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Eurobarometer 56.1 (Sept-Oct 2001)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Europäische Kommission
Other Title
  • Social Exclusion and Modernization of Pension Systems (Subtitle)
Publication Date
  • European Commission, Brussels DG Press and Communication Opinion Polls (Researcher)
  • INRA BELGIUM, Brüssel (Data Collector)
  • GfK Danmark, Frederiksberg (Data Collector)
  • INRA DEUTSCHLAND, Mölln (Data Collector)
  • MARKET ANALYSIS, Athen (Data Collector)
  • INRA ESPANA, Madrid (Data Collector)
  • CSA-TMO, Paris (Data Collector)
  • LANSDOWNE Market Research, Dublin (Data Collector)
  • INRA Demoskopea, Rom (Data Collector)
  • ILReS, Luxemburg (Data Collector)
  • INTOMART, Hilversum, Niederlande (Data Collector)
  • SPECTRA, Linz, Österreich (Data Collector)
  • METRIS, Lissabon (Data Collector)
  • MDC MARKETING RESEARCH Ltd, Espoo, Finnland (Data Collector)
  • GfK SVERIGE, Lund, Schweden (Data Collector)
  • INRA UK, London (Data Collector)
  • ULSTER MARKETING SURVEYS, Northern Ireland (Data Collector)
  • European Opinion Research Group (EORG),Brüssel (internationale Kooperation, Consortium made out of INRA and GfK Worldwide)TNS Gallup Institute AS, Oslo (parallel survey in Norway) (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
    • Social Policy
    • Income
    • Society, Culture
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Working conditions
    • Unemployment
    • Employment
    • Retirement
    • Social conditions and indicators
    • Social stratification and groupings
    • Social exclusion
    • Social welfare systems/structures
    • Economic conditions and indicators
  • Abstract

