ALLBUS/GGSS 2004 (Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften/German General Social Survey 2004)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • GESIS - Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften
Publication Date
  • Andreß, Hans-Jürgen (Universität Köln, Vorsitz) (Researcher)
  • Meulemann, Heiner (Universität Köln, Vorsitz) (Researcher)
  • Diekmann, Andreas (ETH Zürich) (Researcher)
  • Feger, Hubert (Freie Universität Berlin) (Researcher)
  • Huinink, Johannes (Universität Bremen) (Researcher)
  • Schmitt-Beck, Rüdiger (Universität Duisburg) (Researcher)
  • Solga, Heike (Max-Planck-Institut für Bildungsforschung, Berlin) (Researcher)
  • Data Collector: TNS Infratest Sozialforschung, Munich (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Society, Culture
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Leisure, tourism and sport
    • Cultural and national identity
    • Social behaviour and attitudes
    • Specific diseases and medical conditions
    • Mass media
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Equality and inequality
    • Social welfare systems/structures
    • Science and technology
    • Information technology
  • Abstract

    Social monitoring of trends in attitudes, behavior, and societal change in the Federal Republic of Germany. The main topics in 2004 are: 1. Free time activities and media use 2. Social inequality and the welfare state 3. Political attitudes 4. Technical progress and computers (Digital Divide) 5. Health 6. Other topics 7. ALLBUS-Demography 8. Data on the interview (paradata) 9. National Identity (ISSP) 10. Citizenship (ISSP) 11. Added value Topics: 1. Free time activities and media use: reading books; reading magazines; listening to records, CD´s, cassettes; watching videos, DVDs; using the computer; surfing the Internet; private further education; relaxing, being lazy; walking or hiking; yoga, meditation; going to restaurants; visiting friends; visiting relatives; playing games; taking short trips; participating in politics; voluntary activities or honorary offices; attending church or religious events; indulging in art and music; do it yourself; active sport; attending sports events; going to the cinema, to pop concerts, jazz or dance events; classic culture (i.e. opera, classical concerts, theater, exhibitions); mobile phone use; number of television sets in the household; frequency and overall time of watching television; taste in television programs: shows or quiz programs, sports, movies, news broadcasts, political magazines, art and culture programs, traditional German ´Heimat´-films, detective films, action films, sitcom or entertainment series; frequency of reading a daily newspaper per week. 2. Social inequality and the welfare state: self-assessment of social class; fair share in standard of living; attitudes towards the welfare state and social inequality; realization of personal ideas of success; evaluation of appropriate education opportunities for everyone; most important prerequisites for success in society; attitudes towards social differences and conditions for success; opinions on personal social security; stance on extension or reduction in social services. 3. Political attitudes: political interest; postmaterialism (importance of law and order, fighting rising prices, free expression of opinions, and influence on governmental decisions); self-placement on a left-right continuum. 4. Technical progress and computers (Digital Divide): attitudes towards modern technology, computers, and the Internet; time and place of first computer use; number of computers in the household; purpose of computer use; time spent using the computer; special computer skills; reasons for not using computers; Internet use; time and place of first Internet use; reasons for not using the Internet; Internet access at home; purpose of Internet use; time spent using the Internet; number of friends using the Internet; frequency of computer use at the workplace; Internet access at the workplace; Internet use at the workplace for job and for private purposes. 5. Health: overall health; physical and psychological shape during the last four weeks; chronic illnesses; been sick in the last four weeks; reason for and frequency of seeing a doctor in the last three months; time spent in hospital during the last 12 months; officially recognized disability level; smoking habits; height and weight; consumption of various foodstuffs and beverages; perceived influences on personal health and speed of recovery from illness; working conditions; number of times respondent was on sick leave during the last 12 months. 6. Other topics: assessment of the present and future economic situation in Germany; assessment of present and future personal economic situation; social pessimism and orientation towards the future (anomia); attitudes towards the role of women in the family; fear of unemployment or loss of own business. 7. ALLBUS-Demography: Details about the respondent: gender, month and year of birth, age, school education, vocational training, employment status, details about current occupation, affiliation to public service, supervisory functions, working hours per week, length of unemployment, additional job to main occupation, status of non-employment, details about former occupation, date of termination of full- or part-time employment, details about first occupation, marital status, citizenship (nationality); geographical origin and personal mobility, length of residence, respondent´s income; religious denomination, frequency of church attendance; membership in a political party or trade union; voting intention (Sonntagsfrage), recall of vote in last federal election (as part of ISSP), place of residence (federal state, administrative district, size of municipality, BIK-type of region). Details about respondent´s current spouse: age, school education, vocational training, employment status, details about current occupation, status of non-employment. Details about respondent´s steady partner: common household, age, school education, vocational training, employment status, details about current occupation, status of non-employment. Details about respondent´s parents: school education, vocational training, details about parents´ occupation. Description of household: size of household, number of persons older than 17 in household (reduced size of household), household income, types of income in household, principal source of income, type of dwelling, size of dwelling place, impact of noise and air pollution on living conditions, cat or dog in the household. Details about household members: relation to respondent, gender, age, marital status; type of school currently attended by children, children´s school education, children´s university degree. Details about children not living in the household: gender, age, type of school currently attended, school education, university degree. 