impeachment Trail Brings to Light How Facts Can Be Shown in a Difference Light by Various People. National Public Radio.1999.
  • Lewis, Carol W., Rubin, Irene S.. Class, Tax, and Power: Municipal Budgeting in the United States. Chatham, NJ: Chatham House. 1998.
  • Reed, Lawrence W.. Trust not in what your government can do for you . The Freeman.48, (6), 332-333.1998.

Update Metadata: 2016-03-28 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2016-03-28

Sapiro, Virginia; Rosenstone, Steven J.; University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. American National Election Studies (1999): ANES 1998 Time Series Study. Version 4. American National Election Study (ANES) Series. Version: v4. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02684.v4