    This round of Eurobarometer surveys is focused on the social exclusion and modernization of pension systems in European Union countries. Topics: Respondents were asked why people were socially excluded, what the role of government should be in reducing the risk of poverty and social exclusion, how satisfied they were with their lives, whether there were people in their neighborhoods who lived in poverty, and what it meant to live properly. They were also asked whether they had financial problems, and if so, for how long and what had caused them. A number of questions focused on problems related to work. Respondents were asked whether they had been unemployed in the last five years and if so for how long. Those employed or self-employed were asked questions concerning job satisfaction, the type of organization for which they worked, the number of hours worked, their job title, number of people employed at their workplace, how long they had been continuously employed, and what they took into consideration when choosing a job. They were also asked whether their job was interesting and secure, whether they had to work hard and under pressure, whether their employers paid for training or education, whether they had friends at work, and whether they had influence over the decision-making processes at their workplace and in deciding how to do their tasks. They also compared different aspects of their current job with what they had been doing five years ago, described relations between management and employees, and commented on how their work affected their health and their lives after work. Another major focus of the surveys was the pension system. Those who had already retired were asked at what age they had retired, what the main source of their retirement income was, whether their current financial situation was better than before retirement and what it would look like in five to ten years, and whether the state pension allowed them to get by easily. Non-pensioners supplied information about when they intended to retire, what their main source of income would be after retirement, what percentage of their current household´s total income after tax they considered sufficient in retirement, and how they were saving for their retirement. Additionally, respondents were asked what a good pension system should look like, how the pension should be provided, what level of minimum guaranteed income should be provided for elderly people, whether older workers should be forced to retire at a fixed age, whether men and women should be treated equally in terms of the retirement system, and how retirement problems caused by an aging society should be resolved. Demography: Age, gender, nationality, marital status, left-right political self-placement, occupation, age at completion of education, trade union membership, household income, type and size of locality, and region.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2001-09-26 / 2001-10-20
  • 2001-09-25 / 2001-10-24
  • 2001-09-25 / 2001-10-16
  • 2001-09-26 / 2001-10-23
  • 2001-09-27 / 2001-10-23
  • 2001-09-19 / 2001-10-26
  • 2001-09-26 / 2001-10-23
    Ireland (Republic)
  • 2001-09-28 / 2001-10-23
  • 2001-09-25 / 2001-10-24
  • 2001-09-22 / 2001-10-21
  • 2001-09-01 / 2001-10-31
  • 2001-09-26 / 2001-10-21
  • 2001-09-21 / 2001-10-20
    Great Britain
  • 2001-10-01 / 2001-10-16
    Northern Ireland
  • 2001-09-25 / 2001-10-23
  • 2001-09-17 / 2001-10-26
  • 2001-09-27 / 2001-10-26
Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Norway (NO)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Finland (FI)
Sampled Universe
Respondents were aged 15 and over.
Sampling Procedure Comment: A multi-stage sampling design was used for this Eurobarometer. In the first stage, primary sampling units (PSU) were selected from each of the administrative regions in every country (i.e., Statistical Office of the European Community, EUROSTAT regions). PSU selection was systematic with probability proportional to population size, from sampling frames stratified by the degree of urbanization. In the next stage, a cluster of addresses was selected from each sampled PSU. Addresses were chosen systematically using standard random route procedures, beginning with an initial address selected at random. In each household, a respondent was selected, by a random procedure. Up to three recalls were made to obtain an interview with the selected respondent. No more than one interview was conducted in each household. Separate samples were drawn for Northern Ireland and East-Germany.
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face Interviews in respondent`s homes in the appropriate national language.
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 16980
    Number of Variables: 527
The regular sample size (in the sense of completed interviews) is 1000 respondents per country, except the United Kingdom with separate samples for Great Britain (1000) and Northern Ireland (300), Luxembourg (600) and Germany with separate samples for the Eastern and the Western part (1000 each). Effective number of realised interviews in this round: France 1002, Belgium 1032, Netherlands 1006, Germany-West 1000, Germany-East 1009, Italy 992, Luxembourg 600, Denmark 1001, Ireland 996, Great Britain 999, Northern Ireland 304, Greece 1004, Spain 1000, Portugal 1001, Finland 997, Sweden 1000, Austria 1000. Primary Sampling Units: BE: 132; DK: 100; DE_W: 210; DE_E: 210; GR: 101; ES: 142; FR: 110; IE: 125; GB_GBN: 112; GB_NIR: 38; IT: 103; LU: 74; NL: 113; AT: 166; PT: 165; FI: 170; SE: 56 (Source: Duncan Gallie and Serge Paugam: Social Precarity and Social Integration. Report for the European Commission based on Eurobarometer 56.1. Brussels. October 2002) Response Rates: BE: 48%; DK: 36%; DE_W: 76%; DE_E: 75%; GR: 42%; ES: 73%; FR: 72%; IE: 37%; GB_GBN: 21%; GB_NIR: 43%; IT: 56%; LU: 65%; NL: 49%; AT: 68%; PT: 60%; FI: 41%; SE: 50% (Source: Duncan Gallie and Serge Paugam: Social Precarity and Social Integration. Report for the European Commission based on Eurobarometer 56.1. Brussels. October 2002) The 2012 update of this dataset additionally includes data für Norway (n=1037). These data were originally collected in the context of a parallel survey on behalf of the Norwegian Social Science Data Services (NSD). They are archived there with study number NSD0939. On the basis of Candidate Countries Eurobarometer 2002.1, a set of relevant variables from Eurobarometer 50.1 has been used for the production of a harmonized dataset on “Quality of Life” issues, together with relevant variables from Eurobarometer surveys 51.0, 52.1, 54.2, 56.1 and 56.2. The harmonized dataset ´Quality of Life in the European Union and the Candidate Countries´ is made available through the GESIS ´Datorium´ service (doi:10.7802/1209).
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All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA3626 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR03475.v3 (Type: DOI)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.3626
  • Duncan Gallie and Serge Paugam: Social Precarity and Social Integration. Report for the European Commission based on Eurobarometer 56.1. Brussels: October 2002.
  • European Opinion Research Group (EORG): Special Eurobarometer 161 / Wave 56.1. The Future of Pension Systems. This survey was requested by the Directorate-General Employment and Social Affairs and coordinated by Directorate-General Press and Communication (European Commission). Brussels. January 2004.

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 93 | Registration Date: 2012-06-05

Europäische Kommission (2012): Eurobarometer 56.1 (Sept-Oct 2001). Social Exclusion and Modernization of Pension Systems. Version: 2.0.0. GESIS Data Archive. Dataset.