8. Data on the interview (paradata): length of interview; date of interview; presence of other persons during interview (presence of spouse, partner, children, members of the family, other persons); interference of other persons in the course of the interview; willingness of respondent to cooperate; reliability of information from respondent; reachability and willingness to participate; details about respondent´s residential building and its neighborhood; willingness to participate in panel; participation in additional ISSP-survey. Data on the interviewer: gender, age, school education, identification of interviewer, experience as interviewer. 9. National Identity (ISSP): identification with one´s place of residence, the federal state, Germany and Europe; sources of personal identity; criteria for being German; attitudes toward Germany; national pride; reasons for being proud of Germany; relative importance of national interest and international cooperation; assessment of international organizations; Internet as source of information; assimilation or multicultural society; pros and cons of migration; national roots; German citizenship and civil rights for migrants. Self-assessment of character traits (abridged Big Five Inventory measuring extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability, openness to experience); self-classification on a top-bottom-scale; self-description of place of residence; electoral participation; recall of vote in last federal election. 10. Citizenship (ISSP): qualities of a good citizen; freedom of assembly for religious fanatics, revolutionaries and ethnocentrists; social and political participation; memberships; relative importance of various civil rights; political alienation; level of political awareness; subjective assessment of political influence (political efficacy); political interest; trust in fellow men and in politicians; political work in everyday life; national sovereignty and international organizations; political parties and participation of citizens in political life; assessment of the electoral process; commitment to serve the people, ability to self-reform, and corruption in public service; working of democracy at the moment, 10 years ago, in 10 years; attitude towards the limitation of civil rights. Self-assessment of character traits (abridged Big Five Inventory measuring extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability, openness to experience); self-classification on a top-bottom-scale; self-description of place of residence; electoral participation; recall of vote in last federal election. 11. Added value: Inglehart-index; family typology, classification of households (according to Porst and Funk); International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO 1968, 1988); occupational prestige (according to Treiman); SIOPS (according to Ganzeboom); ISEI (according to Ganzeboom); magnitude prestige (according to Wegener); occupational classification (according to Terwey); class position (according to Goldthorpe); Body Mass Index; weights.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2004-03 / 2004-07
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
All persons (German and non-German) who resided in private households and were born before 1 January 1986
Probability: Stratified: Disproportional; Probability: Multistage; Sampling Procedure Comment: Sample of individuals: Two stage disproportionate random sample in western Germany (incl. West Berlin) and eastern Germany (incl. East Berlin). In the first sample stage municipalities (Gemeinden) in western Germany and municipalities in eastern Germany were selected with a probability proportional to their number of adult residents; in the second sample stage individual persons were selected at random from the municipal registers of residents. Targeted individuals who did not have adequate knowledge of German to conduct the interview were treated as systematic unit non-responses.
Time Dimension
  • Cross-section
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview: CAPI/CAMI
  • Self-administered questionnaire: Paper
  • Method of Data Collection: Personal interview with standardized questionnaire (CAPI - Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing) additional self-completion questionnaire (drop off) for ISSP (two split-versions).
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 2946
    Number of Variables: 899
Further Notes: Respondents from the area of the new federal states are oversampled. A second version of this data set (456 variables) with a shortened demography module is additionally available as ALLBUScompact 2004 (ZA No. 3763). GESIS-ZA also provides an English language version of ALLBUS 2004 (ALLBUS/GGSS 2004, ZA No. 3764; ALLBUS/GGSScompact 2004, ZA No. 3765).
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA3762 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • ALLBUS (Type: FDZ)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.3762
  • Terwey, Michael: Generelle Hinweise zur Auswertung der ALLBUS-Daten: Stichprobentypen und Gewichtungen, In: Terwey, Michael; Baltzer, Stefan (Hrsg.): Variable Report ALLBUS/Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften Kumulation 1980-2010: ZA-Nr. 4574. GESIS - Variable Reports, No. 2012/51, Köln: GESIS 2012, X-XVI

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 248 | Registration Date: 2011-10-12