PIAAC-Longitudinal (PIAAC-L), Germany

Resource Type
  • GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) at DIW Berlin & LIfBi – Leibniz Institute for Educational Trajectories
  • GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) at DIW Berlin & LIfBi – Leibniz Institute for Educational Trajectories
Publication Date
  • Rammstedt, Beatrice (GESIS – Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften) (Researcher)
  • Martin, Silke (GESIS – Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften) (Researcher)
  • Tausch, Anja (ab 2015) (GESIS – Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften) (Researcher)
  • Zabal, Anouk (GESIS – Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften) (Researcher)
  • Schupp, Jürgen (Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW Berlin)) (Researcher)
  • Bartsch, Simone (Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW Berlin)) (Researcher)
  • Poschmann, Katharina (2014/15) (Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW Berlin)) (Researcher)
  • Carstensen, Claus H. (Leibniz-Institut für Bildungsverläufe e.V. (LIfBi)) (Researcher)
  • von Maurice, Jutta (Leibniz-Institut für Bildungsverläufe e.V. (LIfBi)) (Researcher)
  • Burger, Mareike (Leibniz-Institut für Bildungsverläufe e.V. (LIfBi)) (Researcher)
  • Jost, Odin (Leibniz-Institut für Bildungsverläufe e.V. (LIfBi)) (Researcher)
  • TNS Infratest Sozialforschung, München (Data Collector)
  • TNS Infratest Sozialforschung, München (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
    • Occupation, Profession
    • Income
    • Society, Culture
    • Family
    • Education, School Systems
    • Leisure
    • Person, Personality, Role
  • Abstract

    In 2011/2012, key adult competencies were assessed in 24 countries (including Germany) as a part of the OECD Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC). The German PIAAC-Longitudinal Project (PIAAC-L) follows up the German PIAAC sample with three additional waves of data collection (in 2014, 2015, and 2016), each with a somewhat different focus. The PIAAC-L questionnaires are based on core instruments from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) and also include various additional questions and modules on the respondent’s background. In addition, assessment instruments from PIAAC and NEPS (National Educational Panel Study) measuring key competencies are implemented. The objective of the PIAAC-L project is to significantly expand the German PIAAC database by adding a longitudinal dimension and by enriching the depth and breadth of information available on the German PIAAC respondents. This approach extends the analytical potential of the German PIAAC data and allows a myriad of additional research questions to be addressed. PIAAC-L is a collaborative effort undertaken by GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences (lead) together with the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) and the Leibniz Institute for Educational Trajectories (LIfBi). The German PIAAC 2012 respondents that had given their consent to being re-contacted for a potential follow-up survey (anchor persons) form the starting point for PIAAC-L. In order to obtain further information on the context of these anchor persons, the PIAAC-L approach additionally includes household members ages 18+ as well as the administration of a comprehensive household questionnaire. The 2014 data collection (wave 1) implemented core SOEP questionnaires (for persons and households). For the 2015 data collection (wave 2), we developed an extensive background questionnaire (including items from PIAAC, NEPS, SOEP, as well as a number of other surveys). This questionnaire, followed by an assessment of literacy and numeracy using PIAAC and NEPS measurement instruments, was administered to anchor persons and their partners – if the latter lived in the same household as the anchor. The 2016 data collection again collects interviews from all adults living in the anchor person’s household using core SOEP questionnaires. The SOEP person questionnaire is extended to include new questions and modules (for example on adult education). Respondents are also administered the SOEP short cognitive performance tasks. Data Collection 2014 Core SOEP questionnaires were implemented in the 2014 data collection. The household questionnaire includes the following topics: - Living situation, conditions, and costs - Household income and benefits, wealth - Children and other household members The person questionnaire includes questions on: - Background information, family, and childhood - Biographical calendar - Formal education (general and vocational education), continuing professional education - Work status, situation, and history - Income and benefits - Health, attitudes, personality, opinions, satisfaction - Time use and leisure activities Various data sets are available under this study number: • Persons (2014) Units: All PIAAC-L respondents Content: Data from person questionnaire, including derived variables • Household (2014) Units: All PIAAC-L households Content: Data from household questionnaire, including derived variables • Calendar Units: All PIAAC-L respondents Content: Data from biographical calendar, spell data • Registry Units: All persons ever registered in PIAAC-L Content: Basic information on participation in the different waves of data collection • Weights (2014) Units: Anchor persons Content: Weighting factors In order to comply with data protection legislation and to protect the identity of our respondents, a number of data confidentiality edits were implemented (suppression of variables or coarsening of information).
Temporal Coverage
  • 2014-02 / 2014-08
  • 2014-02 / 2014-08
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
The starting point for the PIAAC-L sample consisted of the German PIAAC 2012 respondents that had given their consent to being re-contacted for a potential follow-up survey. In PIAAC 2012, these respondents were between 16 and 65 years of age, non-institutionalized and had their main residence in Germany, irrespective of nationality, residential status, and language skills. The PIAAC-L target population additionally includes household members ages 18 and over that live in the anchor person’s household (only for households of anchor persons that agreed to participate in PIAAC-L).
Sample selection in PIAAC 2012: Two-stage stratified and clustered random sample from all persons in Germany (German and non-German) who resided in private households during the time of data collection and were between 16 and 65 years old. In the first stage municipalities were selected with a probability proportional to their size. In the second stage a systematic random sample of individuals was drawn from the selected municipalities’ registries. Only PIAAC respondents who had given their consent to being re-contacted for a follow-up survey and for whom a valid address was available after a panel attrition reduction measure was carried out at the end of 2013 are followed-up in PIAAC-L.
Collection Mode
  • Data Collection 2014: Face-to-face interview (CAPI)
  • Data Collection 2014: Face-to-face interview (CAPI)
Commissioned by: The Federal Ministry of Education and Research, Berlin Grant number 01 JP 1301 A, B, C Academic researchers that signed a user contract can download the data. The German PIAAC 2012 Scientific-Use-File is delivered together with the PIAAC-L data set for scientific use. International PIAAC 2012 Public-Use-Files for Germany and other PIAAC countries as well as analysis tools for these data can be downloaded from the OECD website (available for SPSS, SAS, and STATA).
C - Data and documents are only released for academic research and teaching after the data depositor’s written authorization. For this purpose the Data Archive obtains a written permission with specification of the user and the analysis intention.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA5989 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Zabal, A., Martin, S., Massing, N., Ackermann, D., Helmschrott, S., Barkow, I., & Rammstedt, B. (2014). PIAAC Germany 2012: Technical report. Münster: Waxmann.
  • Steinacker, G., Schmidt, S., Wolfert, S. & Schneekloth, U. (2016). Durchführung der 1. Erhebungswelle von PIAAC-L (Kooperative längsschnittliche Weiterverfolgung der PIAAC-Studie in Deutschland). Feldbericht zur Erhebung 2014. GESIS Papers 2016|05. Köln: GESIS.
  • Rammstedt, B. (Hrsg.) (2013). Grundlegende Kompetenzen Erwachsener im internationalen Vergleich: Ergebnisse von PIAAC 2012. Münster: Waxmann.

Update Metadata: 2016-03-31 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2016-03-31